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British Industrial History

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Calvert and Seward

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The Calverts were a large family of London brewers who dominated the trade in the capital.

1431 The Hour Glass Brewery at 89 Thames Street was founded

Felix Calvert I started in the brewing business. His three sons Felix II (d. 1699- 1756), Thomas (d. 1668) and Peter (d. 1676) were concerned in brewing.

Felix Calvert II's son John (1726-1804) became an MP and inherited a share in the brewery.

Felix Calvert III, grandson of Felix I, took over his father’s interest in the Peacock brewery in White Cross Street. Also became MP for Reading (1713-1716).

His uncle Felix Calvert IV also had interests in brewing, in Thames Street. His cousin, also Felix V (son of his uncle Peter), was another brewer.

1736 Felix Calvert III died on 29 December at his house in White Cross Street, leaving the bulk of his property to his eldest son, Felix Calvert VI.

1759 The Calverts acquired the Hour Glass Brewery.

1760 London's foremost brewer

On the death of the eminent London brewer, William Seward, his only son, William (1747–1799), sold the interest he inherited in the brewery[1]

1791 Felix Calvert, Robert Ladbroke, William Whitmore, Robert Calvert and Charles Calvert were brewers in Upper Thames Street[2]

1780-95 Felix Calvert & Co, brewers[3]

1821 Messrs Calvert and Co, Upper Thames Street, brewers[4].

1860 the City of London Brewery Co was formed to acquire Calvert's, of the Hour Glass Brewery.

1867 Calvert's (now the City of London) used the hourglass as its emblem[5]

See Also


Sources of Information

  1. Biography of William Seward, ODNB [1]
  2. National Archives [2]
  3. National Archives [3]
  4. National Archives [4]
  5. Victorian London [5]
  • Felix Calvert MP [6]