Grace's Guide To British Industrial History

Registered UK Charity (No. 115342)

Grace's Guide is the leading source of historical information on industry and manufacturing in Britain. This web publication contains 163,352 pages of information and 245,904 images on early companies, their products and the people who designed and built them.

Grace's Guide is the leading source of historical information on industry and manufacturing in Britain. This web publication contains 147,919 pages of information and 233,587 images on early companies, their products and the people who designed and built them.

Cadbury Brothers

From Graces Guide
Advertising sign.
Advertising sign.
Advertising sign.
Advertising sign.
Bodmin Wenford Railway, February 2011.
Chocolate box.
Chocolate Selection Box.
July 1887.
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1932. The Finchley Road Depot on the L.M.S. Railway.
June 1932.
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April 1936. Fruit and Nut.


April 1936.
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December 1953.
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February 1954.
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December 1954. Bournville Cocoa.
December 1954. Drinking Chocolate.
December 1954. Dairy Milk Chocolate Biscuits.
December 1954. Cup Chocolate.
February 1955.
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December 1960.
November 1963.
Cocoa essence.

of Bournville, Birmingham. (1929)

Ditto Address. Telephone: Birmingham, Kings Norton 2000. Cables: "Cadbrofry, Birmingham". London showrooms, Botolph House, 10 and 12 Eastcheap, London, EC3. Telephone: Avenue 2161. (1947)

In 1824, John Cadbury began vending tea, coffee, and (later) chocolate at Bull Street in Birmingham, and sometime in India. Soon a new sideline was introduced - cocoa and drinking chocolate, which he prepared himself using a mortar and pestle. The company was then known as Cadbury Brothers.

1847 A larger factory was rented in Bridge Street, off Broad Street, in the centre of Birmingham. John Cadbury took his brother Benjamin into partnership and the family business became Cadbury Brothers of Birmingham.

1850 Son Richard Cadbury joined the firm.

1850s Taxes on imported cocoa beans were reduced by the Prime Minister, Gladstone. This was a turning point for the cocoa and chocolate industry, bringing these products within the reach of a wider section of the population.

1854 Cadbury Brothers received their first Royal Warrant on February 4, as 'manufacturers of cocoa and chocolate to Queen Victoria.

1856 Second son George Cadbury joined the company.

1861 John Cadbury retired due to failing health; his sons George and Richard taking over the cocoa factory.

1879 John Cadbury's sons opened a major factory in the purpose-built suburb of Bournville, four miles south of the city.

1889 John Cadbury died.

1899 Richard Cadbury died at the age of 63 and the business became a private limited company: Cadbury Brothers Limited. The Bournville factory had trebled in size, with more than 2,600 employees.

1900 George Cadbury founded Bournville Village Trust. This included 330 acres of land, providing spacious and sanitary houses.

1910 The number of employees at Bournville had grown to 5,300.

1911 All workers, men and women, were given holidays with pay and included in the company pension scheme.

1912 Became a public company.

1913 A second factory was set up in Gloucestershire. This meant that both factories were situated by canals, ensuring economical transportation.

WWI. Over 2,000 male employees joined the armed forces and Cadbury sent books, warm clothes and chocolate to the front. Cadbury even augmented the Government allowances to its workers' dependants. At the end of the war soldiers were taken care of: returning to work; being sent on educational courses; or being looked after in convalescent homes.

1916 Cadbury took over Fry's. Fry's had been the market leader for the whole of the 19th Century and dated back to 1756, when Joseph Fry set up business as an apothecary and maker and seller of chocolate.

1916 Introduced Milk Tray.

1919 Company became British Cocoa and Chocolate with a capital of £2.5 million. [1]

1922 George Cadbury died.

1929 Listed Exhibitor - British Industries Fair. Manufacturers of Cocoa, Chocolate and Confectionery. A special display of the most popular of Cadbury's Chocolates for home and export as well as interesting new lines. Also a display of Bourniville Cocoa. 'Cups of this beverage will be sold at 1d. (<½p) each'. [2]

1933 Whole Nut bar introduced.

1938 At Bournville alone, 10,000 men and women were employed.

WWII. Cadburys contributed to the war effort in many ways, from converting parts of the factory to workrooms (manufacturing all kinds of equipment such as milling machines for rifle factories) to the production of pilots seats for Defiant fighters.

1947 Listed Exhibitor - British Industries Fair. Manufacturers of Cocoa, Bournvita, Chocolate, Chocolate Confectionery, Chocolate Biscuits. (Earls Court, 1st Floor, Stand No. 583) [3]

1959 Introduced the Picnic bar.

1961 Subsidiary of British Cocoa and Chocolate Co Ltd. Employed 23,500 persons in the group. Works at Bournville, Birmingham. [4]

1969 Merged with Schweppes which formed Cadbury Schweppes

2000 Cadbury Ltd, Trebor Bassett Ltd and the Lion Confectionery Co, all subsidiaries of Cadbury plc, entered a partnership agreement and formed Cadbury Trebor Bassett[5]

2008 Cadbury Schweppes was split into Cadbury plc and Schweppes which was acquired by the Dr Pepper Snapple Group of USA.

2009 Cadbury was acquired by Kraft of USA

See Also


Sources of Information

  1. Trademarked. A History of Well-Known Brands - from Aertex to Wright's Coal Tar by David Newton. Pub: Sutton Publishing 2008 ISBN 978-0-7509-4590-5
  2. 1929 British Industries Fair p34
  3. 1947 British Industries Fair p53
  4. 1961 Guide to Key British Enterprises
  5. 2009 Annual report of the Old Leo Co
  • [1] History of Cadbury
  • [2] Wikipedia