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The Huddersfield and Manchester Railway was sanctioned in 1845, and formed to construct a railway from Staley-bridge to Heaton Lodge on the Lancashire and Yorkshire, together with a branch to Oldham.
The Huddersfield and Manchester Canal was to be transferred to it, and a canal owned by Sir John Ramsden was to be purchased.
The outstanding feature of this line was the piercing of the Pennine Range by the Standedge Tunnel, 3 miles, 62 yards long. The other tunnels were: