Grace's Guide

British Industrial History

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George Peel

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George Peel (1803-1887) of Peel, Williams and Co and Peel, Williams and Peel

1803 February 27th. Born in Manchester the second son of George Peel, Senior and his wife Rebecca Barlow. Baptised 3rd July in the Unitarian Church, Manchester.

1826 Married Frances Mary daughter of James Chapman of Brookfield House, near Cheadle. [1]

1834 George Peel an Engineer in the firm of Peel, Williams and Co, became a member of the Institution of Civil Engineers.[2]

1851 Living at Brookfield House, Cheadle Moseley (age 48 born Manchester), a Mechanical Engineer and Millwright, Iron and Brass Foundry. With his wife Frances M. (age 46 born Manchester) and their children Mary R. (age 24 born Manchester); Francis Ann (age 22 born Manchester); George C. (age 21 born Manchester), Mechanical Engineer; Robert E. (age 19 born Manchester), Mechanical Engineer; Eleanor B. (age 18 born Manchester); Edmund S. (age 8) born Manchester) and Henry J. (age 7 born Cheadle). Seven servants. [3]

1861 Living at Brookfield House, Cheadle Bulkeley (age 58 born Manchester), Engineer and Ironfounder. With his wife Frances M. (age 57 born Manchester) and their children Mary R. (age 34 born Manchester); Eleanor B. (age 28 born Manchester); Robert E. (age 30 born Manchester), Engineer and Ironfounder; James C. (age 23 born Manchester), Engineer and Ironfounder; Edmund S. (age 20 born Manchester); and Henry J. (age 19 born Cheadle). Five servants. [4]

1871 Living at Brookfield House, Cheadle Moseley (age 68 born Manchester), Mechanical Engineer and Ironfounder, Widower. With his children Robert E. (age 39 born Manchester), Mechanical Engineer and Ironfounder, James C. (age 33 born Manchester), Mechanical Engineer and Ironfounder, Henry J. (age 29 born Cheadle), Mechanical Engineer and Ironfounder, and Mary R. (age 44 born Manchester). Four servants. [5]

1881 Living at Brookfield House, Cheadle (age 78 born Manchester), a Civil Engineer, Widower. With his children Mary Rebecca (age 54 born Manchester), Robert Eldon (age 49 born Manchester), Ironfounder and Henry John (age 39 born Cheadle). Three servants. [6]

1887 Announcement about claims against his estate.[7]

1887 Obituary [8]

GEORGE PEEL was born at Manchester on the 27th of February, 1803. He was the second son of George Peel, who was the fourth son of Joseph Peel, cotton-spinner, near Bury, and of Fazeley, Staffordshire, uncle to the first Sir Robert Peel.

His father, like most of his relatives of that period, settled in Manchester towards the end of the last century, and commenced business in Halliwell Street, Long Millgate, as a reed-maker and ironfounder.

Mr. Peel, the younger, was educated by Mr. Harrison, Unitarian minister, uncle to Mr. Harrison Ainsworth, the author.

When he was eight years of age his father died, and the business of the Phoenix and Soho Foundries was successfully carried on until about 1824, under the title of Peel, Williams and Co.

In 1825 he entered the firm of Peel, Williams and Peel, of the Soho Ironworks (the Phoenix having been given up), of which he subsequently became the senior partner, and from that date until 1866, carried it on in conjunction with his brother, Joseph Peel, the Soho foundry becoming one of the most noted in Lancashire for boilers and engines.

Mr. Peel was a man of literary and artistic tastes, and a close friend of James Crossley and the Chetham Society coterie. In politics he was an ardent Conservative, and worked energetically for his party during the earlier contests in Manchester.

He was an original Hereditary Governor and Member of Council of the Manchester Royal Institution, and was deputy chairman of the council from 1873 till 1882 inclusive. He was Captain of the Cheadle Rifle Volunteers from 1860 to 1865. He was appointed Justice of the Peace for the city of Manchester in September, 1866, and also for the county of Chester in February, 1867.

He married, on the 5th of April, 1826, Frances Mary, the only child of Mr. James Chapman, of Brookfield, Cheadle, by whom he had six sons and three daughters.

He died at his residence, Brookfield, Cheadle, Cheshire, on the 28th of May, 1887, in his eighty-fifth year, having been a Member of the Institution since the 11th of February, 1834.

See Also


Sources of Information

  1. The Lancaster Gazette and General Advertiser, for Lancashire, Westmorland, &c., Saturday, April 22, 1826
  2. 1834 Institution of Civil Engineers
  3. 1851 Census
  4. 1861 Census
  5. 1871 Census
  6. 1881 Census
  7. London Gazette
  8. 1887 Institution of Civil Engineers: Obituaries