Grace's Guide To British Industrial History

Registered UK Charity (No. 115342)

Grace's Guide is the leading source of historical information on industry and manufacturing in Britain. This web publication contains 163,139 pages of information and 245,599 images on early companies, their products and the people who designed and built them.

Grace's Guide is the leading source of historical information on industry and manufacturing in Britain. This web publication contains 147,919 pages of information and 233,587 images on early companies, their products and the people who designed and built them.

Guinness and Co

From Graces Guide
February 1888. Compound engine at the Guinness grain stores in Dublin. Constructed by J. Jessop and Son of Leicester.
1900 C. A. Parsons and Co pass-out turbine driving 250 kW generator. The exhaust steam was used for vat heating purposes, after which the steam passed to a condensing turbine driving a 250 kW generator
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April 1953.
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Arthur Guinness, Son and Co., brewers, of Dublin, Ireland.

Guinness is a popular dry stout that originated in the Arthur Guinness' brewery at St. James's Gate in Dublin, Ireland. The beer is based on the porter style that originated in London in the early 18th century. It is one of the most successful beer brands in the world, being exported worldwide.

1755 Arthur Guinness started brewing ales initially in Leixlip, County Kildare.

1759 Arthur Guinness bought a 9,000 year lease on a brewery at St. James's Gate, Dublin, Ireland.

1769 On 19 May Guinness exported their product for the first time, when six and a half barrels were shipped to England.

Before the close of the 19th century, the Guinness brewery was the largest in the world. By this time, the Guinness product had been introduced into markets as far afield as America, Australia, the Far East and Africa.

1886 The company, Arthur Guinness, Son and Co, was floated on the London Stock Exchange as a limited company [1].

1899 The breweries pioneered several quality control efforts. The brewery hired the statistician William Sealy Gosset, who achieved lasting fame under the pseudonym "Student" for techniques developed for Guinness, particularly Student's t-distribution and the even more commonly known Student's t-test.

1929 "Employment level of 3,210 at St. James’ Gate in 1929, at a time when the next largest breweries in the country employed only around 200."[2]

1932 Parent company was headquartered in London.

1956 Arthur Guinness and Son had acquired various confectionery activities during rationing - the investment consisted of an 80 percent holding in a group of companies which included William Nuttall, Callard and Bowser, Riley's of Halifax and the Lavells chain of shops; this investment accounted for most of the non-brewing profit that Guinness had made in the previous year[3]

1960 Arthur Guinness, Son and Philips Electrical jointly acquired Crookes Laboratories[4]

1974 Guinness brewed their last porter.

By 1976 the confectionery subsidiary was referred to as Callard and Bowser, Nuttall[5]

Ernest Saunders was recruited as chief executive, quickly disposing of many of the diversification activities.

1982 Sold Callard and Bowser, Nuttall

By the end of 1983 Guinness had sold 147 companies in total[6]

1984 Acquired the Neighbourhood chain of local stores, adding to its convenience shops in the Martins and Lavells chains[7]

1985 Took over Arthur Bell and Sons[8].

1986 Guinness acquired the Distillers Co, owner of brands such as Johnnie Walker Scotch Whisky among others. To avoid having the bid referred to the MMC, five of the combined group's Scotch Whisky brands were to be sold (including Buchanan and Haig[9] Claymore Whisky, John Barr, and the Real Mackenzie and some export brands).[10]

1987 Under the new chief executive, Anthony Tennant, the group sold all of its convenience stores, including Martins, R. S. McColl, Lavells, Lewis Meeson and the 7-Eleven franchise, in order to focus on its international beverages business.[11]

1987 United Distillers was formed from combining the businesses of Distillers Co and Arthur Bell and Sons, both owned by Guinness.

1997 The company merged with the food and drink group Grand Metropolitan to form Diageo.

2005 The Guinness brewery in Park Royal, London closed and the production of all Guinness sold in the UK and Ireland was switched to St. James's Gate Brewery Dublin.

Guinness Stout is also brewed under licence internationally in several countries, including Nigeria and Indonesia. The unfermented but hopped Guinness wort extract is shipped from Dublin and blended with beer brewed locally.

See Also


Sources of Information

  1. The Times, Oct 22, 1886
  2. The Leading Manufacturing Firms in 1920s Dublin by Frank Barry, Trinity College Dublin, September 2017
  3. The Times, Feb 03, 1956
  4. The Times, Oct 29, 1960
  5. The Times, Dec 15, 1976
  6. The Times Nov. 2, 1983
  7. The Times Dec. 24, 1984
  8. The Times Sep 20, 1985
  9. The Times Mar. 21, 1986
  10. The Times Feb. 21, 1986
  11. The Times Apr. 3, 1987
  • [1] Guinness official website
  • [2] Wikipedia
  • [3] Diageo Our Brands - Guinness
  • Trademarked. A History of Well-Known Brands - from Aertex to Wright's Coal Tar by David Newton. Pub: Sutton Publishing 2008 ISBN 978-0-7509-4590-5