Grace's Guide To British Industrial History

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Grace's Guide is the leading source of historical information on industry and manufacturing in Britain. This web publication contains 147,919 pages of information and 233,587 images on early companies, their products and the people who designed and built them.

Grace's Guide is the leading source of historical information on industry and manufacturing in Britain. This web publication contains 147,919 pages of information and 233,587 images on early companies, their products and the people who designed and built them.

George Bower (1808-1883)

From Graces Guide

George Bower (1808-1883) of Ashton-under-Lyne and later of Droylsden and of Needham, Qualter, Hall and Co and Qualter, Hall and Co

1808 May 24th. Born in Brampton, Derbyshire, the son of Matthew Bower and his wife Elizabeth (Betty). He was the third of four sons of the family.

1829 Married in Chesterfield to Elizabeth Forrest

1841 Moved to Stockport to work as an Ironfounder

By 1851 he had moved to Dukinfield

By 1860, George Bower was living in Droylsden. On May 1st he applied for a patent for his invention of improvements on certain metallic pistons.

1861 Death of his wife Elizabeth

1862 Patent 940. "And George Bower, of Ashton-under-Lyne, in the county of Lancaster, Ironmoulder, and John Qualter, of Dukinfield, in the county of Chester, Blacksmith, have given the like notice in respect of the invention of "certain improvements in metallic pistons."[1]

1864 Birth of his son Joseph Mellor Bower. The mother's name was Mary Mellor and they may not have been formerly married.

1865 Birth of son Henry Bower

1869 Birth of son George Bower.

1871 Listed in Ashton-under-Lyne as a foreman iron founder.[2]

1872 Bower and Qualter's pistons were being used in iron foundries in Derbyshire, and were replacing others.[3]

1872 The New York State Agricultural Society awarded George Bower and John Qualter for their improvements in metallic pistons with a Bronze medal.

1872 Birth of daughter Sarah

1874 Birth of daughter Elizabeth Ann

1876 Patent 940. 'In the Matter of Letters Patent granted to George Bower, of Ashton-under-Lyne, in the county of Lancaster, Ironmoulder, and John Qualter, of Dukinfield, in the county of Chester, Blacksmith, for the invention of "certain improvements in metallic pistons," bearing date the 3rd day of April, 1862, No. 940'[4]

ca.1876 Moved to Barnsley

1878 Birth of daughter Mary

1881 Birth of daughter Jane

1883 February 17th. Died age 74.


Notes.[5]

In the 19th century, Brampton was hit by the industrial revolution. George's father, Matthew was from Holmfirth. But, he must have moved to Chesterfield prior the industrial revolution took off in Chesterfield (Matthew was born in 1774). Therefore, I deduce that Matthew did not move to Chesterfield as an iron founder, as there was no such industry there in the 18th century. Brampton became a place of metalwork. This is probably where George picked up the trade that would define his life's career, and it was probably not from his father.

Even though I don't know the exact date Ann Bower was born, I can assume that she was conceived out of wedlock. Either she was born prior to her parents' marriage, or not long after. This may have been the reason George married Elizabeth, as it was shameful in those days to have children outside of marriage. Interestingly, George's father is not a witness of the marriage, but his brother is. This could suggest that his father disapproved of the whole affair. But that is mere speculation. It more strongly suggests that he had a strong relationship with his brother, James, who was a witness to the marriage.


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