Grace's Guide

British Industrial History

Grace's Guide is the leading source of historical information on industry and manufacturing in Britain. This web publication contains 148,109 pages of information and 233,634 images on early companies, their products and the people who designed and built them.

Daniel Mather

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Wire drawer and tool maker, of Liverpool

1723 Born 6 October at Toxteth Park, Liverpool[1]

1782 Died on 30 June.

R. R. Angerstein, Swedish industrial spy, visited the 'factory for watchmaker's tools in Liverpool' of 'Mr Dan. Mather' in 1754. In particular he noted the drawing of grooved steel wire for pinions in small pocket watches. The drawn pinion wire was sold by the foot, with between 5 and 12 grooves. The raw material was Bertram's Double Shear Steel. He illustrated the process, showing the wire being drawn by pincers attached to a rope pulled by a simple winch turned by a wheel resembling a large ship's steering wheel. He also showed four dies with round and pinion-shaped holes of various sizes.

Described as a 'famous Liverpool manufacturer and the author of one of the first catalogues of tools'[2]

See Also


Sources of Information

  1. [1] Genealogical website
  2. 'Steel and toy trade between England and France : the Huntsmans’ correspondence with the Blakeys (Sheffield-Paris, 1765-1769)' by Liliane Pérez, Centre d’histoire des techniques et de l’environnement, Conservatoire national des arts et métiers (Paris)