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Harold Blackburn

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Harold Blackburn (1879-1959), early Aviator

1879 January 19th. Born in Dymock, Gloucestershire, the third child of Edwin Waller Blackburn and Sarah Jane Blackburn (née Tate). Soon after his birth the family moved to Carcroft, near Doncaster, Yorkshire, where his father took up an appointment as a schoolmaster.

Harold became an engineer and by 1901 worked as a bicycle maker and repairer in Doncaster.

c1909 Moved to London and in association with Albert Walker built the Blackburn-Walker biplane, a tailless three-bay tandem pusher biplane with a canard elevator and the engine in front of its two occupants. It is not known how – or even if – this machine ever flew.

1911 May 9th. Gained Royal Aero Club pilot’s certificate no. 79 at Brooklands, flying a Bristol Boxkite.

In September 1912 aircraft constructor Robert Blackburn (no relation to Harold Blackburn) moved his flying school from Filey Bay in Yorkshire to Hendon. Harold Blackburn was appointed instructor and test pilot. The school’s activities were reported in Flight magazine but it ceased operations some time in early 1913.

Harold Blackburn became a demonstration pilot for Robert Blackburn’s latest aircraft, the Blackburn Type D single-seat monoplane (which survives in flying condition with the Shuttleworth Collection) and its two-seat derivative, the Blackburn Type I. The Type I was demonstrated extensively throughout Yorkshire in the late summer of 1913 by Blackburn and its owner, Dr. M. G. Christie. They visited locales that had seen little or nothing of flying, such as Bridlington where Blackburn took 9-year-old American Isla Tudor up to a height of 6,000 feet.

On 2 October 1913 Blackburn and Dr. Christie won the Wars of the Roses air race, a competition sponsored by the Yorkshire Evening News between the Yorkshire-built Type I monoplane and the Lancashire-built Avro 504 biplane, piloted by F. P. Raynham with Humphrey Verdon Roe as passenger. The race began evenly but in deteriorating conditions Raynham missed a checkpoint, handing the race to the Yorkshire crew.

Briefly involved with Burney and Blackburne - note the variation of the spelling of his surname by the company

For the Yorkshire Agricultural Show at Bradford on 22 July 1914 the Yorkshire Evening News established the Great Yorkshire Show Air Line, inaugurating “the first air-line service in Great Britain between cities flying to a time table” with half-hourly flights between Leeds and Bradford using the Blackburn Type I piloted by Harold Blackburn. The first passenger was Dorothy Una Ratcliffe, the Lady Mayoress of Leeds.

Upon the outbreak of World War I Harold Blackburn joined the Royal Flying Corps, receiving his Certificate ‘B’ (no. 214) from the Central Flying School, Upavon, on 19 August 1914. He flew in combat in France during that year.

In 1915 he assumed command of ‘C’ Flight of No. 14 Squadron which was then under formation. The squadron commenced operations in the Sinai and Palestine campaign in November 1915, defending the Suez Canal from Turkish invasion. Blackburn received the Military Cross and also designed a bombsight which 2nd Lieutenant Cedric Waters Hill successfully used to destroy the water tank of the remote Turkish outpost at Bir el Hassana on 26 February 1916.

Blackburn was given command of No. 22 (Reserve) Squadron in Egypt though he later saw further service in England and France, for which he received the Air Force Cross.

Blackburn achieved the rank of Lieutenant-Colonel and was mentioned in despatches four times, including a special commendation for his work in the Palestinian campaign from General Sir Archibald Murray.

Blackburn remained in the Royal Air Force after the war.

1920 Wing Commander Harold Blackburn MC, DFC

He was second-in-command at RAF Henlow, until September 1924, when he left to become base commander at the Aeroplane & Armament Experimental Establishment (A. & A.E.E.) at Martlesham Heath in Suffolk, a position he held until November 1928.

Blackburn retired from the RAF in 1929 with the rank of Wing Commander and moved to Jersey. He was evacuated during World War II but returned to the island

1959 Died in Jersey. He is buried at Trinity Church with his second wife Ruth Morley.

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