Grace's Guide

British Industrial History

Grace's Guide is the leading source of historical information on industry and manufacturing in Britain. This web publication contains 148,139 pages of information and 233,680 images on early companies, their products and the people who designed and built them.

Deptford Chemical Works

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1838 Frank Clarke Hills set up as a manufacturing chemist at Deptford, making sulphuric acid as and other products.

c.1840 Frank Clarke Hills developed a steam road vehicle at the Chemical Works

1844 Hills opened a second factory downstream at Greenwich and for the next half century the firm continued to prosper, owning also a flour mill and chemical manure works at the Greenwich site.

1846 Hills patented a method for removing ammonia from coalgas.

1849 Explosion at Hill's Chemical Works at Deptford[1]

1849 Frank Clarke Hills, of Deptford, gained a patent on improved method of manufacturing gas[2]

1858 F. C. Hills, chemical manufacturer, Creek St, Deptford[3]

1891 Frank Clarke Hills and Co. (chemical), (T.A. Davies manager), Marsh Lane, Greenwich, Surrey. Listed as manure manufacturer or merchant[4]

1892 Frank Hills died. His firm survived him to about the end of the century.

By 1893 the business was F. C. Hills and Co[5]


See Also

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Sources of Information

  1. The Morning Post November 10, 1849
  2. The Times, Jan 06, 1863
  3. Melville & Co.'s Directory of Kent, 1858
  4. Kelly's Directory of Kent, Surrey & Sussex, 1891
  5. The Times, Nov 16, 1893
  • Archives of the British chemical industry, 1750-1914: a handlist. By Peter J. T. Morris and Colin A. Russell. Edited by John Graham Smith. 1988.