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British Industrial History

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Henry Doulton and Co

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July 1898.
Fire brick. Exhibit at the Black Country Living Museum.

Henry Doulton and Co, pipe makers and brick agents, High St, Lambeth, London

Large scale manufacturer of stoneware and vitrified pipes. Samples in the London Science Museum

1846 Henry Doulton, having learnt about the pottery business from working in the family partnership of Doulton and Watts, left home to start his own branch of the business, making ceramic pipes for the sanitary market. It was the first factory to provide such products, meeting the rising demand for effective sanitation[1].

1848 acquired additional premises in Dudley, and subsequently works in Smethwick and Rowley Regis.

1849 Doulton married Sarah, daughter of John L. Kennaby. They settled at 7 Stockwell Villas, Lambeth, where they had three children: Sarah Lilian, Henry Lewis, and Katherine.

1851 Doulton and Watts and Henry Doulton and Co were jointly awarded a prize at the Great Exhibition.

1851 The workmen, and their wives, of both Doulton and Watts and Henry Doulton and Co of Lambeth Potteries were treated to a visit to the Great Exhibition[2].

1852 Glazed stoneware, drain and water pipe and terra cotta manufacturers, of 63 High St, Lambeth[3]

1867 Henry Doulton presented the first examples of his art pottery at the Paris Exhibition.

At some point the 3 businesses of Doulton and Watts, Henry Doulton and Co and the independent pipe works owned by Henry's brother, John Doulton, junior, were brought together.

1873 Medals of merit at the Vienna Exhibition for H. Doulton and Co of Lambeth Pottery and Doulton and Watts of 28 High St, Lambeth[4]

1877 The Doultons acquired a small factory from Pinder, Bourne and Co at Nile Street in Burslem, Stoke-on-Trent, Staffordshire – a facility that handled tableware as well as ornaments and earthenwares. The company was soon producing bone china at this factory. This led to a large and increasing home trade, not only in earthenware but also in china.

Introduced novel and artistic decorations which led to increasing renown for the Burslem wares.

1878 Doulton and Watts, Lambeth Pottery, exhibited stoneware, filters and fine art stoneware at the 1878 Paris Exhibition; H. Doulton and Co, High Street, Lambeth, exhibited sanitary stoneware, terra cotta faience; Doulton and Co, High Street, Lambeth, exhibited plumbago crucibles, fire-standing goods[5]

1891 Brick agents, sanitary earthenware makers, terra cotta manufacturers, of 61 High St, Lambeth, and Warwick Rd, Kensington[6].

1895 Drain, pipe and brick agents, of 43 High St, Lambeth[7].

1899 On 1 January Doulton and Co became a public company, incorporating various Doulton companies including presumably Henry Doulton's. The drain pipe factories at Lambeth and Rowley Regis were the largest in the world[8].

See Also


Sources of Information

  1. Biography of Sir Henry Doulton, ODNB [1]
  2. The Morning Post 24 June 1851
  3. Post Office London Directory, 1852
  4. The Standard 27 August 1873
  5. London Gazette 18 December 1877
  6. Post Office London Trades Directory, 1891
  7. Post Office London Directory, 1895
  8. Daily News, 5 December 1898