Grace's Guide To British Industrial History

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Grace's Guide is the leading source of historical information on industry and manufacturing in Britain. This web publication contains 150,334 pages of information and 235,386 images on early companies, their products and the people who designed and built them.

Grace's Guide is the leading source of historical information on industry and manufacturing in Britain. This web publication contains 147,919 pages of information and 233,587 images on early companies, their products and the people who designed and built them.

India Rubber, Gutta Percha and Telegraph Works Co

From Graces Guide
(Redirected from I. R. G. P. Co)
February 1888.
March 1888.
June 1888.
December 1889.
February 1901.
January 1902.
July 1908.
1911. Silvertown.
1924. Specimens of submarine telegraph cables and grappling and buoy ropes supplied to the French Government. On display at the Musee des Arts et Metiers

of Silvertown, London (works) and Thames House, Millbank, London, SW1. (1937)

also known as the I. R. G. P. Co

1864 Company was founded and incorporated by S. W. Silver (of S. W. Silver and Co, Cornhill); the works were in the area known as Silvertown.

1864 The name of Silver's Indiarubber Works and Telegraph Cable Co was changed to The India Rubber, Gutta Percha and Telegraph Works Company[1]. Directors included S. W. Silver, H A Silver and John W. Willans.

1865 Matthew Gray was employed as General Manager.

1865 The first cable manufactured and laid by the company was for the Submarine Telegraph Co, running from Dover to Cap Gris Nez.

1867 A cable was laid for the International Ocean Telegraph Co which linked Havana, Cuba-Key West and Key West-Punta Rassa. This route was duplicated in 1868.

The company became active in promoting Telegraph companies and in 1870 with Sir Charles Tilston Bright and General W. F. Smith, the President of the International Ocean Telegraph Co, they set up the West India and Panama Telegraph Company, the Cuba Submarine Telegraph Company and the Panama and South Pacific Telegraph Company. These three placed an order with the company for 4000 nautical miles of cable. CS Dacia and CS International were used to lay these cables. Other companies promoted were the Direct Spanish Telegraph Company in 1872, and the West Coast of America Telegraph Company in 1875. As work increased the company acquired two more cable ships, CS Silvertown and CS Buccaneer, and all four vessels were kept busy laying cables along the west coast of Africa and in South America and for the French Government.

1874 Makers of the Leclanche battery (see advert)

By 1882 the company also had departments working on torpedoes and electric lighting.

Claim to have been the first company to manufacture Gramme "machines" (dynamos) in Britain[2]

1885 Laid a cable from Bathurst, Gambia, to St. Vincent, Cape Verde Islands (presumably for the Eastern Telegraph Co)

1887 From The Telegraphist of 1st April: The area of ground covered by these important works at Silvertown is about fifteen acres, the floor-area of the workshops being about ten acres; and the total number of engineers and work­people engaged in telegraph work and the manufacture of India-rubber goods is rarely less than 2,800. In addition to this the Company has works in France, where about 300 persons are employed in the same class of work; the total annual pay of the workpeople for both these works amounting to about £110,000 per annum. The principal business of this company is the constructing and laying of submarine cables. The company's head offices are at No. 106, Cannon-street, London, E.C., and they have agencies in the chief towns of the United Kingdom and abroad.

1880s The company promoted the West African Telegraph Co to link French and Portuguese colonies to the Spanish National system, which had a cable terminating at St. Louis, Senegal.

As well as cable manufacture the company also supplied electric generating plant to towns and cities in the United Kingdom and on the Continent. In the 1890s they began producing bicycle tyres and later car tyres.

1894 Brussels Electric Light Supply Works. Article and illustration in 'The Engineer'. [3]

1900 India Rubber Telegraph Works Co manufactured 250 Amp balancers for the Port Dundas electricity works in Glasgow [4]

1900 A. W. Jarvis was a director and T. J. Lloyd secretary of I. R. G. P. Co

1901 Matthew Gray died; Robert Kaye Gray became managing director.

1902-12 During this period the company manufactured few telegraph cables but its ships were kept busy on cable repairs or bulk cargo charters.

1910 Exhibited at the Physical Society's Exhibition[5]

1911 Silvertown Train Lighting Dynamo. [6]

By 1912 the company had made more than 60,000 nautical miles of cable for use subsea and was installing a cable between New South Wales and New Zealand[7]

1914 The fleet consisted of 5 cable ships, 2 of which were lost in the Great War.

1914 Specialities: all India rubber and gutta percha goods and all kinds of electrical machinery, batteries and instruments; telegraphic and cable work. Employees 4,000. [8]

1914 Directory: Listed as Dynamo Machine makers. [9]

1916 When CS Dacia was torpedoed in December 1916 the company withdrew from submarine cable work

By 1918 also known as the Silvertown Co (see advert)

1920 Issued list 31 with details of their batteries. [10]

1922 CS Silvergray was purchased and converted to a cable ship. The vessel was only used for two or three years before being sold to the Medway Steam Packet Company.

1923 the works employed 4000 people and covered an area of 17 acres. In addition they had factories in Burton on Trent and France.

Around 1927 the company began experiencing financial difficulties.

1933 the British Goodrich Rubber Co, a wholly owned subsidiary of the B.F. Goodrich Company, Akron, Ohio, acquired a controlling interest.

1934 The following year B.F. Goodrich Company sold most of its shares in the British company which at the same time changed its name to the British Tyre and Rubber Co.

1937 Advert in British Industries Fair Catalogue as maker of C. M. A. (Cable Makers' Association) Cables. Manufacturers of electric wires and cables for all purposes. (Electricity: Industrial and Domestic Section - Stand Nos. Cb.501 and Cb.400) [11]

1956 British Tyre and Rubber Co changed its name to BTR Industries Ltd following its decision to cease manufacturing rubber tyres.

During the 1960s BTR underwent a reorganisation, the Silvertown Works site was sold and was redeveloped as the Thameside Industrial Estate.

1999 BTR merged with Siebe to become BTR Siebe, the name later being changed to Invensys PLC.

See Also


Sources of Information

  1. The Times (London) , July 1, 1864
  2. The Times May 24, 1912
  3. The Engineer 1894/02/09 p116 and p121 and p150 and p154-5
  4. The Engineer of 14th September 1900 p260
  5. The Times, Dec 12, 1910
  6. The Engineer of 24th November 1911 p544
  7. The Times May 24, 1912
  8. 1914 Whitakers Red Book
  9. Kelly's Directory of Durham, 1914 p659
  10. The Engineer 1920/01/23 p102
  11. 1937 British Industries Fair Advert p564; and p378