Grace's Guide is the leading source of historical information on industry and manufacturing in Britain. This web publication contains 130,446 pages of information and 207,488 images on early companies, their products and the people who designed and built them.
A and P Chrome Molybdenum of Oldbury, Birmingham, a tube manufacturing and manipulation company. Telephone: Broadwell 1500. Telegraphic Address: "Accles, Oldbury". (1937 and 1947)
Importance in Bicycle Making
Accles and Pollock was Britain's other lightweight bicycle tubing manufacturer, competing with the more famous Reynolds Tube Co.
Many leading bike builders in the UK during the 1930s, '40s and '50s, preferred to use Accles and Pollock tubing as it was air hardening, unlike the manganese-based Reynolds product which was not. Air-hardening tube-sets actually become stronger when brazed, unlike the normal steel tubing sets, such as 531, which are weakened by heating. Air hardening products were not introduced by Reynolds until well into the late '90s, and are now being marketed to cyclists as the latest thing in steel. Accles and Pollock's Kromo tubing was used by Hobbs of Barbican, Rattrays of Glasgow "The Flying Scot" and Thanet in their "Silverlight" model.
1900 A new company Accles Turrell Autocars was registered to implement an agreement to acquire the business of motor car and motor cycle manufacturers carried on at Holford Works under the style of Accles-Turrell; the first directors appointed were J. G. Accles, Charles McRobie Turrell, Thomas Pollock and Joseph P. Bedson .
1900 The Accles works were advertised for sale by order of the High Court .
1901 The name of the company (presumably Accles Tube Syndicate) was changed to Accles and Pollock, after financial backing was provided by Mr. Tom Pollock.
1902 The Company was forced to leave Holford Mill, moving to Oldbury in February 1902.
1905 Produced the first tubular box spanners.
1907 Produced the first tubular sections for aircraft and the first tubular furniture.
1909 Two acres of land were acquired in Rounds Green, Oldbury which became Paddock Works.
1910 Incorporated as a limited company for the purpose of amalgamating Accles and Pollock, Oldbury Tube Works Co., Oldbury Steel Conduits Ltd. and Merriman Ltd. The latter 2 companies were then put into liquidation; C. T. Barlow was chairman of Merriman Ltd and Thomas Pollock was chairman of Oldbury Steel Conduits Ltd
1910 Accles and Pollock built the world's first all-metal aircraft, the Mayfly, in their Oldbury factory, using a steel tubing structure.
1914 Manufacturers of steel tubes and electrical conduits and fittings. Specialities: steel tubular parts for cycles, motors, aeroplanes etc. and steel for press work, tubular box spanners, Oldbury system of electrical conduits and fittings. Employees 700. 
1919 Advert for tubular box spanners and steel tubing.
1927 Advert for cold-drawn weldless steel tube and tubular components. 
1937 British Industries Fair Advert for Seamless and Stainless Steel Tubes; Cold Rolled Metal Sections, for all purposes. (Engineering/Metals/Quarry, Roads and Mining/Transport Section - Stand Nos. D.915 and D.812) 
1937 Makers and manipulators of weldless and stainless steel tubes, and cold rolled metal sections. "A. and P." and "Ankh" Weldless Steel Tubes. "Apollo" Tubular Box Spanners and Wireless Masts. 
1939 See Aircraft Industry Suppliers
1939 Exhibit displayed at New York World’s Fair (see photos), an astonishing demonstration of Accles and Pollock’s range of tubing and their ability to manipulate tubes (note the internal fins in the third 1939 photo), not to mention the maker’s ability to fit everything together perfectly in the case! Now on display at the Black Country Living Museum
1947 British Industries Fair Advert: 'Sporting tubes take their stand'. "True-Temper" and "Apollo" Tubular Steel Golf Shafts, "Apollo" Tubular Steel Fishing Rods and accessories, Archery Bows and Arrows, "Roberts-Apollo" Javelins and Ski-sticks. (Sports Goods Section - Olympia, 1st Floor, Stand No. F.1829) 
1968 Supplied zirconium pressure tubes for the Winfrith power station. 
1998 Sold to the Senior Engineering Group.
1999 Acquired by Tyco International.
1999 Stainless steel mill closed; T45 and Alloys and Manipulation Department became part of Tyco Tube Components (UK) Ltd
2001 Accles & Pollock ceased manufacturing tubes to concentrate on manipulation projects for the aerospace and nuclear markets
2004 Caparo Group Plc acquired Accles and Pollock.