Grace's Guide

British Industrial History

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Clement-Bayard

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1904. Type AC2K. Rear-Entrance Tonneau. Two-cylinder. 9/11 hp. Chassis No: 6022. Engine No: 2113.
1906 Q4. 45-50hp.
1906 Q4.
April 1908.
April 1908. Advert in French.
1909. 200-hp airship engine.
1908. Airship No 1 on 8th October 1908.
1909. Biplane at the Paris Flight Show.
1909. M. Clement.
1909. 40-hp engine.
1909. Airship No 1
1909. Biplane.
1909. 170 hp motor.
1910. Clement-Bayard II.
1910. Clement-Bayard II.
1910.
1910.
1910.
1910.
1910.
1910.
1910. 30hp 2-cylinder engine.

Clément-Bayard was a French automobile, airship and aeroplane manufacturer from 1903 to 1922.

of Levallois, Seine (1908)

General

The company was founded in Mézières (now Charleville-Mézières) by Gustave Adolphe Clément just after he left his earlier firm, Clément, which continued automobile production under the name Clément-Gladiator.

The name Bayard was chosen because a statue of the Chevalier who saved the town of Mézières in 1521 stood in front of the Mézières factory. The Chevalier was also featured on the logo of the company.

Initially, there was much in common between the cars made by both factories. Clément-Bayard cars were imported to Britain under the Talbot brand.

The new company entered into an agreement with an English financial group headed by the Earl of Shrewsbury and Talbot for the Clement Bayard to be assembled in Britain by a new company called Clement Talbot Ltd. and to be sold as Clement-Talbots.

By 1907 the British company was designing its own cars, among them the high-performance 4-litre 25 which rivalled the Vauxhalls and Sunbeams for fastest time of the day in the numerous sprints and hill-climbs.[1]

1907 A new model, 10/12 hp, appeared, with unit gearbox and dashboard radiator.

Clément-Bayard models were of high quality, continued after the World War I with an 8 hp and a 17.6 hp model.

1908 Fernand Charron left Charron Ltd and joined his father-in-law, Mr Clement.

From 1908, the firm built a number of military airships and at least one aircraft (in 1914).

1910 Exhibited the largest range of aircraft engines (8 in total) in the Paris Flight Salon as well as those fitted to the Demoiselle monoplanes.[2]

1922 Acquired by the quickly expanding Citroën and from then on, only spare parts were produced.

Early Registrations


See Also

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Sources of Information

  1. The Motor - Volume 165 - Page 59
  2. Flight 5 Nov 1910