Grace's Guide

British Industrial History

Grace's Guide is the leading source of historical information on industry and manufacturing in Britain. This web publication contains 148,131 pages of information and 233,678 images on early companies, their products and the people who designed and built them.

Crawford's Biscuits

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Advertising sign Cream Crackers.
September 1936.
May 1953. Cream Crackers.
February 1955.

1813 William Crawford founded what became Crawford Biscuits, starting off in a small shop in Shore of Leith, Edinburgh, Scotland.

Introduction of cheap sugar and flour, plus chemical raising agents such as bicarbonate of soda, led to the development of many sweet biscuit recipes at this time.

In Britain several entrepreneurs laid the foundations of the modern biscuit industry. The firms of Carrs, Huntley and Palmers, and Crawfords were all established in this period.

1962 United Biscuits acquired William Crawford and Sons and the remaining shares in the public company D. S. Crawford (of Edinburgh)[1]


See Also

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Sources of Information

  1. The Times May 24, 1962
  • [1] Oxford Diecast