Grace's Guide

British Industrial History

Grace's Guide is the leading source of historical information on industry and manufacturing in Britain. This web publication contains 139,060 pages of information and 225,328 images on early companies, their products and the people who designed and built them.

1922 Who's Who In Engineering: Company W

From Graces Guide

Jump to: navigation, search
Im1921BWWE-p612a.jpg
Im1921BWWE-p612b.jpg
Im1921BWWE-p613a.jpg
Im1921BWWE-p613b.jpg
Im1921BWWE-p614a.jpg
Im1921BWWE-p614b.jpg
Im1921BWWE-p615a.jpg
Im1921BWWE-p615b.jpg
Im1921BWWE-p616a.jpg
Im1921BWWE-p616b.jpg
Im1921BWWE-p617a.jpg
Im1921BWWE-p617b.jpg
Im1921BWWE-p618a.jpg
Im1921BWWE-p618b.jpg
Im1921BWWE-p619a.jpg
Im1921BWWE-p619b.jpg
Im1921BWWE-p620a.jpg
Im1921BWWE-p620b.jpg
Im1921BWWE-p621a.jpg
Im1921BWWE-p621b.jpg
Im1921BWWE-p622a.jpg
Im1921BWWE-p622b.jpg
Im1921BWWE-p623a.jpg
Im1921BWWE-p623b.jpg
Im1921BWWE-p624a.jpg

Note: This is a sub-section of 1922 Who's Who in Engineering

WADDINGTON, Jos. & Co., Ventilating Engineers, Clay Bank Works, Bury, Lancashire. T. N.: Bury 398. Proprietor: Edgar Waddington. Est. 1867. Manufactures.—Ventilators, air propellers and oxy-acetylene welding.

WADE & McGRATH, Pattern Makers, Cross Hills, Halifax. T. tel.: " Patterns, Halifax." T. N.: 1381. Established 1900. Principals: Thos. Wade John McGrath.

WADE, Charles & Co., Ltd., Constructional Engineers, Aston Road, Birmingham. T. A.: "Wade Birmingham." T. N.: 1952-4. Established about 1860. Employees: About l00. Chairman: Herbert Louis Wade. Director: Maurice Charles Wade. Sec.: Edward Stammers. Products — Iron and steel, every size and section; sectional steel for building and bridge construction; galvanized, corrugated and working-up sheets.

WADKIN & Co., Woodworking Machinery Engineers, North Evington, Leicester. T. A. " Woodworker, Leicester." T. N.: 3614 and 3615. Established 1896. Employees: 150. Principals J. W. Goddard, J. H. Goddard. Products.—The new mechanical woodworker; saw benches, band-sawing machines, planing machines spindle moulders, drilling machines, wood-turning lathes and sandpapering machines.

WADSWORTH, Jerry & Son, Ltd., Smiths and Machinists, Oldham Road Ironworks, Ripponden Yorkshire. T. A.: " Wadsworths, Machinists Ripponden." T. N.: 24. Established 1837. Directors: Miles Wadsworth and Harry Wadsworth. Manufactures.—Square thread screws, all descriptions; screw tipping gears for motor wagons; tyre and angle iron bending machines.

WADSWORTH, Wm. & Sons, Ltd., Lift Transporter and Crane Makers, Bridgeman Street Bolton. T. A.: "Hoists, Bolton." T. N.: Bolton 1341 and 1342. Directors: Jas. W. Cryer (Managing ) N. Mangnall (Director and Works Manager ), A. Pilling (Chartered Accountant ), C. W. Gowthorpe (Engineers' Merchant and Agent ). Manufactures.—Electric, belt-driven, and handpower lifts, electric and hand-power cranes, runways pulley blocks, and electric transporters.

WAGSTAFF, J. G., Ltd., Heating Apparatus Manufacturers, Alma Iron Works, Dukinfield. T. A.. "Wagstaff."

WAILES, G. & Co., Ironfounders, 386-8 Euston Road, N.W.I. T. N.: Museum 2385.

WAINWRIGHT, E. (London), Ltd., Electrical Engineers, 159, Victoria Street, Westminster. Established 1919. Capital £5,000. Directors: E. Wainwright and S. W. J. Vaisey.

WAITE & SAVILLE (Otley), Ltd., Printing Machinery Manufacturers, Falcon Works, Otley. T. A.: " Falcon."

WAKEFIELD, C. C. & Co., Ltd., Oil Refiners, 30-2, Cheapside, E.C. T. A.: " Cheery Cent." T. N.: Central 1156-8. Gov. Director Sir Charles Cheers Wakefield, Bart. Manufactures.—" Castrol " grades, lubricating oils for all purposes, lubricators, filters and mechanical appliances.

WAKELINS, Ltd., Lighting, Heating and Mechanical Engineers, Tottenham Street, London W.I. T. A.: " Lumivis, London." T. N.: Museum 7250. Directors: John Wakelin, James Williams, John Hawes. Est. 1770. Manufactures.—Petrol gas apparatus, electric lighting sets, gas and electric fittings, installations of lighting, heating and power, ornamental ironwork.

WAKES & LAMB, Millwrights and Engineers, Mill Gate Works, Newark-on-Trent. T. A.: "Lamb Millwright, Newark." T. N.: 37. Established about 1860. Capita £12,500. Employees: 46. Directors: William Wakes Lamb and Herbert Lamb. Manufactures.—Wind mills, hoists, grinding mills.

WALKER BROS. (Wigan), Ltd.], Mechanical Engineers, Pagefield Iron Works, Wigan. T. A. " Pagefield, Wigan." T. N.: Wigan 14 (3 lines). Established 1873. Incorporated 19'34. Directors: Thomas Ascroft Walker, Edwin Robert Walker, Major J. S. A. Walker and John Johnson Halsall. Secretary: William Bates. Employees 650. Manufactures.—Air compressing engines, driving engines; ventilating fans for mine ventilation, winding engines, and Pagefield subsidy type transport lorries.

WALKER, Geo. & Sons (Birmingham) Ltd., Lathe, File and Tool Manufacturers, Whittall Street, Birmingham. T. A.: " Reamers."

WALKER, James & Co., Ltd., Lion Works, Garford Street, Poplar, London, E.14. T. A. "Lioncelle, Pop, London." T. N.: East 4253 (3 lines ). Established 1884. Incorporated 1911. Capital £45,000. Directors: George H. Cook, J.P. (Managing ) Ernest E. Bartlett and L. Walker (Mrs. ). Employees about 200. Manufactures. — Steam water and hydraulic engine packings and sheet jointings.

WALKER, James & Son, Engineers and Millwrights, 20, Gibson Terrace, Edinburgh. T. A. " Fountain, Edin." T. N.: Edinburgh 1486. Established 1869. Employees: 60. Principals: J. J. Walker and E. L. Walker. Products.—Paper-making Machinery, brewery machinery, general engineering.

WALKER, William & Sons, Ltd., Bolton. Manufactures.—Leather belting.

WALKER, W., Scotholme Works, Nottingham. T. A.: " Walker, Scotholme." Manufactures.—Bobbins and carriages for textile machinery.

WALKER, W. G. & Co., Electrical and Mechanical Engineers, Emery Hill Street, Westminster. T. A.: " Walker, Emery Hill Street Westminster." T. N.: Victoria 1622. Established 1895. Employees: 20 (approx. ). Principal: William George Walker, A.M.I.C.E., M.I.Mech.E., Whit. Ex. Products.— "Walker's Patent" fan brake dynamometers, air propeller ventilating fans (electrical and pulley), electric motors and constructional engineering.

WALLACE (Glasgow), Ltd., 34, Paton Street, Glasgow. T. A.: " Implements, Glasgow." T. N. Bridgeton, Glasgow, 1740. Established 1920. Capital £1,000,000. Directors: D. M. Wallace (Chairman) W. D. T. Cargill, J. C. Duff us, W. Guthrie, J.. N. Reynard, G. B. Shields and W. B. Wallace. Sec A. Bennie. Manufactures.—Agricultural implements.

WALLIS & LONGDON, Lace Machinery Manufacturers, Trent Works, Long Eaton, Notts. T. A.: " Wallon, Long Eaton."

WALLSEND SLIPWAY & ENGINEERING CO., Ltd., The, Wallsend. T. A.: "Wall, Newcastle." T. N.: Wallsend 117-122; Newcastle City 412. Established 1871. Capital £900,000 Issued £730,120, Reserve £231,940. Directors: A. Bonnin, Sir E. G. Chichester, Bart., J. D. Christie W. Denton, Sir G. B. Hunter, D.Sc., Andrew Laing C.B.E., Wm. P. Pickering. Employees 3,500. Manufactures.—Reciprocating, turbine and internal combustion engines. Installations for burning liquid fuel; cylindrical and water-tube boilers.

WALLWORK, Henry & Co., Ltd., Ironfounders, 18, Rodger Street, Redbank, Manchester. T. A.: "Foundry, Manchester." T. N. 567 and. 5200. Established 1856. Employees: 800. Directors R. Wallwork (Chairman), Chas. Henry Wallwork (Vice-Chairman). Manufactures.—Equipment for rolling mills.

WALSALL ELECTRICAL CO., Ltd., Electrical Engineers and Contractors, 57, Bridge Street Walsall. T. A.: "Electrical, Walsall." T. N.: Walsall 45. Established 1870. Capital £12,000. Employees: 150 (approx.). Specialities.—Electric lighting plants for country houses and switchboards, instruments, testing sets.

WALTERS ELECTRICAL MANUFACTURING CO., Ltd., Electrical and Telegraph Engineers, 249-51, Kensal Road, W.Io. Established 1880. Capital £18,000. Directors: W. Powles (Managing), E. E. Moore, M.I.E.E. (Works Manager ). Sec.: W. A. Hilton. Manufactures.—Telegraph apparatus, electrical signalling apparatus for railways, public fire alarm systems.

WALTON, Joseph & Son, Electrical and Mechanical Engineers, Walverden Foundry, Nelson. T. N.: 239 Nelson. Established 1890. Employees 104. Principal: Irvin Walton. Products.—Switchgear and textile castings, armature winders and repairs, electric lighting and power.

WANDSWORTH ELECTRICAL MANUFACTURING CO., Ltd., Imperial Works, Ludgate Hill, Birmingham. T. A.: " Current." Manufactures.—Electrical switches and appliances.

WARD & GOLDSTONE, Ltd., Frederick Road, Pendleton, Manchester. T. A.: " Multum Manchester." T. N.: Pendleton 442-447. Established 1892. Capital £200,000. Employees: 850. Directors: M. H. Goldstone, A. A. Goldstone, J. H. Ward and L. B. Goldstone. Manufactures.—Cables, wires and flexibles for heating, power and lighting; automobile cables; ironclad switch and fuse gear; portable lighting plants, etc.

WARD, HAGGAS & SMITH, Eastwood Works Keighley. T. A.: "Planers, Keighley." T. N. Keighley 154. Established 1870. Principals: Fred T. Haggas and W. Haggas. Employees 200. Manufactures.—Lathes and Bateman top-speed planing machines.

WARD, H. W. & Co., Ltd., Machine Tool Makers, 85-89, Lionel Street, Birmingham. T. A. " Tudor, Birmingham." T. N.: Central 7460. Established 1888. Employees: 650. Directors: E. Williams, W. Deakin, C. W. Dixon and G. Thompson (Managing ). Manufactures.—Capstan and turret lathes.

WARD, Thos. W., Ltd., Metal and Machinery Merchants and Shipbreakers, Albion Works, Sheffield. T. A.: "Forward, Sheffield." T. N. Sheffield 4321. Established 1877. Capital £1,100,000. Directors: Joseph Ward (Chairman ), Thos. W. Ward H. W. Lash, Henry Kirk, Arthur J. Ward, A. S. Ward, C. E. Parker. Local Directors: Jas. Dyal T. W. Padmore, F. R. Stagg, W. A. Ward, Geo. Wood. Manufactures.—Machinery, boilers and tanks, rails cranes, coal cake pig, constructional work, etc.

WARDLE ENGINEERING CO., Ltd. Illuminating Engineers, Elsinore Road, Old Trafford, Manchester. T. A.: "Chamen, Manchester." T. N.: 693 Trafford Park. Established 1909. Capital £7,000. Employees: 50. Directors: H. T. Wilkinson, W. E. Gower, S. E. Bastow, D. H. Ogley. Sec.: F. Baird. Products.—Lanterns and fittings for electric lighting.

WARNER, Robert & Co. (Engineers), Ltd. General Engineers and Ironfounders, 14-16, Cockspur Street, London, S.W.I. T. A.: "Hydrological Westrand. London." incorporated 1907. Capital £18,009, Issued £15,837. Directors: J. A. Edmondson, Assoc.M. I nst.C.E. , A.M. I.E. E. (Chairman ) W. A. Hunter, F. W. Poynor, A.M.I.Mech.E. M.Amer.S.M.E. Manufactures.—Pumps, boiler feed-water regulators.

WARREN & BEALE, Ltd., Ironfounders, Western Road, Leicester. T N: 144 Established 1909. Directors: R. H. Warren, C. E. Beale. Products.—Castings for engineers.

WARRINGTON WIRE ROPE WORKS Ltd., 13, Goree Piazzas, Liverpool. Works: Warrington. T. A.: "Wirop, Liverpool." T. N. Bank 354. Established 1866 as a Private Co. Directors: John Temple, C.B. (Chairman) and J. Howard Temple (Managing). Manager and Sec. Chas. H. Gill. Products.—Wire rope and cords of every description for shipping, colliery, mining, engineering and general purposes.

WASHINGTON & Co., Ltd., Engineers Stanley Street, Sowerby Bridge. Manufactures.—Electric cable machinery.

WATCHMAN COMPANY, Ltd., a branch of Tredegars, Ltd., St. Albans. T. A.: " Watchman St. Albans." T. N.: St. Albans 531. Director: H. A. Bartlett, J. McVicker Morris (Managing). Manufactures.—Acetylene lighting and welding apparatus, " County Light " petrol-air gas plants engineers' sheet metal and machined parts for special purposes.

WATER SOFTENERS, Ltd., 91-3, Queen Victoria Street, E.C.4. T. A.: " Zerolucis, Cent London." T. N.: Bank 5275. Established 1911. Capital £200,000. Directors: A. O. Burton (Chairman), L. Clow and L. A. Neel. Sec.: W. G. Luton. Manufactures.— Water-softening and purification plant.

WATERFALL, H. & R. & BARBER, Steel Manufacturers, Bridge Street, Sheffield. T. A. " Niagara."

WATFORD ELECTRIC & MANUFACTURING CO., Ltd., Whippendell Road, Watford West, Herts., England. T. A.: " Control, Watford." T. N.: Watford 180. Established 1900. Capital £10,000. Employees: 125. Directors: C. A. Lister C.B.E. (Chairman), Henry Coates, M.I.E.E., James L. Lawson, H. J. Norballe. Products.—Automatic electric motor control gear manufacturers; control gear for pumps, air compressors, lifts, etc.; electric furnace control equipments.

WATFORD ENGINEERING WORKS, Ltd. Brassfounders, Millwrights and Engineers, Lower High Street, Watford. T. A.: " Mechanical, Watford." T. N.: Watford 35. Established 1827. Manufactures.—Paper-making machinery.

WATSON & Sons (Electro-Medical), Ltd. Electrical Engineers, "Sunic House," 43, Parker Street, Kingsway, W.C.2. T. A.: "Skiagram Westcent, London." T. N.: Regent 1227 and 1228. Established since 1837. Capital £25,000. Employees 100. Directors: Geoffrey Pearce (Managing), C. H. Watson (Chairman), F. W. Watson-Baker, F. Winter, S. D. White, H. C. Head. Products.—X-ray and electro-medical apparatus. Representatives in the British Empire of the Radium Chemical Company.

WATSON, LAIDLAW & Co., Ltd., Sugar Machinery Manufacturers, 98, Dundas Street, Glasgow. T. A.: "Fugal." T. N.: 1700. Speciality. -Patent water-driven and electrically driven Weston centrifugals.

WATSON, SAVILLE & Co., Ltd., Crucible Steel Manufacturers, Bruce Crucible Steel Works, Mowbray Street, Sheffield. T. A.: " Savico." T. N.: 3748, 3752. Established 1909. Directors Lt.-Col. J. Stanley Watson, J.P., Arthur Saville S. H. Le Tall, J. Fredk. Melling. Products.— High-speed steel, magnet steel, mining steel, spindle steel, tool steel of all kinds.

WATSON, Stanley James (Eisemann. Magneto Co.), Electrical Engineer, Berners Works, 37, Sheen Road, Richmond, Surrey. T. A.: "Roussillon Richmond, Surrey." T. N.: Richmond 1732 and 1733. Established 1908. Employees: 53. Proprietor Stanley James Watson. Products.—Eisemann magnetos and spare parts ball bearings, speedometers.

WATTS BROTHERS (Sheffield), Ltd., Woodworking Machine Makers and Engineers, Triumph Works, Keetons Hill, Sheffield. T. A.: "Advisers Sheffield." T. N.: Central 3016. Established 1908. Capital £8,000. Directors: Ethelbert Watts, Frank Sheldon. Products.—Woodworking machinery for joiners and builders, portable cylinder boring machines coke crushers for making breeze, etc.

WAVERLEY CARS, Ltd., Trenmar Gardens Willesden, N.W.ro. T. A.: "Litways, Kensal London." T. N.: Willesden 1742. Established 1910. Directors: Leonard Beadle, Percival D. Beadle, H. St. G. Syms. Products.—Motor cars, trailers.

WAYGOOD-OTIS, Ltd., Lift Makers and Engineers, 54-5, Fetter Lane, London, E.C.4. T. A. " Waygood, Fleet, London." T. N.: Holborn 200 T..Chairman: H. C. Walker. Vice-Chairman: W. D. Baldwin. Managing Directors: D. W. R. Green and C. Clarke. Directors: R. P. Sellon, H. Harmsworth R. H. Thorpe, C. H. J. Day. Secretary: H. C. Bradbrook. Founded in 1833. Manufactures.—Lifts for passengers, goods, motor•cars and hospitals, worked by electric, hydraulic belt-driven, hand-power.

WEARDEN, Louis & GUYLEE, Ltd. Mechanical Engineers and Makers of Small Tools 17, Snowden Street, Bradford, Yorks. T. A. " Wearden, Bradford." T. N.: Bradford 3757. Established 1907. Incorporated as a Limited Co. 1913. Capital £7,000. Managing Director: Louis Wearden. Director: Frank Guylee. Director and London Manager: Henry Alwyn. Speciality.—Patent " Marvel " automatic drill -chucks.

WEBB, Joseph & Sons, Ltd., Irwell Forge and Rolling Mills, Bury. T. A.: " Webb, Bury." T. N.: 693 (3 lines). Established 1846. Capital £100,000. Employees: 330. Directors: J. S. Webb W. Webb, A. F. Webb, and H. B. Webb. Products.—Forgings, in the black, rough machined, or finished complete. Finished crankshafts a speciality. Bar iron and steel, ex rolling mill. All sections iron and steel, ex stock warehouse. Constructional steelwork.

WEBB, W. A., Ltd., 4-5, Skinner Street, E.C.r. T. N.: Central 7133. Established 1894. Directors A. H. Grace and K. I. Webb. Products.—Analytical and assay balances; dispensing and gold scales; diamond and chemical balances; counting, estimating, and any type of weighing instrument.

WEBBER (Mark), Ltd., Church Acre Works, Guildford. T. A.: "Webber, Guildford." T. N.: Guildford 557. Established 1912. Capital £35,000. Employees: 150. Directors: Norman Watson-Munro, N. Watson-Munro, H. Heather, W. H. Fawkes. Manufactures.—Petrol, paraffin, gas, stationary portable and marine engines; electric lighting sets.

WEBIRKOATE, Ltd., 111-115, Kingsland Road, London, E.2. T. N.: Dalston 215. Established 1920. Capital £7,000. Employees: 50. Directors J. B. Webb, S. Birkinshaw. Products.—High-class precision machining, experimental work, sanding machines, twist turning machines, glass bevelling and polishing machines.

WEBSTER & BENNETT, Ltd., Machine Tool Manufacturers, Northey Road Works, Foleshill, Coventry. T. A.: "Profile, Coventry." T. N. Coventry 1168. Established 1887. Directors: H. S. Bennett (Chairman), W. H. Day (Managing), and A. M. Dunn. Manufactures.—Vertical boring and turning mills automatic profile and vertical milling machines.

WEBSTERS, Ltd., Ship's Composition and Paint Manufacturers, New Cleveland Street, Hull. T. A.: "Enamel, Hull." T. N.: 734 and 735 Corporation. Established 1854. Directors: E. Hanger, J.P. (Chairman), H. G. Marchant (Managing), M. Harrison, R. H. Hanger, Edw. Hanger, jun. Products.—Webster's compositions for ships' bottoms, and paints, varnishes and enamels. Agents and stocks at ports at home and abroad.

WEEKS, W. & Son, Ltd., Engineers, 47, High Street, and Waterside, Maidstone. T. A.: "Weeks Maidstone." T. N.: 63. Established 1742. Employees: About too Sec.: W. Richmond Weeks Managing Director: J. W. Ashdown, Wh. Ex. M.I.M.E. Assistant Manager: T. Wickens. Products.—Spraying machinery for fruit and all crops; Weeks-Dungey agricultural tractor; road tarring machinery.

WEIR, G. & J., Ltd., Specialists in Auxiliary Machinery, Cathcart, Glasgow. T. A.: " Giweir Glasgow." T. N.: Langside 450 (7 lines). Directors: The Rt. Hon. Lord Weir of Eastwood, P.C. LL.D., J. R. Richmond, C.B.E., J. G. Weir, C.M.G. C. R. Lang, C.B.E., and J. Craig. Employees approximately 3,000. Manufactures.— Direct-acting air, feed, oil and general service pumps; rotary feed and circulating pumps. Feedwater heaters, evaporators, complete evaporating and distilling plants. Uniflux surface condensers, air compressors.

WELCH & Co., Ltd., Automobile Engineers, Redcliff Street, Bristol. T. A.: "Waltawelch Bristol." T. N.: 4110, 4111. Established 1899. Employees: 60-70 (approx.). Directors: Walter Henry Welch (Managing), George T. Cooke. Products.—Inventors and manufacturers of all kinds of motor tyre vulcanizers, etc.; engine valves of all description.

WELDED CONSTRUCTION, Ltd., 14-16 Cockspur Street, London, S.W.1. T. N.: Gerrard 3930-2. Established 1920. Directors: D. G. Boissevain, W. A. Hunter, J. Caldwell, M.Inst.C.E. and E. H. Jones. Manufactures.—Constructional steelwork for buildings, etc.

WELDLESS COUPLINGS, Ltd., Mark Lane Station Buildings, E.C. T. A.: "Welcopple, Fen London." T. N.: Avenue 2303.

WELDLESS STEEL TUBE CO., Ltd. Rotton Park Street, Birmingham. T. A.: "Weldless, Birmingham." T. N.: Edgbaston 370. Established 1872. Capital £175,000. Directors: Wm. U. Jackson (Chairman), D. C. Lloyd, John Wilson. Sec.: E. G. Hillitt. Products.— Weldless steel tubes for locomotives, marine boilers, motors, cycles, hydraulic and general engineering purposes.

WELIN DAVIT & ENGINEERING CO. Ltd., 5, Lloyds Avenue, E.C.3. T. A.: "Quadavit Fen, London." T. N.: Avenue 3691. Manufactures.— Ship's davits.

WELLINGTON TUBE WORKS, Ltd., Great Bridge, Tipton, Staffs. T. A.: "Vigilantia, Tipton." T. N.: West Bromwich 4. Established 1872. Incorporated 1907 as Private Limited Co. Capital £35.000, Issued £29,989. Directors: A. J. Ash (Chairman), W. H. Turner, J. L. Mellor, W. Jones W. H. Nock (Managing) and S. J. Rushton (Secretary ). Specialities.— Tubes, fittings, steam, water and compressed air mains.

WELLMAN-SMITH-OWEN ENGINEERING CORPORATION, Ltd., 36-38, Kingsway, London, W.C.2. T. A.: "Principium, Westcent, London." Allied Companies: The Wellman-Seaver-Morgan Co., Cleveland, Ohio The Wellman Bibby Co., Ltd., 36-38, Kingsway, W.C.2. Registered April 1919. Capital £160,000 in £1 shares. Directors A. E. Owen (Chairman ), J. Smith (Managing), F. I. Sanderson, F. G. Smith. Sec.: C. J. Barker. Specialities.— Metal mixers, steel furnaces, gas producers, charging machinery and all types of modern equipment for steel works, electric wharf and overhead cranes, transporters and electro-stackers.

WELLS, A. C. & Co., Mechanical Engineers, 103, Midland Road, St. Pancras, N.W.1. T. A. " Unbreakable, Kincross, London." T. N.: Museum 2133.

WELLS, Henry, OIL CO., Specialists in Lubrication, 11, Haymarket, London, S.W.1. T. A.: "Olen-welco, London." T. N.: Regent 878. Branch: Imperial Oil Works, Salford, Manchester. Established 1899. Principal: Henry M. Wells (see Personal Section). Inventors and Patentees of the "GERM PROCESS" LUBRICATING OILS, by which great economy is effected in Fatty and Mineral Oils and Fuel. They entirely displace fatty oil for purposes of lubrication, and improve the lubricating efficiency of mineral oils up to 26 per cent. A "Germ Process " oil equals in lubricating value, and at less cost, a mineral oil 15 per cent. thicker. It combines all the advantages (for lubrication) of fatty and of compounded oils with the cheapness of mineral oil. Protected by world-wide patents. Specialities.— "Tonikol," a lubricating "Concentrate " displacing fatty oil for purposes of lubrication and improving the lubricating efficiency of mineral oils.

WELLWORTHY, Ltd., Lymington, Hampshire. T. A.: "Wellworthy, Lymington." T. N.: 30 Lymington. Established 1918. Capital £20,000. Employees: 60. Directors: W. H. Gray, J. W. Howlett, G. H. Alexander, C. B. Cornish and H. B. Tobutt. Speciality.— Piston rings manufactured under the Gray and Howlett Patent No. 151898 /20.

WEMBLEY MOTORS, Ltd., 5, Albemarle Street, W.I. T. A.: "Fiatism, Piccy, London." T. N.: Gerrard 7946. Established 1919. Capital £100,000. Directors: Col. H. M. Nicholls (Chairman), J. Amery-Parkes and D'Arcy R. Baker (Managing). Sec.: S. W. Lewis.

WESSON, W. & Co., Ltd., Victoria Iron and Steel Works, Moxley, near Wednesbury. T. A. " Iron, Wednesbury." T. N.: Wednesbury 62. Established 1898. Incorporated 1914. Capital £40,000. Director and Chairman: William Wesson. Employees: 300. Manufactures.—Iron and steel bars and strips,. bright cold rolled steel strips, bright drawn steel. bars.

WEST, Allen & Co., Ltd., Electrical Engineers, Lewes Road, Brighton. T. A A.: "Control Brighton." T. N.: Post Office 336 Brighton. Established 1910. Capital: Nominal, £150,000; Issued, £113,140. Employees: 1,230 (approx.). Directors: Allen West (Managing), W. J. Moggridge (Joint Managing and Sec.), E. A. Cox (Chairman) O. F. Best, V. Breeze, A. E. L. Slazenger. Products.— Drum, liquid and automatic controllers, lifting magnets, auto transformer starters, metallic resistances, star-delta starters, switch-boards switches, fuses, magnetic brake solenoids.

WEST BROMWICH SPRING CO., Ltd. Helical Works, West Bromwich. T. A.: "Helical West Bromwich." T. N.: 465 West Bromwich. Established 1896. Capital £15,000. Employees: 180. Directors: Frank Usherwood, Thomas Morris. Products.—Springs for all branches of engineering; springs for railways and tramways; spring washers.

WEST, H. J. & Co., Ltd., 72-74, Gray's Inn Road, W.C.1. T. A.: "Frigify, London." T.N. City 3646. Established 1867. Directors: Leuig Chew, M.I.Mech.E., W. F. Jennings, A.M.I.Mech.E. and H. Hesford. Manufactures.— Cold-storage, refrigerating, ice-making, brewery and bottling machinery, concrete and tar macadam mixing plants.

WESTERN ELECTRIC CO., Ltd., Electrical Engineers, Norfolk House, Victoria Embankment London W.C.2. T. A.: "Relay, Estrand, London." T.N.: City 3400 (3 lines). Incorporated as a Limited Co. 1910. Capital £500,000. Directors: J. E. Kingsbury, H. M. Pease, F. H. Wilkins, F. Gill and G. H. Nash, C.B.E. Specialities.— Telephone apparatus cable and electrical supplies.

WESTERN IRONWORKS, Ltd., 25-26, Philadelphia Street, Bristol. T. A.: "Forgings, T. N.: Bristol 1019. Directors: J. Edgcumbe Parsons (Chairman), Gordon Boyd, F. Evered Smith, and Samuel H. Harrison (Managing), E. W. Brock (Secretary). Inc. 1913. Manufactures.—Iron and steel casements and sashes, steel skylights and lanterns, iron doors steel roofs and stanchions, iron buildings, etc.

WESTINGHOUSE BRAKE & SAXBY SIGNAL CO., Ltd., 82, York Road, King's Cross London, N.1. T. A.: " Westinghouse, Kincross London." T. N.: 2416. Established as Westinghouse Continuous Brake Co. in 1872. Registered 1881. Name changed 1920. Capital £1,200,000. Directors: H. H. Westinghouse (President), J. W. Cloud (Chairman), H. G. Brown (Managing), Lt.-Col. M. Cradock, C.B., C.M.G., J. H. Luke, J. F. Miller Rt. Hon. Lord Southborough, P.C., G.C.B., K.C.S.I. G.C.M.G., G.C.V.O., D. E. Norton, W. Wingfield and S. P. Wood. Manufactures.— The Westinghouse brake, air compressors for industrial purposes, steam heating for railway vehicles, steamships and houses.

WESTINGHOUSE MORSE CHAIN CO. Ltd., The Chaineries, Letchworth, Herts. T. A. " Chaindrive, Letchworth." T. N.: Letchworth 33. Incorporated 1919 Capital: Authorised, £60,000; Issued, £56,560. Employees: 100 (approx.). Directors: J. W. Cloud (Chairman), Walter Phillips (Managing), A. W. Rendell, F. P. Moulden. Gen. Manager: Edward Flex. Sec.: N. A. Mostyn A.C.I.S. Manufactures.— Westinghouse Morse rocker-joint chain drives, complete for all kinds of high-speed power transmission.

WESTLAND AIRCRAFT WORKS (Proprietors, Petters Limited ), Aeroplane Manufacturers, Westland Works, Yeovil. T. A.: "Aircraft, Yeovil." T. N.: Yeovil 141. Employees 250. Directors of Petters, Ltd.: E. W. Petter (Chairman), P. W. Petter, J.P. (Joint Managing), G. B. Petter, J. Vincent, J.P., R. A. Bruce, O.B.E. (Joint Managing ). Manufactures.— Aircraft of all descriptions.

WESTLEY, WILLIAMS & HENDERSON Ltd., Public Works Contractors, 109, Victoria Street London, S.W.i. T. A.: " Weswilhend, Sowest London." T. N.: Victoria 8039.

WESTMINSTER ENGINEERING CO., Ltd. Electrical and General Engineers, Victoria Road Willesden Junction, N.W.10. T. A.: " Regency Phone, London." T. N.: Willesden 1700 and 1701. Established 1896. Capital £26,000. Employees: 140-180. Directors: J. O. Girdlestone, A. G. Way, W. Meacher, W. Innes. Products.— "Westminster" photographic arc lamps; "Westminster" motors and brush holders; electric welding machinery.

WESTMINSTER TOOL & ELECTRIC CO. Westool Works, Putney Bridge Road, London S.W.. T. A.: "Westolelco, Put, London." T. N. Putney 1179. Manufactures.—Portable grinders.

WESTON ELECTRICAL INSTRUMENT CO., Ltd., Audrey House, Ely Place, Holborn London, E.C.1. T. A.: "Pivoted, Smith, London." T. N.: Holborn 2029. Directors: Dr. Edward Weston, E. F: Weston, W. H. Yawger, C. Brown A. Davy, M.I.E.E. (Managing), W. A. Ross. Manufactures.— Electrical measuring instruments of the indicating type, D.C. and A.C., portable and switchboard, laboratory standard and sub-standard ammeters, voltmeters and wattmeters.

WEST'S GAS IMPROVEMENT CO., Ltd. Gas Apparatus Manufacturers, Hulme Hall.Lane Miles Platting, Manchester. T. A.: " Stoker Manchester."

WESTWOOD, Joseph & Co., Ltd., Constructional Engineers, Napier Yard, Millwall, London E.14. T. A.: "Westwood, Milleast, London." T. N.: East 4208 (4 lines). Codes: A B C (5th Edition), Lieber's, Engineering (2nd Edition). Established 1883. Capital £120,000. Employees: 700-800. Directors: Lord Invernairn, Peter Saunders Brown, James Tawse, Sir John St. George, Bart. George Alexander Tawse. Specialities — Steel bridges, steel constructional work, steel corrugated flooring for bridges (original makers), hydraulic pressed work, Hone's patent grabs.

WESTWOOD RIM & PATENTS, Ltd Lawden Road, Bordesley, Birmingham. T. A. "Wesrim, Birmingham." T. N.: Victoria 427. Established 1911. Capital £100,000. Directors: Frederick Westwood, Sidney Westwood, Herbert Westwood. Products.— Cycle and motor cycle accessories lamps and rims.

WHARTON, H., Ltd., Crane Makers, Station Road, Reddish.

WHEELER, J. & Son, Ironfounders, Railway Foundry, Langley, Nr. Birmingham.

WHEELER, S., Ltd., Boiler Manufacturers London Street, Smethwick, Staffs. T. A.:" Wheeler."

WHESSOE FOUNDRY CO., Ltd., The General Engineers and Ironfounders, Darlington. T. A.:" Whessoe, Darlington." T. N.: Darlington 2234. Established 1790. Incorporated 1891. Directors H. S. Smith Rewse and A. T. Coates. Employees average 900. Manufactures.— Steel and cast-iron, tanks, gas works plant, chemical plant, oil refinery plant, weighing machines, turntables, cast-iron tunnel lining, etc.

WHEWAY, Job & Son, Ltd., Hame and Chain Makers, Walsall. T. A.: "Wheway, Walsall." T. N.: Walsall 213 and 554. Established 1790. Capital £75,000. Employees: 400. Directors: S. B. Wheway, J.P., S. G. Wheway, W. R. Wheway. Products. - Hames, chains and cart gear work; electrically welded trace chains; electrically welded coil and crane chain.

WHIPP & BOURNE, Ltd., Electrical Engineers, Castleton, Manchester. T. A.: "Switches, Castleton, Lanes." T. N.: Rochdale 563. Established 1903. Incorporated 1915. Directors: C. W. D. Bourne, Samuel Whipp and Frank Whipp. Secretary: Walter Fitton. Employees: approximately 230. Principal Manufactures.— Electrical gear, switchboards, circuit breakers, rheostats, etc.

WHITAKERS (Engineers), Ltd., Horsforth Leeds. T. A.: "Excavator." Manufactures.—Steam cranes and excavators.

WHITE & POPPE, Ltd., Motor Engineers, Holbrook Lane, Coventry. T. A.: " Motors." T. N.: 1161. Established 1899. Capital £150,000. Employees: 1500. Directors: Howard J. White (Chairman), J. C. Dennis, Sir Raymond Dennis K.B.E., A. J. White (Managing), N. P. Andrew P. A. Poppe. Sec.: H. E. Johnson. Products.—Petrol engines, gear boxes and components, carburettors.

WHITE BROTHERS, Yacht Builders, Engineers & Ship Repairers, Ltd., Itchen, Southampton. T. A.: "White, Woolston i4." T. N.: Woolston 13-4. Established 1892. Directors: Sir J. Herbert Cory, Bart., M.P., Sir Walter Runciman, Bart. John Cory, J.P., Sir Arthur M. Sutherland, Bart. K.B.E., Joseph Constantine, J.P., A. R. White. Manufactures.— Steel ships, steel, wood and composite yachts, motor boats, launches, engines; also repairs, overhauls, refits.

WHITE, Duncan & Co., Agricultural and Motor Engineers, Greasboro Road, Rotherham. T.A. " Duncan White, Rotherham." T. N.: Rotherham 566. Established 1903. Partners: H. Duncan White and Hugh Thompson.

WHITE ELECTRICAL INSTRUMENT CO. Ltd., Electrical and Scientific Instrument Manufacturers, 2-6, Gloucester Street, Clerkenwell, E.C. Established 1918. Capital £10,000. Directors: C. E. Cox (Managing) and Mrs. Kate White.

WHITE, J. G. & Co., Ltd., Engineers and Contractors, 9, Cloak Lane, Cannon Street, London. E.C.4. T. A.: " Whitterick, Cannon, London." T. N.: City 8176. Incorporated 1900. Capital £500,000, Issued £380,000, Reserve £150,000. Directors: Geo. M. Booth (Chairman), G. B. Alison Wm. C. Burton, C. Z. M. Booth, A. N. Connett J. D. Fleming, E. E. Fletcher, C. W. Hough, C. H. Julius, Marquis of Ormonde, and W. H. Tregoning. Works executed include steam and electric railways tramways, electric light and power plants, water power developments, water works and sewerage works.

WHITE, J. Samuel & Co., Ltd., Shipbuilders and Engineers, East Cowes, Isle of Wight. T. A.: "White, East Cowes." T. N.: 3 Cowes. Established 1804. Incorporated as a Limited Co. 1898. Capital £420,000. Employees: 2,500 (average). Directors: Sir James B. Marshall, K.C.B. (Chairman), P. D. Ewing, C.B.E. (Managing), G. Fardell, S. G. Carnt, Sir A. Mitchelson, Bart., Jos. Rose, Sir Joseph Davies, K.B.E., M.P., H. J. Thomas, T. L. Farnes, F. Shearman, J. Hunt (Secretary). Products.—Passenger and cargo steamers; shallow draught and special service vessels; turbines; reciprocating engines; Diesel engines; boilers (water tube and smoke tube); "J. Samuel White" oil fuel burning installation.

WHITE, Richard & Sons, Railway Engineers Railway Engineering Works, Widnes, Lancashire. T. A.: "Rails, Widnes." T. N.: Widnes 25 and 27. Established 1869. Partners: J. W. White and H. White. Employees about 300. Manufactures.— Railway points and crossings turntables, stop blocks, portable railways, tipping wagons and railway material generally.

WHITE, Thomas & Sons, Ltd., Machine Tools and Woodworking Machinery, Laighpark Works Paisley. T. A.: "White, Paisley." T. N.: 3137 and 3138. Established 1863. Capital £70,000. Employees: 350. Directors: Thomas White, John B. White, J. O. M. Clark, Ernest Coats. Products.— Automatic screw machines and special woodworking machinery.

WHITE, W. & Sons (Cowes), Ltd., Shipbuilders, Vectis Works, Cowes, I. of W. T. A.: " Vectis." T. N.: 122. Directors: A. E. White, A. S. White and F. G. White.

WHITE, W. B. & Sons, Ltd., Textile Machinists, Red Scar Loom Works, Colne, Lancs. T. A.: "White, Loom Maker, Colne." T. N.: 13 (2 lines). Established 1849. Employees: 220. Directors: W. B. White, Richard White. Products.— All kinds of power looms, dobbies winding frames, dressing and splitting frames, cloth folding and pressing machines, springs, spindles forks, pegs, etc.

WHITECROSS CO., Ltd., Warrington, Lancs. T. A.: "Whitecross, Warrington." T. N.: Warrington 9-11. Established 1886. Capital £70,000. Employees: 1,500. Directors: J. W. Alsop, S. Cunningham, E. H. Greg, F. H. Hawkins and H. D. Lloyd (Managing). Sec.: D. Farquharson. Manufactures.— Iron and steel rolled and drawn wire, barbed wire, wire ropes and wire netting. Galvanizers.

WHITEHALL & Co., Machine Tool Makers 76B, Phillips Street, Aston, Birmingham.

WHITEHAVEN HEMATITE IRON & STEEL CO., Ltd., Cleator Moor, Cumberland. T. A.: "Cleator, Cleator Moor." T. N.: 2 Cleator Moor. Established 1888. Capital £89,050. Employees: 300. Directors: Myles Kennedy (Chairman), J. A. Jackson (Vice-Chairman), T. E. G. Marley (Managing), W. E. Walker, J. Huntrods R. E. Highton, J. W. Pattinson. Products.—" Hematite " pig iron, Bessemer mixed numbers, "Hematite" pig-iron, .02 and .03 special malleable pig iron, "H.C.M." brand.

WHITEHEAD & POOLE, Ltd., Pump Manufacturers, Milltown Street, Radcliffe, Manchester. T. A.: " Iron, Radcliffe."

WHITEHEAD, John & Co., Ltd., Engineers & Ironfounders, Albert Works, Syke Street, Preston. T.A.:" Brictile, Preston." T. N.: Preston 35. Established about 1827. Capital £12,000. Employees: 100. Directors: Walter Davies and Wm. B. Newman A.M.I.Mech.E. Sec.. R. G. Foster. Products.—Brick, tile and pipe machinery.

WHITEHOUSE, G. H. & Co., Ltd., Forge Machinery Manufacturers, Great Bridge, Staffs. T. A.: " Whitehouse."

WHITEMAN & MOSS, Ltd., Aeronautical Supplies and General Engineering Parts and Sundries 71, Finsbury Pavement, London, E.C.2 T. A. " Whitomoss, Ave, London." T. N.: London Wall 2041.

WHITFIELD AVIATION, Ltd., Friars Lane Richmond. T. A.: "Pulvipult, Richmond, Surrey." T. N.: Richmond 553. Established 1918. Capital £60,000. Directors: H. Whitfield (Chairman and Managing), W. Huntsman, H. S. Reeson, W. ScottMiller, A. W. Shillan, N. Tweddle (also Secretary) G. Whitfield and S. L. Whitfield.

WHITFIELD, HODGSONS & BROUGH Ltd., Boot Machinery Manufacturers, Union Street Kettering.

WHITING, Ltd., Automobile Engineers, 334-340 Euston Road, N.W. T. A.: " Whitingous." T. N.: Museum 3320.

WHITTAKER, Wm. & Sons, Ltd., Engineers Millwrights & Ironfounders, Sun Ironworks, Oldham. T. A.: "Whittakers, Engineers, Oldham." T. N. Oldham 83. Established 1849. Capital £15,000. Employees: 100. Mang. Director: Alfred E. Whittaker. Products.—Gear wheels, wheel moulding machines.

WHITTAKER, Wm. (Burnley), Ltd., Mechanical Stoker and Boiler Furnace Grates Maker, Yorkshire Street Ironworks, Burnley.

WICKSTEED, Charles & Co., Ltd., Machine and Small Tool Manufacturers, Stamford Road Works, Kettering. T. A.: ". Wicksteed, Kettering." 7'. N.: Kettering 103. Specialities.— Boiler tube expanders and similar tools, flexible shafts and appliances, " Acme " metal sawing machines and other machine tools.

WIDDOP ENGINE CO., Ltd., Gas Engine Manufacturers, Green Street, Keighley.

WIDDOWSON, John H., Britannia Works, Ordsal Lane, Salford, Manchester. T. A.: "Taps Salford." T. N.. Trafford Park 420. Established 1876. Employees: 64. Manufactures.— Taps, stocks and dies.

WIDNES FOUNDRY CO., Ltd., Ironfounders & Constructional Engineers, Widnes, Lancashire. 1'. A.: "Foundry, Widnes." T. N.: 225 Widnes. Established 1841; as a Limited Liability Co. 1905. Capital £100,000. Employees: 500. Directors: Samuel Robinson (Chairman), Sam Strickland, James Herbert Rawson (and Secretary). Products.— Castings (all descriptions up to 30 tons, chemical works plant in iron or steel, bridges, girders and steel roofs and buildings.

WIGGIN, Henry & Co., Ltd., Metal Rollers Wire Drawers, Nickel & Cobalt Refiners, 55, George Street, Parade, Birmingham. T. A.: "Wiggin Birmingham." T. N.: 6400-I. Established 1795. Employees: 400. Directors: Robert Mond, Dr. C. Langer, D. O. Evans, G. A. Boeddicker, W. H. Wiggin.

WIGGINS, F. & Sons, 102-4, Minories, London E.1. T. A.: "Wiggins, Minories, London." T.N. Avenue 2248. Established about 1840. Private Firm. Present Proprietors: Mrs. T. P. Wiggins and G. H. Wiggins. Joint Managers: L. S. Clarke, H. P. Wiggins, A.I.E.E. Speciality.— Mica, slab and manufactured, for all purposes.

WIGGLESWORTH, F. & Co., Ltd., Clutch Manufacturers, Shipley Yorks. T. A.: " Clutch Shipley, Yorks."

WILD, M. B. & Co., Ltd., Mining Machinery Manufacturers, Argyle Street, Nechells, Birmingham. T. A.. " Hauling."

WILEY, James & Sons, Ltd., Eagle Works, Darlaston. T. A.: "Wiley, Darlaston." T. N. Darlaston 92 and 93, Established 1860. Incorporated 1909. Capital £50,000., Issued £46,010. Directors George Wiley and S. P. Wiley. Employees: 260. Manufactures.— Bolts and nuts of all kinds and drawn steel bars.

WILKES, Ltd., Grand Junction Works, Darlaston. T. A.: "Engineer, Darlaston." T. N.: Darlaston 41. Established 1876. Capital £100,000. Employees 350. Directors: E. Wilkes (Chairman and Joint Managing), F. H. Pepper and T. Wilkes (Joint Managing). Sec.: L. C. Marsden, F.C.I.S. Manufactures.— Bolts, nuts and heavy ironwork.

WILKES, E. & Co., Bolt & Nut Manufacturers, 10, Cannon Street, E.C.4.

WILKES, JOHN, SONS & MAPPLEBECK, Ltd Head Office: Liverpool Street, Birmingham. Branch Works: Abberley Street, Birmingham. T. A. " Wilkes, Birmingham," and " Cape, Birmingham." T. N.: 109 Central and 6 Smethwick. Established 1838. Incorporated as a Limited Co. 1891. Capital £250,000. Employees: 600. Directors: Ed. Mapplebeck (Chairman and Managing), G. W. Wilkes, E. P. W. Mapplebeck and F. Spencer. Sec.: A. J. Jackson. Chief Products.—High conductivity copper wire S.D. and brazed brass and copper tubes, brass wire, rolled metals and turbine blading.

WILKIE, A. H., 78, Duke Street, Liverpool. T. A.: " Auroburn, Liverpool." T. N.: Royal 3516. Established 1913. Principals: A. H. Wilkie. Products.— "Aurora " oil fuel burners for foundry work, shipyards, boiler work, colliery and railway repairs; also rivet forges and blow lamps.

WILKINS WIRE AND WIRE ROPES, Ltd. Eastwood, Notts. (Registered Office.) T. A. "Cordelero, Eastwood, Notts." T. N.: Langley Mill 17. Established 1850. Capital £25,000. Mang. Director: S. H. Hudston. Sec.: Walter E. Bowley. Products.— Wire ropes, all purposes.

WILKINSON, S. W. & Co, Engineers, Western Road, Leicester. T. A.: " Wilkinson, 3783, Leicester." T. N.: 3783 Leicester. Established 1897. Principals: Samuel Walter Wilkinson, A.M.I.Mech.E. Arthur Bolus, Junr. Products.— Chemical machinery and apparatus designed and supplied; pharmaceutical machinery and apparatus for manufacturing chemists; compressing machinery for drugs, chemicals and explosives.

WILLANS & ROBINSON, Ltd., Rugby, and Queen's House, Kingsway, W.C.2. Established 1894. Capital £173,165. Directors: F. R. Davenport (Chairman ), P. J. Pybus and W. Rutherford. Sec. C. S. Essex. Manufactures.— Turbines and electric light apparatus.

WILLCOX, W. H. & Co., Ltd., Engineers' Stores, 32-38, Southwark Street, London, S.E. T. A.: " Willcox, Southwark Street, London." T. N.: Hop 3140 (7 lines). Established 1876. Capital £100,000. Employees: 138. Directors: W. H. Willcox (Governing ), George H. Turner, George A. Miller, William H. Howe and Eustace J. Hardwick. Products.— Wilcox semi-rotary wing pumps. JonesWillcox patent wire-bound hose. Best English tanned leather belting. Penberthy injectors and ejectors. Penberthy brass regrinding, gate, check and compodisk valves. Penberthy automatic cellar drainer. Willcox Patent cork core packing. Willcox Jointite sheeting. Cylinder, engine and motor lubricating oils. Fiske's lubricating greases. Engineer's tools and requisites and fittings.

WILLETTS, Charles, Jun., Ltd., Colonial Works, Cradley Heath. T. A.: "Willetts, Jun., Cradley Heath." T. N.: Cradley Heath 38. Established 1897. Incorporated 1916. Capital £30,000. Directors: Charles Willetts, Harold Willetts and Cyril Charles Willetts. Employees: 200. Manufactures.— Worm gear blocks, electric lifts and cranes of all types.

WILLEY & Co., Ltd., Gas Apparatus Makers 91-5, Hertford Road, Kingsland, N. T. A.: "Gasvillado, Kinland." T. N.: Dalston 224.

WILLEY, John & Sons, Ltd., Norfolk Bridge Forge and Rolling Mills, Sheffield. T. A.: " Willey Sheffield." T. N.: 70 and 2036 Central. Established 1868. Capital £40,000. Employees: 200. Directors: H. B. Willey, Harold Willey, A. C. Varah. Manufactures.—Steel rods, rolled or tilted, in a wide range of small sections and sizes.

WILLIAMS & WOMERSLEY, Manufacturers of Power Transmission Appliances, Ings Foundry Ings Road, Wakefield T. A.: " Shafting, Wakefield." T. N.: 123 Wakefield. Principals: Herbert Womersley, George Williams. Products.— Lathe turned steel shafting, collars and couplings, bearings of all types, plain and selfoiling, pulleys for belts and ropes, cast and wrought.

WILLIAMS, Alfred & Co., Hydraulic and General Engineers, 814, Old Ford Road, Bow, London, E.3. T. A.: " Ventulus, Bochurch London." T. N.: East 694. Manufactures.— Bore hole pumps, air lift pumps well boring plant, windmills.

WILLIAMS BROTHERS & PIGGOTT, Ltd. Herbert Road, Small Heath, Birmingham. T. A. "Tubes, Birmingham." T. N.: 155 and 156 Victoria. Directors: George James Williams, Wallace Ryland Williams, Francis Robert Silk, Joseph Clide Piggott. Products.—Brass and copper tubes, seamless and brazed, brass foundry for all trades, shop window fittings.

WILLIAMS, FOSTER & CO, & PASCOE GRENFELL & Sons, Ltd., Leadenhall Buildings E. C. 3. T. A.: "Willfost Led." T. N.: Avenue 229. Manufactures.— Copper, yellow metal and spelter,

WILLIAMS, Henry, Ltd., Signal Engineers, Drop Forgers and General Engineers, Railway Appliances Works, Darlington. T. A.: " Williams, Darlington." T. N.: 2724. Established 1885. Capital £20,000. Employees: 200. Directors: O. R. Williams, D. D. Williams, Ll. W. Williams, J. Paterson. Products.— RAILWAY SIGNALLING INSTALLATIONS, PERMANENT WAY FITTINGS, SWITCH LEVERS, WAGON IRONWORK, DROP FORGINGS HEAT TREATMENT, GENERAL ENGINEERING AND MACHINING WORK TO FINE LIMITS.

WILLIAMS, J. & Co., Ltd., Iron, Steel and Nail Makers, Wishaw. T. A.: " Excelsior, Wishaw."

WILLIAMS, John & Sons (Cardiff), Ltd. Globe Works, East Moors Road, Cardiff. T. A. "Metal, Cardiff." T. N.: Cardiff 2501 (5 lines). Chairman: R. H. Holman. Joint Managing Directors: C. E. Williams, G. B. Williams, H. M. Williams. Directors: B. Milson, H. Griffiths and N. J. Hawken. Founded in 1842. Formed into a Ltd. Co. 1889. Manufactures.—Castings for all purposes, doubleacting hand pumps, ingot moulds, steel window frames for factories.

WILLIAMS, Joseph & Sons, Anchor Manufacturers. Cradley Road, Cradley Heath. T. A. "Williams Sons, Cradley Heath." T. N.: 93. Established 1845. Employees: 100. Principal George A. R. Williams. Manufactures.— Chain cable and anchors.

WILLIAMSON, R. & Son, Shipbuilders, Workington. Partners: Richard Williamson, Robert H. Williamson.

WILLIS & BATES, Metal Spinners, Pellon Works, Spring Lane, Halifax. T. A. " Float."

WILLS, W. & F., Ltd., Aeroplane Engine Makers, Salmon Parade, Bridgwater, Somerset.

WILLYS OVERLAND CROSSLEY, Ltd. Crossley Road, Heaton Chapel, Stockport. T. A. "Flying, Stockport." T. N.: Heaton Moor 461. Established 1919. Capital £2,000,000. Directors Sir K. Crossley, Bt. (Chairman), W. M. Letts (Managing), and F. W. Libby. Sec.: H. E. Shuttleworth. Manufactures.— Willys Overland Car.

WILSON, C. F. & Co., Links Engineering Works, Constitution Street, Aberdeen. T. A.: " Simplicity Aberdeen." T. N.: 918. Established 1883. Employees: Can employ nearly 2,000 hands. Principal: C. F. Wilson. Products.— Oil engines, stationary and portable from 7 to 35 B.H.P.

WILSON, G. P. & Son, Ltd., Ironfounders, Northam Road, Southampton.

WILSON, J. H. & Co., Ltd., Dock Road, Birkenhead. T. A.: "Engineers, Liverpool." T. N. Birkenhead 475. Established 1860. Employees: 500. Manufactures.— Steam and electrical cranes, excavators and windlasses.

WILSON, Robert & Son, Colliery Plant Manufacturers, Bishop Auckland. T. A A.: " Wilsons Forge." T. N.: 41 (National) and 12 (Post Office). Established 1842. Employees: 400. Principals Robert Wilson, M. Stokoe Hall, Thomas Wilson and Stephen Wilson. Manufactures.—Steel castings, stone and coal boring machines.

WILSON, William & Co., Lilybank Boiler Works, Glasgow. Manufactures.—Lancashire, Cornish and multitubular boilers.

WILSON, Wm. Hamilton, M.I.E.E., 5 & 6 Bank Broadway, Kingston Hill, Surrey. T. A. " Wilcoil," Kingston-on-Thames." T. N.: Kingston 1648. Established 1913. Manufactures.— Wireless telegraph and scientific instruments.

WILSONS & MATHIESONS, Ltd., Carlton Works, Armley, Leeds. T. A.: "Thistle, Armley or Carlton, Armley." T. N.: Armley, Central 20751. Established 1899. Capital £16,000. Directors: W. Mathieson (Chairman ), H. Wilson (Vice Chairman ), F. A. Draper, A. Mathieson, W. Mathieson Junr., C. A. Wilson, C. E. Wilson, and J. W. Wilson. Sec.: J. T. Whitaker. Manufactures.— Gas stove

WILSON-WOLF ENGINEERING CO., Ltd. Manufacturing Electrical Engineers, 172, Thornton Road, Bradford, Yorks. T. A.: " Energy, Bradford." T. N.: Bradford 1753. Established and Incorporated as a Limited Co. 1936. Managing Director: L. J. Wolf. Principal Manufactures.—Electric motors, tools and fans.

WILTON CARS, Ltd., 120-124, High Street Tooting, London, S. W. 17. T. N.: 533 Streatham. Established 1914. Director: C. F. Halsall, F.R.S.A. Products.-11.9 H.P. car, 2-seater, 4-seater, and coupe models.

WINCOTT, G. P., Ltd., 180, Attercliffe Road, Sheffield. T. A.: "Wincott, Sheffield." T. N. Sheffield Central 590. Established 1902. Incorporated 1913. Capital £15,000, Issued £15,000. Directors E. Dixon (Chairman), P. W. Fawcett, H. J. Parry H. Wincott and A. L. Wincott. Secretary Thomas Jubb. Employees: 200. Manufactures.—Open hearth melting furnace reheating and all kinds of furnaces and gas producers.

WINFIELDS ROLLING MILLS, Ltd., Cambridge Street, Birmingham. T. A.: "Winfield Birmingham."

WING, Michael & Joseph, Ltd., Jericho Works, Hillsbro', Sheffield. T. A.: "Dominant, Sheffield." T. N.: Owlerton, Sheffield 271 and 316. Established 1780. Capital £50,000. Employees: 80. Directors: Horace E. Wood (Managing), J. H. Jackson (Managing ), M. G. Jackson, M. Wood. Products.— "Dominant" high-speed tool steel all classes automobile and mining steels, "Wings" best quality files and rasps.

WINGET, Ltd., 24, Grosvenor Gardens, London S.W.1 T. A.: " Wingetism , Phone, London." T. N.: Victoria, 8334-5. Chairman and Managing Director: J. Faulder Burn. Directors: F. W. Kiddie, A. J. Glock. Secretary: H. B. Neame. Founded 1908. Inc. under the Company's Act 1915. Manufactures.— "Winget" machines for making concrete blocks for building purposes; concrete mixers, wagon loaders, elevators, etc.

WINN, C. & Co., Ltd., St. Thomas Works 140, Granville Street, Birmingham. T. A.: " Winn Birmingham." T. N.: Midland 366, 1209 and 1437. Manufactures.— Screwing machines, steam and water fittings, and sanitary appliances.

WINN, W. Martin & Co., Station Works, Darlaston. T. A.:" Accuracy, Darlaston." T. N. 73, Darlaston (Private Branch Exchange). Established 1907. Manufactures.—Best bright steel engineers' bolts nuts, studs, set pins, etc., and bright drawn steel bars, hexagons, squares and rounds.

WINSTONE ENGINEERING CO., Valve Makers, 296-300, City Road, London, E.C.1. Proprietor: E. H. Winstone. T. A.: " Enotswinen Isling, London." T. N.: Clerkenwell 1301.

WISEMAN, Alfred, Ltd., Glover Street, Birmingham. T. A.: " Verus, Birmingham." T. N. Victoria 560-561. Established 1896. Capital £50,000. Employees: 200. Directors: Alfred Wiseman and James Wilfrid Harris. Products.— Tramway overhead line material, gears and pinions, iron, gunmetal, aluminium castings of all descriptions, motor bicycles.

WITTON-JAMES, Ltd., Manufacturing Electric Engineers and Power Specialists, The Hyde Electrical Works, Hendon, London, N.W.9. T. A.: " Varishunt, Hyde, London." T. N.: Kingsbury 280. Established 1910. Mang. Director: H. V. James. Products.— ELECTRIC POWER SPECIALISTS TO THE PRINTING AND TEXTILE INDUSTRIES, AUTOMATIC ELECTRO-MAGNETIC FEED REEL BRAKES VARIABLE SPEED DRIVING EQUIPMENTS FOR D.C. AND A.C. CIRCUITS.

WOLF, S. & Co., Ltd., Manufacturing Electrical Engineers, 115, Southwark Street, S.E.I. T. A. " Widerstand, 'Phone." T. N.: Central 5172.

WOLSELEY MOTORS, Ltd. (Proprietors Vickers, Ltd.), Adderley Park, Birmingham. T. A. Exactitude, Birmingham." T. N.: Birmingham Central 4361. Established and Incorporated as a Limited Co. 1901. Sir Vincent Caillard, Chairman; Arthur McCormack, Managing Director. Specialities.— Designers and manufacturers of Wolseley autocars, aero-engines and marine engines.

WOLSELEY SHEEP SHEARING MACHINE CO., Ltd., Sydney Works, Alma Street, Aston Birmingham. T. A.: "Shearing, Birmingham." T. N.: Birmingham 5213. Established 1889. Capital £100,000. Directors: Sir H. Austen, K.B.E. (Chairman), A. D. Grant, C. W. Kayser, F. A. Phillips and P. C. Phillips. Sec.: H. S. Hotson. Manufactures.—Sheep shearing machines, horse clipping machines, cream separators and petrol engines.

WONTNER-SMITH, J., GRAY & Co., Ltd., 1 & 3, Sun Street, Finsbury Square, London, E.C.2. T. A.: "Warming, London." T. N.: Clerkenwell 1430. Established 1832. Directors: G. Gray, E. F. Bays, and J. L. Gray. Manufactures.— Hot water and steam heating apparatus. High pressure heating, ventilating and cooking appliances.

WOOD BROTHERS, Steam Engine Builders Valley Ironworks, Sowerby Bridge. T. A. " Engine."

WOOD, Edward & Co., Ltd., Constructional Engineers, Ocean Ironworks, Manchester. T. A.: rt.'7 T " Ventilate, Manchester." T. N.: Trafford Park 810 (20 lines). London Office: 81, Cannon Street, E.C.4. T. A.: "Ventillons, Cannon, London." T. N. Bank 117. South American Office: Pasco Colon 492 Buenos Aires. T. A A.: " Routine, Cannon, London." Works: Ocean Ironworks and Trafford Park Manchester, Buenos Aires, South America. Established 1876. incorporated as a Limited Co. 1897. Capital £300,000. Directors: Sir E. Graham Wood (Chairman), Wm. Kirkham, Albert Midgley, G. W. N. Nicholls, Edward Ormesher and Sir Kingsley Wood M.P. Specialities.— Steel roof principals, steel-framed buildings, engineering workshops, gasworks and power stations, car sheds, theatres, warehouses mills and factories, goods sheds, bridges, weaving sheds, corrugated-steel buildings, "Telpher" tracks, tank structures, coal bunkers and grain elevators.

WOOD, H. & Co., Ltd., Cable Chain Manufacturers, Saltney, near Chester. T. A.: " Wood Saltney."

WOOD, John & Sons, Ltd., Engineers & Ironfounders, Barley Brook Foundry, Wigan. T. A. " Haulage, Wigan." T. N.: 55. Established 1880. Capital £25,000. Employees: About 200. Directors Thos. Wood (Chairman ), R. Wood, J. Wood, M. Wood. Products.—Steam engines, air compressors, coalmining machinery, haulage and winding engines.

WOOD, John & Sons (Wisewood), Ltd. Steel Manufacturers, Wisewood Steel Works, Sheffield. T. N.: Owlerton 53 and 54. Established 1867. Directors: Joseph Wood (Chairman ), John Thos. Wood (Managing), John Thos Wood, Junr., and Horace E. Wood. Manufactures.—Forges, filters, double-shear makers and rollers of cast steel.

WOOD, Walter A. & Co., Ltd., Agricultural Implement Makers, 36, Worship Street, E.C.2. T.A.: "Wood, London." T. N.: Clerkenwell 1213.

WOOD, SKINNER & Co., Ltd., Shipbuilders & Repairers, Bill Quay, Newcastle-on-Tyne. (Nearest Railway Station: Pelaw, N.E. Rly. Co. ). T. A. " Winners, Bill Quay." T. N.: Central 3596 and 3597. Established 1883. Employees: 1,200. Directors: Leslie Skinner (Managing ), Jas. Wm. Ellis D. R. McDonald (Gen. Manager ). Sec.: G. P. Purchas. Yard Manager: A. S. Bedlington. Products.—Steel steamers for cargo and passenger trades.

WOODALL-DUCKHAM VERTICAL RETORT & OVEN CONSTRUCTION CO. (1920), Ltd 52, Grosvenor Gardens, London, S.W.I. T. A. " Retortical, Sowest, London." T. N.: Victoria 9272. Members: Woodall, Duckham & Jones (1920), Ltd.; Gibbons (Dudley ), Ltd.; Newton Chambers & Co., Ltd.; Thomas Vale & Sons, Ltd. Directors: Sir Arthur Duckham, K.C.B. (Chairman and Joint Managing); Sir William Jones, K.B.E. ( Joint Managing); W. Newton Drew, F. Vale, and W. P. Gibbons. Engineers and Managers: Arthur Duckham & Co. (1290 ), Ltd. Capital £175,000. Specialists in carbonization of coal, sole builders of the Woodall-Duckham vertical retorts.

WOODCOCK, William & Sons & Co., Ltd. Brass & Ironfounders, Phoenix Foundry, St. Helens.

WOODHOUSE & MITCHELL, Ltd., Clifton Bridge Works, Brighouse, Yorks. T. A.: " Woodhouse, Brighouse." T. N.: 7. Established 1867. Capital £30,000. Employees: 130. Directors: Richard Woodhouse, M.I.Mech.E., Joe Mitchell William Mitchell, F. G. Schippers, James Stansfield (and Secretary ). Products.— Stationary steam engines, transmission shafting, toothed gear, rope pulleys and belt pulleys friction and other clutches, pumps, etc.

WOODHOUSE & RIXSON, Chantrey Steel and Crank Works, Bessemer Road, Attercliffe, Sheffield T. A.: "Rixson, Sheffield." T. N.: Sheffield Central 1113. Established 1881. Sole Proprietor: John Woodhouse. Manufactures.— Steel forgings for all classes of engineering and bent crankshafts.

WOODHOUSE BROTHERS, Premier Works Cradley Heath. T. A.: " Safety, Cradley Heath." T. N.: Cradley Heath 8. Specialities.— Chains (all kinds), chain cables and smith work.

WOODHOUSE, Samuel & Sons, Eagle Chain Works, Cradley Heath. T. A.: " Gear, Cradley Heath." T. N.: 44. Established 1870. Principals Henry Woodhouse, Frank Woodhouse, Wilfred Woodhouse. Products.— Gear and trace chains, crane and pulleyblock chains, forged ironwork.

WOODITE CO., Steam Packing Manufacturers, Mitcham Common, Surrey. T. A.: " Woodite Mitcham."

WOODROFF, F. W. & Co., Printers' Engineers, 77 & 78, Turnmill Street, London, E.C.1. T. A. " Wharfette, London." T. N.: Holborn 5009. Established 1901. Proprietor: Francis W. Woodroff. Products.— Makers and dealers in printing and box making machinery.

WOODS, H. & Co., Ltd., Valve Manufacturers, South Hall Street, Ordsall Lane, Salford, Manchester. T. A.: " Sluice, Manchester."

WOODSIDE ENGINEERING CO., Ltd. Balmore Road, Possilpark, Glasgow. T. A.: " Fuselage, Glasgow." T. N.: Douglas 1495. Established 1916. Capital £30,000. Employees 1,000. Directors: Archibald Park Newall (Managing) Samuel Richard Beale, Percy Wilton Lee. Sec. A. W. Smith. Products.— Bright bolts, nuts, studs and set screws, turned and screwed repetition work.

WOOLER MOTOR-CYCLE CO. (1919 ) Ltd., Ealing Road, Alperton. T. A.: " Accessible Wembley." T. N.: Wembley 252. Established 1919. Capital £200,000. Directors: J. Wooler (Chairman), J. F. Hull (Managing), C. J. Axten, J. H. Fenwick and C. T. Wooler. Sec.: B. A. Templer. Manufactures.— Motor cycles.

WOOLLACOTT, H. & Co., Worsley Gear Works, Hulme, Manchester. Speciality.—Bevel gears.

WOOTTON BROS., Ltd., Brick Machinery Manufacturers, Coalville.

WORKMAN, CLARK & Co., Ltd., Shipbuilders, Spencer Basin, Belfast. T. A.: " Spencer." T. N.: 3861, 3851, 3801. Established 1879. Employees: 10,000. Directors: R. A. Workman Sir E. Mackay Edgar, Bart., Sir J. Esplen, Bart. F. W. Rathbone, W. O. Workman, H. Boyd, C.B.E. R. Traill, W. Strachan, W. Boyd (Managing). Manufactures.—Passenger and cargo vessels and marine machinery.

WORSLEY MESNES IRONWORKS, Ltd Worsley Mesnes, Wigan. T. A.: " Engines, Wigan." T. N.: Wigan 46. Established 1860. Employees 200. Directors: Samuel Melling (Chairman ), R. G. Melling, J. A. Melling. Sec.: W. A. Melling. Products.— All classes of mining plant and machinery, rolling mill engines. Break-down repair work a speciality.

WORSNOP & Co., Ltd., The Carlton Lamp Works, Halifax. T. A.: "Worsnop, Halifax." T. N.: Halifax ioo. Established 1860. Capital £60,000. Employees: 200. Directors: C. H. Worsnop, R. Maude, J. A. Worsnop, A. Parker H. E. Hodgson. Products.— Lamps, accumulators, dynamos and general motor accessories, metal work and stampings.

WORSSAM, G. J. & Son, Ltd., Icemaking Refrigerating, Brewing and Distilling Plant, Wenlock Road, City Road, London. T. A.: " Massrow, Hox, London." T. N.: North 3870 and 3871. Established 1847. Incorporated January, 1912. Capital £35,000 (Ordinary) and 120 (Preference) Issued £27,595. Directors: Henry Shoolbred Fox (Chairman), Ralph Worssam and Cecil Worssam. Employees about 160.

WORTH, MACKENZIE & Co., Ltd., General Engineers, Phoenix Works, Stockton-on-Tees. T. A. " Worth, Mackenzie, Stockton." T. N.: 652. Established 1883. Capital £20,000. Employees: 150. Mang. Director: George Mason. Sec.: T. N. C. Barber. Products.—Pumping engines, steelworks plant boiler and engine fittings.

WORTHINGTON-SIMPSON, Ltd., Queens House, Kingsway, W.C.2. T. A A. "Pumping, Westcent, London." T. N.: Holborn 3048. Established 1892. Capital £400,000. Directors: Sir J. Kemnal (Chairman), A. T. Simpson, H. Smith, E. P. Simpson T. C. Pulman, E. W. Husted and C. P. Coleman. Sec.: F. M. Whiting. Manufactures.—Pumps.

WRAGGE, George, Ltd., 152, 154, 156, Chapel Street, Salford, Manchester. T. A.: " Casements Manchester." T. N.: 2206 Central. Established 1886. Capital £30,000. Employees: 150. Directors George Ermen, Charles Ermen. Products.— Steel casements, sashes and window gearing. Ornamental metal work, leaded lights memorial windows and tablets.

WRIGHT, Alexander & Co., Ltd., 1, Westminster Palace Gardens, London, S.W.1. T. A. " Precision, Vic, London." T. N.: Victoria 1207. Established 1845. Mang. Directors: J. F. Simmance M.I.Mech.E., Assoc.M.Inst.C.E., and J. Wetherall Forman, M.I.Mech.E. Manufactures.— Gauge, calorimeter, and gas testing apparatus.

WRIGHT, C. & Co., Alfred Street Mills, Nottingham. Manufactures.— Bobbins, carriages and combs for lace machines.

WRIGHT, John & Edwin, Ltd., Universe Rope Works, Birmingham. T. A.: " Universe, Birmingham." T. N.: 6914 Central (3 lines). Established 1770. Capital £250,000. Employees: 1000. Directors: G. H. Cartland (Chairman), Geo. Turner (Managing), Walford H. Turner (Asst. Managing) T. A. Taylor (Asst. Managing), A. H. Gibson. Products.— Locked coil, flattened strand and other steel wire ropes for mining, engineering, marine etc., wire cord and strands for aircraft, etc.

WRIGHT MOTORS, Ltd. Century Works, Pellon Lane, Halifax. T. A.: " Motor, Halifax." T. N.: 499 Halifax. Established 1907. Capital £12,000. Directors: H. H. Wright, J. H. Cresswell (also Secretary) (Perm. Gov. Directors), Major C. Crossley and S. G. Leach. Manufactures.—Electrical continuous and alternating current plant 1—1,000 H.P.

WRIGHT'S CHILLED & GRAIN ROLL CO., Ltd., Ironfounders, Sedgeley Road West, Tipton.

WRIGHT'S FORGE & ENGINEERING CO., Ltd., Sedgeley Road, Tipton, Staffs. T. A. " Forgings, Tipton." 7'. N.: Tipton 32. Established 1913. Capital £100,000. Directors: R. Player (Chairman), and C. C. G. Corbett. Manufactures.— Iron and steel forgings, structural steelwork, colliery plant, elevators and conveyors. Water softeners, feed water heaters, and calorifiers.

WRIGHT'S HAVELOCK FOUNDRY CO. Ltd., Ironfounders, 54, Havelock Street, Leicester. T. A.: " Wrights, Foundry, Leicester." 7'. N. Leicester 96. Established 1863. Mang. Director W. H. Wright. Manufactures. — Sanitary castings, stoves and ranges.

WRIGLEY, E. G. & Co., Ltd., Foundry Lane Works, Soho, Birmingham. T. A.: " Cutters Birmingham." T. N.: Smethwick 148. Established 1897. Incorporated as a Limited Co. in 1898. Capital £1,500,000. Employees: 1,500. Directors J. A. Kenrick (Chairman), J. D. Steven (Vice-Chairman and Managing ), P. J. Worsley, T. W. Horton J. F. Melling, F. G. Woollard and W. T. Day. Sec. G. V. Mathews. Manufactures.—Gear boxes, axles, steering gears, twist drills, reamers, milling cutters and form cutters.

WULFRUNA ENG. CO. (1920), Ltd., Great Brickkiln Street, Wolverhampton. T. A.: " Engineering, Wolverhampton." T. N.:735. Established 1910. Capital £15,000. Employees: 50. Chairman S. R. Rhodes. Mang. Director: J. H. Pickard. Director: W. Forrester. Products.— Motor cycles, cycles, frames.

WYCOMBE AIRCRAFT CONSTRUCTORS Ltd., Lennox House, Norfolk Street, London, W.C.2. Established 1917. Capital £50,000. Directors: A. W. Tait, C.B.E., F. H. Payne (Managing), A. J. H. Pollen and J: C. Soames (also Secretary ).

WYNN, TIMMINS & Co., Ltd., Tool Manufacturers, Century Works, Commercial Street, Birmingham. T. A.: "Century, Birmingham." T.N. Midland 630. Established 1787. Employees: About 200. Directors: H. S. Wynn, W. L. Wynn and E. M. Rudland. Manufactures.— Hammers, pliers, spanners wrenches, stocks and dies, taps, pincers, nippers punches, vices, horse clippers and tinmen's machines.


See Also

Loading...

Sources of Information