Grace's Guide is the leading source of historical information on industry and manufacturing in Britain. This web publication contains 148,103 pages of information and 233,633 images on early companies, their products and the people who designed and built them.
Charles Cheers Wakefield (1859-1941)
1859 Born in Liverpool the son of John Wakefield (of H. M. Customs), and his wife Margaret, née Cheers, and was educated at the Liverpool Institute. Started work with an oil broker.
In 1891, arrived in London and worked with the Vacuum Oil Co
Charles Wakefield patented the Wakefield lubricator for steam engines in the 1890s.
In 1899 Wakefield founded the Wakefield Oil Company, but subsequently named its lubricating products Castrol. The name Castrol was chosen because of the castor oil that was added to the company's lubricating oils. This title has since become a household name in the United Kingdom. The Castrol brand lubricants produced by Wakefield's company were used in the engines of motor cars, aeroplanes, and motorcycles.
Wakefield was an Alderman, a member of the Court of Common Council, Sheriff (1907), and for 1915-1916 Lord Mayor. He received a Knighthood for services to the City of London. He was involved with a huge number of City institutions and charities, and was a co-founder of the Wakefield Trust, along with his friend the Rev'd "Tubby" Clayton, better known as the founder of the Toc H charity.
In his day, Wakefield was one of the most prominent and well-known characters in the town of Hythe, Kent, and the official Year Book of Hythe Town Council, in its list of Freemen of the Borough describes him as "Hythe's greatest benefactor". He was created a Freeman of the Borough on 30 May 1930, under the provisions of the 1885 Honorary Freedom of the Boroughs Act.
On his elevation to the peerage (initially as a Baron, and later a Viscount) Wakefield took Hythe as his titular seat. His name appears on many memorial inscriptions in Hythe today, and also lives on as the name of one of the town's masonic lodges. Having no children, the title died with him in 1941.
Wakefield was commonly known by the nickname, or colloquial name, of "Cheers". Although he did prefer this name, it was in fact a given (baptismal) name, his middle name, having been the maiden name of his mother.
1918 Patented a drip feed lubricator and was living at 30-32 Cheapside, London.