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Cycles et Automobiles Gladiator of Le Pre Saint-Gervais, France.
1896 Adolphe Clément, who held the extremely profitable manufacturing rights for Dunlop tyres in France, joined with a syndicate led by Dunlop's founder Harvey Du Cros to buy out the Gladiator Cycle Company and they merged it into a major bicycle manufacturing conglomerate of Clément, Gladiator & Humber & Co Limited. The range of cycles was expanded with tricycles and quadricycles. Darracq used his share of the proceeds to found his own company making cars.
1902 Introduced a motorised bicycle, then cars and motorcycles
1902 Charles Chetwynd-Talbot formed Clément-Talbot Ltd with Adolphe Clément as a significant shareholder. Clément formed Clément-Bayard in France. The existing business was renamed Société Francaise des Cycles Clément et Gladiateur Ltd.