Grace's Guide

British Industrial History

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Allis-Chalmers (American)

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1936. Model M Crawler. Exhibit at Pearns Steam World.
1936. Model M Crawler (detail). Exhibit at Pearns Steam World.
1951. "HD20" Tractor.

Imported in to the UK by F. S. Bennett.

General

Allis-Chalmers were formerly E. P. Allis of Milwaukee in the 1840s and made waterwheel, sawmill and grindstones.

Incorporated in Delaware, the company soon became a major manufacturer of steam engines and industrial equipment in the Milwaukee area after merging in 1901 with other firms — Fraser and Chalmers were a large steel and mining retort manufacturer, and Gates Iron Works of Chicago[1]

1914 Allis-Chalmers entered into the farm equipment business at about the time of the World War I. The company would also play a major part as a manufacturer in the World War II building pumps for uranium separation as part of the Manhattan Project and building electric motors for U.S. Navy submarines. Allis-Chalmers also built triple expansion marine steam engines for Liberty ships.

The company introduced a number of product lines including Agricultural Tractor, Implements, Industrial Tractor, Gleaner Combines, Hydroturbines, Valves and Pumps, Compressors, Electric Motors, Crushing and screening equipment, Comminution, Air Purification, Coal Gasification and Simplicity Garden Tractors

1913-1917 For a list of the models and prices of Paraffin Commercial and Agricultural Motors, Tractors, Ploughs, Sprayers, etc. see the 1917 Red Book

Acquired the Monarch Tractor Co

1929 Became part of United Tractor and Equipment Corporation with 31 other companies but this venture failed and Allis went independent again

Production of farm tractors in the UK from 1947 to 1968. See Allis-Chalmers Co

1985 Company bought by Klockner-Humboldt-Deutz AG

1990 Became part of Allis-Gleaner Co (AGCO)

Models

  • Model 10-18 (1914-1921) Two-cylinder opposed engine. Three-wheels. 2,700 produced.
  • Model 18-30 (1919-1929) vertical in-line four-cylinder engine. 16,000 made.
  • Model U (1929- ) formerly the United.
  • Model E
  • Model A (1936-42) Replaced the Model E.
  • Model B (1937-57) 127,000 made
  • Model WC (1934- )
  • Model G
  • Model WD
  • D Range (1955- )

See Also

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