Grace's Guide

British Industrial History

Grace's Guide is the leading source of historical information on industry and manufacturing in Britain. This web publication contains 142,881 pages of information and 228,796 images on early companies, their products and the people who designed and built them.

Jacques-Constantin Perier

From Graces Guide

Jump to: navigation, search

Jacques-Constantin Périer of France

Jacques-Constantin Périer was a key figure in the coming of the industrial revolution in France. he was born in Paris on 2 November 1742, and died on 16 August 1818. He was a self-taught engineer and a businessman. He and his brother Auguste-Charles Périer founded the Compagnie des eaux de Paris. They also established an engineering company (Frères Périer). See Perier (France).

They planned to supply water to the city of Paris with a 'pompe à feu', i.e. a steam-driven pump, following the early English terminology of 'fire pump' or 'fire engine'. He obtained the concession in 1777 and founded the Compagnie des Eaux de Paris in 1778.

In 1781 he installed a steam-driven machine to pump water from the Seine in Paris. This, or at least the complex components, was supplied by Boulton and Watt. Using this first machine as a model, Périer constructed copies of the Watt machine in his workshops at Chaillot, without ever paying any royalties to Boulton and Watt.

Jacques-Constantin Périer was also associated with Nicolas Bettinger in the development of the foundry and cannon forge at Indret, downstream of Nantes.

At the beginning of the 19th century, the Périer brothers produced steam engines for several coal mines at Littry. One of them, preserved in the museum of the Molay-Littry min, is the oldest steam engine preserved in France.

The above information is based partly on the Google translation of the Wikipedia entry for Jacques-Constantin Périer[1]. See also Wikipedia entry.

For more information on Jacques-Constantin Périer and the subsequent development of his engineering business, see Périer (France).


See Also

Loading...

Sources of Information

  1. [1] Google translation of the Wikipedia entry for Jacques-Constantin Périer