Grace's Guide

British Industrial History

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James Farmer and Sons

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1874 Blowing engine for Burma
1874 Blowing engine for Burma
Lancashire beetling machine, from 'Finishing Processes for Cotton Fabrics' by David G Norton, publ. Sir James Farmer Norton & Co Ltd, 1900
1917. From Worrall’s Yorkshire Textile Directory

Sir James Farmer & Sons of Adelphi Iron Works, Salford

1852 Company established - possibly Farmer and Broughton

1874 Supplied equipment for the new Ironworks for the King of Burmah, located on the Irrawaddy, about 12 miles from Mandalay. The main contractor, Claridge and Co, found it necessary to sub-contract significant parts of the plant to James Farmer and Sons. This seems surprising, given that Farmer & Co were better known for specialised textile machinery. Their supply included blast furnace blowing engines, a punching and rail straightening machine (see illustrations), blast furnace hoists, wire drawing and tube-making plant including furnaces, draw benches, straightening, screwing machines, etc. The wire-drawing and tube-making plant was powered by a pair of engines of 16" bore, 2 ft stroke, made by Farmer & Co [1]

1885 Gold medal for invention of machinery for treatment of town refuse

1892 Death of Sir James Farmer.[2]

1895 Incorporated as a limited company.

1914 Engineers. Specialities: machinery for bleaching, dyeing and finishing cotton goods; linoleum and floor cloth machinery; copper and steel tube and wire drawing machinery. Employees 200. [3]

1917 Advert. Engineers and machinists to Calico printers, dyers, mercerisers, bleachers, finishers, embossers etc. [4]

By 1917 William John Norton was managing director

Later became Sir James Farmer, Norton and Co

See Also


Sources of Information

  1. 'Engineering' magazine 18th and 25th December 1874
  2. Manchester Courier and Lancashire General Advertiser - Saturday 29 October 1892
  3. 1914 Whitakers Red Book
  4. Directory 1917 Worrall's Yorkshire Textile Advert p236