Grace's Guide

British Industrial History

Grace's Guide is the leading source of historical information on industry and manufacturing in Britain. This web publication contains 148,124 pages of information and 233,665 images on early companies, their products and the people who designed and built them.


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January 1934.
April 1935. Jacobs.

Biscuit manufacturers, known for its fig rolls and cream crackers.

Pre-1839: Established in Waterford, Ireland, making Ship's Biscuits. Later moved to Bishop Street, Dublin.

1851 W. and R. Jacob and Co, sweet biscuit-making began.

1850-60s The company grew to be Dublin's second-largest employer, after Guinness.

1883 W. and R. Jacob and Co Ltd.

1912 Jacob's Cream Crackers were introduced to the UK market.

1913 Despite being well looked after, the workers at the company joined the Great Strike and Lock Out, being the last to return to work.

Jacob's Biscuits became famous across the UK and world.

1914 Liverpool Factory opened.

1922 A separate English company was formed. The Dublin branch retained the W. and R. Jacob name, while the Liverpool branch was renamed Jacob's Bakery Ltd.

At some point known as Jacob and Co

1960 Jacob's Bakery Ltd joined Associated Biscuits.

1982 Associated Biscuits was purchased by Nabisco.

1988 Kohlberg Kravis Roberts acquired Nabisco[1]

1989 Associated Biscuits was purchased by Danone and renamed The Jacob's Bakery Ltd.

2004 United Biscuits acquired the UK and Irish biscuit businesses of Danone including Jacob's[2]

See Also


Sources of Information

  1. The Times December 2, 1988
  2. The Times, July 24, 2004
  • [1] Ciao
  • [2] Wikipedia
  • Trademarked. A History of Well-Known Brands - from Aertex to Wright's Coal Tar by David Newton. Pub: Sutton Publishing 2008 ISBN 978-0-7509-4590-5