Cotton Powder Co
of 32 Queen Victoria Street, London
of 24 Walbrook, London, EC (1914).
Works in Faversham, Kent.
1846 The first high explosive, guncotton, was invented
1847 The world's first guncotton factory was established in Faversham.
1873 The Cotton Powder Company was established, and incorporated as a limited company the same year.
1875 C. A. Faure, of Patent Cotton Gunpowder Co, of Faversham, wrote to The Engineer about causes of corrosion in marine boiler
1876 A new explosive "Tonite", made from guncotton for use in mines,was introduced but a fatal accident occurred to a miner using the material; the inquest jury were divided as to whether this was accidental death or manslaughter
1897 Started to make and supply cordite to the War Office
1904 This company was registered on 18 April, and is a third reconstruction of the Patent Cotton Gunpowder Co. 
1909 Demonstration to an international audience of Mr Marten Hale's shrapnel rifle grenade at the Faversham site
1914 Manufacturers of propellants and explosives. Specialities: cordite, high explosives, permitted explosives, sound signals, ship distress signals, Tonite for mining and submarine purposes. Employees 600. 
After the introduction of other high explosives, such as cordite and TNT, two huge new factories were built in Faversham beside The Swale, one for the Cotton Powder Company. On 2 April 1916, a Great Explosion took place at the Explosives Loading Co's factory, the worst in the history of the UK explosives industry, which also damaged the Cotton Powder Company's works.
Sources of Information
- Explosives in Faversham