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British Industrial History

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James Ross and Co

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James Ross and Co, chemical manufacturers, of Camelon; of Linlithgow

1845 Established by James Ross (1820-1893) and two partners. The business leased land on the Forth and Clyde Canal in Camelon near the West Burn.

1847 James Ross bought out his two partners and leased land at Limewharf from William Forbes and began tar distillation. The business expanded with the establishment of Philpstoun Oil Works, near Linlithgow and the acquisition of Waverley Chemical Works, Leith and Dawsholm Works, Maryhill.

1879 the business was transferred to a co-partnership of Robert M. Sutherland (manager of Limewharf works) and Robert Orr of Glasgow.

1919 James Ross and Co and the Philpstoun Oil Works were some of the companies incorporated in the new company, Scottish Oils, formed to amalgamate the shale oil industry[1]

1920 the company was split into two, as James Ross and Co (Lime Wharf) Ltd and James Ross and Co (Philpstoun Oil Works) Ltd.

1929 the company amalgamated with two Glasgow companies, Henry Ellison Ltd and Gas Residuals Ltd to form Scottish Tar Distillers Ltd.

See Also


Sources of Information

  1. The Times Sep 13, 1919
  • [1] Falkirk Archives: chemicals