Grace's Guide is the leading source of historical information on industry and manufacturing in Britain. This web publication contains 136,204 pages of information and 218,941 images on early companies, their products and the people who designed and built them.
Established by Dr. William Garrard and John Hill Garrard. William was born in Suffolk, England, on 21 October 1803, and died on 18 March 1889 at Fallston, Beaver County, Pa. John died at Pittsburgh in 1883 at the age of 78. The family had emigrated to the USA in 1822.
In 1832 crucible steel was manufactured on a commercial scale for the first time in the USA by the Garrard brothers in Cincinnati, at their works, called the Cincinnati Steel Works.