Grace's Guide

British Industrial History

Grace's Guide is the leading source of historical information on industry and manufacturing in Britain. This web publication contains 142,869 pages of information and 228,796 images on early companies, their products and the people who designed and built them.

George Saxon

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Former works of George Saxon, at the junction of South St and Tram St, Openshaw, as seen in November 2008
2200hp Twin Tandem Compound Engine at Magnet Mill, Oldham. George Saxon, 1903
2200hp Twin Tandem Compound Engine at Magnet Mill, Oldham
HP valve gear from Magnet Mill, formerly on display at old Manchester Museum of Science and Industry (1974)
1250hp 4-cylinder triple at Hawthorn Mill, Chadderton
Hawthorn Mill, Chadderton, showing barring engine (now preserved) in situ
George Saxon barring engine at Manchester Museum of Science & Industry
George Saxon four cylinder triple expansion engine for cotton spinning mill overseas
1909? Two-cylinder barring engine from a 1300 IHP engine at Hawthorn Mill, Chadderton, near Oldham. The gears would be engaged with the flywheel in order to ’bar’ the engine over slowly. On display at the Bolton Steam Museum (Northern Mill Engine Society) in Bolton
Barring engine. Exhibit at Bolton Steam Museum.
March 1912.

George Saxon of Openshaw Engineering Works, South Street, Openshaw, Manchester were makers of stationary steam engines[1]

1864 Company established by George Saxon (1821-1875) to build mill engines. Exhibit at Manchester's Museum of Science and Industry

1878 4-cylinder Triple Expansion engine for Hawthorn Mill, Chadderton (1250/1300hp). Its small barring engine has survived, and is displayed at the Northern Mill Engine Society museum in Bolton. See photo.

1886 Engine for Stamford Commercial Weaving Co, Carrs Mill, Ashton-under-Lyne

1903 Engine for the Tudor Mill, Ashton-under-Lyne

1903 2200hp Twin Tandem Compound Engine for Magnet Mill, Oldham. A set of valve gear from the RH High Pressure cylinder of this engine is believed to survive at Manchester Museum of Science and Industry, but is not on display.

1913 Steam engine at Pear New Mill, Bredbury. This was a very large double ‘Manhattan’ engine, having horizontal high pressure cylinders and vertical low pressure cylinders, driving a pulley grooved for 73 ropes. It was designed to produce 4000 HP, but in the event only half of the mill was completed, so only half of the engine was used. Photographed by George Watkins in 1952.[2]

1943 Company ceased trading.[3]

Barring engine for mill engine. Exhibit at Manchester's Museum of Science and Industry

See George Saxon: List of Engines

See Also


Sources of Information

  1. 'Stationary Steam Engines of Great Britain: Vol 10' by George Watkins.
  2. ‘Stationary Steam Engines of Great Britain, Volume 4: Wales, Cheshire & Shropshire‘, by George Watkins, Landmark Publishing Ltd