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Britannia Iron Works, of Middlesbrough
1871 Bernhard Samuelson built the Britannia Iron Works, Middlesbrough, to manufacture iron rails but would consider making steel rails in the future. The Britannia works housed the largest plant then in operation with a vast output of iron, tar, and by-products. Samuelson was anxious to make steel from Cleveland ore; on learning of the Siemens-Martin process, he experimented with it but the attempt proved unsuccessful.
c.1874 Britannia Ironworks was sold to a private company - presumably Skerne Iron Works Co.
1875 Skerne Iron Works Co. Ltd foundered because of the over-ambitious take-over of the Britannia Works, between Middlesbrough and Newport, which offered an increase in capacity and direct shipping facilities.
1879 The works were leased by Dorman, Long and Co
1880s Dorman Long introduced new steel making techniques -