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British Industrial History

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Charles T. Hayball

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Charles Thomas Hayball (c1832-1881) built a steam road locomotive

c1832 Born in Chard the son of Robert Hayball, Millwright

1853 May 4th. Married at Trowse to Elizabeth Mary Goose

1861 Living at Ashley's Lane, Propect Place, Lymington, Hants: Charles Thos. Hayball (age 29 born Chard), Engineer Steam Packet. With his wife Elizabeth Mary Hayball (age 31 born Trowse, Norfolk) and their three sons; Charles Robert Hayball (age 7 born Norwich); Edwin Joseph Hayball (age 3 born Lymington); and George William Hayball (age 1 born Lymington). In the next abode is Robert Hayball (age 53 born Chard), Engineer 2 Apprentices. With his wife Elizabeth Hayball (age 44 born Hants) and their son Isaac Newton Hayball (age ? born Lymington).[1]


Extract from Steam Locomotion on Common Roads by William Fletcher. Published 1891.

A quick-speed road locomotive was made by Mr. Charles T. Hayball, of Lymington, Hants, in 1864.

The whole of the machinery was mounted upon wrought-iron framing, 4in. deep, and 0.75in. thick, and supported by three wheels. The two driving wheels had an inner and an outer tyre, and the space between the two hoops was filled up with wood to reduce noise and lessen the concussion. The two steam cylinders were bolted to the top of the frame, each 4iin. diameter and 6in. stroke. A vertical boiler, 2ft. 2in. diameter, and 4ft. high, working at 1501b. pressure, was used. The ratio of the gearing was 10 to 33. The crank shaft was placed above the main axle, both being fixed in a sliding bracket, keeping the shafts the right distance apart to suit the gearing, both sliding up and down owing to the action of the springs.

The carriage ran up an incline of one in 12 at 16 miles an hour, and travelled 4 miles in 14 minutes up hill and down with 10 passengers on board. Hayball says "he has run 700 miles without a derangement, and travelled up an incline a quarter of a mile long, 1 in 10 and 1 in 12, and when nearly at the top he turned at right angles." When loaded with 12 passengers the carriage weighed under two tons.

A bar was fixed in front of the vehicle for removing large loose stones on the road out of the way, a device of questionable utility.



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Sources of Information

  1. 1881 Census