Bristol Aeroplane Co
From Graces Guide
Formerly the British and Colonial Aeroplane Co
1920 The company's products had always been referred to by the name 'Bristol' and this was formalized when The British and Colonial was liquidated and its assets became the Bristol Aeroplane Co.
1920 New seaplane announced. 
A major product during the inter-war years was the Bristol Bulldog fighter, which formed the mainstay of RAF fighters between 1918 and 1935. During this time Bristol was noted for its policy of 'all-steel' airframes, preferring steel to the light alloys generally used in aircraft construction. Bristol airframes were built up from high-tensile strip steel rolled into section, and were powered exclusively by Bristol's own engines.
1924 The Company, like other firms, was engaged on confidential work for the Air Ministry. Among that work reference is permitted to the "Bloodhound," a two-seater reconnaissance and fighting machine embodying an all-metal system of construction, except as regards the wing, tail and fuselage coverings. 
c.1925: Awarded £50,000 by the Royal Commission on Awards to Inventors for the Bristol Fighter aeroplane and £2,500 in respect of communication to the US government of inventions, designs, etc in relation to aircraft and aircraft accessories
1933 Constructors of aircraft for all purposes and air-cooled aero engines. Head Office and Works: Filton House, Bristol.
1935 June 15th. The Bristol Aeroplane Company became a public limited liability company. By this time the Company had a payroll of 4,200, mostly in the engine factory, and was well positioned to take advantage of the huge re-armament ordered by the British Government in May of that year. Bristol's most important contribution to the expansion of the RAF at this time was the Blenheim light bomber.
1937 Listed as Aeroplane constructors and aero-engine manufacturers. "Aquila" Sleeve-valve Aero Engine. "Bristol" Aircraft and Aero Engines. "Mercury IX" Aero Engines. "Pegasus X" Aero Engine. "Perseus VIII" Aero Engine. "Phoenix" Diesel Aero Engine. 
WWII By the time war broke out, the Bristol works at Filton were the largest single aircraft manufacturing unit in the world, with a floor area of nearly 25 hectares (2,691,000 square feet). WWII During the Second World War Bristol's most important aircraft was the Beaufighter heavy two-seat multi-role aircraft; a long-range fighter, night fighter, ground attack aircraft and torpedo bomber. It was used extensively by the RAF and Commonwealth air forces, and by the USAAF. The Beaufighter was derived from the earlier Beaufort torpedo bomber, itself a derivative of the Blenheim.
1940 A shadow factory had been set up at Weston-super-Mare for the production of Beaufighters.
WWII The company's wartime headquarters was in the Royal West of England Academy.
1941 A joint venture company was formed by the Bristol Aeroplane Co and Aerojet General of the USA called Bristol Aerojet. A factory was built in Banwell near Weston-Super-Mare which was operated by the Bristol Aeroplane Co.
Post-WWII When the war ended Bristol set up a separate helicopter division in the Weston-super-Mare factory, under helicopter pioneer Raoul Hafner.
Other post-war projects included Bristol Cars, which used pre-war BMW designs as the basis for a new car, the Bristol 400. The car company became independent in 1960, around the same time as the consolidation the British aircraft industry, but is still based at the Filton site.
Prefabricated buildings, marine craft and plastic and composite materials were also early post-war activities, but these were eventually sold off.
1949 Bristol was involved in the post war renaissance of British civilian aircraft as inspired by the Brabazon Committee report. In 1949, the Bristol Brabazon airliner prototype, at the time one of the largest aircraft in the world, first flew. The Brabazon airliner project was a step in the wrong direction and ultimately cancelled in 1953. At the same time the Bristol Britannia turboprop-powered airliner proved a huge success and it and the Bristol Freighter transport aircraft were produced in quantity during the 1950s. Bristol was also involved in helicopter development with the Bristol Belvedere and Bristol Sycamore helicopters going into quantity production.
1949 Advert for The Bristol Aeroplane Company (Housing) Ltd. of Weston-Super-Mare.
1954 Acquired an interest in Short Brothers and Harland
1956 Another post-war activity was missile development, culminating in the production of the Bristol Bloodhound anti-aircraft missile. The company produced a range of rocket motors and ramjets for missile propulsion and this became Bristol Aero-Engines
In the late 1950s the Company undertook supersonic transport (SST) project studies, which were later to contribute to Concorde. A research aircraft, the Bristol 188, was constructed in the 1950s to test the feasibility of stainless steel as a material in a Mach 2.0 airframe. By the time the aircraft flew in 1962, the Company was already part of the British Aircraft Corporation.
1960 The Helicopter Division of Bristol was taken over by Westland.
- Pre-1917 Brazil, Straker and Co
- 1917-20 Cosmos Engineering
- 1920-56 Bristol Engine Co
- 1956-59 Bristol Aero-Engines
- 1959-66 Bristol Siddeley Engines
- 1966 - Rolls-Royce Aero-engines
|Pre-World War I|
|Racing Biplane||1911||Biplane Racer|
|Biplane Type T||1911||Biplane Racer|
|Bristol-Prier Monoplane||1911||Tractor configuration monoplane.|
|Bristol-Burney Seaplane||1912||Experimental Aircraft.|
|Gordon England Biplane||1912||Military utility aircraft.|
|B.R.7||1913||Two-seat military aircraft.|
|Bristol Hydro No.120||1913||Seaplane.|
|World War I|
|Scout||1914||Single-seat Scout - Types 1-5, 18 & 21.|
|Type 6 T.T.A.||1916||Two-seat Fighter.|
|M.1||1916||Fighter - Types 10 & 11|
|Scout F||1918||Single-seat Fighter.|
|F.2||1916||Biplane Fighter. Types 12, 14, 15, 16, 17 & 22.|
|F.3A||-||Three-seat anti-Zeppelin fighter. Never built.|
|Type 13 M.R.1||1917||Experimental metal reconnaissance.|
|PTM||Two-seater primary trainer powered by 120 hp Cosmos Engineering Co Lucifer engine (later Bristol). 24 aircraft built.|
|Types 24 and 25 Braemar||1918||Heavy Bomber|
|Type 23 Badger||1919||Fighter.|
|Types 27-29, 47 and 48 Tourer||1919||Civil Utility Aircraft.|
|Types 30 and 46 Babe||1919||Sports biplane.|
|Type 26 Pullman||1920||Passenger Aircraft.|
|Type 31 Grampus||-||Passenger Aircraft - none were built.|
|Type 32 Bullet||1920||Racing biplane.|
|Type 36 Seely||1920||Airliner.|
|Type 37 Tramp||1920||Passenger Aircraft.|
|Types 52 and 53 Bullfinch||1922||Fighter/Reconnaissance.|
|Types 62 and 75 Ten-Seater||1922||Transport.|
|Type 72 Racer||1922||Single-seat racing monoplane.|
|Type 76 Jupiter Fighter||1923||Fighter. One type built for Sweden. Powered by a 425 hp Jupiter IV engine.|
|Type 83 Taxiplane and Primary Trainer||1923||Trainer.|
|Type 84 Bloodhound||1923||Prototype Fighter.|
|Type 89A Trainer||-||Trainer|
|Type 90 Berkeley||1925||Bomber|
|Type 91 Brownie||1924||Sports aircraft|
|Type 92||1925||Research Biplane|
|Types 93 Boarhound and 93A Beaver||1925||Army Co-operation Aircraft.|
|Type 95 Bagshot||1927||Fighter.|
|Type 99 Badminton||1926||Raving biplane.|
|Type 105 Bulldog||1927||Fighter.|
|Type 107 Bullpup||1928||Interceptor.|
|Type 109||1928||Long-distance biplane.|
|Type 110A||1929||Civil Transport.|
|Type 118 General Purpose Machine||1931||Military Aircraft.|
|Bristol Type 120||1932||Military Aircraft.|
|Type 123||1934||Single-seat Fighter.|
|Type 133||1934||Single-seat fighter.|
|Type 130 Bombay||1935||Transport Aircraft.|
|Type 138||1936||High-altitude research aircraft.|
|"Britain First"||Light Bomber/ Fighter.|
|Types 142M, 149 and 160 Blenheim||1935||Light Bomber/ Fighter.|
|Type 143||1936||Light Transport.|
|Type 146||1938||Single-seat fighter.|
|Type 148||1937||Army Co-operation.|
|Type 148||1937||Army Co-operation.|
|World War II|
|Type 152 Beaufort||1939||Torpedo Bomber.|
|Type 149 Bolingbroke||1939||Maritime patrol aircraft.|
|Type 156 Beaufighter||1939||Heavy fighter/ strike aircraft.|
|Type 159||-||Heavy bomber.|
|Type 163 Buckingham||1943||Medium bomber.|
|Type 164 Brigand||1944||Anti-shipping torpedo bomber, ground attack/dive bomber.|
|Type 166 Buckmaster||1944||Advanced trainer aircraft.|
|Type 167 Brabazon||1949||Airliner|
|Type 170 Freighter and Wayfarer||1945||Airliner|
|Type 170 Superfreighter||1953||Cargo aircraft / Passenger aircraft|
|Type 175 Britannia||1952||Turboprop airliner|
|Type 188||1962||Experimental aircraft.|
|Type 223||-||Supersonic transport. None built but the design was developed into Concorde.|
|Type 171 Sycamore||1947||Rescue and Anti-Submarine Helicopter|
|Type 173||1952||13-seat passenger helicopter|
|Type 173 and 192 Belvedere||1958||Cargo helicopter|
Sources of Information
- The Engineer 1920/11/12 p488
- The Engineer 1925/01/02
- The Times, Jan 13, 1925
- 1933 Who's Who in British Aviation
- 1937 The Aeroplane Directory of the Aviation and Allied Industries
- The Times , May 15, 1956
- The Times, Apr 24, 1963
- AA.  Image courtesy of Aviation Ancestry
- The Aeroplanes of the Royal Flying Corps (Military Wing) by J. M. Bruce. Published in 1982. ISBN 0-370-30084-x
- The Encyclopedia of British Military Aircraft by Chaz Bowyer. Published in 1982. ISBN 1-85841-031-2
-  Wikipedia
- Warplanes of the World 1918-1939 by Michael J. H. Taylor. Published 1981. ISBN 0-7110-1078-1