Grace's Guide To British Industrial History

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Grace's Guide is the leading source of historical information on industry and manufacturing in Britain. This web publication contains 163,360 pages of information and 245,906 images on early companies, their products and the people who designed and built them.

Grace's Guide is the leading source of historical information on industry and manufacturing in Britain. This web publication contains 147,919 pages of information and 233,587 images on early companies, their products and the people who designed and built them.

J. and E. Wood

From Graces Guide
J and E Wood engine at Trencherfield Mill

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Horizontal Compound Corliss Mill Engine. 1905.
1907. 2,500 hp triple-expansion mill engine by J. and E. Wood. Exhibit at Trencherfield Mill
1907. 2,500 hp triple-expansion mill engine by J. and E. Wood. Exhibit at Trencherfield Mill
1907. 2,500 hp triple-expansion mill engine by J. and E. Wood. Exhibit at Trencherfield Mill
1907. 2,500 hp triple-expansion mill engine by J. and E. Wood. Exhibit at Trencherfield Mill
1907. 2,500 hp triple-expansion mill engine by J. and E. Wood. Exhibit at Trencherfield Mill
1907. 2,500 hp triple-expansion mill engine by J. and E. Wood. Exhibit at Trencherfield Mill
1907. 2,500 hp triple-expansion mill engine by J. and E. Wood. Exhibit at Trencherfield Mill
1907. 2,500 hp triple-expansion mill engine by J. and E. Wood. Exhibit at Trencherfield Mill
1907. 2,500 hp triple-expansion mill engine by J. and E. Wood. Exhibit at Trencherfield Mill

John and Edward Wood of Victoria Foundry, Bolton were engineers

Maker of stationary engines. [1]

1837 Company established as Stoddart, Knight and Mather

1859 The company became John and Edward Wood - presumably John Wood (1822-1889) and Edward Wood.

1877 Patent by Edward Wood, of the firm of J. and E. Wood, of the Victoria Foundry, Bolton, in the county of Lancaster, Engineer, in respect of the invention of " certain improvements in steam-engines."[2]

1881 'The Times in India, of October mentions that a cotton mill of 40,000 spindles, and manufactory containing 800 looms have been projected by Messrs Thackersey Mooljee and Muumohundass Ramjee, .... The name of the new company will be The Indian Mauufacturing Company, and the mills will be erected at Byculla.... agents of the new company have entered into a contract with Messrs J. and E. Wood, Victoria Foundry, in this town, for the engines, and with Messrs. Dobson and Barlow, machinists, for the requisite spinning machinery ...'[3]

1888 Compound Condensing Engine of 2,000 ihp for A. and A. Crompton and Co mill at Shaw, nr Oldham [4]

1891 Supplied a large engine to 'a large steelworks at Calderbank, Airdrie'. Cylinders 40" and 72" bore, 6 ft stroke.[5]

c.1893 Supplied an engine for the Egyptian Cotton Mills Ltd. mill at Boulas, Egypt.[6]

Supplied a compound (or triple expansion?) rolling mill engine (rope drive) to Neepsend Rolling Mills Co, Sheffield, and a similar engine was exported to Russia, c.1901 - 1902 [7]

1901 'On our second page will be found an account of death of a Boltonian at Hazelgrove. At the inquest on the victim (Thomas Smethurst), the evidence showed that deceased was employed by Messrs. J. and E. Woods, Victoria Foundry. Bolton, and was fitting up machinery at Wellington Mill, Hazelgrove. He was caught in the ropes of the engine wheel and cut to pieces, one arm being severed, his bead battered and almost cut in two below the shoulders, and the other arm broken. Death was instantaneous, and a verdict of accidental death was returned.'[8]

1907 Name Plaque. Exhibit at Manchester's Museum of Science and Industry

1908 2,500 HP engine installed at Trencherfield Mill. Now restored and can be seen running at Trencherfield Mill museum

1912 Company closed[9]

1912 'STOPPAGE OF VICTORIA FOUNDRY. STATEMENT BY MR. H. WOOD, J.P. Stoppage of work at the Victoria Foundry, belonging to Messrs. J. and E. Wood, is announced. On Saturday, as the men were paid their wages, they each received notice to leave. Some of them ceased Saturday, and the engagement of others will end as the work on which they are employed terminates. The explanation was that for some years the firm has been engaged on unremunerative contracts, consequent upon the extremely keen competition both at home and abroad, and the firm has decided to give up business. There are no financial difficulties, and all creditors of the firm will paid 20s. in the pound. The news of the stoppage as it circulated in the town proved unhappily too true, and it was confirmed by one of our representatives who waited upon Mr. Henry Wood. J.P., Beech House, Sharples, head of the firm. Said Mr. Wood: "It is a fact that we are giving up business. We are closing down. There are no financial difficulties, but the is reason that trade is so bad and unprofitable that we do not care to go on." Universal sympathy will be felt for both the employees, who number 300, and for Messrs. Wood. The firm has had a long and honourable career. It was founded as far back as 1837, the Coronation year of her late Queen Victoria. The premises, or the original portion of them, were at one time, when Bolton was a garrison town, used as barracks. The name of the original firm was Messrs. Stoddart and Knight. Afterwards it became Messrs. Knight and Wood, and more recently Messrs. J, and E. Wood. The firm have in their time undertaken many important contracts, and the late Mr. E. Wood introduced into England at Victoria Foundry the celebrated improved Corless steam engine, which created the time such a revolution in the engineering world.'[10]

See Also

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Sources of Information

  1. Stationary Steam Engines of Great Britain by George Watkins. Vol 10
  2. London gazette 17 April 1877
  3. Bolton Evening News - Tuesday 22 November 1881
  4. The Engineer of 20th January 1888 p50 & p55
  5. Bolton Evening News - Tuesday 11 August 1891
  6. Bolton Evening News - Thursday 25 July 1901
  7. 'The Engineer' 17th January 1902
  8. Bolton Evening News - Thursday 25 July 1901
  9. Obituary of Henry Wood
  10. Bolton Evening News - Monday 27 May 1912