Grace's Guide To British Industrial History

Registered UK Charity (No. 115342)

Grace's Guide is the leading source of historical information on industry and manufacturing in Britain. This web publication contains 163,176 pages of information and 245,641 images on early companies, their products and the people who designed and built them.

Grace's Guide is the leading source of historical information on industry and manufacturing in Britain. This web publication contains 147,919 pages of information and 233,587 images on early companies, their products and the people who designed and built them.

Andreas Kurtz

From Graces Guide

Andreas Kurtz (c.1782-1846), chemist, of Kurtz and Jones, Kurtz, Niven and Co and Case, Kurtz and Co

c.1782 Born in Reutlingen, Germany

c.1795 About the age of 13 he left home when the warring French and Austrian armies entered the area. He went to Paris where he worked in chemicals and studied science.

1815 Having invented a means of manufacturing gunpowder, he moved to England and then to America, trying to exploit his invention

1816 returned to England. Leased a small chemical works on the banks of the Thames of the late Mr Sandemann. Kurtz married Mrs Sandemann. Worked on recipes for making soap.

c.1820 Moved to Manchester, working on the production of dyes.

Took Richard Niven into partnership, who was more business-like. See Kurtz, Niven and Co.

By 1828 they had made a profit

Niven left

1830 Moved to Liverpool, producing bichromate of potash in Parliament St, and Sefton St, and borax in Harrington St.

c.1835 Kurtz produced a highly fashionable chrome yellow.

1836 'MR. ANDREW KURTZ begs to inform the Public, that he CONTINUES to CARRY on the BUSINESS of a MANUFACTURING CHEMIST, at his manufactory In Parliament street, in Liverpool alone, without any connection with the house of Mr. Charles Kurtz, of Manchester. — Parliament street, Liverpool, April 15.'[1]

Produced borax in conjunction with Messrs Wood and Co of Burslem, and many other chemicals.

1842 Against his wishes, he had to take over Darcy and Dierden's alkali works at St Helens (later known as the Sutton Alkali Works), having loaned them money; Darcy tried to pretend that Kurtz had been a partner which Kurtz had to challenge in court.

Identified that pyrites would be preferable to sulphur for the Leblanc process and opened a mine near Portmadoc but others found better supplies in Ireland, causing Kurtz a loss.

1846 Josias Gamble challenged Kurtz (and others) infringement of his patent on the salt cake furnace; some of Gamble's claims were rejected. But during the trial Kurtz died. His son, Andrew George Kurtz (1824-1890), who was studying law at the time, had to replace him in the business.

1846 Patent. 'Andrew Kurtz, of St. Helens, Lancashire, manufacturing chemist, for certain unprovements in construction furnaces and apparatus connected therewith, for evaporating or concentrating sulphuric acid.'[2]

1846 Died. 'At his residence, Bootle, on Tuesday last, Andrew Kurtz, Esq., aged 63 years.'[3]

See Also

Loading...

Sources of Information

  1. Morning Herald (London) - Thursday 21 April 1836
  2. Bolton Chronicle - Saturday 07 February 1846
  3. Carlisle Journal - Saturday 04 April 1846
  • Some founders of the chemical industry, J Fenwick Allen [1]
  • National Archives