Grace's Guide To British Industrial History

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Grace's Guide is the leading source of historical information on industry and manufacturing in Britain. This web publication contains 163,165 pages of information and 245,632 images on early companies, their products and the people who designed and built them.

Grace's Guide is the leading source of historical information on industry and manufacturing in Britain. This web publication contains 147,919 pages of information and 233,587 images on early companies, their products and the people who designed and built them.

Hardman and Holden

From Graces Guide
September 1909.
December 1910.
August 1912.
February 1913.
April 1913.
February 1914.

of Manox House, Coleshill Street, Miles Platting, Manchester.

1882 Alfred George Perkin, younger son of William Henry Perkin became chemist at the alizarin works of Hardman and Holden in Manchester.

1887 Dissolution of the Partnership between Josiah Hardman, John James Holden, and George Henry Holden, at Newton Heath, near the city of Manchester, as Manufacturers of Alizarine and Carbonizers of Coal, under the style or firm of Hardman and Holdens, so far as concerned the said George Henry Holden, on the 30th day of November, 1887.

Acquired the premises of the bankrupt John Bethell and Co at Clayton

1888 William Henry Perkin became manager of the works.

1891 The Partnership, which had been continued by Josiah Hardman and John James Holden, was dissolved, by mutual consent, as from the 31st day of December 1891.[1]

1892 Incorporated as a Limited Company to acquire the business of tar distillers and chemical manufacturers carried on in partnership by Josiah Hardman and John James Holden.

1897 Acquired the Manchester Oxide Co.

A series of summonses have been taken out by the Health Committee of the Manchester Corporation against chemical manufacturers in the districts surrounding Manchester. They are for offences alleged to have been committed against section 114 of the Public Health Act of 1875.
The first of the series came on for hearing on Friday before Mr. Headlam at the City Police-court. This was by the Corporation against Messrs. Hardman, Holden, and Company, chemical manufacturers, of Miles Platting.
Mr. Rhodes, barrister, represented the Corporation of Manchester: and Mr. Sutton, barrister, appeared on behalf of the firm prosecuted.
Mr. Rhodes, his opening statement, said the works of the defendants in this case were situated in Miles Platting, bounded by Varley-street, James-street, and Canal-street. The defendants carried on various processes. These included the distillation of coal tar, the manufacture sulphate of ammonia from gas, the manufacture of sulphuric acid, the distillation of benzoline, and the manufacture of pyridine. It was very possible for effluvia to be given off in the manufacture of the chemicals named, which were injurious to the health of the people who inhabited the district in which it was carried on. Up to a year or 18 months ago there was a drain placed from the benzoline department, which was in the centre of the works, to the Manchester Oxide Company's works, into Shooter's Brook. About 12 or 18 months ago, however, this was coupled up with the main drainage system of Manchester, and was taken across an open piece of land in a direct line to Ridgeways-street. Complaints had been rife from the locality near the works. There had been no complaints from Ridgeways-street or from that direction until the drains from the two works were coupled up with the main sewer. Complaints were very bitter indeed. A long list of them from the street immediately adjacent complained of the strong effluvia that came into the houses from the grids. The smells seemed to be given off for a time, and then suddenly cease for an hour or two and come on again. In justice to the defendants it was only fair to state that a memorial had been presented, signed by a considerable number of the inhabitants in the district, in which it was stated that the inhabitants had not suffered in health from any alleged noxious fumes from the works. They consider that to prosecute the firm in question for creating poisonous fumes would be an arbitrary proceeding, and calculated to bring injury to the prosperity of the neighbourhood. The gases appeared to have a peculiar effect on the stone and woodwork in the neighbourhood, turning them blue.
The Rev. S. Nugent Perry, rector of St. Mark's Newton Heath; Mr. J. Cooper, of 125, Holland-street, Miles Platting; the Rev. D. E. Walker, Curate of St. Mark's Church, Miles Platting; and Mr. Wm. Thomson, a chemist, were examined in support of the statement of counsel.
The case was adjourned until Monday, July 24th, at 11 o'clock.'[2]

Acquired C. J. Schofield

1903 Norman N. Holden joined the business

1908 Converted to a Private Company.

WWI Constructed and managed a toluol production plant at Trafford Park

1929 Tar distilling business disposed of.

1931 Commenced manufacture of ferrocyanide blue pigments, followed by a variety of other chemicals which were sold under the trade name of Manox.

1947 Converted into a Public Limited Company. Works in Canal Street, Miles Platting; Corbett Street, Clayton, and Brindle Heath, Pendleton.[3]

1961 Acquired by Borax.[4]

1961 Borax, through Hardmans, acquired J. M. Beckett and Son, pigment manufacturers, of Biddulph[5]

  • Presumably connected with:

1892 Dissolution of the Partnership between Josiah Hardman and John James Holden, at Newton Heath, Clayton, and Bradford, near the city of Manchester, and at Furthergate, Blackburn, in the county of Lancaster, as Tar Distillers and Chemical Manufacturers, under the style or firm of Hardman and Co. as from the31st day of December 1891.[6]

See Also


Sources of Information

  1. London Gazette 12 August 1892
  2. Manchester Courier and Lancashire General Advertiser - Saturday 8 July 1899
  3. The Times, June 9, 1947
  4. The Times, Feb 24, 1961
  5. The Times June 12, 1961
  6. The London Gazette 12 August 1892