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Makers of Columbia Records and Columbia Gramophones, of Clerkenwell Road, London EC
of Hayes, Middlesex
The Columbia Phonograph Co Inc of New York was the successor to the Columbia Graphophone Manufacturing Co
1913 Under the copyright system, the company published notices of their intention to make and sell contrivances reproducing certain, named musical works
1915 The Red Cross arranged with the company to send 20 instruments and records to hospitals in France for the amusement of the troops
1917 Private company incorporated, Columbia Graphophone Co, at the initiative of Louis Sterling, to acquire the Columbia company's growing business in records in Europe. Acquired the Hertford Record Company, which, prior to the war, had been the main British business of the German record company Carl Lindström AG.
1920 Lionel Guest and H. O. Merriman developed an electrical process for recording mass choral works which was used at the service commemorating the unknown warrior in Westminster Abbey; two double-sided records were published by the company at cost
1922 The shares held by the American parent were acquired by British interests
1923 The American parent was put into receivership.
1923 Converted to public company
1923 Columbia Gramophone Co (sic) published a copyright notice about making certain recordings
1924 Claims made at AGM that the company's development work had given Britain leadership in the art of the gramophone; released improved version of Grafonola
1925 Columbia International Ltd was formed to acquire and develop foreign gramophone companies in close association with the Columbia Graphophone Co Ltd; the directors were essentially the same
1926 Acquired Columbia International
1928 Continued to acquire interests and/or control of gramophone and record companies abroad
1929 Plessey produced the first British-made portable battery radio, the “National” which it supplied to Symphony and Columbia.