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British Industrial History

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Doulton and Watts

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Doulton and Watts, potters, earthenware makers, of 28 High St, Lambeth

1805 John Doulton entered an apprenticeship as potter in the works originaly set up by John Dwight of Fulham, which he completed in 1812[1].

1815 John Doulton (1793–1873) became a partner in the pottery of Martha Jones in Vauxhall Walk, London, together with John Watts. The business became Jones, Watts and Doulton. It specialised in making stoneware articles, such as decorative bottles and salt glaze sewer pipes

1820 Mrs Jones withdrew from the business

1826 Doulton and Watts flourished, moving in 1826 to premises in Lambeth High Street.

1834 Doulton and Watts establishment at High St, Lambeth involved 12 men working 2 kilns per week[2]

Eventually 6 of John's sons joined the business including John junior (the eldest) and Henry who became an apprentice in 1835. Henry was to be the driving force behind a number of innovations which made the name of Doulton world famous.

1841 Doulton and Watts, brown stone potters and chemical apparatus manufacturers, 28 High St, Lambeth[3].

1846 Henry Doulton left home to start his own business to make ceramic pipes for the sanitary market. In addition Henry continued to help his father's firm of Doulton and Watts, and both concerns gradually expanded onto adjoining land and premises.

1851 The workmen, and their wives, of both Doulton and Watts and Henry Doulton and Co of Lambeth Potteries were treated to a visit to the Great Exhibition[4].

1852 28 High St, Lambeth: Doulton and Watts, stone potters, water filter, chemical apparatus and water closet makers; and John Doulton, junior, earthenware manufacture, which was also at Liverpool Pottery, St Helens, Lancs[5].

1853 John Watts retired.

1853 Doulton and Co was established by John and his son Henry as makers of fine English stoneware.

1855 Partnership dissolved: Doulton and Watts, potters, High St, Lambeth[6].

1862 Doulton and Watts demonstrated a potter's wheel at the International Exhibition[7].

1862 Frederick Doulton M.P., was recorded as being of Messrs Doulton and Watts[8].

1872 Complaints, including from the Archbishop of Canterbury, about black smoke from the Lambeth Potteries of Doulton and Watts resulted in a fine[9].

1873 John Doulton senior died.

1873 Medals of merit at the Vienna Exhibition for H. Doulton and Co of Lambeth Pottery and Doulton and Watts of 28 High St, Lambeth[10]

1876 Doulton and Watts received an award at the Philadelphia Exhibition for a mantelpiece[11].

1885 June: Fire at the Albert Embankment premises of Doulton and Watts (28 High St. Lambeth)[12].

1885 August: Another fire at the substantial premises of Doulton and Watts[13].

1888 Another fire at Doulton and Watts[14].

At some point the 3 businesses of Doulton and Watts, Henry Doulton and Co and the independent pipe works owned by Henry's brother, John Doulton junior, were brought together.

1889 The Lambeth establishment employed c.2000 people and there were another 2000 employees in other parts of the Doulton empire; drains works were also at St Helens and Rowley Regis[15]

1891 Doulton and Watts, encaustic tile makers, filter makers and crucible makers, 28 High St, Lambeth. Doulton and Co, Albert Embankment. [16]

1891 Henry Lewis Doulton became a partner.

1895 Doulton and Watts, Lambeth Pottery, London SE, manufacturers of Doulton ware, etc. Showroom at Albert Embankment. City showroom at Holborn Circus. Encaustic tile manufacturers, 24 High St, Lambeth. Doulton and Co (Lambeth Sanitary Engineering works) and makers of carbon filters, 24 High St, Lambeth[17].

1897 Henry Doulton retired in summer 1897, and died in November.

1898 Doulton and Co: offer of public shares in the company incorporated to acquire a company of the same name[18]. The growth of the company and the withdrawal of Sir Henry's capital had made this step necessary. The company was incorporated on 1 January 1899; Henry Lewis, was chairman and managing director, and the other directors were Ronald Duncan Doulton (Henry's nephew), Benjamin Hannen, a builder, and William Turnbull, a partner in a firm of china merchants.

See Also

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Sources of Information

  1. The Times, 5 June 1965
  2. Birmingham Daily Post, 5 November 1889
  3. Post Office London Directory, 1841
  4. The Morning Post 24 June 1851
  5. Post Office London Directory, 1852
  6. The Bradford Observer 18 January 1855
  7. The Times, 27 March 1862
  8. The Times, 28 June 1862
  9. The Times, 15 August 1872
  10. The Standard 27 August 1873
  11. The Times, 11 October 1876
  12. The Times, 23 June 1885
  13. The Times, 1 August 1885
  14. Reynolds's Newspaper 16 December 1888
  15. Birmingham Daily Post, 5 November 1889
  16. Post Office London Trades Directory, 1891
  17. Post Office London Directory, 1895
  18. The Times, 3 December 1898
  • [1] The Potteries Website
  • Trademarked. A History of Well-Known Brands - from Aertex to Wright's Coal Tar by David Newton. Pub: Sutton Publishing 2008 ISBN 978-0-7509-4590-5
  • Papers of Henry Lewis Doulton, National Archives [2]