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Baron Karl von Drais (1785-1851)
Made early velocipedes. 
Baron Karl Drais von Sauerbrunn (1785-1851) made the first "dandy horse", a velocifere with steerable front wheel
1785 Born in Karlsuhe
1812 Invented a device to record piano music on paper
1813/4 Invented two 4-wheeled human powered vehicles
1817 Invented a 2-wheeled human powered vehicle, otherwise called a Draisine or "hobby horse".
1822 Went to Brazil for 5 years
1827 Invented a stenograph machine using 16 characters
1851 Died penniless in Karlsruhe