Grace's Guide To British Industrial History

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Grace's Guide is the leading source of historical information on industry and manufacturing in Britain. This web publication contains 163,128 pages of information and 245,598 images on early companies, their products and the people who designed and built them.

Grace's Guide is the leading source of historical information on industry and manufacturing in Britain. This web publication contains 147,919 pages of information and 233,587 images on early companies, their products and the people who designed and built them.

Charles Churchill and Co

From Graces Guide
January 1872.
1893. Norton Screw-Cutting Lathe.


August 1899.
November 1897.
November 1897.
June 1898.
June 1898.
February 1901.
1901. Warner and Swasey.
1901. Warner and Swasey.
January 1902.
September 1902.
July 1910.
December 1910.
January 1912.
October 1912.
November 1912.
November 1912.
January 1920.
February 1921.
Dec 1921.
August 1926.
December 1929.
March 1945.
October 1945.
May 1947.
November 1947.
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May 1950.
February 1952.
April 1952.
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AUgust 1952.
November 1954.
November 1957.

of 9-15 Leonard Street, Finsbury, London EC2 and Birmingham, Manchester, Newcastle-upon-Tyne, Glasgow, Bristol and Leeds.

of Walnut Tree Walk, Kennington, London S.E.11.

1865 Company founded by Charles Churchill. Charles Churchill and Co began trading in 1865 as importers of engineering tools and is thought to have imported the first examples of Morse tapered twist drills, self-centring drill chucks (manufactured by Cushman) and hand-held micrometers into the UK. According to Floud, he imported agricultural implements and other non-engineering items at this time. In its early years the company traded from 28 Wilson Street, Finsbury: sales catalogues were published certainly between 1876 and 1882 stating this address.

1887 Charles Churchill, trading as Charles Churchill and Co, of Stoke Newington and Finsbury, importers of American machinery, received bankruptcy order[1]

1889 The partnership was transformed into a limited company, Charles Churchill & Co Ltd (company registration number 29931).

1890 Charles Churchill was released from bankruptcy[2]

1892 Crystal Palace Electrical Exhibition. American machine tools. [3]

1897 Public company. Charles Churchill & Co Ltd was put into voluntary liquidation to aid capital restructuring. This comprised an increase in authorised share capital to £50,000: £30,000 was fully subscribed, £10,000 allotted as goodwill for the old company and £10,000 retained for later issue.

Within two years the company advertised with contact addresses at 2 – 10 Albert Street in Birmingham, 5 Cross Street in Manchester and 52 Bothwell Street, Glasgow, and its main office at 9 – 15 Leonard Street, Finsbury.

The capital restructuring also saw the addition of Herbert Chamberlain, brother of Joseph Chamberlain, to the board of directors. He was well connected in business terms as well as politically, having interests in BSA among other things. Other members of the Chamberlain family were later involved in the company.

The new main office in Leonard Street opened around 1896 and comprised 12,474 square feet over four storeys, complete with internal hydraulic lifts, an external hydraulic crane and electric lighting; the company claimed in its press release that it had more than doubled its sales compared to any previous year and that it had sales lists for in excess of 100 US machinery manufacturers.

By 1902 advertisements show the Manchester address as 2 Charlotte Street, Mosley Street and an additional office had opened at Albion Buildings, St James' Street, Newcastle. There were more than 30 employees at the London premises and 8 or 9 in Birmingham

1906 Churchill Machine Tool Co was formed as the UK manufacturing arm by Charles Churchill with a factory in Pendleton.

1907 The company was seeking to wind up the Aston Cantlow Mill Ball and Bearing Co. Indeed, that company was wound up on 17 January 1908, although the reasons for this are unclear. Charles Henry Prideaux was appointed to represent the company on the liquidation committee for Leitner Electrical Co in 1915

1911 Charles Churchill & Co Ltd (manager Sydney H. March) at 6 Oxford Street and 7 Lower Mosley Street, as "engineers and importers of American machinery and tools" [4]

1913 Catalogue showed the grinding equipment designed and manufactured in the company's Manchester works[5]

1919 Advert for machine shop equipment and tools. Connected with the Churchill Machine Tool Co

1919 Advert for machine shop equipment and tools. [6]

1920 May. Issued catalogue on Carson universal tool and cutter grinder. [7]

1920 September. Exhibited at the Machine Tool and Engineering Exhibition at Olympia with machine tools. [8]

1924 Charles Churchill and Co ceased to represent the Norton Co and entered into an agreement with the Carborundum Co whereby the two organisations would co-operate in the meeting the grinding requirements of British manufacturers with the British-made "Carborundum" and "Aloxite" grinding wheels.[9]

1930 Description of roll-grinding machine, with the facility for grinding concave or convex profiles without using templates [10]

1934 They took over Cornelius Redman & Sons, renaming it Churchill-Redman Ltd.

1937 Machinery and tools. [11]

1937 Manufacturers of machine tools and small tools. "Comet" Machine Tools and Small Tools. [12]

1950 Charles Churchill & Co Ltd, the parent company, moved its offices from London to Birmingham

1955 increased its share capital to £1.26M

1956 Private company. Reorganisation - the Halifax division continued to use the name Churchill-Redman; the Scotswood division was named Churchill Gear Machines[13]

1958 Operating companies were[14]:

c.1960 Acquired Newcast Foundries and the company that became Churchill-Milnes[15]

1961 Manufacturers of machine tools and engineering supplies, also act as sales and service agents for British and imported machine tools and engineers supplies. 213 employees. [16]

1961 Charles Churchill and Co acquired Denhams Engineering Co, whose lathes were complementary to those of Churchill-Redman[17].

1961 Acquired Weatherley Oilgear of Biggleswade[18]

1966 Tube Investments acquired Charles Churchill and Co[19]

1966 Charles Churchill & Co Ltd was awarded The Queen's Award to Industry "for export achievement; and for technological innovation in machine tools by the Applied Research and Development Division, Churchill Gear Machines Ltd., and Churchill-Redman Ltd."

1966 Acquired Maschinenfabrik Froriep, of Germany, a company that Churchill had been representing in the UK; Mrs Ritchie, MD of Charles H. Churchill (the sales company), was appointed chairman of Froriep[20]

1968 Horizontal Fine Boring Machine. (Charles H. Churchill Ltd of Coventry Road, South Yardley, Birmingham 25) [21]

1972 Churchill-Vero received support for a project from a government programme for the machine tool industry [22]

1974 Tube Investments' newly constituted Machine Division.[23] had a machine tool group which included: Charles Churchill, Matrix Machine Tools, Matrix Engineering, Newcast Foundries, Matrix-Churchill International and Matrix-Churchill Corporation of USA; Walter T. Lees was appointed managing director of this group[24]

1977 Charles Churchill Ltd. changed its name to TI Churchill Ltd.

1983 Name changed to TI Herbert-Churchill Ltd.

1985 Name changed to TI Machine Tools Ltd.

See Also


Sources of Information

  1. London Gazette 6 September 1887
  2. London Gazette 6 May 1890
  3. 1892 The Practical Engineer
  4. 1911 Slater's Manchester, Salford and Suburban Directory
  5. The Times, Dec 31, 1913
  6. Mechanical World Year Book 1919. Published by Emmott and Co of Manchester. Advert p141
  7. The Engineer of 7th May 1920 p488
  8. The Engineer of 10th September 1920 p244
  9. The Engineer 1924/12/12
  10. Engineering 1930/04/25
  11. 1937 The Aeroplane Directory of the Aviation and Allied Industries
  12. 1937 The Aeroplane Directory of the Aviation and Allied Industries
  13. The Times, Apr 04, 1956
  14. The Times, Jul 04, 1958
  15. The Times July 3, 1962
  16. 1961 Dun and Bradstreet KBE
  17. The Times, Jun 29, 1961
  18. The Times July 6, 1961
  19. The Times, Feb 15, 1966
  20. The Times, May 23, 1967
  21. The Engineer of 9th February 1968 p281
  22. The Times, Mar 15, 1972
  23. The Engineer 1974/05/02
  24. The Times Sept. 12, 1974
  • Mechanical World Year Book 1917. Published by Emmott and Co of Manchester. Advert p97