Grace's Guide

British Industrial History

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Henry Beighton

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Henry Beighton (1687–1743) was an English engineer and surveyor.

1687 August 20th. He was born at Chilvers Coton near Nuneaton, Warwickshire

Worked in the neighbouring village of Griff.

1717 Published an engraving of the Newcomen engine erected in Griff in 1714 by Thomas Newcomen.

1718 Erected Newcomen engine at Oxclose Colliery, Washington, County Durham. By measuring the work done by the Griff engine, he was able to publish a table of quantity of water that could be raised by an engine with a six-foot stroke working at 16 strokes per minute.

On his return to his native county he made a plane table and prepared a map of the county, which was published in 1728 at a scale of one inch to one mile.

1720 He was elected as a Fellow of the Royal Society and contributed four papers to the Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society, including a description of his plane table, and of George Sorocold's waterworks at London Bridge.

His interest in the working of the Griff engine brought him into contact with J. T. Desaguliers and contributed details and illustrations of hydraulic machines for the second volume of the latter's Course of Experimental Philosophy, eventually published in 1744. This included a description by Beighton of an overshot mill, with an engraving of a corn mill by the abbey in Nuneaton. This is the earliest illustration of a mill where a single waterwheel drove more than one set of machinery.

1743 October 9th. Died

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