Grace's Guide To British Industrial History

Registered UK Charity (No. 115342)

Grace's Guide is the leading source of historical information on industry and manufacturing in Britain. This web publication contains 163,128 pages of information and 245,598 images on early companies, their products and the people who designed and built them.

Grace's Guide is the leading source of historical information on industry and manufacturing in Britain. This web publication contains 147,919 pages of information and 233,587 images on early companies, their products and the people who designed and built them.

George Richards and Co

From Graces Guide
June 1888. Automatic Cut-off Engine.
1891. Side-Planing Machine.
June 1898.
August 1899.
1899. Pipe and Universal Facing and Boring Machine.
c.1900 side planing machine, which can be seen operating at Claymills Victorian Pumping Station
February 1901.
January 1902.
1903. Combined shaper and planer.
1903. Side planer.
1905. Planing machine for turbine construction.
1905. Horizontal boring machine.
1905. Vertical milling machine.


1913 Machine for boring the cylinders and valve pockets of Corliss-type cylinders for stationary steam engines
December 1929.
1932. Boring Mill for Machining Propeller Bosses.
August 1933.
1933. Vertical Turning and Boring Mill.
1933. Single Purpose Boring Machine.
1936. Plain boring machine.
1936. Axle-box boring, facing and radiusing machine.
Vertical Milling Machine. Exhibit at Armley Mill Museum.
Vertical boring mill at the South Devon Railway workshops, Buckfastleigh
1964. "Electrabore" horizontal boring machine.
10 ton vertical turret lathe.
10 ton vertical turret lathe.
Horizontal boring machine in Australia.
Horizontal boring machine drive mechanism, located in Australia.
Geo Richards name cast on horizontal borer's door.

George Richards and Co of Broadheath, Altrincham were makers of Machine Tools and Line Shaft Fittings and Pulleys.

1880 Company founded by George Richards, an American, who established a factory (Atlantic Works) in City Road, Hulme, Manchester for building woodworking machinery, in partnership with Mr A Atkinson (probably E Atkinson - see Richards and Atkinson). Atkinson retired in 1885, by which time the company had moved to a new larger factory in Broadheath, Altrincham.[1], also known as the Atlantic Works.

1885 Private company.

1886 George Richards and Co started to build patent universal horizontal surfacing, boring, milling, drilling and tapping machines under licence from Frank Pearn and Co. They were advertised jointly by Frank Pearn and Co and George Richards and Co.[2] - Pearn-Richards

1891 Released a series of 8 catalogues of their machine tools. [3]

1896 Taken over by Tilghmans but operated as a separate company

1911 Makers of Universal Facing, Boring, Drilling and Milling Machines. [4]

1911 Vertical crankshaft turning machine at Marshall, Sons and Co described in American Machinist [5]

1911 Automatic lubricator for shafts. [6]

By 1912, the company had confined its activities to the manufacture of high class machine tools including the Pearn-Richards patent universal horizontal surfacing, boring, miffing, drilling and tapping machines.[7]

1914 Engineers. Specialities: side planing machines, boring and turning mills, facing and boring machines, drilling machines, radial drilling machines, pulleys and line. Employees 700 to 800. [8]

1920 Article on new taper boring head for Vertical Boring Mills in 'The Engineer'. [9]

1935 See George Richards and Co:1935 Review

1953 Owned by Tilghman's Ltd

1961 Engineers, specialising in boring and turning mills, slot drilling and key-seating machines, and side planing machines. [10]

1965 January: Was still in the red but the owners, Staveley Coal and Iron Co, expected further improvement[11]

1967 The foundry was closed as part of the rationalization of foundries in the machine tool division of Staveley Industries; Kearns had been given responsibility for horizontal table borers, into which factory Richards' production was moved[12] - see Kearns-Richards


See Also


Sources of Information

  • Directory 1891 Worrall's Cotton Spinners
  • 1920 November. Exhibited at the Motor Car Show at Olympia and the White City with
  • 'Broadheath 1885 - 1985 A Century of History' written and published by Frank Bamford. ISBN 0-9517225-2-2
  1. 'Famous for a Century' by Curtis Sparkes, published by Erika Sparkes, 2008
  2. 'Famous for a Century' by Curtis Sparkes, Publ. Erika Sparkes, 2008
  3. The Engineer 1891/04/10
  4. Machine Tools by James Weir French in 2 vols. Published 1911 by Gresham
  5. [1] American Machinist, 16 Feb 1911, p.294
  6. The Engineer of 15th December 1911 p622
  7. Vintage Machinery [2]
  8. 1914 Whitakers Red Book
  9. The Engineer of 12th November 1920 p485
  10. 1961 Dun and Bradstreet KBE
  11. The Times , Jan 14, 1965
  12. The Times, Feb 20, 1968