Grace's Guide

British Industrial History

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Edwin Beard Budding

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Edwin Beard Budding (1795-1846), of Brimscombe Mills, Stroud, inventor of the lawn mower.

Worked for John Ferrabee and Sons of the Phoenix ironworks

Invented a pepperbox revolver, probably made some time between 1825 and 1830

1830 Invented and patented the first lawn mower. Budding derived the idea of a grass cutting machine after he saw the existing inventions for cutting cloth in the textile industry. Edwin teamed up with John Ferrabee, a local engineer, and they started making the first machines in a factory in Stroud.

The manufacturing rights to the lawnmower were taken up by J. R. and A. Ransome

1832 An early lawnmower is in the London Science Museum

Late 1830s Budding moved to Dursley where he became a manager employed by George Lister (presumably father of Robert Ashton Lister), owner of a card-making and wire-drawing factory that supplied the local textile industry.

1840 Patent. 'Henry George Francis, Earl of Ducie, of Woodchester Park, Gloucestershire, Richard Clyburn, of Uley, engineer, and Edwin Budding, of Dursley, engineer, Gloucestershire, for improvements in machinery for cutting vegetable and other substances.'[1]

1843 Registered a screw-adjustable spanner. The first of these spanners were made at the Phoenix Ironworks.

1843 Patented a device to increase the productivity of carding through the "covering of cylinders with card clothing under tension and arranging for it to be wound helically"

1846 Died at Dursley on 25 September

See Also

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Sources of Information

  1. Worcester Journal - Thursday 05 November 1840
  • Biography of Edwin Budding, ODNB