Grace's Guide is the leading source of historical information on industry and manufacturing in Britain. This web publication contains 137,397 pages of information and 221,173 images on early companies, their products and the people who designed and built them.
of Gipsyville, Hull, makers of black lead and metal polish
1868 Established as makers of blue and black lead.
1906 Started acquiring other companies.
1919 Took over John Johnson and Co of Liverpool, which had been founded in 1818.
1920 Capital issue of shares in a company of the same name to acquire the current business; associated companies included Day and Martin and W. G. Nixey and Aladdin Polish Co through substantial shareholdings in these companies.
By 1920 had acquired or taken controlling interest in more than 20 other companies in London, Bristol, Manchester, Liverpool, Birkenhead, Edinburgh and Montreal.