Grace's Guide is the leading source of historical information on industry and manufacturing in Britain. This web publication contains 130,223 pages of information and 205,613 images on early companies, their products and the people who designed and built them.
This page refers to the UK operations. see Babcock and Wilcox Co for the USA company
of Oriel House, Farringdon Street, London EC
Babcock and Wilcox were engaged in the design, engineering, manufacture, service and construction of power generation and pollution control systems and equipment for utilities and industries.
1881 Opened a sales office in Glasgow, Scotland.
By 1883 boilers were being made by sub-contractors in Scotland. The first completely British-built Babcock boiler was manufactured for the Singer Manufacturing Co works in Kilbowie, West Dunbartonshire.
1888 Issued catalogue on steam, its generation and use with details of their products. 
1891 A British company, Babcock and Wilcox Ltd was formed with a capital of GBP 240,000 with its sphere of operation to include the world outside of the USA and Cuba that were already covered by the American company. Charles Albert Knight was MD.
1894 Catalogue of their boilers. 
1894 Antwerp Exhibition. Awarded Grand Prix Diploma for Large Mechanical Constructions. 
1895 Babcock and Wilcox established its own manufacturing facility at Renfrew, Renfrewshire, Scotland.
1900 The company's capital was increased to GBP 1,575,000. The firm rapidly became a leader in both land-based and marine boilers and opened subsidiaries and production facilities around the world. It became a public company. Manufactured the ten water-tube boilers for the Port Dundas electricity works in Glasgow. 
1914 Specialities: Patent Water Tube Boilers and all Boiler-house Accessories 
WWI. The group developed a large defence business during the 1914-1918 and 1939-1945 World Wars, producing tanks and munitions in addition to their naval boiler business.
1920 Electric cranes for Dover Harbour. 
1926, the company provided massive steam generating hardware for Battersea Power Station, London.
1927 See Aberconway for information on the company and its history.
1927 Advert for steam boilers. Principal works at Renfrew. 
1937 Engine. 'of London and Glasgow'. Exhibit at Nottingham Industrial Museum.
1937 British Industries Fair Advert. Water Tube Boilers, Pressed Steel forgings, Welded Pressure Vessels, Piping. "Everything for the Boiler House, including Valves". (Engineering/Metals/Quarry, Roads and Mining/Transport Section - Stand Nos. D.501 abd D.400) 
WWII Production of tanks and munitions in addition to their naval boiler business.
1942 the company developed the cyclone furnace.
1955 Four industrial groups formed to exploit the information being made available by UKAEA on design of nuclear power "furnaces" - Industrial Atomic Energy Group involving AEI and John Thompson with electrical generating expertise from Metropolitan-Vickers and BTH; English Electric Co and Babcock and Wilcox; C. A. Parsons and Co and Head, Wrightson and Co; GEC and Simon-CarvesLtd .
1961 Employ 16,000 persons. Six subsidiaries. Manufacturers of water-tube and shell-type boilers, boiler-house equipment, nuclear power plant, mechanical stokers, pulverised fuel installations, cranes, conveyors, etc.  
1967 Supplied the boilers for Ferrybridge-C power station.
1969 Babcock English Electric Nuclear was renamed British Nuclear Design and Construction
1979 Babcock and Wilcox became Babcock International
1982 Babcock International plc floated on the stock exchange
By 1989 FKI had shut down a quarter of Babcock's manufacturing plant.
1989 Babcock was spun out of FKI.
1995 Sold boiler business to Mitsui.
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