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British Industrial History

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Henry Caslon (1755-1788)

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Henry Caslon (1755–1788), typefounder

1783 Henry Caslon I (c.1755–1788), typefounder, of 62 Chiswell Street, London, married Elizabeth Rowe (c.1755–1809) [1]

1786 Birth of son Henry Caslon

1788 Henry I died; Elizabeth inherited his share of the Caslon foundry with her son Henry II, then aged two.

1792 Elizabeth acquired a further share of the Caslon Foundry, with her mother-in-law.

c.1795 Elizabeth's mother-in-law died without a will. Elizabeth took over the management of the Chiswell Street foundry but the foundry had to be put up for auction due to disputes over the will; Elizabeth purchased it for £520 but the business of the foundry was fading. She commissioned John Drury to cut new type faces. She also took on Nathaniel Catherwood (a distant relation) as partner (Caslon and Catherwood) and was able to restore the foundry’s reputation by 1808.

1809 Both Elizabeth Caslon and Nathaniel Catherwood died. Control passed to her son Henry

1816 Death of Mrs Caslon, wife of Henry[2]

See Also


Sources of Information

  1. London and Surrey Marriage Bonds
  2. The Times, Apr 06, 1816