Category:Suspension Bridges - Chain Type
The earliest suspension bridges to depend on iron in their construction used the iron in the form of chains. Chains with loop-type links were used in China c.1500. Later, forged bars with looped ends were favoured, followed by flat bars with enlarged ends to accommodate the connecting pins. The earliest suspension bridges of the 'industrial age' were constructed in the USA using wrought iron chains.
In the early 19th century, French and Swiss engineers were attracted by the advantages of multi-stranded wire cables over chains, and went on to construct hundreds of iron wire cable suspension bridges. There were many obstacles to be addressed. The main difficulty, and probably the one which discouraged British engineers, was the risk of corrosion of the thin wires. The French appeared to have overcome this problem, but a disastrous failure in 1850 showed that this was not the case. The rate of construction slowed down, but development continued, particularly in the USA, and eventually wire cables (ultimately using steel wire) came to totally dominate suspension bridge construction.
Pages in category "Suspension Bridges - Chain Type"
The following 19 pages are in this category, out of 19 total.