James Kirkwood (1848-1905)
Chief Inspector of Machinery for Pei Yang Squadron ; care of Imperial Maritime Customs, Chefoe, China.
1905 Obituary 
JAMES KIRKWOOD was born at Southampton in July 1848.
He served an apprenticeship with Messrs. J. and G. Thomson, shipbuilders, of Glasgow, and, on its termination, went to South Africa in 1868 as engineer of the Glasgow and Limpopo Co. to erect machinery in the gold-fields.
In the next year he proceeded to Singapore as assistant engineer at the Docks and New Harbour, and in 1870 he became foreman and afterwards superintendent engineer of the Kowloon and Aberdeen Works of the Hong Kong and Whampoa Dock Co.
In 1872 he received an appointment in the Chinese Imperial Maritime Customs; and in this position he remained until 1880, when his services were lent to the Chinese Navy.
He was first appointed to the 16-knot cruiser "Chao Tung"— the flagship of Admiral Ting - then being built at Elswick Works, Newcastle-on-Tyne.
Soon afterwards he was promoted to the rank of Inspector of Machinery Afloat, and Superintendent of Works at Weihawei. For his services during this period he was decorated by the Imperial Chinese Government with the Order of the Double Dragon.
In 1892 he returned to the Oiliness Customs Service, in which he remained until Isis death, which took place at Chinkiang, China, on the 5th February 1905, in his fifty-seventh year.
He became a Member of this Institution in 1875.