Grace's Guide To British Industrial History

Registered UK Charity (No. 115342)

Grace's Guide is the leading source of historical information on industry and manufacturing in Britain. This web publication contains 163,469 pages of information and 245,911 images on early companies, their products and the people who designed and built them.

Grace's Guide is the leading source of historical information on industry and manufacturing in Britain. This web publication contains 147,919 pages of information and 233,587 images on early companies, their products and the people who designed and built them.

J. A. Phillips and Co

From Graces Guide
June 1904.
May 1913.
February 1922.
July 1927
Oct 1927.
Aug 1927.
Sept 1927.


Nov 1927.
July 1931.
November 1935.
April 1936.
April 1936.
April 1936.
June 1936.
June 1936.
July 1936.
July 1945.
November 1955.
November 1955.
November 1955.

of Bath Road, Birmingham (1904); of Credenda Works, Smethwick, Birmingham (1913). Telephone: Smethwick 1266. Telegraphic Address: "Tourist, Birmingham".

Also known as Phillips

John Alfred Phillips formed a partnership with Ernest William Bohle making brakes and pedals for bicycles.

1908 The Birmingham firm of J. A. Phillips and Co, manufacturer of bicycles and bicycle components, bought the Credenda Works and gave up its Birmingham premises.

1909 Patent. Ernest William Bohle and J. A. Phillips and Co. Improvements in means of attaching brakes and other parts and fittings to cycles and like machines.[1]

1910 Partnership change. '... the Partnership heretofore subsisting between us the undersigned, John Alfred Phillips, Ernest William Bohle, and Henry Charles Church, carrying on business as Cycle Accessories Manufacturers, at "Credenda Works," Bridge-street, Smethwick, in the county of Stafford, under the style or firm of "J. A. PHILLIPS AND CO," was dissolved, as regards the said John Alfred Phillips, as and from the 30th day of September, 1909, by mutual consent. All debts due to and owing by the said late firm will be received and paid by the said Ernest William Bohle and Henry Charles Church, who will continue to carry on the business at the above address under the same style or firm as hitherto of "J. A. Phillips and Co"....'[2]

1910 Reported. “Mr Bohles holds himself responsible for the entire works department, while also supervising the commercial side, Mr Church being the travelling partner”[3]

1914 Reported. 'The Smethwick magistrates were occupied for nearly six hours yesterday in hearing evidence in a case in which Messrs. J. A. Phillips and Co. (Limited), of the Credenda Works, Bridge Street, Smethwick, were summoned charges under the Trading With the Enemy Act. Sixteen summonses were issued in all - six against the firm, four each against Ernest William Bohle, of the Credenda Works, and Otto Hesmer, of the same address, and summonses were also issued against Henry Charles Church, of the Credenda Works.'[4][5]

1914 Reported. 'The firm of J. A. Phillips and Co., Ltd., carried on business at the Credenda Works, Bridge Street, cycle and cycle accessory manufacturers, There were 70,000 £l shares, of which Mr. Bohle held 33,000, Mrs. Bohle 2,000. H. C. Church 24,000, Mrs. Church 717, and J. A. Philips 4,000. Mr. Bohle and Mr. Church were joint managing directors, the secretary being Otto Hesmer. Mr. Bohle was a naturalised subject cf this country, and had been resident here twenty or twenty-five years, while Mr. Hesmer was naturalised about two years ago.'[6]

1914 December. Works destroyed by fire. Works employed 1,000 persons.[7]

1916 Companies consolidated. J. A. Phillips and Co and Rolfe Manufacturing Co.[8]

c.1920 Tube Investments AGM was told that Phillips, a maker of bicycle parts, had been acquired in the past year[9].

1927 Stand No. 225 at the1927 Motor Cycle and Cycle Show at Olympia.

1937 Listed Exhibitor - British Industries Fair. Cycle Frames, Handlebars, Brakes, Pedals, Hubs, Reflectors, Celluloid Mudguards, Free Wheels, Wing Nuts. (Stand No. D.522).[10]

1949 The firm, a subsidiary of Tube Investments, employed some 2,000 people at the greatly enlarged Credenda Works, producing and distributing bicycle components.

1952 Phillips Cycles was registered[11]

1971 Still at the Credenda works.

See Also


Sources of Information

  1. The London Gazette Publication date:12 December 1924 Issue:33001 Page:9121
  2. The London Gazette Publication date:15 July 1910 Issue:28395 Page:5070
  3. Times Newspaper
  4. Birmingham Daily Post - Friday 18 December 1914
  5. Birmingham Mail - Thursday 14 January 1915
  6. Birmingham Mail - Thursday 17 December 1914
  7. Birmingham Mail - Monday 14 December 1914
  8. Birmingham Daily Post - Monday 08 May 1916
  9. The Times, 9 December 1920
  10. *1937 British Industries Fair p401
  11. National Archives
  • [1] British History Online - Smethwick: Economic History