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British Industrial History

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British (Guest Keen, Baldwins) Iron and Steel Co

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Aug 1935. Great Western RailwayGWR Centenary.

of Cardiff and Port Talbot

1930 Company formed to amalgamate the heavy iron and steel businesses of GKN and Baldwins[1]:

1935 Iron and steelmaking at Dowlais was ended; the Dowlais works were made redundant and the Cardiff East Moors steel plant and rolling mills had been dismantled to make space for construction of new works which would be funded by the parent companies and by a public offer of debentures[3].

1937 The one remaining blast furnace at Dowlais was brought back into operation in response to the shortage of pig iron[4]. Dowlais had been making pig iron for 170 years until closure in 1929

1947 Formation of Steel Company of Wales

1951 Nationalised under the Iron and Steel Act; became part of the Iron and Steel Corporation of Great Britain[5]

1954 In order to achieve control of the whole production chain, GKN reacquired British (Guest Keen, Baldwins) Iron and Steel Co, which it had previously owned 57 percent, and Guest Keen and Nettlefolds (South Wales) Ltd from the Holding and Realisation Agency; Guest Keen Baldwins was renamed Guest Keen Iron and Steel Co[6] [7].

1961 Name of Guest Keen Iron and Steel Co changed to GKN Steel Company, which would incorporate all of the steel companies in the GKN group[8]

See Also


Sources of Information

  1. The Times, 5 April 1930
  2. The Times, Saturday, Apr 05, 1930
  3. The Times, 22 May 1935
  4. The Times, 16 March 1937
  5. Hansard 19 February 1951
  6. The Times, May 14, 1954
  7. The Times, 29 June 1956
  8. The Times, Aug 19, 1960