Grace's Guide

British Industrial History

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Eugene Beauhamais Carless

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Eugene Beauhamais Carless (c1815-1895) of Carless, Capel and Leonard

c1815 Born in Lambeth, the son of Joseph Carless, Merchant, and his wife Elizabeth.

1824 Baptised[1]

1841 School master, living in Chelsea South with his mother[2]

1843 Married Sarah Ann Downs in Fleet Street, London[3]

1851 Surgeon (out of practice), living in Clapham, with Sarah Anna Carless 33, Eugene B Carless 6, Frances F Carless 2, Anna Matitlda Carless 1 Mo[4]

1854 Having carried on business in copartnership with Daniel William Blyth at No. 7, Cambridge-road, Mile End, Middlesex, as Saffflower Carmine Makers and Fancy Paper Colorers, under the style of Blyth and Carless, all their joint estate and effects were assigned to William Watson and Joseph William Bennett, upon trust for their joint creditors[5]

1855 of Stepney, patent on "Improvements in the manufacture of paper cloth, known as artificial leather, and in coating or covering the surface thereof with colouring matter, said colouring process being also adapted to the colouring or staining of paper[6]

1855 Patent to Eugene Carless, of the East London Works, Mile End, in the county of Middlesex, for the invention of "improvements in the manufacture of artificial leather suitable for book binding and other purposes."[7]

1859 Established [8] a business in distilling and refining mineral oil at a plant in Hackney Wick.

1860 Patent to Eugene Carless, of Bow Common, in the county of Middlesex, for the invention of "improvements in the manufacture of all kinds of candles, for the purpose of rendering them free from guttering."[9]

1861 Manufacturing chemist, living in West Ham, with Sarah A Carless 44, Eugene B Carless 16, assistant to his father, Francis T Carless 12, Anne J A Carless 10, Louisa M Carless 8, Blanche M E Carless 6[10]

1870 Dissolution of the Partnership with William George Blagden, and formation of new partnership with George Capel as Carless, Capel, and Co., of Hope Chemical Works.[11]

1871 Living at Idmiston Villas, West Ham: Eugene Carless (age 56 born Lambeth), Manufacturing Chemist. With his wife Sarah A. Carless (age 54 born Marylebone) and their three children; ... T. (son) Carless (age 22 born Wandsworth), Artist student; ... J. (daughter) Carless (age 20 born Wandsworth), Private Governess; and ... M. (daughter) Carless (age 15 born Stratford). One visitor. One servant.[12]

1872 Dissolution of the partnership between Carless and Capel as manufacturing chemists[13] that was replaced with a new partnership Carless, Capel and Leonard, with Carless as works manager.

1873 Eugene Carless of Leytonstone, in the county of Essex, carrying on business at No. 1, Pavement, West Ham-lane, Stratford, and at No. 38, Bramley-road, Notting Hill, in the county of Middlesex, trading at both places as Edwards and Co., Oil and Colour Man., was adjudged bankrupt[14]

1877 Patent to Eugene Carless, of Hackney Wick, in the county of Middlesex, Chemist, for the invention of "a new or improved method of, and apparatus for, filling casks and other vessels with liquids."[15]

1881 Chemist Manager, living in Leyton Low, with Sarah A. Carless 65, Francis T. Carless 32, Alice M. Edwards 28 and grand-daughter Ethil M. Hunt 9[16]

1891 Consulting chemist, living in Kentish Town with Sarah A Carless 70 and his niece Eleanor A Riest 39[17]

1895 Died in Rye[18]

See Also


Sources of Information

  1. Baptism register
  2. 1841
  3. marriage register
  4. 1851 census
  5. London Gazette 14 February, 1854
  6. London Gazette 30 April 1858
  7. London Gazette 14 September 1855
  8. The Times, Dec 13, 1971
  9. London Gazette 8 June 1860
  10. 1861 census
  11. London Gazette 25 February 1870
  12. 1871 Census
  13. London Gazette 19 March 1872
  14. London Gazette 20 June 1873
  15. London Gazette 13 April 1877
  16. 1881 census
  17. 1891 census
  18. BMD