Grace's Guide To British Industrial History

Registered UK Charity (No. 115342)

Grace's Guide is the leading source of historical information on industry and manufacturing in Britain. This web publication contains 163,199 pages of information and 245,645 images on early companies, their products and the people who designed and built them.

Grace's Guide is the leading source of historical information on industry and manufacturing in Britain. This web publication contains 147,919 pages of information and 233,587 images on early companies, their products and the people who designed and built them.

Creed and Co

From Graces Guide

of Telegraph House, East Croydon, Surrey. Telephone: Croydon 2121. Cables: "Credo". (1947)

1897 Frederick George Creed conceived the idea of a typewriter-style machine that would enable complete Morse code signals to be punched in tape simply by operating the corresponding character keys. Moved to Scotland to develop the Automatic Telegraphic Keyboard Perforator.

1901 He developed a receiving re-perforator (this recorded telegraph signals as perforations in a paper tape, at speeds of up to 200 words a minute, which made easier re-transmission of messages) and a printer.[1].

1902 First delivery of Morse-keyboard perforators to the General Post Office[2]

1904 Opened a small factory in Glasgow

1909 Moved to Selsdon Road, South Croydon, along with six of his skilled mechanics from Scotland.

1909 Company founded.

The scepticism which had attended his earlier efforts continued with a marked disinclination on the part of potential customers even to try out the equipment, let alone purchase it. But gradually sales resistance was broken down and the machines began to find promising, if limited, user acceptance.

1912 Worked with Harald Bille, a well known Danish telegraph engineer; formed a private company as Creed Bille and Co. Ltd.

1912 The Daily Mail became the first newspaper in the world to adopt the Creed System. Others soon followed.

1913 First experiments in high speed automatic telegraphy by wireless

WWI Equipment ordered by government

1915 Moved to larger premises at East Croydon

1916 After Harald Bille's death in an accident, the name of the company was changed.

post-WWI: Effort concentrated on wireless transmission, including design and manufacture of the first high-speed pneumatically operated radio keys

1923-6 Responded to the arrival of the Morkrum Teletype teleprinter by developing their own teleprinter.

1925 Acquired the patents for Murray's Multiplex System and others concerned with telegraphs; these machines were produced at Croydon for many years.

1927 Introduction of the Model 3 combined start-stop transmitter-receiver, the first to work with the new GPO telegraphy standard.

1928 A controlling interest was acquired by the International Telephone and Telegraph Corporation[3]

1936 Patent - Improvements in type-printing telegraph and like machines. [4]

1937 Patent - Improvements in or relating to keyboard arrangements. [5]

1947 British Industries Fair Advert for Systems for Record Communication - Teleprinter and Morse. Manufacturers of Printing Telegraph Systems, Teleprinters and Morse Transmitting and Receiving Apparatus with Associated Terminal Equipment used for Record Telecommunication by Commerce and Industry, Government Services, Postal Telegraph Administrations, Press, Airways, etc. (Office Machinery and Equipment Section - Olympia, Ground Floor, Stand No. B.1438) [6]

1961 Telegraph engineers, specialising in teleprinters and data processing equipment. [7]

1969 Order for 9,500 telex teleprinters for the Post Office[8]

1971 Post Office order to teleprinters[9]

1972 Change of name to ITT Creed, a subsidiary of ITT[10]

1973 The Post Office ordered teleprinter equipment from ITT Creed[11]

1981 Major reduction in staff by ITT Creed at Brighton (making teleprinters); the Treforest plant would be closed and there were would be a reduction in the number of service staff at Mitcha,[12]

Name changed to Telephone Switching International Ltd

2004 Company in liquidation[13]

See Also


Sources of Information

  1. BT Archives [1]
  2. The Times, Oct 03, 1969
  3. The Times, Jun 18, 1930
  4. [2] Wikipatents
  5. [3] Wikipatents
  6. 1947 British Industries Fair Advert 81; and p72
  7. 1961 Dun and Bradstreet KBE
  8. The Times, Oct 03, 1969
  9. The Times, Feb 09, 1971
  10. The Times Jun 13, 1972
  11. The Times, Sep 24, 1973
  12. The Times, Jun 27, 1981
  13. The Times February 23, 2004
  • [4] Creed and Co