Grace's Guide is the leading source of historical information on industry and manufacturing in Britain. This web publication contains 132,774 pages of information and 210,006 images on early companies, their products and the people who designed and built them.
This file is NOT proof-read. Individual items have been extracted, proof-read and corrected and moved to the personal entry of the person.
ADAM, JOHN, Larchgrove, Lanarkshire, A chairman of the Western section of the Scottish Automobile Club. He drives an 8-horse Albion car. Once an ardent lover of horses, he has sold most of them and converted his stables into a modern garage. As a business man Mr. Adam enjoys a high reputation, and his administrative capacity is of considerable service to the Club.
AIME, M. EMMANUEL, is the recognised French authority on aeronautics, and is at present being consulted in regard to several new types of navigable balloons under construction.
ALLBUTT, HENRY ARTHUR, M.R.C.P.E., &c., of Park Square, Leeds, patronises motoring to foster improved modes of locomotion, also to emancipate horses from excessive toil. Favours the numbering or registration of motor-drivers. Clubs: Yorkshire Automobile Club and Automobile Club Great Britain and Ireland.
ALLEN, W. H., J.P., of Bromham House, Bedfordshire, who was elected a member of the Automobile Club early last year, found great opposition to his electric car when he first piloted it along the roads in the neighbourhood of his house, but the prejudice gradually passed away. Mr. Allen is a Justice of the Peace, and founder of the Queen's Engineering Works, employing about nine hundred men. His son, Mr. George Allen, is a well known designer of motor garages.
APPLEBY, THOMAS PERCY, of Penarth, near Cardiff, uses a 20-horse car, fitted with Clipper Continental tyres, on which he has toured a creditable distance. He is a member of the Automobile Club of Great Britain and Ireland.
ARNOLD, GILBERT J., F.R.C.S., of the Towers, Torquay, drives a 5-horse Peugeot. He patronises motoring with a view to securing the abolition of horse-drawn traffic in towns. Member of the Automobile Club Great Britain a. Ireland.
ATHERLEY, FRANK, the managing director that flourishing concern, the London Motor Garage Co., dates his connection with motoring back A the early days Att39t, when he made his debut on a Benz car and quickly realised the possibilities of the motor-car. He immediately grasped the fact that there were great possibilities for the
BACON, MISS GERTRUDE, Newbury, Berks, is one of the best known and most expert English lady aeronauts, and has accompanied her father, the Rev. J. M. Bacon, the well-known balloonist, in his numerous ascents, and has made a unique collection of cloud photographs. Miss Bacon has had more thrilling and hairbreadth escapes than any other lady conqueror of the air, the most notable being 1899, when, with her father and Mr. Stanley Spencer, she was searching for the Leonids. For nearly ten hours the balloon in which she was travelling obstinately refused to descend, and the balloon, which had started from Newbury, was blown across the Bristol Channel before a landing could he effected. The balloon in lauding charged a barbed wire fence, subsequently striking the ground with such force that Miss Bacon sustained a broken forearm. A farm labourer seeing the descent, cried in despair, "The Boers have come," locked himself in a stable, and refused to emerge.
BADEN-POWELL, MAJOR B. F. S., of 31, Prime's-terrace, London. W., is attached to the famous regiment of the Scots Guards, and is also a prominent aeronaut. He is the president of the Aeronautical Society. At a recent meeting of that institution stated that the balloon would he an incalculably valuable engine of warfare both on land and sea; in the latter connection it would be of infinitely more value than a submarine or a torpedo heat. Major Baden-Powell is also an expert on kite-flying, and a captive kite invented by him was used in the South African Campaign in connection with wireless telegraphy and for the taking of photographs.
BAILY, FREDERIC WILFRID. As an old ex-Anerley captain, and old organiser of road racers, ML F. W. Bally knew every rideable inch of his native country years before the arrival of teuf-teuf. As one of the original "emancipators" of 1896, and as the organising secretary of the great Crystal Palace Automobile Show, he has a practical knowledge of motor men and machines second none in this country. Mr. Baily started motoring on the original motor trike. The sport was not then the gilt edged, cut and dried security into which it has since developed. Two hundredweight of trike propelled by a tine 1.25 horse engine even was not an ideal mount up Dashwood or Handcross. After many moving accidents by field and hedgerow, Mr. Baily lost his first bike by flood. Having lent it to a friend in order to pace a twenty-four hours North Road record, the friend very unnecessarily drove it into a Lincolnshire dyke, narrowly escaping with his own life, and considerably neutralising the further career of the trike as a means of locomotion. Since these "good old," but tiring days, Mr. Bally has ridden and driven every type of motor-car from the pretty little "quad" to the 50-horse Napier. Mr. Baily is not one of those who wish to see the old country lagging behind for want of proper support, whilst French, German, American and all cars crowd the home grown product out of the market. "We were behind at the start owing to absurd and antiquated legislation, which, by the way, is still doing its utmost to discourage a growing industry,' he says "But the British manufacturer is beginning to rise to the occasion, as John Bull usually does when he has been prodded enough. To-day I have no hesitation in saying that the Britisher who goes outside his own country for his motor-car or motor-bicycle is not only an unpatriotic citizen, but, in addition a very foolish man." Mr. Baily lives at 94, Oakfield Road, Anerley, London, S.E., and is a member of the Automobile Club of Great Britain and Ireland.
BALFOUR, MISS, the sister of the Premier, has not yet joined the ranks of les chauffeuses, but she constantly uses her car, which was a gift from her distinguish brother, and enjoys the sport immensely.
BALL, CHARLES EDWARD, Crosby Lodge, Carlisle, owns a 7-horse Potshard, and a 16-horse De Dietrich. Hobbies yachting, shooting and curling. Clubs; Scottish Automobile, Clyde, Corinthian Yacht.
BARCLAY, LIEUT.-COLONEL HENRY HERBERT. M.V.O., D.L., J.P., Hamworth Hall, Norfolk, and the Grange, Cromer, commander of the King's Own Regiment Norfolk Imperial Yeomanry, owns a 0-horse Darracq car. Hobbies hunting, coursing, shooting. Believes the motor will do much to revive trade M country districts. Clubs Cavalry, Automobile, and Norfolk County.
BARON, FRANCIS E., of 6a, Market Street, Manchester, drives a 6-horse Daimler. Founder of the Motor Haulage Company; the first company to carry G.P.O. parcel mails by motor-vans by yearly contract, and which am running between Manchester and Liverpool. Clubs: Automobile, and Manchester Automobile Club.
BARBOUR, FRANK, The WoIds, Snittertielcl, Stratford-on-Avon, owns an 8 and lo-horse Panhard and 8-horse Mors cars. Hobbies hunting and polo. Clubs: Ulster, Belfast, and Automobile Club Great Britain 031 Ireland.
BARNES, GEORGE D., of Lea FL)use, it it drives a to-horse Dennis car which represents his only hobby. His principal aim in furthering motoring is to encourage quicker transit, the obtaining of better roads, lit.. filth on streets, and less cruelty to animals.
Mr. Barnes is of opinion that all cars when travelling should have at least one person on board possessing it certificate of competency. He (toes not approve of private motor-cars being numbered - unless all other vehicles are so treated.
BARLLETT, E. H. H., of Hughes and Barnett, varies his arduous legal (Julio: by speeding about the country on his ten-horse Mors. Fie treats motoring as a haty,lilA thinks that so long as the driver is;in expert, there is no more harm in driving It twenty wiles hour than at halt that speed.
BARTON, DR. F. ALEXANDER, of Oakwood Avenue, Beckenham, Kent, the president of the Aerostatical Institute, is one of the foremost enthusiasts in the aeroplane sphere of aerostatics, and has done much to popularise this highly interesting science. He was born at Dover in 1861, and was educated at Harrow and Cambridge. He has always been fond of athletics, and some years ago rowed in the 'Varsity trials for Cambridge. He received his medical training at Cambridge, and in St. George's Hospital, London, and is now a practising medico at 13eckenham. It was over twenty years ago that Dr. Barton took an interest in airships, and his first attempt at constructing one, resulted in a model almost identical with the machine in which M. Santos Dumont encircled the Eiffel Tower. After constructing several other self-propelling models, Dr. Barton turned his attention to aeroplanes, and, after several experiments with models, was so successful that he secured an order from the War Office to construct an airship suitable for service in warfare. This magnificent air machine is being constructed at the Alexandra Palace, and when completed — an event which is expected to occur in March of this year, will be one of the finest and most useful airships ever built. It is the first machine of its kind in which the aeroplanes arc placed between the balloon and the car; it is 8o feet long, and will weigh, over all, about t000lbs. 'rile propulsive power will be three filty-horse Buchet engines, and it is expected that the Ur. and Airs. Barton. airship will be able to remain in the air for quite forty-eight hours, this being rendered possible by the aeroplanes, which will obviate the necessity of throwing out sand. The nu st perfect precautions have been taken to prevent accidents—the nearest motor is fifty feet from the neck of the balloon, and the exhaust and spark are protected by several coverings of Davy gauze. It is expected that Dr. Barton's airship will attain it speed of twenty-five miles an hour. A forty-feet model of the new airship, with only one aeroplane, and driven by the machinery of an ordinary clock, covered three and It halt miles in twenty-three minutes, and acted perfectly in every respect. Dr. Barton intends, should he be successful with his first machine, to construct two similar aeroplane airships to carry five men each, and he thinks that further experiments will prove that in time the size of the balloon can be greatly diminished - one of the most important factors in all dirigible airships. Dr. Barton is also:III ardent 1111.1-iSt.
BECKWITH, H. J., of Millichope Park, Craven Arms, drives:t 6-horse Panhard and it to-horse %Vol.., Clubs Naval and Military, Automobile.
BENN, HARRISON, J.P., of Holcombe Hall, Dawlish, and Oakleigh, Clayton, Bradford, has a stud including two 22-horse Daimler:), a 6-horse Renault, and an 8-horse, same make. Clubs Bradford, Bradford County Conservative, Yorkshire Automobile, and Automobile (London).
BENBOUCIR, O. L., M.E., of 21, Tivoli Place, Ilkley, Yorkshire, has a 3-horse Mollie and a at horse-power motor-tricycle and trailer. His hobbies are shooting and fishing. He wishes to gradually but firmly oust the horse from the road, for his own sake and that of other people. Is a great believer in the automobile volunteer corps, and also in motor transport for heavy goods. Member of the Yorkshire Automobile Club.
BENNETT, JAMES GORDON, the proprietor of the New York Herald, was one of the first Americans to see the importance of the motor-car. He advocated its use as far back as ten years ago when motor-cars in Paris were of a primitive type indeed. Mr. Bennett resides in Prance,, and is a yachtsman, and driver of four-in-hands. He was born in He is the donor of the trophy for the race which bears his name, won last year by Mr. S. E. Edge on a Napier car.
BENNETT-STANFORD, CAPTAIN JOHN, of Pyt House, Tisbury, owns a th.horse Wolseley and a 10-horse Locomobile. Amuses himself with hunting, big game shooting and cricket. Is in favour of no pace limit, but would make drivers responsible for all damage to life, limb and property; also in favour of numbering of cars. " It is the hounder on ears, like the cad on castors, who gets the gentleman into trouble," is his opinion. Clubs ) White's Cavalry, Ho.
BERNIER, CAPTAIN JOSEPH, is the author of scheme to reach the North Pole on a motor-sledge. Has made several voyages to the Arctic Regions, but Piss his faith on the use of the motoroledge when the ice Mocks the passage of a ship.
BERRYMAN, JOHN, of 16, Green Park, Bath, 'ides a aduirse Quadrant motor bicycle at present, but ambitious for aIs fond of fishing, and hopes the next Sine he fishesr. in the Tay he will he able to motor there. Strongly advocates the motor cycle to any but the wealthy. The cycle his the advantage over the car of being more easily stabled, Hamer cleaned, and easily pedalled home in ruse of breakdown.
BLAIR, WILLIAM, M.D., of Abbey Green, Jed- burgh, owns a 3-horse Bens, and aio-horse Wolseley, with Connolly's and Ealconnet tyres. Eses cars entirely for professional work; having travelled on his Ben, over 20,000 miles. Objects to scorching and numbering. Member of the Scottish Automobile Club.
BOSVILLE, ALEXANDER W. M., D.L., J.P., of Thorpe Han, Bridling., Yorkshire, drives a to-home Daimler and a to-horse Pick car. Clubs: Boodle's, Yorkshire Automobile, and Automobile Club of Great Britain and Ireland.
BOULT, ALFRED J., M.I. Mech. E., C.P.A., of Hatton Garden, London, E.C., drives and la-horse Argyll cam for professional purposes and Pleasure. Is strongly opposed to numbering, and thinks prejudice against motors is due to an ignorance which will soon Me out.
BRADSHAW, JAMES ARNOLD, Blundellsands, Liverpool, has a stud comprising a 6-horse Daimler, 3-hone Bon)oo and ai-hone De Dion tricycle. Hobbies; riding, driving, racing and shooting. Was amongst the first half thueri to own a motor-car England, and has always driven himself without any accident during the period since the passing of the Act. One of the founders of the Automobile Club, and Self Propelled Traffic Association.
BRAMSON, W. 0. H., Si, Cleveland S9u:,re, London, drives:, a6-horse Napier, and;Haloes moln,'img Ire not away the most euj0y:ahle of sports. Cubs: Sandown Park and Automobile.
BRASSEY, LORD, 24, Park Lime, London, \V., believes in the motor for all classes 01 work, and possesses a tine it-horse Daimler of imposing appearance, filled with detachable canopy. The car will act.,Anmodate ten persons, and is designed for very heavy work.
BRIGGS, A. 11., Cambridge House, Bradford, owns a 22-horse Daimler. Member of 'Yorkshire Automobile Club.
BRIGGS, WILLIAM, LL.D., of Burlington House, Cambridge, is a recent learned convert to motoring. He is the head of the University Correspondence College, and is a recognised authority on copyright. He is the author of several works on this subject.
BROADLEY, H. HARRISON, J.P., who comes from one of the oldest families in East Yorkshire, is one of the largest property owners in the county, and finds his motor of great service At going over his estates. He is a thorough believer in the motor as a serviceable vehicle for business as well as sport, and, though a Justice of the Peace, strongly denounces the absurd twelve miles an hour speed limit. He is a great admirer of his M-horse Napier car, and is a firm believer in the eventual triumph of the English motor-car maker. Mr. Broadley has a beautiful country seat at Welton, one of the beauty spots of Yorkshire.
BROWN, ARTHUR, the well known Luton motorist, is the proud possessor of the famous Napier car which Mr. S. F. Edge drove to his own and his country's glory in ilie contest for the Gordon Bennett Cup. He thinks racing the finest sensation on earth. mid asserts that it provides the maximum of all possible entertainment.
BROWN, JOHN, F.R.S., A.M.I.E.E., President Irish Roads Improvement Association tliellast centre, of Longliiirst, Du•mirry, near Belfast, owns a 7-horse electric car built by himself, and an Oldsmobile. His other hobbies are yachting and fishing. He desires an improvement of road surfaces, towards which end he invented the Viagraph, for recording, unevenness of road surfaces. Believes that if people only knew the power of the above instrument to stir up road authorities, and used it more, we should have a vast improvement in road surfaces. Club.: Automobile, Royal Ulster Yacht, and North of Ireland Yacht.
BROWNE, MRS. T. B., io, Barkston Gardens, London, W., was very early in the ranks of les chaligi.toes. Started by driving her husband’s Panhard, subsequently bought a Renault for her own use, and drives also a James and Browne car. Mrs. Browne more 01,111 (MCC the absence of a chatyl•st has successfully patched a back lyre punctured when on a long tour into Wales. She often drives 180 miles a day without strain or difficulty. Is interested in ballooning.
BROWNE, T. B., io, Barkston Gardens, London \V., owns o and 8-horse James and Browne cars. His other hobbies are engineering and physics. Fosters motoring because it lessens cruelty to horses. He gained the second prize and silver medal in the woo miles trial (amateurs' section,. Started motoring with a Bollee just after the first rim to Brighton. Has also owned a Peugeot and two Panhards. On the committee of the Automobile Club Great Britain and Ireland.
BROWNE, MRS. ROLAND, Kensington, London, is an experienced motor driver, and uses her 10-horse Lanchester almost daily. She is a great believer in the motor-car for town work, social calls, shopping, and the theatres, and has had her car, which seats live persons, fitted with a brougham top for inclement weather.
BROWNE, ROLAND. Though admittedly very keen on anything to do with horses,- Mr. Roland Browne, of Kensington, London, is primarily a motorist. He possesses two to-horse Lanchesters and a 5-horse Peugeot. Mr. Browne does not think that up to the present the really correct design for the motor-car has been arrived A. Very few types of car, he thinks, look really complete.
RUCH H EIM-SCHONBORN, COUNT FREDERICK CHARLES is the president of the Austrian Automobile Club, and is a well-known figure in Austrian Society. On the occasion of his marriage with the Princess Teresa Dentice, celebrated at Rome in 19ot, Count Buchheim-SchiMborn made the entire journey to the "eternal city" on a motor-car. The Count originated the exciting sport of a motor-car paper chase last year, and some very fascinating "chases" were held under his direction.
BUCKNALL, A. LESLIE, who is also an expert motorist. owns a fort,'-horse Panhard, which formerly had a racing body, and was driven in the Paris-Berlin race by Mr. C. Jarrott, has recently devoted much time to ballooning, and has had a fine new balloon of 35,000 cubic feet capacity constructed by Messrs. Spencer for his private use. Mr. Bucknall, who is the first English member of the Aero Club to own his own balloon, made several ascents last year, and had some very interesting experiences. He inaugurated the new and fascinating sport of balloon-chasing by motor car in the summer and autumn of last year, setting the pace in his own and several other balloons, and was the means of providing some very exciting Saturday; afternoon spins for motorists. The balloon-chasing had its practical side, however, inasmuch as the main idea was to prove the usefulness of the balloon carrying despatches in •ar-time in its ability to elude pursuing motor-cars. On several occasion, Mr. Bucknall won, but more than once the motorcar was one too many, and the " despatches " were captured. Mr. Bucknall is a member of the Aero Club and Automobile Club Great Britain and Ireland. He intends doing important pioneer work in the air this year, and has already achieved, on Vivienne II., the record speed ever attained by a balloon.
BURNHAM, T. BROWNELL--Arriving in England from New York some ten years ago, Mr. T. Brownell Burnham, the Chairman of the Farman Automobile Company, quickly made himself prominent in business life in London, and in the latter part of 1898 turned his attention seriously to the possibilities of the motoring industry. In August of last year when the Farman Automobile Agency, too and IN, Long Acre, W.C., was purchased by an Anglo-American Syndicate, Mr. Burnham became Chairman of the new Company it. Farman Automobile Company-, which was placed under new management. Mr. Burnham considers the future of the motor-car industry to be tremendous. He does not lay claim to having had any exciting motoring experiences, but as he lives in Sussex, he is well acquainted with police traps, which are so common, that any account of them would prove too MO11010110. 10 be enumerated. His clubs are:—In London, the Orleans, Raleigh, Automobile, and Royal London Yacht Club; in France, the Automobile Club de France; in New York. the Union Club and New York Yacht Club. Mr. Burnham has a pretty country seat, Stopham House, Pulborough, Sussex.
BURNS, JAMES, Town Clerk, Motherwell, drives a 6-horse Daimler wagonette: motoring is his sole hobby; drives without any accompanying mechanic; took to motoring five years ago, and has benefitted considerable in health thereby. Completed the 535 miles Glasgow Exhibition trial, toot. Has had his present car for five years and driven it 25,000 miles; never once " hung up." Strongly opposed to numbering of motorists, although lie advocates the licensing of every driver, with suspension of license on conviction.
BURROW, VINCENT, M.D., B.S., Cowpen House, Newbiggin-by-Sea, Morpeth, rides a1I-horse Desmond motor-cycle, on which he wants to gain some experience before purchasing a car.
BUTLER, MISS VERA, 56A, Pall Mall, London. Is a most accomplished chatcjii.use, and all intrepid balloonist, making frequent ascents in her father's balloon, the Graphic. She drives a Renault, has made many long-distance trips, both in England and on the Continent, crossing the Alps 011 her car. Is a member of the Aero Club.
BUXTON, W. H., of Beech Mount, Sawrey, Ambleside, has two locomobiles of 51 and oi horse-power respectively. He enjoys motoring as a means of quick locomotion, delights in the sport which he thinks will result in the emancipation of the horse as a means of traction. Great advocate for steam cars. Learnt to drive a petrol car as early as 1895, in France. Clubs: Automobile, Westmoreland County, New Lyric, and Royal Windermere Yacht Club.
BURY, HENRY, M.A., F.L.S., Mayfield House, Farnham, Surrey, owns 54 and. to-horse Locomobile cars with Diamond Single tube tyres. Clubs: Smile and Automobile.
CALDWELL, PAUL, of Bradley Hotel, Widnes, has a to-horse car, which he built himself, and an Eagle tandem. Thinks tramway companies should be compelled to keep the, rails as nearly as possible level with the road surface; and that horse-owners should combine with motorists in effecting this.
CAMERON, DUNCAN, J.P., B.L., 12, Clarendon Crescent, Edinburgh, drives a 16-horse Gladiator fitted with Michelin pneumatic tyres. Is a golfer and member of Scottish Automobile Club.
CAMERON, JOHN, J.P., Meiklehill, Kirkintilloch, near Glasgow, drives a 71-horse Wolseley, with Continental tyres. Club the Scottish Automobile.
CANNING, THE HON. L., J.P., D.L., of Garvagh, uses four Ormonde motor cycles, of 11, 21, 21, and Of horse-power respectively. He hopes to see motoring lead to the establishment of the mightiest industry in Britain, employing millions of workpeople. Mr. Canning commenced his motoring experiences in France, in 1895, since which time he has owned twelve motor vehicles. Clubs Automobile and Bachelors'.
CARLILE WALTER,'M.P., of Gayhurst, Newport Pagnell, Bucks, owns an 8-horse De Dion, and a 20-horse Stoewer. Wishes for the abolition of the speed limit, combined with to system of identification. Clubs: Carlton and Junior Cain°,
CARTER CHARLES R., 92, Whiteladies Road, Clifton, Bristol, is looking out for a car
CECIL, EAN F., Mollatts, Hatfield, Herts, owns 9i-horse Clement and 7-horse Panhard Levassor cars. Chief hobby: Shooting. Clubs: Junior Carlton, Automobile Club Great Britain and Ireland, and New Caledonian.
CHURCHILL, LORD EDWARD SPENCER, 28, Grosvenor Street, London, W., and Queensmead, Windsor, together with Lady Spencer Churchill, has travelled all over Great Britain on his 6-horse two-cylinder Daimler car. Lord Edward is deeply interested in electrical matters, and has fitted many internal improvements on his car. His latest acquisition is a 12-horse Daimler. His lordship's first motoring experiences commenced with a steam car, and on one occasion he had to tramp three miles to renew the water supply.
CLARK, W. E., Station road, Doncaster, has an 8-horse De Dion, and a to-horse Rex. He prides himself on paying due regard to the rights and comfort of all road users. His motto is "Drive with care, and educate the uninitiated with consideration."
CLARKE, J. H., B.Sc., of Clayton Grange, Cheshire, owns a Lord Edo and spen. 16-horse De Dietrich and to 6-horse Sefton. Is principal of the Liverpool cer-Churchill. and Manchester Motor Manufacturing Co. Clubs: Automobile Club of Great Britain and Ireland and Liverpool S.P.T.A.
COLOHAN, DR. JOHN F. SYDNEY, of Woodville, Blackrock, Dublin, was about the first British subject to begin motoring, having driven in France and Germany long before the law allowed motors in England. Was the pioneer of motoring in Ireland, and is recognised even on the continent as one of the leading motor experts. Several of his inventions are in use on well-known French and English cars. Owns Daimler and Napier cars. Is a medical man, also a skilled engineer. Has retired from medical practice, and devotes all his time to motoring and engineering. Is an expert with the sporting gun, and a clever photographer, baying secured a gold medal for photography. Clubs: Automobile Club of Great Britain and Ireland, and Automobile Club of Ireland.
-of Dublin, ins Aa Ng;ent;(T;,:e
motoring, Dr. Cli
accompanies slhert:ti^sblaTr nonI7iTrjZneT"
COLQUHOUN, DR. W. B., of Sandhurst, Becks, took to motoring as the result of a serious bicycle accident, and has never regretted the change. He drives a 61-horse Gladiator, with solid tyres on the back wheels, and pneumatics on the front, and says that the combination works perfectly. He has run a total distance of 4,16o miles, and has had no trouble with his -car. He is a great believer in the motor-car for medical men.
COOMBE, GEORGE, of Cranethorpe, Strandtown, Belfast, commenced motoring on a Bmz, then went to to Locomobile, and now has a 71-horse Wolseley. He motors for business .and pleasure. Clubs Automobile (London-, and Union, Belfast.
COLVILLE, MAJOR-GENERAL, SIR HENRY E., K.C.M.O., C.B., of Light- water, Bagshot, Burton-on-Trent, and 8o, Smith Audley Street, London, owns a Locomobile and a Holden motor-bicycle. He motors because it is at present, the best way of getting about." Sir Henry has had a distinguished military career and seen active service in Egypt, Burma, and South Africa. His minor hobbies include gardening and photography. Looks upon the development of the motor-car as useful to successful serial navigation. Clubs:. Guards, Travellers', Automobile and Aero.
COOTE, STANLEY VICTOR, of Carrowroe Park, Roscommon, owns an 8-hot-se New Orleans car. Clubs: Union, and Automobile.
CONNELL, ISAAC, solicitor Supreme Courts and secreta• to the Scottish Chamber of Agriculture, Edinburgh, to, North Saint David Street, Edinburgh, is a member of the firm of honorary solicitors to the Scottish Automobile Club. Clubs: Union (Edinburgh), junior Conservative (London) and Scottish Automobile.
COPLAND, MRS. 0. N. E. is an expert chauffeftsc who has served a long apprenticeship to her art. She has owned and driven a Bollee voiturette, a 4j-horse Critchley Daimler, a 6-horse Daimler, and an 8-horse De Dion. Her brindled bull clog is her invariable car companion. Mrs. Copeland can do minor repairs, and accomplish very clever tyre mends.
COPLAND, O. N. E., of Bream House Teddington, drives a 12-horse chainless car, with Bucket engine, and is an enthusiastic lover of motoring.
CORDINGLEY, CHARLES, Shoe Lane' London, owns 40-horse 'Mercedes, 12-horse M.M.C. and 9-horse Napier cars. Motors for pleasure and profit. Objects most strongly to the numbering proposal, and does not think the present time ripe for altering the law regarding automobiles.
COVENTRY, MRS. AUBREY, 49, Egerton Crescent, London, S.W. Mrs. Covent, ranks among the skilful order of lady drivers, and is delighted with her Gardner-Serpollet car.
COVENTRY, AUBREY, has had a car about one year, and confesses that the more he uses it the greater his affection for automobilism. Mrs. Covent, is of like opinion. Mr. Coventry, who lives at 49, Egerton Crescent, S.W., owns a six-horse Gardner-Serpollet, on which he has had only one break-down-owing to a steam-pipe joint giving way. Clubs Turf, Orleans, Automobile.
CORY, S. CAMPBELL, J.P., D.L., of Cranwells, Bath, owns 8 and to-horse Daimlers, and a 12-horse Gardner Serpollet. Clubs Reform, Automobile, and Bath and County (Bath).
COVENTRY, MRS. ST. JOHN, The Cottage, Corfe Mull., and 29, Que. Anne's Gate, London. is a thoroughly earnest, and expert tm'carticie, understands every bolt and nut of her eight-horse Argyll. Her husband, late of the " Guards," owns it large estate at Corfe Mullen, and is also a most enthusiastic motorist.
CRAMPTON, W. J., whose chief offices are in Queen Victoria Street, London, is in the front rank of electric motorcar experts, and has had fourteen years' experience of motoring. He has had three tricycles, and two small cars, and now owns a 2-horse Decauville, which he has driven over 3,000 miles. He thinks there is no engine so "get-at-able " as the Decauville, and none so reliable.
COZENS-HARDY, E.H., who is a prominent member of the Automobile Club, is a skilled and careful driver, and a thorough engineer. He is a member of the firm of O'Gorman and Cozens-Hardy, consulting engineers, Westminster, and is greatly interested in the future of motoring, particularly in regard to electrical traction. He drives an electric car of Canadian make, and is often to be met driving it in London and in the vicinity of his Norfolk seat.
CRAWHEZ, BARON l'IERRE DE, as president of the Belgian Automobile Club, of iginated and carried out the Ardennes Races last July. Had it nasty accident therein, through the atIlision of his 70-horse Panhard car with that of H. Copfee. One wheel of the Baron's car flew into the air, and another broke from the axle, and the car dragged along for 200 yards, one of the wheels racing II, itself a furlong in advance. Fortunately, in spite of the great speed at which the car was travelling, neither the Baron nor his rm'eanicien sustained any personal injury. Before the collapse, however, he won the Raczynoski Cup, for the best time over the first one- hundred kilometres. The Baron will probably be one of the Panhard representatives in the Gordon Bennett race Oh this year.
CREBER, WALTER, of Gorbals, Barrhead, N.B., drives an 8-horse Albion car. Desires to show the usefulness of automobilism to all concerned, and to cover the ground easier and cheap, than with horses. To drive through snow he puts shackles on the tyre, they are made of half-round iron and fixed by it bolt behind each second spoke.
CREYKE, W. LAUNCELOT. Though only a young Mall fresh from Christ Church, Oxford, NI, W. Launcelot Creyke has had considerable experience in motoring. He commenced with it 3i-horse Renault, and soon afterwards purchased an 8-horse Progress, two 7-horse Panhards and it 12-horse Panhard. His final purchase was the famous " Easter Egg " of NI. Serpollet, which mitre it record 01 75 miles an hour on the kilometre course at Nice in April last by covering the distance in 20 sec. Mr. Creyke, who was horn in London, and lives at Seamore-place, NIayfair, is a director of the Farman Automobile Co., and also of the Speedwell Co., and is the proprietor of the twit-known motor agency at 16, George-street, Oxford.
CROMBIE, WALTER G., of Streatham Hill, London, is an active motorist, who thinks that if the motor was used in the public service it would relieve the present pressure on urban housing accommodation, and simultaneously bring prosperity to country districts. Mr. Crombie's present car is an 18-horse Daimler. His other hobbies are polo, billiards, fishing and shooting. He is it member of the Automobile, Badminton, and junior Constitutional Clubs.
CUNARD, ERNEST is one of the members of the world-famous shipping firm, and an enthusiastic motorist. He drives it 12-horse Serpollet, and states that this class of car has no equal. He has had three Serpollet cars, and has found them all good. Mr. Cunard has driven much in England and on the continent.
CUNNINGHAME, JOHN A. E., who resides at Balgavnie, Culross, commenced his motoring experiences in January, 1899, with it 11-liorse De Dion quad; this he replaced the next year with a 31-hokse Benz. He still has the latter car, besides it 6i-horse Gladiator, purchased last year. He finds motoring the easiest and most enjoyable method of getting about. His secondary hobbies include yachting, mechanical engineering, anti photography. Club: Cnion, Edinburgh.
CRITCHLEY, J. S., the manager of the Brush Electrical Engineering Company, Limited, was one of the earliest pioneers of the motor-car industry in this country. He first entered the ranks of automobilism in the year 1896, and was appointed manager of the Daimler Motor Company, Limited, soon after its formation. He remained with that Company for four years, leaving to join the British Electric Traction Company, Limited, and its associated Company, the Brush Electrical Engineering Company, Limited, to both of Baron de Crawhe, which his expert knowledge has proved of the greatest value. He had the honour giving his Majesty, then the Prince of Wales, his first experience of motoring on English roads, driving him from Warwick Castle to Compton Verney and Wellesbourne. This was in May, 1898 - in June of the same year a 6-horse-power Daimler car achieved a record which has not yet been excelled. It was in connection with the trials of self-propelled vehicles organised by the Royal Agricultural Society of England. This was before any trials organised by the Automobile Club. Mr. Critchley then ran a 6-horse-power Daimler van, carrying a ton load, over the selected course without a single stop, the cost of fuel for the journey of fifty miles was only 21.1d. or 4.65d. per ton cargo 04, per mile. The van obtained an award of ‘too. 1,000-mile trial was another event in which Mr. Critchley took great interest, and there the cars under his charge gained the highest awards. Mr. Critchley, is a founder-member of the Automobile Ch., a member of the Con, ',nee, and was a Judge in the trials held in September of last year. Since leaving the Daimler Motor Company, Mr. Critchley has been collecting data and experimenting considerably with vehicles for heavy haulage, and at the present time is successfully running his Majesty's mails between Liverpool and Manchester, which has been undertaken by the Motor Haulage Company, of which he is a Director. In addition to this, he is Manager of the Automobile Department of the Brush Electrical Consulting. Engineer on Automobile matters for
DAVIES, A. L., Dock Chambers, Cardiff, owns an 8-horse Argyll. Clubs Automobile; Penarth Yacht and Glamorgan.
DAVIES, LLEWELLYN, S., of t, King's Bench Walk, Temple, E.C., has a 2c-horse \Volsci,. Clubs: Union, Bath and Automobile.
DAWSON, COLONEL C. P., of Ross, County Galway, supports motoring because he believes that in the near future it will be the most important and remunerative industry in this country. The Colonel's cars include Leon Bollee, Terrell, and Wolseley types. OA of his hobbies is that of mechanics, and the driving of a car has if peculiar 'fascination for him. Clubs: Naval and Military, Automobile.
DENT, HAMILTON HENRY MONTAGUE, M.A., Barrister-at-law, I3uckland, Lymington, Hants, drives 31, 41, and 12-horse De Dills and Gladiator cars. Is most anxious to increase the use of the automobile, and to that end uses ende;wom, to keep road authorities up to the efficiency mark. Approves of the Scott-Montagu Bill, and objects to racing
machines being used on main roads. H. started motor works A Lyndhurst. Clubs: Authors, St. Stephen's, and Automobile.
DERBY, THE RIGHT HON. THE EARL OF, K.O., G.C.B., P.C., of Knowsley Park, Prescot, Lancashire, and 33, St. James's Square, London, S.W., is president of the Liverpool Self-Propelled Traffic Association, and has shown his interest in Automobilism in other directions. Lord Derby was born in 1841, and after service in the army, entered Parliament in t865 as member for Preston.. Has occupied the undermentioned offices in the Government; Lord of the Admiralty; Financial Secretary for War; Financial Secretary_ to the Treasury; Secretary for War, and for the Colonies; President of the Board of Trade; and has been Governor General of Canada. Owns 69,000 acres of land. Clubs: Carlton, White's, &c. Engineering Company, and also acts as the British Electric Traction Company.
DEW, J. W. H.—In the managing director of the Speedwell Motor and Engineering Co., Ltd., the motoring industry has one of its strongest supporters, and earliest pioneers and one of the first manufacturers to contract for a motor see for the Government. Mr. Dew's interest in the motor-car was first aroused by the Paris-rvic Bordeaux road net of 1895, and the performance of Levassor on his 4-horse Panhard that occasion at once suggested to his mind the opening there was err really good mechanically-propelled road vehicle. He subsequently inspected the cars in the motor section of the Agricultural Show at Tunbridge Wells, which all motorists will remember was organised by Sir David Salomons, and later on was an interested visitor at the motor-car exhibition at the Imperial Institute. The motor shout at Richmond Mr. Dew has very pleasant recollections of, and he distinctly remembers the "shine" the little Decauville cars made there he was so struck with their performance that he eventually bought one. It was in .97 that Mr. Dew first became the owner of a motor vehicle, and his first choice—an Arnold Bens—was soon followed by a Daimler. He had previously repaired several cars in his engineering shop, and as he himself expressed it: "I was now becoming to he generally known as an automobile crank, and was regarded somewhat as an expert." After the Daimler inbred a Buchel, a Penning., a Baby Renault, a Beeston and others, some of which were Mr. I icw's own, ands ome the property his brother, Mr. A. J. Dew, who as MS partner in the joys and sorrows only motoring. Wilhin a couple of years or so of the passing tit the Emancipation " Act of .96, Mr. Dew and Ids brother Were running a postal service for the General Post Office, between Reading and Newbury, but owing to the unreliability of the early cars, they were unable to keep the absolute time-table, which is so essential in Post °nice work, and after five months of endless little difficulties they had to relinquish the contract. Then came the 1,tion miles' trial, which was to advertise the tact that motors were not playthings, but real commercial articles. Unfortunately a Serpollet Ca' rabid, was older., to enable the brothers to compete, did not arrive in Urns, heel when it did come to hand they experienced the "joys of owning a splendid, noiseless, odourless, and vibrationless car," as Mr. J. W. H. Dew expresses it, a thing which was practically unknown in England up till that time. A big syndicate, who bought up the Serpollet patents for England, forced the brothers to discontinue importing. However, after much-trouble they were enabled to come to amicable arrangement, and opened a depot in London, which has since become known as the place to obtain the genuine French Gardner-Serpollet ears. On looking backwards, remembering the great opposition they encountered with the petrol people, Mr. J. W. H. Dew says he can only think that his choice of a Sermillet car, as one of the future cars, was a good one, and confirmed by the fact that most of the reliability, speed, and hill-climbing contests have been won by these cars.
DIXON, THOMAS HENRY, of The Clappers, Gresford, Denbighshire, has at present a 7J-horse Daimler car, and has a la-horse Napier building. He motors simply for pleasure. He believes that A the Switt Montagu Bill is passed, the condition of motorists will he worse than at present. His hobbies are yachting, electrical and engineering pursuits. Clubs: Royal Thames Yacht, and Automobile.
DUNLOP, J. B., of Dublin, is an enthusiastic advocate of motor-cycling, and believes it has a great future. He presided at the inaugural meeting of the Dublin Motor- Cycling Club last year, and was elected its first president.
DOLGOROUKI, PRINCE ALEXIS.-A comparatively new member of. the Automobile Club of Great Britain and Ireland. Russian horn of high family, has .been exiled and resident in England for several years. He married an English lady in 1898.
DUDLEY, THE COUNTESS OF, Viceregal Lodge, Dublin, the beautiful wife of the Viceroy of Ireland, is an ardent motorist, a. in the early autumn of last year toured the West Countrie " of the Emerald Isle in company with her husband. She is very fond of taking jaunts into the country on her car, and has done much to popularise motoring amongst ladies in Ireland.
DUDLEY, THE EARL OF, the Lord Lieutenant of Ireland, has been a motorist for some time, and prefers motor-car trips to any other form of recreation. In the autumn of last year he inaugurated his entry upon his, official duties by touring the West of Ireland, with Lady Dudley, with a train of three motor-ca., consisting of two t o-horse Panhards, and a 10-110010 Mo.. The tonneaus were piled up with presents for the "childer," and the tour was a triumphant success. The Viceregal party has, in the past, greatly neglected the West of Ireland, and the advent of the mew Viceroy, with his charming and beautiful wife, in the newest of all forms of *travelling, caused The greatest satisfaction and pleasure to the hundreds of villagers en route.
DRAKE, ARTHUR J., A.M.I.M.E., Russell Place, Edinburgh, chives a 5-horse Stirling phaeton. His principal aim in furthering automobilism is the design and manufacture of public service cars. Was the assistant manager to the Daimler Motor Comm, for five years and if half. Has taken out several important patents in connection with brakes, lubrication, Sc.
DOUGILL, ALFRED W., Longclose Ironworks, Leeds, drives an 8-horse and to-horse Loidis. Desires to see motors more successfully used in public service and commercial work. Is not in favour of the Scott-Montagu numbering proposal. Is the active secretary of the Yorkshire Automobile Club.
DRUMP, FRANK II., of the Hollies, Kirt, near Boston, has a 34•horse Progress car with Dunlop tyres. Pole, automobilism to demonstrate its utility from a business standpoint its well as from one of pleasure. Is of opinion OW the day is not far distant when the large agriculturist will look upon motor power as one of his greatest boons. Member of the Lincolnshire Automobile Club.
DUNCAN, ALEXANDER, J.P., of Glenhohne, Glamorganshire, drives a to-horse Daimler. Is an old Rugby football player, and original member of the International Rugby Football Board Vice- President Welsh Golfing Union. Is member of the Automobile Club of Great: Britain and Ireland.
D'UZES, DUCHESSE DOUAIRIERE, Cluiteau nouvelles, Rambouillet, France. A noted motorist, sportswoman, authoress, artist and sculptor. Drives a Delahaye chiefly, but owns several cars, and invariably motors to nuots. Is an enthusiastic huntswoman, and owns it pack of hounds.
of the principal .• mytor racing. He has done much to popularise the motor-car, and has demoastrawd antages ines, parades, and exhibitions. Of the half-dozen or so Engiiracsh motor-car manufactories, Dm owe their inauguration to Mr. Edge, who has over and over again demonstrated on his so-horse Napier that an English made machine is as good as any other make in the world. His Napier cars have won competitions with speeds ranging from forty-seven miles to verging on seventy miles an hour, with hill-climbing capabilities of thirty-five miles an hour, and, while due attention has been paid to speed and reliability, the important (actor M appear-mix has not been overlooked, a fact amply demonstrated by his in-horse Napier winning the first award for best appearance MK, general get-up at the Bexhill International Meeting. 1902, which put thousands of pounds into the pockets of English motor-car manufacturers. NIL Edge's magnificent ,•J8fi"- ance on a Napier car in the Gordon Bennett rme is of too recent a data to reimire commeol, and his success at the (Dillon contest will be remembered for many year by chagrined French and German manufacturers. To-day he holds the position of England's champion motorist. Mr. Edge is strongly M opinion that the great Gordon Bennett contest this year should take place on British soil. Mr. Edge is the managing director to Messrs. S. F. Edge. Ltd, manufacturers of the Napier car, and agents for the Gladiator. He has entered his name as a competitor in this year's Gordon Bennett coMest, and will drive a Napier car. Mr. Edge has his los-tun-se Napier ready to run against and heat any car, either on the level or up or down hill, on a sheer speed Dme. Mr. Edge has entered a car for the Paris-Madrid race under Imo kilos. weight. the actual power being at present kept secret, but it is expected to attain a high average rate of speed owing to its extremely light weight and direct drive.
EDGE, MRS. S. F., 7, Tavistock Chambers, Hart Street, London, W.C., fully shares her husband's love of motoring, and rarely misses an international race. Two cars—a le-horse Gladiator, and a lo-horse Ariel, comprise her own motor stud. and she is scarcely a leas skilful driver than her lainous husband. Her to-bane Gladiator won a Ilea -Mu! banner at the Motor-car Battle of Flowers at Earl's Court, in Jim", lima.
ELLIOTT, THOMAS R. B., J.P. The honour of being the first automobilist in Scotland belongs to Mr. T. R. B. Elliott, J.P., for Roxburghshire. of Harwood, Boni:heater Bridge, Hawick, N. B., and Holme Park, Rotherfield, Sussex. who, in t8g5, introduced to his native country a 8-horse Panhard car, imported specialty for him from the Continent by the Daimler Syndicate. That was nine months before the motoring •• Emancipation Act" was passed, but I during that period Mr. Elliott managed to co over twelve hundred miles. He was once fined sixpence for " scorcver hittg" at eight mites an hour without having a man with a red Hag D front of him. Mr. Elliott pow drives a 12 -horse Daimler, and a 6-horse Motor Manufacturing Company's Car. He is a member of the Royal Company: of Archers—the King's Bodyguard for Scotland. Club, Devonstare, Automobile, Hyde Park, and New Club Edinburgh.
EDISS, MISS CONNIE, who took such a prominent part in " The Silver Slipper," is an enthusiastic chauffeuse.
EMMEL, DR. JOSEPH ALOYS, Constantine Road, Hampstead, London, drives a a-horse Werner motor-cycle. Linguist and contributor of automobile news to English and Continental journals.
FAIERS, ERNEST, E., of Frizinghall, Yorkshire, owns an it-horse Clement. u Thinks that by the exercise of ordinary care the motorist need have no fear of police interference.
FELLOWS, ERNEST 0,, 41, Eninsmore Gardens, Prince's Gate, London, S.W., owns a 7-horse M.M.C. and 0 5-horse Locomobile. Clubs Windham, junior Naval and Military, and Ranelagh.
FIELDER, MRS. F. J., wife of Dr. Fielder, Lockerbie, Brixton, London, includes motoring amongst her keenest pleasures, and pronounces her 6-horse Gardner-Serpollet a delightful car. A doctor's car, she says, must be speedy and noiseless, and she drove her car a hundred miles a day on hilly and difficult roads in Yorkshire a few clays after she had received lessons in driving. She is also an ardent yachtswoman.
FIRTH, STAPLEE. One of the most interesting figures in motoring circles is Mr. Staplee Firth, the astute solicitor to the Automobile Club. In addition to being an expert lawyer, Mr. Firth is a skilled engineer, and in his early school days he designed and completed models for a steam automobile, but on filleting that such things were allowed to travel at only four miles an hour, with a flag- flapper in front, he disgustedly abandoned the attempt. His technical knowledge of motor-car construction is of great value to him in his legal work, and he would be a smart mechanician who would try to cross swords with Mr. Firth on a technical subject. Mr. Firth possesses 0 complete workshop at his pleasant residence at Upper Tut., Hill, but up tilt 0 short time ago was too busy to own a car of his own. He now owns a 14-horse New Orleans car.
FLETCHER, SALTOUN ANDREW, of the gild Life Guards, Windsor, owns a 20 and 12-horse Panhard and a 20-horse Mercedes Simplex. He seeks to secure the prevention of side-slip, noiselesgness, and less consumption of fuel. Clubs t White's, Bachelors', and l‘farlborough.
FOURNIER, M. HENRY, the well-known French motor pioneer and champion racer, is the holder of the world's records for the kilometre and the mile, which he established on the new French official trial ground, at Dourdon, last November. His time for the mile on that occasion, over a sticky road, was 478 seconds, and for the kilom., 298 seconds. Fournier drives a 6o-horse Mors, also le high-powered motor cycs. His predent ambition is to attain a speed with his ear of eighty-seven miles an hour at least.
FORD, R. MOFFAT, 168, Slucltesbury Avenue, W.C., owns a io and 2o-horse Decauville. He was assistant secretary of the original "Motor-Car Club" prior to and during the Imperial Institute Exhibition, 1896. Founded the Motor-Car Company in 1896. Author of " Motor-Car Manual," and contributor to engineering journals. Now managing director of the Motor-Car Co., Ltd. Originator of "non-stop" runs, and directed the 1,000-mile and Edinburgh-London non-stop runs of Decativille ears.
FORTESQUE, MAJOR, M.C.E., D.L., J.P., of Stevenstown, Dundalk, Co. Louth, ow. a 51-horse M.M.C., and a to-horse Daimler. Clubs: Irish Automobile, and Automobile Club of Great Britain and Ireland.
Mr. Staplee Firth.
M. Henry Fournier.
FOSTER, HARVEY, of 248, Fulwood Road, Sheffield, owns a 7-horse Motor Manufacturing Company, a Locomobile Victoria, two 10-horse Wolseleys, a I2-horse Daimler Wagonette, and a 20-horse Racing car, with Clipper-Michelin and Buffer tyres. Is President of the Sheffield Automobile Club. Presented two silver challenge cups to above Club for a hill-climbing competition. Believes this Club was the first to organise a motor paper chase. Opposed to nunthering. Very much in favour of the Gordon Bennett Race being held in England or Ireland. Clubs: Nottingham and Sheffield Automobile.
FOY, MARK, of 42, Charterhouse Square and Oxford Street, London, owns a stud of 48-horse, 8-horse (2) De Dions, and an 8-horse Panhard. He commenced motoring two years ago in Australia, and has several times made runs between Sydney and Melbourne--600 miles through the Australian Bush-on his 8-horse Panhard. Commanded the Sydney Flying Squadron.
FRASER, MISS MARGARET, who, as the "good fairy" in the pantomimes, delights thousands of juveniles, is a strong advocate of motoring, and drives a 6-horse Gobron-Brillie car. Miss Fraser never tires of motoring, and states:-" The sport is the most exhilarating form of recreation the theatrical profession can take. During a successful run, we have very little leisure for outdoor sports. I was worn out after my first day's driving, as I fell into the same error as 1 had done when I began to ride a bicycle-that is to say, I clutched the steering apparatus as though my life depended on the grip. The fearful muscular pains in my arms and shoulders proved the best possible object lesson."
FRASER, J. MALCOLM, a brilliant journalist, who won his spurs with Pearson's Magazine and others of the famous Pearson publications, and who is now making his mark as associate night editor of the Daily Express. This newspaper is the most popular London daily. Ps success has been so rapid as to establish a new record in the newspaper world. Mr. Fraser is an able fencer, a motor cyclist, and a motorist; but the responsibilities of journalism do not leave him much time for sport. He has written some fiction, many articles on travel, and he is an able exponent of efficiency in the mechanism of journalism, having studied exhaustively and in turn the principles of type-setting, press-work, news-gathering, and editing.
FRISWELL, CHARLES. Amongst the pioneers of motoring, Mr. Charles Friswell, the well-known motor-car agent of 1, Albany Street, London, W., and Holborn Viaduct, London, holds a very prominent position. He commenced motoring in November, 1896 , when he purchased a Bollee car from the British Motor Traction Company, of Coventry, and after having had some little experience with this car, he purchased it Benz., with which he commenced his real experience of the mechanically-propelled vehicle. During 1897, he used his little vehicle considerably. Later on in the commencement of 1898,he came across a well-known 4-cylinder Mors dog-cart, with which he was so enamoured, that he gave the matter serious thoughts for the first time, from a business point of view, and ordered twelve of these cars, an order which was probably, at that time, the largest which had ever been placed in England for motor-cars. In 1899, when he had seriously entered into the motor-car business, he brought the first little Renault into this country. Mr. Friswell is very fond of relating a peculiar experience which lie had on a car, at the time of the Agricultural Hall Show. He was driving a gentleman, who is well-known in motoring circles, to the Hall, when the wheel base suddenly took it into its head to stand up and throw the two occupants out at the rear. They alighted on their backs, and his passenger's elegant silk hat and frock coat were much damaged in the process. The car dropped again to terra firma, and the first speed being in, ran away, with Mr. Friswell chasing it to save it going clown one of the areas which exist in the neighbourhood. The year 'goo brought Mr. Friswell in contact with the old-fashioned 2-cylinder Peugeots, which at that time appeared to him to be the most perfect mechanically-driven carriage he had ever seen, it was so beautifully made. It was upon this machine that he and his wife went through the 1,000 miles' trial, without either mechanic or any assistance whatever, carrying their own baggage, and through the entire journey they had no trouble whatever, except on the second day, when they incurred two punctures. Recently, Mr. Friswell has driven almost all the well-known machines of the latest type, and it is not a question now, he says, of trouble with them-it is now a matter of surprise if one ever has trouble at all. Of amusing experiences, Mr. Friswell has had many. On a Sunday in last December, he and his wife w ere passing through Horsham in their car, when suddenly a boy, about fifteen years of age, threw it horse-chestnut, which struck Mr. Friswell rather sharply in the face. He dismounted very quickly, and chased the lad through it house into it back road, items, ploughed fields, and down it long country lane. The chase grew hot, and eventually the quarry was run to earth in a coal cellar in a wayside house. As there were witnesses of the capture, Mr. Friswell deemed it injudicious to take the law into his own hands, and, therefore, marched his prisoner to the Horsham police station, where he got it good fright, if nothing worse.
FREESTON, CHARLES L., of zo, Lyndhurst Gardens, Ealing Common, London, W., drives it 12-horse Gladiator, with Dunlop tyres. He supports automobilism with a view to expediting locomotion generally, to increasing the topographical knowledge of the community, and preventing cruelty to animals. He was present at the first automobile demonstration in England, at Tunbridge Wells in 1896. Has owned an Enfield quadricycle and it 7-horse New Orleans car in addition to the car named above, and has driven various other cars, also motor-bicycles. Clubs: Automobile, Aero and National Liberal.
FULLERTON, VICE-ADMIRAL SIR JOHN, groom-in-waiting to the King, succumbed to the fascination of motoring in the autumn of last year, through seeing the keen enjoyment the King got out of his motor-cars. Sir John promptly bought a Beaufort car, and is now one of the greatest motoring enthusiasts.
FULTON, NORMAN 0., Woodbank, Mount Vernon, Glasgow, owns a i2-horse Albion. Favours the introduction of simple and reliable machines for trade purposes. Is a strong believer in moderate speeds.
FURNESS, SIR CHRISTOPHER, M.P. Sir Christopher Furness, who represents West Hartlepool in the House of Commons, and is one of the most prominent figures in the shipping world, has become a convert to automobilism, and possesses one of the latest pattern Serpollet cars.
GALT, HUGH, M.B., D.P.H. ICanib.,, Professor of Legal Medicine and Public Health, St. Mungo's College, of 4, Berkeley Terrace, Glasgow, W., has a to-horse \Vol.:ley tonneau on order. His hobbies are yachting, photography, and engineering. Motors for pleasure, the maintenance of health, and the general advancement of science and art.
GARDEN, F. A., J.P., D.L., C.C., Troup House, Banffshire, corns an 8-horse Argyll. His hobbies are shooting, fishing, driving, and travel, and his principal aim in furthering automobilism is to get nearer neighbours, and to occasionally avoid short but wearisome railway journeys. Is his own engineer, but leaves his electric-light man to do the rough cleaning. Clubs New, Edinburgh Royal Northern, Aberdeen and Automobile Club of Great Britain and Ireland.
GARNETT, WILLIAM GUSTAV, of Beechwood, Bromley Cross, near Bolton, rides a two-horse motor-bicycle which he considers the most enjoyable and exhilarating pastime extant. Is member of the Automobile Club (London), the Liverpool Self-Propelled Traffic Association, and the Manchester Automobile Club. When not motoring occupies his leisure with either shooting, fishing, photography, or locomotive engineering.
GARROWAY, MAJOR JOHN, of Glasgow, drives a 12-horse Johnston-Arrol car. Club New (Glasgow).
GEMMELL, MATTHEW, of lho, Bath Street, Glasgow, a member of the Scottish Automobile it (Western section), is it prominent yachtsman who has recently conceived it great ardour for motoring. He is a life member of the Royal Western yacht Club, and at one time was is member of five yacht clubs.
GLEN, JOHN H., M.D., F.R.C.P.I., of 24, Lower Baggot Street, Dublin, drives an 8-horse Daimler and an I t -horse Clement, his motive being healthful recreation. He wishes to sec motors fitted with a more effectual silencing apparatus.:fir. Glen is on the Committee of the Irish Automobile Club.
GLIDDON, HERBERT ARTHUR, of the Bank House, Frome, Somersetshire, has an almost insatiable craving for the country and the open air. Motoring, he finds, helps to satisfy this. He also likes motoring because it makes demands on one's ingenuity. Mr. Gliddon considers that tyre patentees and manufacturers are " killing the goose that lays the golden eggs" by maintaining inflated prices. The tyre bill, he says, is corrective of many a man's motoring fever.
GOFF, WILLIAM G. D., J.P., has the distinction of being one of the founder-members of the Automobile Club, and is one of the most progressive and consistent patrons of the sport of motoring in Ireland. He is a justice of the Peace of Glenville, County Waterford, and an all-round sportsman. Mr. Goff, who for years was on the Board of Directors of the Dunlop Co., is Chairman of Council of the Irish Automobile Club, which owes a great deal of its prosperity to his great business ability and organising power. For years past Mr. Goff has been a yachtsman of repute, and his dainty steam yacht, the Ivor," was one of the smartest craft of her type in British waters.
GOFF, HERBERT, M.D., Glenville, Waterford, Ireland, owns a lo-horse Panhard, 12-horse Napier, and 21-horse De Dion tricycle. Is a fox- hunter, and regards automobilism as the future means of locomotion. Clubs: Kildare Street tDublinf, Bath, New Oxford and Cambridge, and Authmobile.
GOVAN, ALEX, managing director of the Holier Engineering Co., Ltd., Glasgow, drives a to-horse Argyll. Was a cyclist in the old bone-shaker days. Fosters automobilism because it contains fascinating mechanical problems, and is the " best sport op earth."
GOULD, MRS. HOWARD is in the front rank of American automobilists, and has had three exceptionally fast cars built for her personal use.
OREVILLE, CA!) T., THE HON. R. H. FULKE, M.P., it, Charles Street, Berkeley Square, London, W. An ardent supporter of motoring is Captain Greville, the popular member for East Bradford, who thinks England would be in the front rank of motor- making nations if the industry was not crippled by the powers of prejudice. Captain Greville began automobilism in loco, when he did his electioneering on a Daimler. H. possesses a Gardner-Serpollet, a 12-horse Mors, and a 12-horse Panhard, and has bought a British made car to encourage home trade. He would not place a speed limit on cars travelling in the open count,.
GROGAN, W. E., of Hardymount. Tullow, Co. Carlow, already owns Iwo quads, an 8-horse De Dion, and has on order a 12-horse Clement. Mr. Grogan is a sportsman from top to toe; he hunts four or five days a week, and has regularly played with the No. 2. Co. Carlow polo team for many years. He uses his car for driving to the meet and polo matches, and for touring. No degree of bad weather prevents Mr. Grogan from turning out his motorcar. During last year he hardly ever drove a horsed vehicle, and seldom used a railway train. Clubs: Kildare Street tDublitn, Wellington, and Automobile fLondon).
GUEST, REV. ARTHUR, of Lower Prover Vicarage, Knutsford, makes use of his 4h-horse De Dion car in his clerical duties, having a parish of over G000 acres. His wife frequently accompanies him, and she derives considerable pleasure and health from the trips on the car.
HALL, WILLARD EVART, has been more or less interested in motor-cars from the time he had his first ride on one in the Riviera, in but he really began his motoring career early in IN, when he purchased his first motor, which was a De Dion tricycle. Being of a mechanical turn of mind, he soon became very fascinated with his tricycle, and it was not long before he sold his horses and went in for motor cars, of which he has owned several, both steam and petrol. Mr. Hall is an American by birth, but has spent the past 15 years of his life in England, the home of his ancestors. He is a member of the Automobile Club. Mr. Hall was the organiser, and is now chairman, of Evart-Hall, Limited, a business which is increasing by leaps and bounds. Their garages, showrooms, and repair shops at Manchester, Nottingham, and Brighton, are among the finest in England. Their head offices are in London, where they will soon be opening extensive premises. They manufacture the Evart-Hall Motor Bicycle, and are the principal agents for the "Oldsmobile" car, under the Oldsmobile Company, for this country, as well as other first-class cars. The only amusing accident which seems to have befallen Mr. Hall in his early motoring days happened just at dusk, one evening when he was running at perhaps a little faster than the legal limit, down the Handcross Hill, and a dog ran into the centre of the road just in front of him. His first impulse was to avoid the dog, and in endeavouring to do so his front wheel dropped six to eight inches into the ditch at the side of the road, and he was unable to get it out before the wheel struck the high bank, stopping the car suddenly. Mr. Hall was thrown
Mr. Willard Evart Ilan. into the air, and he fancied that he turned
several somersaults; at any rate he came down on his back on the top of a hedge, which was about six feet above the road level. The whole incident only occupied about three seconds. He owed his escape from injury to the soft bed on which he landed, the only inconvenience which he suffered was a more or less restless night, owing to a few dozen nicely prilished black thorns having been well distributed over his body, through the generosity of the hedge. Mr. Hall now places more value on his own life than that of a clog, so the dogs must look out for themselves in future.
HANNAN, CHARLES, is a Lincoln automobilist who was one of the first in the county to own an automobile. His most enjoyable drive he considers to be that between London and Lincoln. He has at present a Progress car and a Humber motor-cycle.
HANNAY, ROBERT M., comes of it family of enthusiastic automobilists. His first car was a 41-horse Benz, which was followed by a to-horse Benz. Then he went in for a ol-horse Clement. Has also two motor cycles at his place at Goring-on-Thames.
HARGREAVES, FRANK, Friz Hill, Walton, Warwick, has a stud comprising 20-horse Daimler, to-horse Mors, and 8-horse Darracq cars. Is fond of all field sports. Clubs: Orleans, Junior Carlton, and Automobile.
HARGREAVES, JOHN, of Templecombe House, Templecombe, Somerset, and Whalley .abbey, Whalley, Lancashil'e, has owned many cars, and at present his stud comprises Benz 16-horse enz and it 2o•horse Napier. He is a -master of foxhounds, member of the Coaching Club, and goes deer-stalking, shooting, salmon and trout fishing. He motors not only for the pleasure derived therefrom, but because it seems to him that there is an enormous future before it as an industry, and that, as it means of utility in almost eve, trade, motoring will inevitably be in evidence. Those who so unfairly oppose it are, he thinks, doing their country a great injury.
HARGREAVES, ROBERT, of Shinfield Grove, Reading, owns it i2-horse Napier, 1 1-horse Clement, 6-horse Gardner-Serpollet, and an lvel motor-bicycle. Clubs Junior Carlton, Orleans, and Automobile.
HARMSWORTH, ALFRED C., J.P. Besides being one of the most expert motorists in the country, the proprietor of the "Daily Mail " is, perhaps, the largest private owner of motor-cars in the world, his " stud including 65 and 4o-horse Mercedes, a to-horse Panhard, 12-horse Serpollet, 28-horse:Mercedes, Lohner Porsche, a Columbia Electric phaeton, an electric brougham and a Napier. The most powerful of the collection is, of course, the beautiful 65-horse Mercedes, which Mr. Harmsworth says is the finest car he has ever driven. One hundred and twenty miles is what Mr. Harmsworth thinks a good average day's spin for a motor-car and he considers the Serpollet as the ideal touring car. Mr. Harmsworth has toured for many thousands of miles in this country, on the Continent, and in America, and considers his complete immunity from accident to be clue to his thorough knowledge of the mechanism of the cars he has driven. Mr. Harmsworth holds that a motor, in the hands of a skilful and careful driver, is unrivalled as a means of locomotion, but in the hands of an unskilled person, is a danger to everyone. Most motor accidents, Mr. Harmsworth contends, are due to side slips, which, with proper care, are avoidable. "The man who drives at a rapid pace in crowded traffic over a greasy surface, is to i my mind, either a criminal or a lunatic, or an unhappy combination of both," is Mr. Harmsworth's opinion. It is anticipated by .r. Harmsworth that there will be more motors in England in a few years than in France; his grounds for thinking so being that we are the richer nation, and have more people among us V1.110 can afford to buy cars.
HARMSWORTH, MRS. LEICESTER, Marlborough Gate, Hyde Park, is an enthusiastic motorist, and constantly drives her 7-horse Panhard. Her husband was one of the first to use a motor-car for electioneering purposes, canvassing Caithness-shire on a 12-horse Daimler.
HARMSWORTH, R. LEICESTER, M.P., is an intrepid driver:. his seven and twelve-horse Panhards. He constantly drives his cars from his London residence to Bexhill. and has used his motor for electioneering purposes in Scotland. He is a partner in the great publishing business bearing his name, and is a learned fillf,ratettr. His constant attendance at the House of Commons (to which he chives in his car, has earned for him the gratitude of his constituents. He takes a great interest in Naval matters, and 'constantly heckles tit, Government on this important subject. His interesting collection of objets d'art at Marlborough Gate is a proof positive of his refined taste in antiques. Mr. Harmsworth is a noted golfer, and is a scratch man at St. Andrews. He is a member of many golf clubs.
HART, MIS5 MARGUERITE, Luton, Beds, aged t 1. This little lady has the distinction of being the youngest chaajjeuse in England. She owns a charming little 4-horse electric runabout, and drives herself and a young cousin, Miss Tephi Hart, each morning to .school.
HAZLEWOOD, W.C., M.E., of Lower Hare Park, Newmarket, drives two Gardner-. Serpollet cars, of 6 and S-horse respectively, both fitted with Clipper-Michelin tyres.
HEARD, ARTHUR WENTWORTH, 1, Brondesbury Park Mansions, Salisbury Road, London, N.W., drives a i2-horse Century car. Hobbies all field sports, cycling, rowing, walking. Fosters automobilism for sport and "to advance the finest method of locomotion ever yet devised." Clubs: Automobile, London and Manchester.
HELE-SHAW PROFESSOR H. S., LL.D., F.R.S., M. INST. M.E., etc. of 27, ('!let Road, Liverpool, owns a 7-horse New Orleans, 2i-horse De Dion tricycle, and 4-ho, Minerva bicycle. Is one of the best authorities on the subject of mechanical traction, and occupies the Chair of Engineering of the Liverpool University College. H. contributed several papers and articles on mechanical road locomotion. Frequently participated in debates on subject of automobilism; read papers before the Automobile Club; Judge at many automobile trials; on the committee of the Automobile Club of Great Britain and Ireland; chairman of Liverpool Self Propelled Traffic Association; 'secretary British Association Committee on Resistance of Road Vehicles to Traction; author of article on " Heavy Motor Vehicles," in the new edition of the Encyclopaedia Britannica. His principal aim in furthering automobilism is to promote its scientific interest, and to develop the methods of heavy and light road locomotion. Clubs: Automobile, Alpine, United University, Royal Liverpool Golf, .c.
HEMMONS, HENRY 13., of The Cottage, Singleton, Poulton-le-Fylde, owns an II-horse car, tilted with Clipper Michelin tyres. Furthers automobilism because he thinks it is the locomotion of the future; also a healthy and fascinating pastime. Has always been fond of horses, and still keeps one for station work and short journeys; but for handiness and long journeys there is nothing like his motor. Clubs The Clith Poulton and Liverpool Self- Propelled Traffic Association
HEPPER, EDWARD HENRY, Woodcote, Wood Lane, Headingley, Leeds, drives a 2-horse Belsi2e car. Is not in favour of numbering motorists, but thinks (Myers ought to be certified. Is a member of the Yorkshire Automobile Club.
HERDMAN, CAPT., J. C., of Comus, Strabane, County Tyrone, owns a 3-horse Enfield quad, and uses it in Ireland with the object of familiarising the Irish to the sight of a motor.
HEY, E. S., of Norman Works, Normanton, Yorks, owns several cars, and has a motor inspection pit at his works. Member of the Yorkshire Automobile Club.
HIGGINBOTHAM, (I., A.I.E.E., of Ivyholine, Macclesfield, owns two M.M.C. cars, 3o-horse and 7-horse, and one electric. Wishes to popularise motoring, and to bring it within the reach of the general public. Follows mechanic-al engineering as a hobby, for the enjoyment of which he has a most complete private workshop, and many electrically driven machine tools therein. Clubs Manchester A.C., and Liverpool S.P.T.A.
HILL, WILLIAM BECKET, of l,ckdene, Rock Ferry, Cheshire, admits that the enjoyment of motoring has superseded all his other hobbies. He owns Mors, Rocket, and other cars, of high horse-power, besides a Werner motor-bicycle. He expresses himself as completely opposed to the numbering of motor-cars; on the other hand, he contends that the present state of the face of speed scarcely affects a considerate driver. Clubs: Sandown Park, Bath, and Automobile Club of Great Britain and Ireland.
HIRSCH, CHAS. T. W., M.R.C.S., L.R•C.P., a medical man who uses a 45-horse
Benz car in his practice at Woolwich. He commenced motoring about three years ago with a 3-horse Ben, Spends his holidays touring on his car.
HIRST, HUGO, Springmead, Fitzjohn's Avenue, London, NM., chairman of several electrical undertakings, drives a 22-horse Daimler, formerly driving a 9-horse of same make. Hobbies: riding, skating, mountaineering and driving. Believes in motoring as giving absolute rest for a hard-worked brain, and being a health-giving form of locomotion. If rot throttled by grandmotherly legislation, automobilism, he thinks, will prove the greatest industry this country has ever reared. Clubs: Whitehall and Constitutional.
HILL, JOHN D., of 411, Portman Mansions, Baker Street, London, W., ise of the best known motor-car experts and advisers in the kingdom. He is the son of Dr. Lon D. Hill, the late head surgeon at the Royal Free Hospital, London, was educated at King's College, and invested in his first motor in Mod starting with a a}-horse Phu:bus-Aster tricycle, which was soon superseded by a quad of the same make. A 4-horse Panhard was his next venture, and with this he had some rather rueful experiences. An attempted ride to Brighton proved a dismal failure owing sotnething going " wrong with the works," and on the next occasion—on a return journey from Maidenhead—the car caught fire. Mr, Hill, who was one of the occupaiM, had her dress badly burnt, but had presence of mind enough tb roll over in the dust, and put out the fire which had attacked her dress. The car cyst‘aoo, and Mr. Hill had two rides it—" rather discouraging for a beginner," as he now laughingly observes. He has since pass. essed a Locomobile, an Ariel tricycle, 6 and S-horse Panhards, and various fillies types. He thinks the is a great filth for a reliable car priced at between Pio and isoo, and as the mthr of Ali F. D'. Hart's Parksicle Garage, age Regent's Park, has disposed of a large number of ears at this mice. The development the motoring industry in the future will be on the commercial side is the opinion of Mr. Hill, who says that light tradesmen’s' carts and heavy draught vehicles are much in request. His clientele consists mostly of doctors who never hesitate to consult him either in purchasing a car, faor in having one repaired, and his vourite tip" all the members of the medical profession who ask his advice is to buy a covered in, two-cylinder petrol car—a car which he considers an admirable vehicle for busy West Endis doctor, Mr. Hill has motored over 7o,aoo miles, and never had an accident through side slip, a fortunate state of affairs which he attributes to the fact that he rides straight and is never nervous. Mu Hill is having a 6,hinse Mercedes car built for him, and intends shortly to enter the rag field, for which his nerve. and expert cin knowledge eminently suit him. Mrs. Hill, who is a daughter of Ex-Sheriff Hand, 6 also an expert motorist, and 'usually accompanies her husband on his weekend spins, which are one of his chief pastimes.
IIISSEY, J. J., of Trevin Travers, Eastbourne, has a b-horse Daimler car and lo-horss Motor Manufacturing Company's car, both of which he uses solely for touring purposes. Clubs: Automobile, Thatched House, and Royal Societies.
HITCHCOCK, MRS. SHERMAN, of Providence, Rinds Island 6 one of the most prominent lady motorists in the United Stales. Drives her own car, and can manipulate any other kind of motor car that may be placmt at her disposal. Holds the proud position of thing the first woman motorist to drive a am in Rhode Island.
HITCHON, ALFRED, of Clayton Manor, Clayton-le-Dale, Blackburn, owns a la-horse Daimler with patent transmission gear, a 5-hose Argyle, a 6-horse Electric vehicle, andan Antwerp ,r-hicycle. Is the inventor of the unbreakable free wheel transmission gear, which is self-locking against running backwards down hill. Member of the North East Lancashire Automobile Club.
HOLDEN, LIEUT.-COL., H.C.L.. M.I.C.E., F.R•S., Gifford House, Blackheath, head of the Royal Gun Factory at Woolwich, drives a to-home Georges Richard. Is the inventor of many appliances connected with electricity and artillery. Hohhim cricket, cycling, Mc. Supports motoring as a health-giving and manly form of sport, which also has an indmtrial future of enormous possibility to the user and manufacturer of automobiles.
MOLDER. J. A., n( P,I,n:almnn, Moor Green, Itiruninglna,n, drives:, 16-hone Napier.
HODOSON, A. E. Probably no other man has raised in much capital fur pioneering the motor industry in this country, or thrown more persoffid energy into the work, than Mr. A. E. Hodgson and many a motor expert with inventive brains and empty pockets has been able through him to secure the necessary funds and business assistance to place his improvements on the market. Mr. Hodgson became interested in motor matters before the repealing of the old " four miles an hour" Act, in MO, and he immediately began to formulate his future plans when he secured " advance" information from one of his Parliamentary connections that the Act was going to pass. His earlier operations were chiefly connected with electric and petrol cars hot becoming impressed hater with the great advantages possessed by the m modern types of steam-driven vehicles, ore he succeeded in securing an exclusive concession from the owners of the Gardner Serpollet patents and trade marks to manufacture those famous carriages in Great Britain and the Colonies. With the manufacturing resources at his command, practical work could commenced at once, and about one hundred of the British-made cars are already running in the country, and M India, ru Australia, and other colonies, and Mr. Hodgson AlltiCirlates that the English output .0111 reach cars per week when the new arrangements are completed, which will be at an early date. The British Gardner-Serpollet business had lain dormant for some years previously to Mn two taking it in hand - less than two years ago - and what has hose accomplished in that time speaks volumes Ion what can be done by men of energy and enterprise under all the difficulties attaching to a n industry, that It is " on the cards" at anoew ther steam carriage, with several entirely new features, will make its appearance before Mr. A. E. rtottEsen. long at Mr. Hodgson's chief depot, 94, Victoria Street, Westminster, and if this should prove to be the case, the new mrriage can be safely "backed for a place" in this year's thousand miles reliability trials. Mr. Hodgson gets through as much work at his quiet country home at Hanby, near York, as he does in London. His courteous bearing towards all with whom he comes in contact has won him many business and social friends but he has little time for social ties and dissipations as he regards a busy life as the only kind worth calling " life of pleasure "—to quote a saying of his own. He is a member of the Automobile Club of Great Britain and Ireland, and of the Automobile Club de France.
HOLMES, V. B., °aught., Cheshire, owns a 6-Muse Sefton and a tfi-horse He Dietrich, Member of the Liverpool S. P. T. A.
HOUSE, ALBERT, of 4, Victoria Street, Bradford, has a Inhnrse four cylinder Clement. Is manager of the Bradford Motor-car Co. The °Weil motor driver in the district. Has been seven years in the motor trade.
HOVENDEN, R. 0., Park Hill Road, Croydon, drives a o-horse Napier. Clubs: Auto- mobile and Camera.
HUTCHISON, JOHN W., of Lauriston Hall, Castle Douglas, a well-known landowner in the Galloway Highlands, lakes a keen delight in motoring, and says it is the hest cure he knows for sleeplessness. He drives a Bonn car, and finds it of great use in visiting the distant parts of his estates.
HUTTON, MRS. ERNEST, was the first lady in England to drive an electric car.
MUTTON, J. ERNEST, of 97, Ashley Gardens, London, owns several Panhards. He started metering in ifiny, owning as an amateur thirty ears of different makes, chiefly Panhard; was third in the Effie race, Rpm. Author of numerous technical articles, and a chapter in the Badminton Library book. On the Executive Committee of the Automobile Club of (Neat Britain and Ireland.
IDEN, GEORGE. Beginning in the motor industry immediately it was permissible by law, Mg George Iden who was formerly connected with the locomotive construction department of the London Brighton and South Coast Railway' had unbounded confidence in the ultimate SUCCe,, that would result — a confidence that has been more than justified. When in thr offilv ffitrt of ?898 he undertook the management of the Motor Manufacturing Company's concern, the building was practically empty, while at the present time, all the floors of one of the largest four-storied buildings in the Midland Counties are fully occupied. In laying down the plans for the manufacture of motor-cars, for the Motor Manufacturing Company, at Coventry, Mr. Ideals main point all through was to construct the whole car 11 the premises. Ne has equipped the factory with the hest tools that can be obtained, whether English, American, or Continental, and claims that it is one of the beet equipped factories in England for the manufacture of loiter-Cars. Hi:, most recent addition to the piaa is a very extensive; motor-testing shop, built on the most modern principles, and capable of testing • about one hundred motors per week. At the Automobile Club's last Reliability Trials, one of the carriages designed by Mr. Iden beat nineteen competitors of all nationalities, and was The the gold medal by the Automobile Club. The varieties in types and powers of motors manufactured to the designs of Mr. George Iden, are particularly numerous, and range from the bicycle motor, developing f-horse-power, made by him in MAto his latest motor, developing .25 horse-power on the brake, which is now being manufactured as a standard engine. Mr. Ides Mates that at the present time the confidence and enthusiasm of the public are such that three standard types of cars and four standard types of motors suffice to mecl .cl; oolinary demands. The al-horse and motor, of Mg Iden's design, is one of the most successful in the field, and holds at the present time the world's records. The 7-horse car obtained the gold medal at the Glasgow Trials of loot; while the to-horse car obtained the highest possible number of marks in the competitions for reliability and hill-climbing throughout the Scotch trials. The ao-horse car, which it is Mr. Iden's intention to manufacture in quantities during the present year, was successful in climbing one of the worst hills in the country in less time than any other uo-horse car of English make. It is interesting to know that one of the first cars made to Mr. Iden's design is still running, and the owner would not change it for any other motor-car he has seen, either in tonneau or other form.
INGESTRE, VISCOUNT, son of the Earl of Shrewsbury, enjoys motoring to an dies trt unlimited extent, and selects his cars from his father's stud of about twenty.
INSTONE. E. M. C. Another prominent pioneer of the motoring industry R Mr, E. M. C. trainee, whose connection with automobilism dates hack to the spring of taffi, when he entered the service of the Daimler Melee Company, which had then been about one month in existence. At that time Holborn Viaduct was the centre of the movement, and there he met all the pioneers of automobilism; Daimler, Maybach, De Dion, Bollee, and many others. Until the coming into operation of the Light Locomotives' Act, which did not an' place until three months after his joining the Daimler Company, his driving experiences were limited to the grounds of the Imperial Institute and Wembley Park, with a very occasional Rip along Holborn, on which occasions he was preceded by the office boy carrying a red flag. The cars in use were Panhards, Peugeots, Bellew, and belt- driven Cannstatt-Daimlers. On November ffith, Offib, Mr. Instone was present at the historic Brighton run, and, with the appearance of the earliest examples of Coventry-built Daimlers, made several long drives during the spring and summer of the following year. One good run was to Manchester and back, with Mr. A. II. D. Alt•ee and Mr. J. S. Critchley. On August 10th, 1897, he assisted at the official opening of the Automobile Club, of which he is it founder member. The tot event in Mr. Instone's automobile calendar was a private demonstration of cars and cycles before the King, then Prince of Wales, in the grounds of Buckingham Palace, at which Messrs. Altree, Gorton, Van Toll and himself had the honour of assisting. The Easter of 1898 saw the first tour organised by the Automobile Club, and in this, as well as practically all the subsequent club events, NI, Instone participated with a Daimler car. In the spring of 1899 he resigned the secretaryship of the Daimler Company, and went to Paris, where he studied the industry during two years. He witnessed, practically, every race and trial of importance held in 1899 and moo, drove a great variety of ears, and visited very frequently the numerous motor works and factories in and around Paris, with the result that he secured a thorough insight into the French industry. In the meantime he contributed regularly to several of the motoring papers, as well as to various publications. He was official representative in France of the English Club for the moo miles' trial. Mr. Instone holds it Cerlifical de Capacill' as driver for all petrol cars. Since his return to England he has participated in the majority of club events, and won prizes at Welbeck, Gorcot, He. It is scarcely necessary to state that he is now the manner of the Daimler Company. In addition to the Automobile Club of Great Britain and Ireland, Mr. Instone is it Member of the Automobile Club to France, Aero Club, and the NIiclland Automobile Club.
JARROTT, MR. CHARLES. Mr. Charles Jarrott holds a prominent position in British motor-racing circles, and is a competitor not to tte ignored by the most expert racers, whether on the track or on the road. He is young, sturdily built, and possessed of iron nerve, and has several great races standing to, his credit. Mr. Jarrott entered the motoring industry in 1896, and took a position With the British Motor Co., Ltd., which at that time held the Daimler rights in England. He was present at the memorable run on November 14th. 1896, but had done a considerable amount of motor driving before this. He instinctively took to racing, and in September, 1899, lie won the Motor-Car ChM's five miles championship on a De Dion tricycle in Smin. IlAsecs., and a few days later, at Aston, he won the ten miles' tricycle scratch race in t;mins. 22secs. In November, 18,, he piloted the run of the Motor- Car Club to Brighton on a 6-horse Panhard. Mr. Jarrott took part in fifty different races in 18tH), amongst them being his match with the famous trotting horse, " Gold Ring," which he the 12! miles in 353 minutes — thus putting and in the great Ardennes race, in which lie started thirty-fourth; he finished first, covering 7o-horse Panhard in the Paris-Vienna races, Nord race in loo2. He was a competitor on a gave 25o yards start in a mile, on a grass .track, and beat easily.. He secured tenth place in the great Paris-Berlin race, when he drove a 4o-horse Panhard, and finished second in the Circuit du himself at one bound at the heart of motor- racing. He averaged about 54 miles hour. In August, ,902, 11x. Jarrott added still further to his racing laurels by beating the kilometre record on the Welbeck track, 11:s time being 28} seconds- -78 miles an hour. Mr. Jarrott has spent a good deal of time in America, and knows most of the prominent motorists in that country. He has been manager successively, and successfully, of the De DI011-Houton Mr. Charles Jarrott. and P.mhard businesses in this country, but in the autumn of last year ceased his connection with the latter company.. This left him open to run an English car for England's honour in the forthcoming Gordon Bennett Cup race, and he has entered for the contest with a 4o-horse Napier ear. In the meantime, Mr. Jarrott is busy with his new garage at 45, Great Marlborough Street, London, W., where he is showing the new Napier and De Dietrich cars. He has secured the sole English agency of these latter cars, which have important modifications and improvements of his own design. Mr. Jarrott. chief hobby is shooting. He wants the Gordon Bennett race to be run in Ireland, and he is opposed to motorists being numbered. Clubs: Automobile Club of Great Britain and Ireland, and Automobile Club of France.
JAMESON, W. B., is one of those yachtsmen, once devoted to a life on the blue water, who now divide their affections between yachts and motor-cars. He is a prominent member of the Irish Automobile Club, and he is doing a great deal to fight the prejudice which a few Irishmen feel against automobiles.
JARBURGH-BATESON, HON. GEORGE NICHOLAS DE, of The Danes, Little Berkhampstead, Herts. drives an eight-horse Daimler, with pneumatic tyres on front wheels and solid on back. Clubs Carlton, Bachelors', Automobile, and Yorkshire.
JEFFREYS, W. REES, the hon. secretary of the Roads Improvement Association, Incorporated, of 45, Parliament Street, S.W., is an enthusiastic motorist, and a very busy man. He is a member of the Automobile Club of Great Britain and Ireland; a member of the Council of the Cyclists' Touring Club, and of several of its standing committees, including those concerned with motor-cycling, foreign touring, and legal and Parliamentary matter, and also chairman of the Metropolitan District Association. Mr. Rees Jeffreys has toured awheel in eleven countries; and has cycled over twenty-eight of the Alpine passes. His earliest experiences of motoring were gained on one of the first Werners imported into England, and later on other types and makes of motor-vehicles. As the result of his efforts to reform the existing system of highway administration, the Government have promised an official enquiry into the present methods of making and maintaining roads. Mr. Jeffreys believes that the motor- problem is a road problem to be solved only by the construction of roads suitable for rapid traffic along which motor-cars may travel without being subject to any artificial limits of speed. He formulated in November, tgot, a proposal for the construction of a new main road out of London on its western side, under the title of a " Royal " Road to Windsor, and later, (December, 1902), put forward a scheme for the construction of eleven new main roads out of London, and a boulevard round it. Mr. Rees Jeffreys has also taken steps to secure that the reference to the proposed Royal Commission on London traffic shall permit of the consideration of schemes for new trunk road construction. Associated with efforts to solve the dust problem by the use of petroleum, Mr. Jeffreys arranged the experiment made at Farnborough(Sept., I 902), at the joint cost of the proprietors of the County Gentleman and the Hampshire County Council. He is an expert on Local Government and Taxation questions which he has studied scientifically for many years at the London School of Economics and Political Science, and elsewhere. His recreations are motoring, cycling, boating, tennis, chess, and the study of public affairs, especially the relations between the central and local authorities.
JEVONS, W. B., of Market Rasen, claims to have been the first motorist in the county of Lincolnshire. He commenced with a Beeston motor tricycle, passing on through the successive stages of a motor quad, a Benz car, a Daimler, and a De Dion to his present car-a 6-horse De Dion, with Dunlop tyres. He is vice-president of the Lincolnshire Automobile Club.
JENKINSON, SIR EDWARD GEORGE, K.C.B., Holloway Flit!, Godalming, Surrey, as the chairman of the Daimler Motor Coy., Ltd., holds an important position in the automobile world. It is Sir Edward's company which has had the honour of supplying the King with his stud of automobiles. Sir Edward was engaged in the Indian Civil Service from 1856 to 1880; he served in India during the Mutiny; and wits privy to secretary to the Lord Lieutenant of Ireland.
JONSON, G. C. ASHTON, a well- known member of the London Stock Exchange, thinks there is no recreation comparable to that of motoring, and he cannot understand how anyone who can afford it exists without it. Mr. Jonson often travels on his steam car between his Surrey house at Frensham and his town residence at South Kensington.
JOY, BASIL A., of 1,, Broadhurst Gardens, Hampstead, London, has associated himself with motoring," because it is bound to be the industry of the future." Assistant secretary to the Automobile Club of Great Britain and Ireland for Richmond trials in ittoo, the 1,00 miles' trial, loot, and the Glasgow ti i its, tool.
fir Edward George Jenkinson, K.C.B.
JEUNE, THE RIGHT HON. SIR FRANCIS, P.C., K.C.B., Member of the Council of the Automobile Club of Great Britain and Ireland, spends many week-ends in motoring. Usually makes the journey from London to Arlington Manor, Berks, on his car, accompanied by Lady Jenne.
JEUNE, LADY, Arlington Manor, Newbury, and 79, Harley Street, London, is very much interested in automobilism. Has written many articles on this sport and its clothes. Takes long tours on her car, but rarely chives herself.
JOHNSON, MISS E. F., of Boston, one of America's fairest and most expert motorists. Owns and drives her own car, and was very successful in the autumn reliability trials of 1002 in MA. she took part.
KIRK E, CAPT. N. St. 0., R. F. A., Royal Arsenal, Woolwich, has designed a two-cycle engine, with mechanically operated, sell-governing petrol feed and ignition. Holds the patent rights for a complete electric change-speed gear, worked by electric clutches. Is an enthusiastic military motorist.
KENNARD, MRS. EDWARD, The Barn, Market Harboro', the famous sporting novelist, was one of the first lady motorists, and is a pioneer of motorcycling for women She began with a 3-horse Ideal Benz, went on to the serviceable 9-horse Napier, "Sir Charles," on which she has toured many thousands of miles. She rides and recommends the " lye' " motor-tricycle for ladies. Has a new "Progress " car called the "Forrard On." Her last book, "The Slotor Maniac," dealing with automobilist, has been a great success.
KARNO, FRED. "A fascinating .d exhilarating pastime " is how M. Fred Karno, a gentleman well-known in the managerial circles of the theatrical world, describes motoring, and in his enthusiasm for his new pastime he drove his car over twelve hundred miles during the first fortnight lie possessed it. 51r. Karno uses his ten-horse AA, made to his special design by the Motor Manufacturing Company, to transport the principals in his companies in the provinces from one centre to another. " he Early Bird," as his car has been named, has been openly admired by the Princess of Wales.
KEENE, FOXHALL, an American sportsman, much given to steeple-chasing in England. A son of James It. Keetie, a millionaire stock-operator in New York, who was born in England, but emigrated to California in 185z soon aft, the " bonania " boom. Mr. Foxhall Keene well-known Wall Street millionaire, and one of the smartest motorists on either side of the Atlantic. Drives a powerful Mors Air, but does not confine himself to one type. Is a familiar motoring figure on the Con, Island Boulevard. Is a thorough sportsman, and either in the hunting field, where he has been frequently dislocated or fractured, or on the polo ground, can give many men points. His address is Cedarhurst, Long Island. New York, 11.S.A. Came to England with Mrs. Foshan Keene at the end of last year, and went to Melton MOWN', for the hunting season.
KEILY, P. W., of Lansdowne, Newtown, Wakrford, owns to Of-horse Gladiator car with Dunlop tyres. Wishes to see the condition of the roads improved for wheeled traftic and looks forward to the time when those who travel will be independent of railways. Thinks that the speed limit should be raised to at least 20 Miles per 11001. in rural districts. Favours the issue of certificates for proficiency in driving and in making roadside repairs, which should be granted, after examination, by the Automobile Club of Great Britain and Ireland. Member of the Irish Automobile and Orinonde Clubs, Dublin.
KENEALY, MISS ARABELLA, L.R.C.P. and L.M., the well-known novelist, is a great advocate of motoring for women. Her notable articles " Woman as an Athlete" which appeared in the Niticteetrth Corimy, showed that the modern cry for athletics for women is deteriorative of health and injurious to the race. Miss Kenealy's strenuous stand has done much .to stem the tide in this direction. She is advocate of automobilism for women. The exhilarating, wholesome influences of sun and air, the delight to eye and mind of scenery and nature's beauties al, thus obtainable, without that exhausting muscular exertion she deprecates. She is the author of " Dr. fanet of Harley Street "; " Woman and the Shadow "; " A semi-detached Marriage"; " The Love of Richard Herrick "; and of many bright short stories, some of which appear from time to time AIOTORING 11.1.usTRAmii. Address: Watford, He..
KENEALY, MISS ANNESLEY, Artillery Mansions, Victoria Street, London, S.W. A well-known writer and journalist who shares her brothers' keen enthusiasm in motor mattm. Has driven a Daimler; regards motoring is an ideal feminine sport; is a regular contributor on automobile subjects to several leading newspapers, and is assistant editor of MOTORING ILLUSTRATED.
KER-SEYMOUR, VERE, of 33, Ovington Square, London, SM., owns a is-horse Panhard and a 9-horse Renault. His clubs are Automobile, St. James's, Raleigh, Hurlingham Queen's, &c.
KING, THOMAS EDWARD, The Cort.els, York Road, Harrogate, drives a 31-horse Century tandem tricycle. Desires to encourage motoring for the good of the industry.
KENEALY, EDWARD, one A the editors of NIOTORING ILLUSTRATED. Managing director of the Acme Engraving Company, Watford, Her. a leading and world-famous printing and photo-engraving establishment. Was trained as an electrical engineer, with Woodhouse and Rawson, having charge of their Paris office. Ran the first electric launch ever seen on the river Seine. Is an ardent motorist, and is conversant with motorcar engineering. Is a member of the Automobile Club, West Her. Golf Club, and Vagabonds' Club. Address, St. Andrew's, Watford, Herts.
KENEALY, NOEL B., one of the editors of MoTotast, II.LUSTRATED and managing director of the Acme Tone Engraving Company, Watford, Herts
Mr. Noel B. Kenealy, Educated A France and Belgium. Studied art at the Slade School; with Professor Hubert Herkomer, R. A., and under Bougeureau A Paris. Has been a frequent exhibitor in the Royal Academy with pictures on the line. Has owned several motor cars, and thoroughly understands the mechanism of every make. Was one of the founders A the West Her. Golf Club. Belongs to this and the Automobile Club. Was one of t. four pioneer motorist volunteers selected for the Volunteer Manceuvres, Aldershot, loot. Address, Watford, Herts.
KENEALY, ALEX., News editor the London Daily Express. A son A Edward ZetahnroKue;el'IllYe' jCotstiotillitotli:.H:11:sit:Iill'otes7P:tIC:nndi"xt:tcXsZunrcUtilit%
Air. Alex. Kenealy. the New York Herald on the Peary Arctic Expedition, 1892. On staff of the ,Vatt York Herald Paris edition) '893-4. During Spanish American war was in charge of Now York lorlds dispatch boat "Triton," which was under fire at Mariel, Guantanamo and Santiago. President of the Society of the Caribbean, an international organization of the correspondents who distinguished themselves in the war. " For distinction attained in journalism," was selected among a few writers for membership in the American Social Science Association. Member of Press Club, Vagabonds' Club, Strong Man's Lodge, No. 45, F. M Address, Artillery Mansions, 75, Victoria Street, London, S.W.
KENNETT-BARRINGTON, SIR VINCENT, the popular Vice-Chairman of the Aero Club, has rendered the most distinguished help tot the St John Ambulance and Red Cross Associations. He accomplished magnificent work as a Red Cross Cointnissioner in the Franco-German, Turko-Russim, and Servo-Bulgarian wars, and has received both the silver and bronse medals of the Royal Humane Society for saving life from drowning. He made the inemorable balloon ascent at Ranelagh during the Indian Princes' visit, and in company with Mr. Leslie Bucknall and Mr. Butler, the balloon he was in was in some jeopardy through being entangled in the surrounding trees before getting clear away. Sir Vincent is a member of the Automobile Club, and resides at 57, Albert Hall Mansions, London, IV.
KNIGHT, JOHN HENRY, of Banfield, Farnham, owns a Benz car. In difitt commenced to build a steam carriage. After many trials and alterations the steamer was fairly successful. About it174 a coil boiler, very shnilm to Serpollet's, was made for the carriage, but owing to the then prevailing restrictions as to speed it was laid aside. In MI5 Mr. Knight turned his attention to oil engines, and with Messrs. Weyman and Hitchcock, of Guildford (who took up his patentd, brought out the Trusty Oil Engines. In M95 Mr. Knight made a light petrol carriage for two passengers, and ran it for some months in the neighbourhood of Farnham, but in November of that year he was summoned for driving a locomotive on the road without a license and without- having a man with a red Hag walking in front.
KIRK, H. R., of Castle Grove, Headingley, Leeds, was originally the owner of a hackney stud farm; but conceived a desire (or motoring. Soon after acquiring his first car he sold all his horses_ Now owns seven-horse Panhard, twelve-horse Gladiator, sixteen-horse Panhard, and a racing Napier, which latter vehicle he has entered for this year's Gordon Bennett race, when it will be driven by Mr. Charles Jarrott, and also for the Paris-Madrid race. Mr. Kirk is a member of the Automobile Club of Great Britain and Ireland, and the Yorkshire Automobile Club, and is a thorough believer in motor-racing for developing the automobile industry of this country.
KNOX, MAJOR - GENERAL SIR CHARLES EDMOND, K.C.B., commanding 4111 Division Second Army Corps, of Tidworth House, Andover, drives a 9-horse Dennis car with a De Dion-Flout. engine, and fitted with Grappler tyres. He took up automobilism more or less because of his interest in mechanical matters. Sir Charles' military career has been a brilliant one. He commanded the 13111 Brigade in the South African Field Form, previous to which be 1109 seen active service in Bechuanaland. During the South African campaign Sir Charles was wounded, and for his valour was twice mentioned in despatches. He received his K.C.B. and was promoted to Major-General for his conduct during the campaign. As to automobilism, Sir Charles is of opinion that motor-cars will eventually be largely used in our Army; but that a really reliable form of engine and a tyre tit for rough work has not yet been found. Clubs: Naval and Military, Imperial Service, and Automobile.
KOOSEN, MRS. J. A., lives at Southsea; has been an enthusiastic motorist since 1895, when she drove a Benz. Has had some exciting adventures on the road. Is fond of writing ,hart stories, especially on motoring matters, upon which she writes with the experience of expert chatqfi.....
KOOSEN, J. A., of s, Sussex Place, Smiths., being extremely devoted to all out-door sports, embraced motoring with ardour. He drives a 6-horse Lutzmann car and finds motoring of exceptional value as a cure for insomnia and other nervous affections. He wishes to encourage motoring because it leads to a great saving of time, an. also greater sanitation in the streets. Clubs: Automobile. Royal, Portsmouth, Corinthian Yacht, Aero, Isle of Wight, Gun, &c.
LANGTRY, MRS., uses an automobile daily-generally an electric brougham or victoria. Mrs. Langtry became a naturalised American subject in 1887.
Mrs. J. A. Koosen.
LAMB, E. A., the Secretary of the first Stanley Automobile Exhibition which was held at the Earl's Court Exhibition in January of this year; has been Secretary to the well-known Stanley Show of Cycles, which has been held at the Agricultural Hall, in November each year, for about ten years, and consequently has got a thorough knowledge of running Shows. Before becoming Secretary of the Stanley Show, Mr. Lamb was with the well-known firm of Messrs. Willing and Co., Ltd., for about 19 or 20 years. He is very fond of motoring.
LAWTON, M. B., C. M. tEdin.t, 18, Hamilton Square, Birkenhead,
possesses 51-horse and 615-hOrSe LOCO-
mobiles. Chief hobbies: Shooting and fishing. Furthers motoring to endeavour to find the best and most noiseless self- propelled carriage for professional and pleasure purposes. Thinks that simplicity, reliability, and silence should be studied before speed. Club: Liverpool Self- Propelled Traffic Association.
LANCASTER, E. H., staff engineer to the Automobile Club Great Britain and Ireland; formerly motor expert to Mr. Harmsworth.
LAMPLOUGH, FREDERICK, C.E., of Oak Hill Park, Frognal, who is a Board of Trade engineer, is th t two steam cars-6 and 24-horse-power respectively—with Diamond and Collier tyres. He is at present engaged in designing steam cars and accessories for England, America, France, and Germany. Having designed some of the fastest machinery ashore and afloat, he hopes to "d, something good " for motoring, as he desires to see England ahead of all other countries in this industry. His hobbies are sailing, yachting, and rowing. Club: junior Conservative.
LANGRISHE, CAPT. H. R., J.P. Although better known yat•hli, And circles than in the automobile rank s, there are few more enthusiastic motoring magnates than Captain H. R. Lang- fish, J.P., the NI aster of the Kilkenny Foxhounds, and the yachting colleague of the King. He started motoring with a Beeston tricycle, but he now uses a 7-horse Panhard.
LANGRISHE, MRS., Knocktopher Abbey, Co. Kilkenny, Ireland, the wife of the Master of the Kilkenny foxhounds, is a good motorist. who is often to be seen driving her Panhard car in the Kilkenny district.
LE BLON, MADAME, of Paris, has accompanied her husband on most of his record runs. Has entered her new Serpollet for the Nice races, in the coming spring, and hopes to travel at ninety miles per hour thereon.
LAWES, SIR CHARLES BENNETT, BART., was an expert amateur bicyclist before he took to motoring, .d he hails the motor sport as a hap, combination of the intellectual and athletic faculties. His garage at his studio at Chelsea Gardens houses a 24-horse Panhard and a 2o-horse brougham, made by the Motor Manufacturing Company. He journeys on his car daily from his town house to the beautiful old family place, Rothampstead, Herts, and his average speed on country roads is twenty-seven miles an hour.
LEBAUDY, M. ROBERT, is a member of the great French sugar-refining firm of Lebaudy Brothers, and is vice-president of the Aero Club. His hobby is the dirigible balloon, and his latest airship, which has several novelties in its construction, is to be launched this year.
LIEBERT, EDMUND BERNHARD, Parklands, Merrow, Guildford, owns an 8-horse Gardner-Serpollet. Took an important part in yachting matters from 1860 to itko. Clubs: Army and Navy, Royal Yacht Squadron.
LIPTON, SIR THOMAS, is one of the most notable recruits to the pleasures of motoring, and has " gone in " for it with the thoroughness that characterises everything he dots. He has a fine motor-car stable, in which he can house, with ease, five cars. One of his favourite cars. is a 2o-horse Panhard.
LOWE, DR. G. N., of Castle Hill House, Lincoln, drives a 4i-horse Locomobile, which he uses for professional calls. Dr. Lowe says he was the first to introduce mechanical highway traction—by means of the bicycle—into Lincoln.
t,,,11,7,,,rit:11 .!rt'of }alt?t=o1i
t,'iITdI'llIo%:etiefttt r motoring in
LOFTUS, MISS KITTY, spends most of her spare time on her 8-horse Argyll car. On provincial tours she always travels by motorcar. Miss Loftus claims for motoring that it is a healthy recreation, a thorough tonic, and sleep producer and for "nerves" she considers motoring to be the one thing needful. The attractive posters advertising "Naughty Nancy" exceeding the legal limit on a motor-car excited the fury of some of the provincial police.
LLOYD, MAJOR WILLIAM, J.P., D.L., Rockville, Drumlaw, Co. Roscommn, Ireland, owns a 6-horse Gardner-Serpollet and an 81-horse Decauville. Hobbies: ',Ming and shooting. Chills Kildare, Dublin, and Automobile Club of Great Britain and Ireland.
LOCKERT, MDME., owner and editor of Le Chauffeur, Paris. Takes part in all the great motor-sport events. She once drove from Nice to Paris, including the crossing of the snow-covered Alps, in fort•-five hours.
LONG, RIGHT HON. WALTER H., M.P., as President of the Local Government Board, Mr. Long has an important interest for automobilists. His department has great power to make or mar the pleasure of motorists in the use of the road, and it is somewhat of a comfort to them to know that Mr. bong is a good all-round sportsman. A keen huntsman, and possessed of the instincts which enable him to enjoy the delights of quick motion, Mr. Long is generally credited wills a leaning towards the extension of the present speed limit for motor-cars. He has had a certain amount of motoring experience on other people's cars' but does not yet appear to have developed into the ownership of one. If he did, it is pretty certain that a gentleman of his temperament would soon range himself on the side of the motorist who, whilst desiring to keep within the 114w, yet sees no crime in putting on pace on an otherwise deserted road.
LOVELL, 5. 0., A.M.I.M.E., A.S.I., of Stickney, Boston, has a 51-horse Benz. Disapproves of the numbering proposal as likely to lead to injustice and not being is deterrent of reckless scorching. is a member of the Lincolnshire Automobile
LOUTH, LORD. The Irish Automobile Club is to be congratulated on having added to its ranks such an all-round sportsman as Lord Louth. His Lordship is an enthusiastic motorist, and promises to be as keen on his new hobby as on yachting, at which he is an expert. Lord Louth was born on the yacht " Pilgrim " off Dieppe.
LOVAT, LORD, is the latest convert to automobilism, and his first motor-car was delivered at Beaufort Castle in December last.
LOUBET, PRESIDENT, opened the recent Paris Automobile Show, and emphasized the importance to France of the automobile industry. Has done all in his power to help the industry, and by his patronage has helped the French nation to the proud position of the greatest automobile manufacturing country in the world.
LOUBET, MADAME, the wife of the President of the French Republic, is one of the most recent converts to motoring, and is delighted with her new source of obtaining healthy outdoor exercise.
LONORIDGE, CAPTAIN, C.C., is an authority on oil-motors, and has patented an oil- engine which he described together with other similar engines to a meeting of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers last October. He believes that there is a good market for a really reliable oil engine. Speaking of the relative merits of horizontal and vertical engines, Captain Longridge held the opinion that neither type is going to stay.
LYSTER, A. 0., engineer of the Mersey Docks Estate, and Engineer-in-Chief to the Port of London, is the vice-president of the Liverpool Self-Propelled Traffic Association, and has long been a convert to the great possibilities of self-propelled traffic. Mr. Lyster is also a member of the Automobile Club, and has done excellent work in endeavouring to remove the legislative restrictions which hamper the motorcar industry. H. owned at one time or another an 8-horse Peugeot, an Ariel quad, and a Werner bicycle. By means of the automobile he has saved two to three hours per day in his professional duties.
LUCKMAN, DICK A., is "Specks,- the well-known writer of sporting articles in the " Daily Express," of which paper he is sporting editor. No subject seems to come amiss to this versatile authority on sport, whether it be horse or automobile racing, or his favourite game —cricket. In the latter sport he distinguished himself last year by the happy idea of getting together a number of cricket bats with records attached to them, and selling them through the " Express " for a charity. As much as iso was paid for W. G. Grace's blade, and the sale realised several hundred pounds. As a writer in the Paris edition of the New York Herald, of which paper he was editor for some years, he was the first to bring NI. Santos-Dumont into prominence, and has written many letters and pamphlets on ballooning. He was a prominent figure in Paris Aso in racing and polo circles. For many years horse-racing was his "strong suit... Mr. Lockman, who possesses a marked individuality, is in appearance a great likeness of the late Corn, Grain. "Spedex " commenced his newspaper career in the Parliamentary gallery —the best of all schools. At 23 he was editor of two prominent Australian journals, and two years later started the first real sporting newspaper in Australia—The Sportsman. He is very keen—owing to his Parisian experience—on Automobilism, and has one mild craze which he is always harping on that the terms " motoring " and "motor car" should be tabooed, and " mobling " and "automobile " invariably replace them. This is possibly acquired from Mr. James Gordon Bennett, who has laid down this rule in his journal.
MACDONALD, SIR JOHN H. A., K.C.B. It can safely be asserted without fear of contradiction that no one has done more to promote the success of the motoring industry in Scotland than the Right Honourable Sir J. H. A. Macdonald, K.C.B., LL.D., F.R.S.S. L. E.), the President of the Scottish Automobile Club, and a prominent founder-member of the Automobile Club of Great Britain and Ireland. Sir John Macdonald has had a more varied career than falls to the lot of most men, and in addition to his many duties he is the Lord Justice Clerk of Scotland. He is one of the foremost experts on military drill and tactics, and is a lecturer of great prominence on scientific subjects. Sir John's connection with motoring dates from the earliest days of the industry, and the strong advocacy he has always made for the motor-car has done much to mitigate the prejudice against the vehicle. Sir John Macdonald was the Chaffinan of the Judges in the Glasgow Exhibition Trials, and was the president of the inaugural meeting of the Scottish Automobile Club. He does not favour high speed for private gentlemen, and "thinks twenty miles an hour on a level road a good average speed for healthy enjoyment.
Sir John Macdonald is a great believer in the motor-car for warfare, and in the days of his command of the Queen's Brigade—the largest regiment, by the by, in His .Majesty's service— he staggered the old fashioned military officers by using traction engines for propelling his food and baggage trains—a 'it, revolutionary proceeding in those days. His Lordship owns and drives a to-horse Delallaye car, and is one of the most genial and respected motorists in the Land o' Cakes. lie lives at Aberrromb•-place, Edinburgh, and his chief hobbies are g )II, lawn-tennis, electricity, and driving. His clubs are the Constitutional, Ilse New Edinburgh, the Royal Societies, and the Automobile Club of Great Britain and Ireland. It is interesting to note that it was through the exertions of Sir John Macdonald that postcards were first introduced into this count,. Sir John Macdonald was the first judge to go on circuit on a motor-car, and on more than one journey last year hr found his car more expeditious than the train.
MACDONALD, NORMAN DORAN, is as ardent a chauffeur as his father, Sir J. H. A. Macdonald, in his love of motoring:111,1 his enthusiasm for the mechanical sciences, and is a recognised authority on all railway subjects—particularly on the designs of locomotives and rolling stock. A great many of the improvements in the design of locomotives and railway carriages are due to the initiative and never-ceasing energy of Mr. MacDonald, who has also het, responsible for important improvements in train speeds, time-table arrangements, &c., both in Great Britain and the United States. NI, MacDonald, who has a wide experience of American railways, acted as guide to the chief officers, the North Eastern Railway, when they made their inspection of the American railmacts in 1891, and subsequent, made an inspection of the Belgian, Prussian and Russian railways, penetrating as far as Moscow, and observing the starting of the Siberian express which has its terminus in that city. The commercial aspect of motoring early appealed to Mr. Macdonald's business instincts, and at the commencement of his motoring career he became a director in the first public service company formed on a large scale in Scotland. On the formation of the Scottish Automobile Club he was elected Chairman of the General Council, and took a prominent part in making the arrangements for the Club's 1,000 Trial in Scotland. He was also much to the fore in the Glasgow Reliability Trials. Mr. MaccImild possesses considerable legal knowledge, and recently put it to good service in preventing the Edinburgh Magistrates from investing themselves with some foolish and absurd powers that would have placed motorists completely at their mercy. The application of heavy motor vehicles for merchandise has claimed the special attention of Mr. MacDonald for it long time past, and with his partners, the lion. C. S. Rolls and Mr. Allison D. Smith, he is the proprietor and patentee of a steam lorry, which will car, any weight up to seven tons, and has a tare of scarcely three tons. He is an opponent of the extension of tramways, arguing that they blockade the streets, are slow and not handy, and that they should be superseded by motor-cars. Mr. MacDonald, in spite of his heavy motoring duties, still finds time to devote attention to military matters, and not very long ago received his commission as a captain in the Highland Battalion of Illy Royal Scots.
MACMILLAN, GEORGE, Corstorphine Hill House, Midlothian, drives a tfi-horse De Dietrich, fitted with special Michelin racing tyres. Hobbies hunting and shooting. Is secretary and treasurer of the Scottish Automobile Club (Eastern Section). Considers the motor car will make nearly as much change in life as steam and electricity have done in the last century, and that the motor industry will shortly rival ()fir shipping.
MACKENZIE, BART., SIR J: KENNETH, D., 8, Branham Gardens, South Kensington, London, is interest,' in automobilism on account of pleasure and the advancement of the industry from the practical point of view. Studied engineering at the works of Sir NV. G. Armstrong, and was for many years engaged in 11,e earlier development of electrical engineering. Has contributed to various scientific journals and societies. Clubs: Caledonian, Automobile, and Royal London Yacht.
MAORATH, J.P., COL. JOHN RICHARD, who lives at Bann-aboo, near NN'exford, is an automobilist who has a very poor opinion of some of his fellow magistrates when adjudicating upon motorists' speed cases. " My opinion is," says Col. Magrath, "that a number of silly, narrow-minded, nervous, and prejudiced old women on the Bench and in the County Councils are keeping back an industry which, if allowed fair play, will prove of incalculable advantage to our country." The Colonel drives a 7-horse Turret' light car, and one of his hobbies is that of mechanics, he may be regarded as at practical motorist. He is a J.P. for the County of \‘'ilts, and member of the Constitutional and Automobile Clubs, London, and the Irish Automobile Club.
MANVILLE, MRS. E., 21, Cadogan Gardens, London, S.W. There are few better or more popular thaw/et/so than Mrs. E. Manville, who is a familiar figure at all the Automobile Club runs. She began with a smart little 6-horse Gladiator car, which she christened " Peggy," and on which she toured extensively in Great Britain and on the Continent. Peggy's successor is a t 2-horse Gladiator, named " Maria," which is fitted at will with a cosy protective top. Mrs. Manville is an excellent " whip " and all-round sportswoman, hunts and follows the hounds kith test, rides every morning in the Row, and is an accomplished switnuter.
MANVILLE, E., is one of the most popular and energetic members of the Executive Committee of the Automobile Club, and is also a director of the Daimler Company. He has been an active motorist for over three years, owns five cars — four of which are "Royal Daimlers," and his latest car is a 22 horse-power Daimler, on which he last year completed a 3,000 miles tour without any accident or breakdown. NI, Manville is also a Surrey magistrate.
MARCONI, WILLIAM, though up to his eyes in work connected with his great wireless telegraphy business, manages to devote a little time to motor-cycling, of which he is passionately enamoured. He rides a ,'cruet,:11111 has (01111d it of great use in Cornwall in connection with his telegraph station. One of his receiving stations travels about on a steam car, and he has projected an electric accumulator which will he capable of running a car soo or boo miles without charging. Mr. Marconi's mother was a resident of Dublin.
MARSDEN, BENJAMIN, of Wensley, Heaton C11:1,1, 01011S 7i-horse, to-horse, and 20-horse Wolseley cars, on which he drives to henelit his health. He had previously owned Marshall and Gardner-Serpollet cars. His other hobbies are yachting and fly-fishing. Clubs: Automobile Club of Great Britain and Ireland and Royal Mersey Yacht Club.
MARTIN, MRS. BIDDULPH, Norton Park, Bredon's Norton, !war Tewkesbury, was among the early users of motor-cars, and has owned a Daimler and a Panhard. Her latest car is a 20-horse Nlerct:cles Simplex, which her talented daughter, NIiss %lila 'Woodhull, drives most skilfully, and which is much used by the many guests who gather together in the intellectual and sympathetic atmosphere of Norton Park.
MARWOOD, FREDK. T., J.P., The Lodge, Pleasington, near Blackburn, owns a 2-horse Belsiie, with which he is well pleased. Music, golf, and mechanics are his favourite occupations along with motoring. He finds motoring a delightful pursuit, and a health giving and most sociable pastime. Ile is a consistent advocate of moderate speeds, and considers a maximum speed of twenty mile an hour ample.
MAYHEW, MR. MARK, L.C.C. There are few 1000 in Great Britain that have done more to promote the interests of motoring than Mr. Mark Mayhew, the London County Council member for Wandsworth, and the Vice-President of the Automobile Club. To his enthusiasm for motoring, Mr. Mayhew owes his introduction to his charming wife, who is as great an enthusiast as himself, and can drive almost any car. Mr. Mayhew believes in the motor-car for both pleasure and business purposes, and in addition to always having some three or four pleasure cars in his garage at " Scio," Putney Heath, he uses some huge o-horse Napier lorries in connection with the flour mills of which he is the proprietor. His favourite car is the Napier, and he considers that Messrs. Napier are in the forefront of English makers. A so-horse Napier is a prominent feature of Mr. Mayhew's garage. Mr. Mark Mayhew rode a 70-horse Panhard in the Paris-Vienna race of last year, and made a very good performance; but remembering the prowess his competitors, was not surprised at not being '14 in:it the "death.- The Automobile Volunteer Corps, which military experts pronounce an excellent addition to military acquisition, owes its inception to Mr. Mark Mayhew, who spared neither time, trouble, nor expense, ill forming this most efficient corps. His cars include a 24-horse Pascal, 7-horse Panhard, Baby Peugeot, in addition h, his racing Napier and Panhard. His chief hobby is in organizing the Automobile Volunteer Corps, to which he devotes a large amount of valuable time. He believes in motoring because it is a healthy recreation, affords increased facilities for workers to live outside towns, saves wear and tear of roadways, ensures cleanliness of streets and reduction of noise, and thinks that eventually mechanical locomotion and haulage will triumph over all other methods. Clubs: Cavalry, Ranclagh and Automobile.
MAYHEW, MRS. MARK, Scio, Putney Heath, began as a motorist on her husband's 7-horse Panhard. She now drives, and constantly attends the .1ero Club balloon-chasing contests, on a 2c-horse Pascal.
MAXIM, SIR HIRAM 5., C.E., M.E., has conducted extensive experiments with a view to ascertaining how much power is required to propel an airship. Has offered a prize for a reliable airship. Has designed the Maxim airsh,. Furnished much valuable data as an indispensable guide to the constructor of airships and flying machines. Is also an enthusiastic motorist.
McIVER, SIR LEWIS, BART., M.P. The active interest taken by SE Lewis McIver in motoring is well known. He is one of the oldest members of the Automobile Club, is on the General Council appointed to confer with the club committee on questions affecting motoring generally, and is always ready with advice or assistance to any embryo enthusiast who may be in difficulties. He has given valuable assistance at speed and consumption trials, and took an active part in the passing of the Locomotives on Highways Ad. Sir Lewis McIver represents West Edinburgh in the House of Commons, and resides at Southampton and Brighton, his town house being in Brook Street. •
McLEAN, WILLIAM, of St. Vincent Street, Glasgow, is interested in automobiles as a maker and dealer: member of the Scottish Automobile Club.
MECREDY, R. J., B.A., of 2, Dame Court, Dublin, is the editor of .tor Arras, and an enthusiastic touring motorist. He drives a to-horse Siddeley car, and is a member of the Irish Automobile Club. When he wants a variety of recreation he indulges in fishing or camping out.
MERCER, F. HOWARD, F.R.P.S., of Grasmere, Acton, W., drives a 5-horse Peugeot. He participates in automobilism because of a love of the sport and a delight in its mechanical aspect. Is a skilful amateur mechanic, and has effected several improvements on his car. Was the first arrival in Grosvenor Square on the muster for the 1,000 miles' trial. Clubs: Automobile and Aero.
MERTON, HENRY B. Motoring and mechanics are essentially a part of the existence of Mr. Henry B. Merton, of 3, Palace Houses, Bayswater, W. He possesses a completely fitted workshop, in which he spends many hours experimenting with new ideas for the improvement of motor-cars. He is now engaged in perfecting a vibrationless motor, which gets rid of all gearing, levers, and intermediate tackle. Mr. Merton has been driving a 10-horse Georges Richard car.
MONTAGU, LADY VICTORIA SCOTT-, Beaulieu, Brockenhurst, Hants, is a daughter of the late Marquis of Lothian, and has toured nearly all over England and France. Took part in the i,000 miles' trial, and often starts at 4 a.m. during the summer months for a run from Beaulieu to London. First drove a 6-horse Daimler wagonette, also a t s-horse of the same type. She thinks a to-horse car the outside limit for a lady's strength. Is very fond of horses, and is a talented musician.
MONTAGU, THE HON. J. W. E. DOUGLAS SCOTT-, M.P., of Beaulieu,
Hampshire, is the author of the 1,11 which proposes to provide for the numbering of motorists. He has driven the King is his car, a 24-horse Daimler, and contributed to the literature of automobilism. Has travelled in America, Japan, China, Egypt, and South Africa. Clubs Automobile, Carlton, Bachelors', Beefsteak.
MORGAN, CAPT. DAVID HUGHES, Bank House, Brecon, and 55, Sussex Gardens, London, W., owns to-horse Wolseley, 41-horse Progress cars, and an electric brougham. Hobbies: shooting, hunting, fishing. Desires to see motoring generally adopted, and wishes to abolish the speed limit. When motoring in the neighbourhood of Brecon, Capt. Morgan frequently beats the railway train by a couple of hours. Clubs: Ram:high, Sports, and Automobile.
MILLER, WALTER F., M.B., B.S., M.R.C.S., L.R.C.P., of Ivy Lodge, Wrangle, Boston, uses a 41-horse De Dion to do the work of three horses and carriages. Member of the Lincolnshire Automobile Club.
Mr. Frankfort Moore.
MOSLEY, TONMAN, D.L., J.P., C.A., of Flangors Park, Ivor, Bucks, owns an electric phaeton and an eight-horse Serpollet landau. Is opposed to road racing and dangerous driving; is in favour of registration, and heavy penalties for "scorchers." Clubs: Oxford and Cambridge, and Automobile.
MOSS, W. E., the new secretary of the Liverpool Self-Propelled Traffic Association, is an expert motorist, and is particularly interested in heavy motor vehicles. He is the son of Mr. W. R. Moss, of Bolt, and is a partner in the firm of Messrs. Davies, Refl.. and Co., of Liverpool. Mr. Moss was educated at Rugby and Trinity College, Oxford and is well-known in Liverpool. He is remarkably energetic, and will bring great business knowledge to bear on his new duties.
MULLINER, H. J., of "Ellerton," Putney Common, W., is a founder member of Automobile Club Great Britain and Ireland. He drives an 8-horse De Dion.
MURCHISON, C. KENNETH, Mayor of Hertford, owns a 4i-horse De Dion-Bouton. Clubs: Bath and Automobile.
MURRAY, JOHN, K.C.B., F.R.S., D.Sc., 1.1.0., Knight Prussian Order of Merit, of Challenger Lodge, Wardle, Edinburgh, owns a c-horse Albion. His other- sports or hobbies are cycling, golf, yachting, oceanography. Has used the motor principally in connection with work dealing with it buthymetric survey of the fresh-water lochs of the United Kingdom. During the past summer 152 lochs were surveyed. And the motor travelled—chiefly in the highlands of Scotland—about 5,000 miles without any serious delay or mishap. Clubs: Athenaeum, Royal Societies, Automobile, So.
MURRAY, THOMAS BLACKWOOD, B.Sc., M.I.E.E., 3, Clarence Drive, Kelvin- side, is a director of the Albion Motor-Car Co., Ltd. Hobbies: Shooting and outdoor sports generally, and physics and electricity. Advocates moderation in speed, as he considers the present " score.," tendencies are doing more to hinder the movement than anything else also advocates the improvement of roads generally, and the laying down of steel or concrete min highways for the use of rubber-tyred vehicles only between the principal towns through-. out the country. Club: Automobile Club Great Britain and Ireland.
MURRAY, MAJOR STUART, rides a Century tandem and trailer, which carries three persons besides himself, and has travelled 2,500 miles in six months. He claims that he is able to get as much service out of the Century tandem and trailer as out of it ear, and he is able to car, four passengers.
MUSGRAVE, LADY, of Eden Hall, Cumberland, is an enthusiastic motor owner, and well-known as it very graceful driver. She started with an 18-horse Daimler car specially built for her use, whit, the King has several times driven, and been very pleased with. Lady Musgrave parted with her lit-horse Daimler for a higher power of the same make.
MUSGRAVE, THOS. C., 17, Clifford Street, London, W., OW. a •s-horse Werner motor bicycle. Regards motor cycling as being within the reach of people of moderate means, and in the future to take the place of the ordinary cycle. The present tendency, he thinks, is to make motor cycles of much Its high horse power. Clubs Bachelors', Union, and Automobile.
horse HENRYe' . curling. Clubs a Automobile, Dion nickluit(8):
NEWNES, SIR GEORGE, Bart., recently commenced his motoring career by buying an American steam car, and joining the Automobile Club of Great Britain and Ireland.
NAINBY, CHARLES MANBY, Thorganby HAI, Grimsby, is a motorist because he recognises that motoring has a great future, both from business and pleasure points of view. He has two Motor Manufacturing Company's cars-5i and to horse-power respectively. He is a member of the Lincolnshire Automobile Club.
NISBET, JAMES R:, of 24, Holborn Viaduct, London, E.C., and 19, Queen Street, Glasgow, owns a Clement and a Locomobile. He joined the Self-Propelled Traffic Association in its earliest days from a sentimental standpoint, and is now interested in the trade. Assisted in founding the Scottish Club, and was first chairman of the Western Section of that Club. Clubs: Automobile Clubs of Great Britain and Ireland, and Scottish Automobile Club.
NIXON, ALFRED, the manager of the Motor Insurance department of the General Accident Assurance Corporation, Ltd., has wheeled from Land's End to John O'Groats. He made the first too miles' tricycle path record in 7 i101.11, 23 minutes 50* sec. at the Crystal Palace in 1881.
NIXON, C. BASIL, A.M.I.M.E., is managing director of the Manchester Motor Transport Company, Ltd.. and a number of the L.P.S.T.A.
O'CALLA(iHAN, R. G. 16th Dragoons), of Brackenstown Hall, Swords, Co. Dublin, owns 3o-horse and O-horse Daimlers. Hopes to see the Gordon Bennett Cup contest raced in Ireland.
O'GRADY, GUILLAMORE, M.A., of Fitzwilliam Square, Dublin, who is 00 the committee of the Irish Ault mobile Club, owns it 14-horse Daimler and it tc-horse Clement. •Clubs: Kildare Street, Royal St. George Yacht, and Automobile.
ONSLOW, THE EARL OF, is not only it skilful car chaull•ur and a motor-car owner, but is a member of the General Council of the Automobile Club and of the Surrey County Council. He has it charming residence at Clandon Park, Guildford, and drives to and fro in a petrol car. Formerly he possessed an American steam car, which he used principally for London work.
PARKER, THE HON. HENRY. The Hon. Henry Parker's favourite Lunscl:de, built by the Daimler Co. It is identical in size and rnnstructirnt to r aDa2itrere
.built its supplied to the Ding.
PADLEY, ARTHUR AUGUSTUS, of Hill House, Market Rasen, Lincolnshire, is a busy solicitor who has time for only one hobby—and that is motoring. His stud of cars Comprises an 8-horse De Dion, a 6-horse Beaufort, and a 2-horse Beeston-Humber motor- bicycle. Mr. Padley took up automobilism because of his fondness for all mechanical modes of progression. He wishes to bring about an improvement in the condition of the roads throughout the kingdom, in order that motor-cars " may have a fair chance." At the present time, Mr. Padley contends, the car is in a far higher state of development than is the road. He does not intend to be without a car for the rest of his life. Clubs: Automobile Club of Great Britain and Ireland, and Lincolnshire Automobile Club.
PAINE, MRS. CLAUDE, 33, Carlisle Mansions, S.W., owns a lia-horse Clement and a 51-horse Locomobile. Her subsidiary hobbies are bull-dog breeding, and the collection of old silver; but she motors to a view to quicker locomotion. She drove 16,000 miles in eight months of last year. Has ordered a 20-horse car.
PARKER, CHARLES. Since the passing of the motorist's relief Act, Mr. Parker, a well-known Leeds automobilist, has owned four cars and several motorcycles. As a hobby, lie confesses to motor racing. He claims to be the oldest professional driver and car owner in Leeds, and was the first man in the North to introduce a motor-car into a pantomime. He is a member of the Yorkshire Automobile Club.
PATERSON, J. H., Union Street, Itherdeen, Managing Director of the Caledonian Motor Co., Ltd., owns several cars. Has been a motorist since 5897. Clubs: Scottish Automobile Club and Union, Aberdeen.
PEALL, W. J., in addition to his prowess as a billiard player, is also an expert motorcar driver. He owns a 12-horse Daimler, which won the Bexhill Town Cup for the best appearance at the motor races and speed trials on Whit 'Monday, 5952.
PEARSON, C. ARTHUR, the editor and proprietor of the London Daily Express the Midland Express and Evening Despatch, of Birmingham; the North Mail, of Newcastle; the Evening News, of Leicester; Pearson's Weekly, Pearson's Magazine, the Royal Maozine, Home Notes, Ike., is an accomplished motorist. The distinguished publisher was enthusiastic and extensive horse-breeder, until two years ago, when Ise adopted mechanical propulsion. He is the owner of several cars, including an 15-horse and an 58-horse Mors cars, and a 16-horse Benz. Mr. Pearson's career in journalism has been 'loth,.' short of a marvel. At the age of nineteen he courageously applied for the management of Sir George Newnes' publishing business—he got the post, and held it for about five years, when he resigned and started Pearson's Weekly. Thenceforward Mr. Pearson went on making a striking reputation in the newspaper business until he has become the owner of all the journals mentioned at the head of this paragraph. Individually, Mr. Pearson is one of the hardest workers in England. When he was starting the Daily Express he daily worked from ten in the morning until seven the next morning—even manipulating the printing machines in his shirt sleeves, along with the printers' labourers. For six months after the paper had been initiated he worked at the office every day from from noon to three or four the following morning. One of his most practical hobbies is the " Pearson Fresh As Fund," by means of which thousands of children of the slums have been able to enjoy each summer those pleasures of the country to which they would otherwise be total strangers.
PEARSON, MRS. C. ARTHUR, 192, Que.'s Gate, London, S.W., is one of the prettiest style drivers among the kitty automobilists in London. She started with a dainty white 6-horse Bardon, which she has recently parted with. She now drives is " stud " of a 14-horse Benz, an 18-horse, and an 15-horse Mors, with equal skill. Mrs. Pearson is an excellent four-in-hand whip, always dresses charmingly, en auto, and uses an electric brougham for calls and shopping.
PECK, MRS. HARLAND, 9, Belgrave Square, London, S.W., is is comparatively recent convert to motoring. Began to drive is to-horse Panhard, but has now is 16-horse Panhard in which she contemplates touring in France.
PECKHAM, F. W., of Is, Inverness Terrace, London, owns Oldsmobile, Baker, Winton, and other cars, from 4 to 2o-horse-power. Is a member of the Automobile Club of Great Britain and Ireland.
PEDLEY, GEO., The Haven, Sutton, Surrey, drives is 6-horse Gardner-Serpollet for pleasure, but desires to encourage improvement in our methods of road locomotion.
PENNELL, C. W., J.P., lives at Eastfield Lodge, Lincoln, and owns two cars—a t 6- horse and an 8-horse Durkopp. He motors for amusement; and most strongly objects to the numbering proposal. He thinks the present law will very soon be reasonably administered, and private drivers could afford to wait. He has been mayor of Lincoln. Clubs: Automobile Club of Great Britain and Ireland, and Lincolnshire Automobile Club.
PENNELL, MRS. C. W., Easffield Lodge, Lincoln, is the wife of is very popular member of the Lincolnshire Automobile Club, and drives an t8-horse Durkopp car. S. is a Well-known driver in the club runs, and manages her car with great dexterity.
PIERREPONT, EVELYN, THE HON., J.P. There is not much that the Hon. Evelyn Piert,ont does not know about the motor-car, and he is the more notable as a motorist since he keeps no engineer. He possesses a 6-horse Serpollet, built at York, and is convinced that this type of car is the easiest to run, and keep going on the road wit.ut professional assistance or advice. Mr. Pierrepont is not only a skilful driver, but he thoroughly understands the mechanism of his car. His favourite run is from London to his charming house, Highani Grange, near Nuneaton.
PIERSON, MAJOR JOHN E., St. Elmo, Worthing, drives a 31-horse De Dion voiturette, which he uses for personal convenience and amusement. Clubs: Naval and Military, Constitutional, Bath, and Automobile.
PIKE, J.P., EBENEZER, of Carrigrohane, County Cork, is a member of the Irish Automobile Club, whose principal aim in furthering motoring is to secure the improvement of the Irish roadways. Mr. Pike drives a 6-horse Gardner-Serpollet car, British built.
PILCHER, MONTAOUE S., M.A., 3o, Hertford Street, Mayfair, London, W., and Worthing, has a stud of cars including 22-horse Daimler, to-horse Lanchester, and to-horse Ariel. His hobby is that of mechanics. Clubs: United, University, junior Athenaeum, and Automobile,
PIZZEY, MARK, Heath Villa, Ascot, Berks, is an extensive owner of racehorses—he has about forty in his stables at a time—who has taken to automobilism as a sport. He drives 12 and 8-horse Panhards, fitted with Dunlop tyres.
PORTLAND, THE DUKE OF. One of the best friend, ?,1 the motor-car industry is the Duke of Portland, whose generosity in placing his Welbeck motor track at the disposal of the Automobile Club has proved of inestimable value.
PORTLAND, DUCHESS OF, Welbeck Abbey, Notts. Has recently become a convert to automobilism, and constantly drives her to-horse Lanchester car, especially during the shooting season at their various sporting lodges in Scotland.
PLUNKET, HON. & REV. B. J., M.A., the second son of Baron Plunket, Archbishop of Dublin, is all ardent motorist, who drives a 9-horse Daimler, fitted with solid Buffer tyres. Resides at Aghade, Tullow, Co. Carlow; is curate of St. Peter's, Dublin. Clubs: University, Dublin, and Irish Automobile.
POETTINO, COUNT, is one of the pioneers of motoring in Austria, and was president of the Automobile Club of Austria in tool, but had to resign on account of an affection of the eyesight. He is an important Government official, and has proved is pillar of strength not only to the Austrian Automobile Club, but to automobilism throughout the country.
PLAYER, JOHN, J.P., M.C.E., who resides at the Qua, ClOach, R.S.0.. Glamorgan, owns a 7-horse Panhard, having graduated successively on a Beeston tricycle and is Benz. Member of the Automobile Club of Great Britain and Ireland.
POWNEY, MRS. CECIL, of Bainbridge House, Eastleigh, Hants, and i 17, Piccadilly, London, W., is one of the most beautiful women in London, and one of the most expert of feminine chauffeuses. She can drive any type of car, but has a preference for the 12-horse Gladiator. Mrs. Powney is always most daintily dressed, whether she he steering a car in Piccadilly or Hyde Park. or taking it prolonged run through the New Forest, which is one of her favourite motoring haunts.
PORTSMOUTH, THE EARL OF, although he does not personally drive his motor-cars, is a keen motorist, and owns several cars. He prefers to travel by his 16-horse Napier car from London to his Hampshire seat, Hurstbourne Park, rather than by train, because it does the journey quicker and is more comfortable. The Earl of Portsmouth thinks that for agricultural purposes the motor-car will prove a great boon, and will entirely supersede light railways—perhaps even threaten our present railway system. The Earl does not like the present speed limit, and has sped—under Mr. S. F. Edge's skilful guidance—at fifty-six miles an hour along Hampshire roads.
PRA DE, (GORGES, although quite a young man, is one of the most energetic and clever editors of that most up-to-date and go-ahead French motoring journal, the L'Auto, published daily in Paris. His announcements are read eagerly every thy by thousands of motorists, and his advice is always thoroughly reliable.
PRIOR-WANDESFORD, R.N., J.P., D.L., of Castlecomer House, Castlecomer, County Kilkenny, has a 9-horse Napier and it i2-horse. He thinks that motors should be cheapened in price so that they can be owned by a large number of people of moderate means, and thus foster motoring. He is a member of the Kildare Street Club, Dublin.
PURCHASE, E. KEYNES, F.S.1., who was responsible for the handsome alteration and embellishment of the Automobile Club last year, is an enthusiastic chauffeur, and has covered over 4o,000 miles on his Daimler since he joined the Club. Mr. Purchase is it native of Herefordshire, and came to London twenty years ago. He is the honorary architect of the Automobile Club, and is the premier architect of the motoring world. He has a cosy home near Weybridge, Surrey, and often travels to and from his office in Queen Victoria Street on his motor-car.
RADCLYFFE, MRS., 3n, Montague Mansions, Portman Square, London, W., is an admirable driver, and a thorough automobile sportswoman. She originally drove an 8-horse car, but in the early part of 19o2 she purchased a 12-horse Mors, which has been a great favourite with her ever since.
RADFORD, C. A. F., of Caddagh, Navan, County Meath, entertains a very patriotic idea in connection with motoring, and considers the Gordon I3ennett cup should be raced for in Ireland. He hopes it will take many Englishmen on their cars. That course would, lie believes, take much money where it is badly needed. Mr. Radford's stud of motor-cars includes it to-horse Daimler, a 6-horse Marshall, and he has it 12-horse Daimler on order. He is member of the Automobile Club of Great Britain and Ireland, and the Irish Automobile Club.
REECE, J. GRAHAM, of Sefton Park, Liverpool, owns a 61-horse Daimler; wishes to produce motor vans to carry loads varying from 12 to 20 cwt.
RAWLINGS, HENRY, of Southton House, Collingbourite, Dorchester, owns two cars— one, fi•horse Rex, and the other a 3i-horse Bollix. His hobbies, apart from motoring, are shooting and hunting.
RAY, MISS RUBY, the popular actress, is an expert motor-car driver, and owns a pretty " Belle " Car. Miss Ray conies from Buenos Ayres, and began her stage career as 0 dancer, making her first success in Ireland as iris in "The Greek Slave."
RENARD, COLONEL Cc COMMANDANT, two brothers, are the manager and soh manager respectively, of the French Government's aeronautical works at Chalais-Meudon. At the commencement of last year they interviewed the Minister for War with the plans, which were accepted, of a new steerable aerostat. The Brothers Renard have been experimenting with steerable airships since 1884, but had to await the development of the motor—both petrol and electric, to satisfactorily perfect some of their inventions.
REYNOLDS, EDWARD PARKER, Ashdell Clubs: St. Stephen's and:\utomohile Club of Great Grove, e;;Sit=1:lIt'Icicl.ives " " -"°r Napier.
RICH, WILLIAM, of Trey, Catnborne, drives a 5-horse Panhard. He combines photography with his motoring hobby. Member of the Automobile Club of Great Britain and Ireland.
RICHARDSON, FRED, of Sibsey, Boston, Lincolnshire, drives a 5-horse Baby Peugeot. Commenced motoring in July, 1809. Is in favour of extending the legal speed limit, but is " dead against " the Scott Montagu Bill.
RICHARDSON, PERCY, is an experienced motorist, and is the London manager of the Daimler Co.
RICHARDSON, MRS. PERCY, is a skilful chauftuse, and drives a Daimler car.
RIPPON, CLAUDE, proprietor of the Oxford Times, and president of the Oxford Automobile Club. First drove a Panhard car, and now has a M.M.C. Is 0 warm exponent of motoring in his admirable newspaper, being one of the British editors who have been pioneers in promoting this great industry.
RIVES, M. GUSTAVE. To this gentleman belongs the credit of organising and carrying to successful issues the great Paris Automobile Shows, which since 1898 have afforded so much enjoyment and instruction to the motoring world. He is a distinguished architect known in many cities besides his own, Madrid, Seville, Buenos Ayres, and others, as a designer of beautiful and artistic buildings. He also reconstructed the present premises of the Automobile Club of France. In doing this work he provided the club with 0 home at once useful and artistic.
ROBERTS, MRS., of Farnley Tyas, near Huddersfield, frequently makes long trips on her to-horse Peugeot, and is an enthusiast in everything connected with motoring.
ROBERTS, JAMES, of Farnley Tyas, near Huddersfield, has driven his 12-horse Peugeot over to,000 miles. Commenced motoring four years ago with a Mors. Owns to a stainless police record.
ROBINSON, B. FLETCHER, 43, Buckingham Palace Mansions. London, W., believes in motoring because it will help the farmer to fight the monopolist railways, and also because it gives Londoners an opportunity to get a weekly breath of fresh air. Is fond of shooting, golf, and rowing, and was at one time a member of the Cambridge Football XV. Clubs: Reform, Union, Authors', and Leander.
ROOTS, JAMES D., M.I.MECH.E., too, Westminster Bridge Road, London, S.E., is an expert in the use of oil motors, to which he commenced to apply himself to far back as 1887. He is credited with having made the first successful working oil-engine in 1887. In 1892 he made a small oil motor for application to a tricycle; he also made and fitted on a launch the first oil engine used for launch or boat propulsion. In 1894 he exhibited, at the Stanley Show, a petroleum-driven motor for tricycles. The first petroleum-driven carriage produced in England was brought forward by Mr. Roots and his partner, Mr. C. E. Venables, lt.A. Mr. Roots has contributed several articles on gas and oil engines to the technical Press, and in 1899 read a paper on " Petroleum Motor Vehicles" before the Society of Engineers.
ROTHSCHILD, BARON HENRI DE, one of the most prominent of continental motorists, besides numerous racing cars, owns a 20-horse Pascal, and has made good road records in the neighbourhood of Nice. He fitted his car as an ambulance vehicle during several of last summer's continental road races. The Baron's early experiences, as told by himself, were very exciting and considerably dangerous. Shortly after his marriage, in 1896, he bought his first petrol motor, and on the advice of a friend, decided to drive himself. An obstructing cart, however, so frightened the novice that he lost both pedals and levers, pulled frantically at the steering bar. overturned the car, which was smashed to atoms, and considerably injured himself and his friend. The Baroness urged her husband to give up his dangerous pastime, but the fascination of the sport was too much, and to-day Baron Rothschild takes is day's journey of 464 miles, from Paris to Stuttgart, on his car, without thinking it anything extraordinary. As a physician, however, he strongly deprecates such prolonged journeys.
SAINSBURY, WILLIAM DRAPER, is an Irish automobilist, living nor Dublin, who confesses to having originally taken to motoring for pleasure purely, but now combines the pleasure with an endeavour to cure side slipping. Owns an 8-horse Argyll car, with Collier tyres. Member of the Automobile Club of Ireland, and the Leinster Club, Dublin.
SALOMONS, SIR DAVID, BART., was a very early advocate and leading pioneer of the horseless carriage in Great Britain, and was many times" held up" on the road by the arm of the law, for neglecting to provide it snail's-pace signalman waving a scarlet flag. He is the author of many learned books and widely-read pamphlets on electrical installations and allied subjects, and to take a motor to pieces or to design is novel type of or he regards as it labour of love. It was Sir Dodd Salomons who convened the great Self-Propelled Traffic Association meeting at the Cannon Street Hotel in November, 1895, and the motoring industry owes much to his expert knowledge and business aptitude. Sir David Salomons, whose country sot is at Broomhill, near Tunbridge Wells, possesses a rare talent and skill in all mechanical matters, is a barrister, is director of the South-Eastern Railway, and is Fellow of the Astronomical, and half-a-dozen other learned societies, and he is also it past vice-president and treasurer of the Institution of Electrical Engineers. He drives a twenty-horse Cannstatt-Daimler, fitted with magneto-electric ignition only. Sir David Salomons is is splendid whip, and on manage is four-in-hand as skilfully as he can drive his motor.
SANDERSON, THOMAS, 38, Queensferry Street, Edinburgh, drives is 3i-horse Benz car. Member of the Scottish Automobile Club. Supports motoring because he desires to " encourage every sensible person to enjoy God's fresh air, which is a free gift to all." Club Scottish Automobile.
SCARRITT, W. E. ,U.S.A.), is first vice - president of the Automobile Club of America. He wrote recently that there were 15,000 motorists in his country, adding:-" I learn that manufacturers expect, in t9o3, to turn out not less than 35,000 machines, so that there should be 50,000 automobiles in use before 1904. Apart from the pleasure part of automobiting, which is certain to broaden, the greatest future of power-driven machines is in commercial life. Eventually i expect to see the horse banished from the streets by this new factor in civilization."
SCHIFF, MISS EDITH, 40, Upper Brook street, Park Lane, London, \V., has the distinction of being the only lady motorist whose car took it prize at the Bexhill motor races and speed trials last year. Her 12-horse Panhard was steered on that occasion by Yves le Coaden, and secured the second prize, but, considering Miss Schiff's notable skill in driving-she has is Pennis de Conduirc, or French certificate of motoring capacity- all motorists will hope that on the next occasion she will herself steer the car to victory. At the Concours d'Elegance, at Monte Carlo, April 1902, Miss Schiff's car was awarded a prize.
SIMMINS, GEORGE, of Foxleigh, Warrington Road, Croydon, originally took motoring as a hobby; now he combines his pleasure in the sport with business, being the owner of an extensive motor engineering works in Brighton and other parts of Sussex. He has sold his 8-horse Mors, and is having is larger powered car built. He is is member of the Automobile Club of Great Britain and Ireland.
SERPOLLET, M. LEON. Probably few men, whose names are now household words in the ever-growing circle of those devoted to the fascinating pleasures of motoring, have a belt, right to a foremost position in the ranks of the pioneers of the industry than has M. Leon Serpollet. More than 35 years ago M. Serpollet rirC created no little sensation by the invention of a locomotive moth', of a very primitive type. Subsequently, as a young man, the son indicated the strong mechanical bent of his mind by turning attention to the production of a small steam engine for purposes of locomotion. This model, while differing to but a small extent from those usually constructed by lads of his age, was yet remarkable, in that it proceeded upon a clearly defined line in which, so far, other inventors had not yelled. This may be described, in brief, as the immediate production of vapour, in a limited space, by contact with a super-heated surface, of the smallest possible amount of water sufficient to bring about a thrust of the piston rod. All the world now knows of the success which has quickly followed the further developments, by the brilliant Frenchman and his partner, M. Gardner, of this youthful idea. This was just what might have been expected as a natural consequence, since NI. Serpollet, throughout an active career, has ever been a strenuous seeker aft, improvement. No principle is too wide, nor any detail too small, to secure his deep consideration. His aim is to attain a speed of too miles per hour. Clubs; Automobile Club of France; Automobile Club of Great Britain and Ireland; Automobile, Nice; Australian Automobile Club.
SHATTUCK, A. R. (U.S.A.), is president of the Automobile Club of America.
SHREWSBURY AND TALBOT, THE EARL OF, has devoted to the furtherance of motoring the time and the business acumen he formerly gave to another form of facile locomotion t but to use his own words, "cabs were all very well until the advent of the motor-car; nowadays they are too slow," the " Hansom " Earl turned his attention to motor-cars. His lordship is chairman of the British Automobile Syndicate, which is extensively engaged in the importation, manufacture, and repair of motor-cars, and almost every morning he pays a visit to the garage. Lord Shrewsbury's principal seats are at Ingestre Hall, near Stafford, and Alton Towers, Stoke- on-Trent, and his ',rind,' winter quarters are at Shavington, his lordship's hunting box near Crewe. A 24-horse Panhard is one of Lord Shrewsbury's favourite cars.
SIMMS, FREDERICK R. An eminent engineer, a far-seeing business man, and a keen sportsman is Mr. 1.rederick K. Si..im As head of the firm of consulting engineers (Messrs. Simms and Co.) he introduced into this country the Daimler motor in all its applications as far back as Ittoo. Besides acting as consulting engineer to many important items, including the leading motor car manufacturers, he was a personal friend of the late Mr. Gottlieb Daimler and 1,1r. Levassor. It is only since July, 1,02, that he ceased to be a director of the DaimkrMotoren-Gesellsehaft, of Cannstatt, the makers of the famous "Mercedes" ear, who voted him a three years director's salary on his retirement in recognition of past services. It is perhaps not generally known that Mr. Simms has initiated, and is responsible for, many an improvement in those celebrated cars. Together with his friend, the Hon. Evelyn Ellis, Mr. Simms undertook in July, (895, on a Panhard-Levassor car, in spite of the Red Flag Ad, what may be called the first modern motor car drive from Micheldever (close to Southampton) to Datchet. Realising the large possibilities of a new industry, Mr. Simms assisted in the repeal of the medieval Highways and Locomotives Acts, more especially by giving demonstrations of the then new form of locomotion at the Imperial Institute to both Houses of Parliament, on behalf of the Motor Car Club, of which lie was the rice-chairman and founder. Mr. Simms was subsequently consulted by Lord Thring, the celebrated parliamentary draughtsman, and Mr. Hobhouse, M.P., as to various clauses in the new Ad. Perhaps the greatest service Mr. Simms has rendered this country was when he founded the Automobile Club of Great Britain and Ireland,—a Club that has done such important work for motoring in this country. For three years Mr. Simms, as vice-chairman of the Club, in which capacity he did untiring work, bearing for a long time the entire financial burden of the Club unselfishly. Mr. Simms' technical achievements arc many. He is the owner of some sixty patents, many of which are in connection with motoring. Many improvements in motors and cars arc clue to him, and the armour-plated war-car, built to the order of Messrs. Vickers, Sons and Maxim, Limited, and the well-known Simms-Bosch magneto-electric ignition, are too generally known to need comment. Mr. Simms is also chairman of the Simms' Manufacturing Company, Ltd., 55. Southwark Street, London, S.E., engineers, who hold the sole license for the well-known Simms motors and Simms-Bosch magneto ignition.
SIMPSON, REV. RONALD H., M.A., of East Keal Rectory, Spilsby, Lincolnshire. rides a 21-horse Excelsior motor bicycle. He wishes to benefit England by assisting in the establishment of a great national industry. Disapproves of the numbering proposal. Club: Lincolnshire Automobile.
SINCLAIR, HOWARD F., M.D., L.R.C.P.I. This medico, who controls the Rostrevor Sanatorium, County Down, Ireland, owns an 8-horse Argyll and 3j-horse Benz, both of which he has used during the past three years as adjuncts to the sanatorium treatment. He has done this in emulation of the American practice, where for several years the motor car has played a prominent part in sanatorium routine. Dr. Sinclair's auxiliary hobbies include sailing and cycling. He is it member of the Automobile Club of Ireland, of the Royal Ulster Yacht Club, and of the Royal Cruising Club.
SINGER, A. AI., 4, King's Gardens, Hove, Sussex, owns i2-horse Panhard and Levassori 28-horse Mercedi:s, 20-horse Charron, and electric City and Suburban cars. His hobbies are hunting, fishing, ballooning, racing, yachting, and deerstalking. Motors for health and pleasure. Believes in no speed limit; heavy punishment for avoidable accidents; numbering of car, in all users of vehicles—whether motor or otherwise—being made to use bell or horn in turning round corners; and thinks that Si,,,, speed should be regulated by the police according to circumstances.
SMITH, E. SHRAPNELL, may justly claim to be the pioneer of motoring in Liverpool. The Paris-Rouen 118941and Paris-Bordeaux (1895) races first attracted his attention to motoring. He attended Sir David Salomon, Bart.'s historical meeting at the Cannon Street Hotel, in November, 1895, when the formation of the Self-Propelled Traffic Association was decided upon, and he was the Sole representative of Liverpool interests. After this meeting he was invited to act as honorary local secretary for Liverpool and district, and proceeded to form a powerful centre, with the Earl of Derby at its head. The six years' " history " now behind him must be ample reward for his labours. He is the only son of Sit. Edward C. Smith, a Liverpool merchant; was born at Liverpool on February lo, 1875, and was educated at the Liverpool College (Modern School), the Liverpool Royal Institution School, and Liverpool University College. In November, 189t, being then in his seventeenth year, he was apprenticed to the United Alkali Company, with whom he stayed for five years. BY organising and carrying out the three series of trials of motor vehicles for heavy traffic, held respectively in the years (898,1899, and 1901, he not only did a valuable pioneer work, but he made the name of the Liverpool Association synonymous with all that is sound and progressive in connection with vehicles for the conveyance of goods and agricultural products. The War Office has commissioned him to undertake some military motoring investigations, and he was an active organiser of the third Liverpool Trials held in June, 19131. Mr. Shrapnel! Smith is now general manager and secretary to the Road Carrying Company, Limited, of Liverpool. Holding decided views as to the duties and freedom from commercial ties of an honorary secretary of an automobile club centre, his resignation from that office took effect in April last, but he was subsequently elected it member of the Liverpool Association. Mr. Shrapnel) Smith is it Fellow of the Chemical Society; a Member of the Sanitary Institute; and a Member of the Society of Chemical Industry. He is also a member of the Automobile Club Committee.
SMITH, ROBERT J. C.A., F.S.S., of St. Vincent, Glasgow, is hon. general secretary of the Scottish Automobile Club and hon. see. of the Western Section of the same. Has organised several important trials of automobiles. Chit), Glasgow Liberal, Troon Golf, and Automobile.
SINGER, PARIS, of Kensington Court, and Paignton, South Devon, is head of the City and Suburban Electric Carriage Company. He is one of the most practical supporters of automobilism. He has been a generous friend to the Automobile Club in guaranteeing the rent of the premises at t to, Piccadilly. Whenever a 11111d has been opened, Mr. Singer has contributed to it.
SLOAN, TOD, the celebrated American jockey, is as fond of the four-wheeled steed as of the four- legged one, and drives an enormous 7o-horse Mors car, on which, at Longchamps, last year, in the race before the Shah of Persia, he came in third.
STEPHENS, MICHAEL, of 4, Carlton Gardens, London, and chollerton, Salisbury, drives 7-horse and t6-horse Panhards for pleasure and health; the 16-horse Panhard is the car which H. Farman drove second in the Circuit du Nord race. Club, Union, Bath and Automobile.
STEWART, D. A., of Knockrioch, Campbeltown, Argyllshire, is a would-be automobilist who has not yet deeickd upon his purchase.
SPENCER BROTHERS, THE, of Highbury, are ., the best known of all British aeronauts, and by their remarkable performances Keith airships, and their excellent manufacture of them, have made for themselves a name which is known the world over. The I,a.tthers are three in number—Percival, Stanley, and Arthur; but the two former are more generally known in the aeronautical world. The eldest of the brothers, Percival, commenced his " up-in-the-air " career as long ago as 1888, when he was scarcely out of his teens; but he had received a good training from his father, fir. Edward Spencer. After some startling parachute performances at the Alexandra Palace and other places, Mr. Percival Spencer went to India, where he accomplished the first parachute descent ever made in that country. He subsequently made descents in many parts of the world, and has crossed the English Channel in a balloon four times. Mr. Arthur Spencer also took to aeronautics in his early days, and in 1897 paid a visit to Australia, where he made several sensational parachute descents, and gained a great name as a fearless balloonist with plenty of " grit." He had several narrow escapes, but always succeeded in averting serious personal injury. Mr. Stanley Spencer's first bid for fame was a series of parachute descents at Olympia, in which he was so successful in descending from the roof that he decided to travel in different parts of the world and give exhibitions of his prowess. He visited the United States, Canada. South Africa, Cuba, India, China, and other distant parts of the world; and at Hong Kong, through the balloon bursting suddenly, he fell a considerable distance, and hr.,: a I,. Last year Mr. Stanley Spencer made a highly successful voyage across London in a steerable balloon made at the famous Highbury Works.
SPENCER, MRS. STANLEY. To Mrs. Stanley Spencer, an Englishwoman, belongs the credit of being the first feminine" airship skipper." This courageous lady made her first public ascent at the Crystal Palace, and was enthusiastically cheered by the crowd. Sir A. Conan Doyle and Dr. W. G. Grace personally congratulated the fair sky-pilot. Mrs. Spencer is devoted to motoring, and intends soon to possess a car of her own. " The motor-car is the only possible rival to aeronautics, so far as my affections are concerned," she is fond of telling her friends. Mrs. Spencer made her first aerial flight in 1898 from the Crystal Palace, when she ascended with her husband in a 40,000 cubic feet balloon to a height of 5,000 feet. Mrs. Spencer perfectly understands the management of a balloon, and ascended by herself last summer in her husband's airship. She manoeuvred and steered the balloon at a height of two hundred and fifty feet, navigated it five times round the polo ground, and brought it back to its starting point. Mrs. Spencer is not quite the first of her sex to make an ascent in her husband's airship. Her little daughter, Gladys, was taken up by her father before her mother's ascent. Gladys is in danger of growing up a finished aeronaut. Her first ascent was made when she was three months old, and she has been up in the clouds at intervals ever since. Not in the least scared, little three-year-old Miss Spencer waved a Union Jack to the cheering crowd below, as her father steered the ship in mid-air.
ST. OSWALD, LORD, J.P., D.L., of Nostel( Priory, Wakefield; Appleby Hall, Doncaster, and Grosvenor Gardens, S.W., is on the General Council of the Automobile Club Great Britain and Ireland. His lordship has seen active service as Captain of the Second Battalion Coldstream Guards in the Soudan Expedition, 1885. He married the daughter of Sir Charles Forbes, Bart., in 1892. Represented Pontefract in Parliament as Conservative from 1885 to 1893. Clubs: Carlton and Auto- \ mobile.
STAFFORD, J. G., Netherfiekl House, Carl' ton, near Nottingham, has an 8-horse De Dion and a io-horse Rex. Is a member of the Nottingham Automobile Club.
STANLEY, THE HON. ARTHUR, M.P., is one of the motorists who wishes for legislation in the direction of licensing automobilists. This lie desires with a view to the abolition of the present speed limit. Mr. Stanley is a thorough sportsman, as well as an active politician. Clubs; White's, Bachelors, St. James's, and Automobile.
STANFORD, CAPT. JOHN BENETT, Pot House, Tisburv, drives a 20-horse Wolseley, and to-horse Locomobile. His ambition is to see hill-climbing contests during 1903 in his park. Believes in the numbering of all cars, and thinks that all gentlemen observe the speed regulations honourably. Clubs, White's, &c.
STANTON, M. OLIVER, the well-known motor "coach " possesses the proud distinction of having taught his ,Majesty, King Edward 'VII. how to drive a motor-car, and it is in no small measure owing to the persuasive eloquence of Mr. Stanton, when he was teaching his Majesty (at that time Prince of Wales), how to cycle, that the King decided to become a motorist. Mr. Stanton is an American by birth, and hails from Fort Wayne, Indiana; but his fourteen years' residence in England has almost Made 1,111 forget that he is a citizen of the land of the Stars and Stripes. He commenced his motoring career in 1897, and started with the Daimler Company, acquiring in the course of a few years a thorough knowledge of the mechanism and construction of that firm's famous cars. Mr. Stanton is a thorough believer in the Daimler, but is not connected with the Company in any way. His work is to teach owners of cars how to understand and how to drive them, and also to advise owners bow to buy a car; but he never offers to sell motors. He advised the King to purchase a Daimler car because lie believes it is an absolutely reliable car, and the King has never regretted acting on Mr. Stanton's advice. There are many good stories in NIt. Stanton's motoring retcyloire, and most of the troubles he has been called upon to rectify have been caused through the petrol, float-jet, or tremblers not having been understood by the motorist, while in many cases the skilful use of a spanner has overcome the most apparently insurmountable obstacles. Mr. Stanton was the originator of the first, and to far only, motor funeral in the world. The function took place at Coventry, about eighteen months ago, when the night watchman, a popular official of the Daimler Company, died. At infinite trouble Dlr. Stanton converted, with the assistance of the undertakers, a six-horse box which had done good service in the 1,00o miles' reliability trials, into a hearse, and on this the coffin was conveyed through the streets, followed by three motor-cars containing the friends and relatives of the deceased to the cemetery. The novelty of the thing caused huge crowds to assemble, but the utmost decorum prevailed, and the cars behaved magnificently. • When not teaching the new motorist how to " mote," Mr. Stanton spends his time at his town residence, 5, Cornwall Mansions, Clarence Gate, W.
Lord St. Oswald. STEVENS, C. L., 5cf, Queen's Walk, Nottingham, is a member of the Nottingham and District Automobile Club, and the Motor Union.
STILLMAN, JAMES 1U.S.A.1, is second vice-president of the Automobile Club of America.
STOCKS, J. W., after ten years of successful racing on the cycle path, turned his attention to motoring, in the autumn of 18,7. His first cycle race was at Hull, in 1888, when in his seventeenth year, but it was not until 1893 that lie distinguished himself, by winning the twenty-five miles N.C.U. championship, at Newcastle, against the best riders of that time. In the autumn of the same year lie covered the then marvellous distance of twenty-five miles in the hour, on Herne Hill track. Since then he practically never looked back, but inspired himself to greater efforts, which were, in the main, successful. In 1896 and 1897 he held all records from one mile to one hour, and in the latter, his final year on the path, won the too kilometre championship, at Glasgow. Later on, the occasion of his last appearance on the track, he covered 321 miles in the hour (then the world's record,. By this time a few motors were being used in England, thanks to an enlightened Government, who had removed the four miles per hour and red flag restriction the previous year. Although he looked askance at the new method of locomotion for some time, having depended upon his muscular efforts for so long, he was eventually induced by Mr. S. F. Edge to try that gentleman's motor tricycle, and after the first ride he caught the fever, bought a De Dion motor tricycle, and has practically done no leg-cycling since. T. firm he was with commenced to manufacture motor tricycles and quadricycles, and he began to push them, from a selling ,int of view. These were the well known Ariels, upon which lie has covered ,00 males in 204 hours, i.e., Edinburgh to London. In the summer of 189a, Mr. Stocks took. business tour from Birmingham, via London, Isle of Wight, along the south coast to Penzance, and back ria Bridgwater and Bristol to Birmingham, covering ill miles in twenty-two days. In September, 1899, he endeavoured to ride an Ariel tricycle from Land's End to John O'Groat's, but had to desist at Kendal. 431 miles from the start (covered in twenty-seven hours-, owing to a persistent downpour of rain, which he had been in for six hours. In the same year he also covered 434 miles on the same make of tricycle inside twenty-four hours, a record which he has not yet beaten. In Iwo he took a long business tour in Ireland on an Ariel quadricycle, this time accompanied by his wife and little boy, covering some 2700 miles before returning to England. January 1, 1902, marked Mr. Stocks' departure from the provinces to London, to take up the management of the De Dion business, his chief rides during the year being in the Glasgow to London non-stop trials, where his car gained the highest number of marks. He has also driven from Exeter to Land's End, thence to John O'Groat's, and back to London, a total of 173o miles, in ten days (including the Land's End to John O'Groat's record). He gained a silver medal in the 65o miles Reliability Trials, and at the latter part of last year he drove one of the 6-horse-power De Dion voiturettes to Yorkshire and back t177 miles each way) in two days. Mr. Stocks calculates that he has driven altogether upwards of 75,000 miles, and he declares that the racing fever is still with him.
STRACHEY, J. ST. LEO, Newland's Corner, Merrow, Guildford, drives a 12-horse car. Clubs z Brooks's, Athena.um, and Automobile.
STRANCIEWAYS, LEONARD R., M.A., adopted motoring as an amusement, and as a convenient method of making up for the absence of a good train service from his home at Cullenswood, County Dublin, to his seaside house at Skerries. Drives a twelve-horse Vulcan car, with Michelin tyres. Principal hobbies are motoring, yachting, cycling, and photography. Believes that the present method of insuring both motors and motorists is worse than a farce, and ought to be seriously considered by a committee of the leading motorists. Member of the Royal Irish Academy, the Royal Irish Yacht Club, and of the Irish Automobile Club.
STURT, M.P., THE HON. HUMPHREY NAPIER.-The popular member for East Dorset was converted to the sport of motoring by the Hon. Scott Montagu in the early part of last year, and has ever since been one of its most ardent devotees. He drives it twelve-horse Serpollet, and likes it very much. Mr. Sturt, who began his political career in '885, heartily supports the movement for the increasing of the present speed limit, and intends to light the good fight in Parliament of a reformed speed for motor cars. He has a charming country residence at Crichel, near Wimborne, and his town house is in Portman St,tiare, London, W.
SURCOUF, M., is a well-known French aeronaut, and has designed many famous balloons. His most recent triumph is the Lebaudy airship, in the construction of which he has departed from the usual tradition of balloon-building in having a flat base to the balloon envelope. This flatness of the underside, he thinks, will enable the balloon to soar in bird-like fashion.
SUTHERLAND, THE DUCHESS OF, though extremely fond of motoring, has not yet joined the graceful army of lad, drivers.
SUTHERLAND, THE DUKE OF. The Duke of Sutherland became a motorist in the early part of 1902,;111,1 entered With such zest and enthusiasm into his new pastime that before the year was out he was the possessor of it stud of four cars, which are housed in the up-to- date garage at Trentham Hall, the duke's magnificent seat in Staffordshire. His Lordship owns four 2-horse Panhard cars, and, though he employs several expert chaulkurs, he prefers to drive himself.
SWAN, COL. HENRY F.; C.B., of North Jesmond, Newcastle-on-Tyne, has joined the ranks of motorists because he wishes to assist the general advancement of the movement. 'Clubs: junior Carlton, Constitutional, Automobile !London), Northern Counties, and Luton ewcastle).
SWANN, OLIVER HOWARD, 5, Campden House Terrace, Kensington, London, W., owns o-horse and 4 1-horse De Dion cars. His only drawback to 'motoring is the fear of skidding on greasy roads. just concluded a winter tour in Hampshire, Devon and Dorset. Member of the Automobile ChM of Great Britain and Ireland.
SWANN, MRS. HOWARD, the wife of the well-known London solicitor, is an expert motorist, and thoroughly understands the construction of her pretty 31-horse De Dion car. She is shortly going to drive it 9-horse De Di. car.
TALBOT, LADY VIOLA, Alton Towers, Stoke-on-Trent, daughter of the Earl of Shrewsbury, is an enthusiastic motorist, and a most skilful driver, and has piloted her 12-horse Panhard all over Great Britain and also through France and Spain. Lady Viola likes racing, and the fastest speed she has achieved up to the present is 36 miles an hour. She is a charming raconteur of her car experiences, and has contributed some interesting descriptions of her foreign motor tours to Motoring Illustrated.
TTILiFfiAl:IIC;ie0,:fr.,(114m)sions, W., drives a 61-horse Weston steam car. Clubs: Irish
TEMPLAR, COLONEL, is the head of the electricity and balloon departments of the Army Service Corps at Aldershot, and has had great experience in military ballooning. He had personal charge of the wireless telegraphy experiments which were made by the military authorities at Manchester in December last
TERRY, HENRY 0., M.R.C.S., F.R.C.S.E., 2, Gray Street, Bath, has on order a House steam-car of 18-horse-power, Inch he intends to use in his practice. Is a member of the Motor Union.
THATCHER, FRANK, of Sherbrooke, Shobitall road, Burton-on-Trent, drives a 64-horse ‘Vesion steam tar. Has possessed many petrol cars, but prefers steam for pleasure, though he would have a petrol car for long tours. Thinks the mechanism of cars should be made more simple to insure their greater popularity.
THOMSON, DAVID COUPER, J. P., D. I.., of the Conn, Othce, Dundee, has 8-horse De Dion, which he uses for rehocation and amusement, and encouragement of a new industry. Considers that the 12-miles legal limit on a wide, straight, clear road absurd, but that the motorist who recklessly rushes his c:a- through dense traffic and past timid horses is worse. Clubs: Eastern at. New (Dundee), Automobile.
THOMPSON, A. E., of Thorndene, Taptollhouse, Sheffield, drives a 12-horse Clement when he is not playing golf or shooting, which pastimes represent his other hobbies.
THOMSON, (ErsAirii(i.1., of Montgomerie, Tarboltun, drives a is-horse Panhard and has toured all
THORNYCROFT, J.E., A.M.INST.E.E., of Holmfield House, Chiswick, London, W.. is a director of John J. Thornycroft and Co., Ltd., and the Thornycroft Steam Wagon Co.. Ltd., which are playing a prominent part in solving the problem of heavy road locomotion. Clubs St. Stephen's and Automobile.
THORNYCROFT, SIR JOHN I. The name of Thornycroft holds a pre-eminent position in the heavy motor vehicle industry, but it will he a surprise to many people, even motorists of long standing, to know that the head of the great steam wagon company of Chiswick and Basingstoke designed an automobile as far back as 180o. It is a fact nevertheless, but pressure of work in connection with his very successful inventions in torpedo boat construction necessitated Mr. Thornycroft withdrawing his attention from this subject for many years. The revival of interest in automobilism, however, in 040 caused him to again direct his attention to the subject, and experimental works were instituted by him at Homefield, Chiswick; later he laid down it large and well-equipped factory at Basingstoke, where for some years past the manufacture of heavy-load steam vehicles, and steam passenger cars, has been undertaken. Very great success as everybody knows. has attended the venture so far, and the Thornycroft wagons are now well known and appreciated all over the world. The honour of Knighthood was conferred upon Mr. Thornycroft last year. He is it Fellow of the Royal Society, it Doctor of Laws, and a Member of Council of the Inst. Civil Engineers. Sir John, is, with his sots, now engaged in building petrol cars, and it is needless to say that the will be of very first-rate design and construction; they will he wholly made by the Thornycroft Company. The military motors that Sir John I. Thornycroft's firm have manufactured have been greatly praised by the Pall Mall authorities, who, in the War Department trials of toot, awarded these vehicles the first prize.
THREIPLAND, CAPTAIN W. MURRAY, of Fingask Castle, Errol, Perthshire, drives a 7-horse Panhard and Levassor, fitted with clipper Michelin tyres. Clubs Guards (London), New (Edinburgh).
THRELFALL, CHARLES, Tilstone Lodge, Tarporley, Cheshire, owns a to-horse Brooke-Lowestoft car. Hobby: Hunting. "To facilitate communication in the country" is why he supports motoring. Clubs: New University and Automobile Club Great Britain and Ireland.
THRUPP, MRS. G. H., 27, Kensington Gate, London, W., is a most graceful and accomplished chauffeuse of a o-horse Darracq, and is keenly interested in motor matters. She is an excellent golfer, an artist, a talented amateur actress, and most popular in London society.
THRUPP, OEOROE H., of 27, Kensington Gate, W., owns an 8-horse Renault. He seeks to develop country districts and improve home agriculture by the use of the motor, He made electrical cars in 0486, previous to which he took part in the first organised run to • Brighton, when he drove it Duryea car. Is member of the Automobile Club of Great Britain and Ireland.
TIMBERLAKE, H. 11., of Wigan, has driven his Ft-horse Motor Manufacturing Company's Car about 1,500 miles. He has climbed some of the stiffest Derbyshire hills when the car had four up. He prides himself on going 3o miles on a gallon of petrol. He does not know what it is to have a punctured tyre.
TOMSON, WHARTON, Richmond Road, Cardiff, drives it 25-horse De Dion Bunton tricycle, which is about to be replaced by a 6-horse car of same make. Has ridden 34o° miles without having any trouble.
frequently irilleltr fsnitsT'arielatieosn tfigtmatIr1:734ut2.:rol-sht:rgseeli."ard' which "e
TURNER, DAWSON, M.D., Lecturer on Physics, 37, George Square, Edinburgh, is vice-president of the Scottish Automobile Club. Drives 8-horse and to-horse Delahayes. His hobbies include the pursuit of electricity. He holds very strong opinions about the professional driver, or chauffeur, " who requires most stringently to be held in check." Clubs: University ^Edinburgh, and Automobile.
VANDERBILT, WILLIAM K., 4.NIIIi7:,CLfur:17d,Vanderbilt,Pr)f‘rTatTe Vanderbilt, h
great N ,, York millionaire. His sister,
Marlborough. Mr. Vanderbilt was for some time the holder of the world's kilometre record, which he won in France last year on a 70-horse Mm-s. His time was zyl secs., which has been reduced to 2osecs. by both Augii,res" and Fournier, and to 28tsecs. by Jarrott. Is third vice-president of the Automobile Club of America. Intends to compete in the next Gordon Bennett Cup race. Drives a 4o-horse Mercedes. Hopes to see the regulations for speed altered, so that motorists may be timed by the minutes occupied per mile travelled, instead of the miles run per hour. Mr. Vanderbilt has ordered another Mors car on which to compete in this year's Paris-Madrid race.
VERNON, MISS WINIFRED. She was walking down Charing Cross Road one day when she saw a smart electric car standing outside the Garrick Theatre. On the spur of the moment she asked the occupant, who, curiously enough, happened to be the inventor, Mr. Crowdus, the price of the car, and was referred to the Fischer Motor Syndicate, whose premises were close by. In less than half-an-hour, with characteristic American energy, she had paid her cheque, secured the car, and arranged with the Company to have it called The Vernon." She has been delighted with her purchase, and used the car on the stage in the " The London Fireman," instead of the victoria and pair originally figuring in the cast.
VERNON, CAPT. T. T., of Wyborne Gate, Birkdale, Southport, is a member of the Automobile Volunteer Corps. His stud comprises two 41-horse Locomobiles, a 16-horse Panhard, and an 18-horse Mercedes. He believes that in the near future the petrol car will be predominant, but still wants much improvement. Thinks petrol lorries will eventually supersede steam for heavy traffic. Clubs: Exchange, L.S.P.T.A., and Automobile.
VINCENT, LADY HELEN, the wife of Sir Edgar Vincent, and daughter of the first Earl of Faversham, is a great lover of the motor-car, and is often to be seen on Sir Edgar Vincent's 8-horse Jenatzy, which is convertible into a brougham.
VINE, -hors the
VEREL, FRANCIS WILLIAM, The Grange, Newlands, Glasgow, drives is 7-horsc Albion car, fitted with solid tyres.
WALLER, J. EDWARD, 69, Ennismore Gardens, S.W., and The Nook, Westgate-on-Sea, drives an 84-horse Decativille. Clubs St. Stephen's, Automobile, and Royal Temple Yacht.
WALLER, LEWIS. Apart from stage matters, the great ambition of Mr. Lewis Waller, the well-known actor, is to possess a 4o-horse-power car, and establish a record run. Mr. Waller at present drives a 34-horse De Dion voiturette, and generally Ohm. it to drive from his house in Regent's Park to the theatre.
WARD, J. ROWLAND, of Stradsett Hall, Downham Market, Norfolk, has added to his hobbles of shouting, fishing and travel, that of motoring, using 22-horse and 6-horse Daimlers. Club: Junior Constitutional.
WALTER, MDLLE. BOB, director of a large automobile garage, Avenue de. Grande Arrn&,, Paris. She is the first woman 10 enter the motor-car business, is a well-known racer, and took a prize on a to-horse Vinot Deguingand, at Deauville races, and won the special ladies' prize at Gaillon Hill on a 16-horse Vinot th Deguingand.
WARBURTON, BARCLAY (U.S.A.), is the proprietor of the Philadelphia Evening Telegraph. He was a great coachman once, but now goes in greatly for motoring. Recently he remarked The police have an eagle eye for automobilists. I can drive a coach-and four from Philadelphia to New York at twenty miles an hour, and never be noticed. But travelling in an automobile at ten or twelve miles is sure to bring the sound of a police- whistle. A few years ago I owned thirty-six horses. I now have but two. One of them is used to pull a lawn-mower, and Soon I hope to replace him with a gasoline motor."
WATKIN, COL. H. C. B., of Ordnance House, Enfield Lock, owns at present a to-horse Peugeot, which he uses for pleasure and utility. Clubs: United Services and Automobile.
WARWICK, COUNTESS, of Warwick Castle, has become a keen motorist, and her own particular car which she constantly drives is a 7-horse Panhard, though she has sometimes driven Lord Warwick's 20-horse Wolseley.
WATNEY, MRS. CLAUD, Garston Moor, Watford, and 20, Charles Street, Berkeley Square, London, W Without doubt, Mrs. Claud Watney is one of the most tastefully gowned and attractive among London society motoring women. Her beautiful 24-horse Panhard, " Frou-Frou I " served to rouse Mrs. Watney's motoring enthusiasm to the point of buying a fio-horse Mercedes, " Frou-Frou III " which she intends to enter for all racing events. Mrs. Watney has recently bought Frou-Frou II," a lovely 15-liorse Pi, most tastefully upholstered in cream, and painted in electric blue, with a pretty canopy and bowed glass dust screen.
WATNEY, CLAUD, is a convert from horseflesh to motor-car. He has owned a 16-horse and 0-horse Panhard, and now believes in the " Pip,' car. He will shortly ho the possessor of a 6o-horse Mercedes, the fifth one made by the Cannstatt Daimler Co. Mr. Watney is an all-round sportsman, and his horses are famed for their mettle and speed. He has devoted some of his goof wealth to furthering the motor industry. He will own during the coming year a very big stud of motor-cars.
Grosvenor Square, London, \V., WATSON, HENRY TALBOT, t2o, Mount owns a 20 horse \1'olsrle), and a t5-horse Panhard. sgru'it,'s
WATERFORD, THE MARQUIS OF, K.P., whose seat is at Curraghmorc, Portlaw, County Waterford, is one of the most influential members of the Irish Automobile Club, and frequently entertains Hibernian motorists at his beautiful country residence. The Marquis of Waterford is a great nephew of Lord Chas. Beresford, and devotes himself almost exclusively to the management of his large estates in Ireland and Northumberland. One of his favourite recreations is motoring.
WEGUELIN, MRS. BERNARD Coombe End, Kingston Hill, lives on her 12-horse Panhard, travels everywhere by its means, and would no more think of using a train ticket than of taking a passage in it balloon. " Railways are useful for carrying luggage - is her verdict. She shares the distinction of setting the feminine taste motor-car-wards, and during her live years' connection with motoring has travelled nearly 5o,000 miles.
WEGUELIN, HUGH, in six years has owned twelve motor cars - nine of which have been Panhards — and IllaV 1111:1,1111.12 C1,11111 to he a motor-car enthusiast. His latest acquisitions have been two little De Dions. Mr. Weguelin is a prominent member of the House Committee of the Automobile Club,
WEIGEL, D. M. Few men have had a busier motoring career than Mr. Weigel, the managing director of the British Automobile Commercial Syndicate, Ltd., of 97 & 98, Long Acre, London, W.C., who started motoring on at I-horse " Gladiator" tricycle in 1893, and has been a prominent figure in the business side of the industry ever since. 'Mr. Weigers connection with the "Gladiator tricycle was more amusing than useful, it being guaranteed to go downhill; but not up — was the only self-propelled vehicle in England at the time. It was soon turned over in favour of it De Dion tricycle, of ti-holse-pOwer, which was subsequently set aside in favour of a De Dion voiturette, which Mr. Weigel is believed to have also been the first to introduce into England. The racing Gladiator tricycle, and several <Aber types of motor vehicles had previously been import.' and tried by Mr. \Wig., who then seriously considered the question of turning his past experience to practical advantage. In ',too, in conjunction with the Earl of Shrewsbury and Talbot, he formed the British Automobile Commercial Syndicate. Ltd., and started in the Automobile business. The firm dealt principally in Panhard and Levassor cars,:111(1 Mr. \VC1g12.1 was probably 111C ill. 1,1,011 who had properly handled the vehicles of this famous firm in England up to that date. In the year tool, Mr. Weigel introduced the first "Clement-Talbot " Car, has Sill', taken a prominent place amongst cars of the lighter type of build. In the year 1,2, Mr. 'Weigel binned the brim of Messrs. J. Rothschild et Fits, Limited, opening a London branch of that famous firm of Parisian motor -.carriage builders. At the present moment. Mr. Weigel is connected iti conjunction with Lord Shrewsbury with the firms of J. 12olliselftttl,vt Fits., Limited, the British Automobile Commercial Syndicate, Limited, and the dais,,,, Talbot, who in conjunction with the famous French manufacturer, II,,,,. A. Clement, are about to etii•t, what will undoubtedly be, the largest factory for motor-ear building in this country. The mitre of this new company is Clement-Talbot, Ltd,- and the firm is, at the present moment, covering over live acres of ground, with the object of turning out Clement-Talbot cars in England. Lord Shrewsbury is the chairman of the new ci mlaut, and Mr. Weigel is the energetic managing die, dor:
WEIR, WILLIAM, Holm Foundry, Cathcart, Glasgow. ow•s .ti-horse: Ben'i zu•d to-horse Wolseley cars. Clubs Conservative and:let Clubs, Glas, tv, and Automobile Club Great Britain and Ireland.
WHITE., OLIVER H., the Mount, lielsley, near Warrington, owns a 31-horse De Dion tricycle mid Minerva motor-bicycle. Has been connected officially with motor trials during the past four years. Is an electrical expert in regard to automobiles, and attributes many of the failures on autocars to faulty electrical apparatus.
WILLIAMSON, MRS. C. N. Whitehall, Hampton Court. A most enthusiastic motorist, who has glorified automobilism in her last novel, The Lightning Conductor," Her first car was a 31-horse Benz. The car on which Mrs. Williamson and her husband now drive is all 11-1101,1, De Dion. Prescribes motoring as a cure for insomnia. Has toured extensively on her car in France. Italy. Spain, and Sicily.
WIMBORNE, LADY, Cantor(' Manor, Norfolk. Lady Wimborne is ar1 expert motorist, and frequently drives herself. In the shooting season all four cars in the garage are very much in requisition, and they are often used for journeys to London. The cars have proved particularly serviceable for visiting neighbours and friends in distant parts of the county. In London Lady Wimhorne uses an electric brougham.
WILLIAMS, HALTER, Albury House, Surbiton Hill, Surrey, owns a 6-horse Daimler, t2-horse Gladiator, and 16-horse Napier, Is a famous breeder of Irish wolf-hounds. Keenly opposed to numbering proposal, Clubs: Wellington and Automobile.
WHITELEY, FRANK, of 31, Porchester Terrace, Hyde Park, W., owns a New Orleans, two Locomobiles, and two Benz cars-motors for pleasure; but has also introduced the motor-car into his business. He has travelled 12,000 miles on one of his Benz cars alone.
WHITELEY, WILLIAM, Jun., son of the well-known Napoleon of commerce, began his motoring experience with a motor-quad, on which he visited most of the interesting spots in England. He now owns a ten-horse Benz, and stoutly upholds his car as one of the most reliable made. He has had this car for six months, and has never touched either the valves or the sparking plug.
WILSON, MISS GWLADYS, the youngest (laughter of Mr. and Mrs. Charles Wilson, of Warier Priory, near York, was among the first society women to drive a motor-car. Miss Gwladys Wilson is One 01a trio of beautiful sisters, which includes the Countess of Chesterfield and Lady Hartopp, and as car-owners always consider it a privilege to have Miss Wilson on their front seat, it is not surprising that she has probably driven more types of car than most ladies can lay claim to. Miss Wilson's favourite car is an 8-horse Decauville, and she is thoroughly acquaint,' with the mechanism.
WILSON, JOHN, proprietor of the Edinburgh Evening News, Green Park, Greenend, Midlothian, owns an 8-horse Peugeot, and a 9.1-horse Decauville. His other hobbies are;;,If and shooting. He encourages automobilism because of his love of the sport and his desire to help its progress. Mr. Wilson was the first in .98 to take a motor-car into many parts of Scotland. Clubs Scottish Liberal, National Liberal, Savage, &c.
WILSON, WILLIAM E., D. Sc., is a 'Westmeath gentleman who drives a to-horse Lanchester car, and is an ardent motorist. Besides motoring, his other hobbies are astronomy and physical science. He is a member of the Athenaeum and Pall Mall Clubs, London; and Kildare Street Club, Dublin. His residence is at Daramona, Street, County Westmeath, where, in I881, he established a private observatory, also a physical laboratory and mechanical workshop. \Vas High Sheriff for Westmeath in 1894.
WILTON, DE ERNEST,MONTEFIORE, 5, Kildare Terrace, Bayswater, London, W., oa 11S Cal, 11.0111 21-110,12 11,,,11•1S, and Id Arid, Panhard, De Dion, Humbert, Clemet4 Gladiator types. Does not object to the numbering proposal, provided that in furious driving Charges, clanger to specific persons must be proved. Member of the Automobile Club of Great Britain and Ireland.
WILTON, THE EARL OF, formerly the owner of a large numb, of horses, has become so inamoured of the motor-car that he has to a large extent given up using horses, and already possesses three 12-horse cars. His latest is a 12-horse Lonsdale, of the Daimler Company's make.
WINDHAM, LIEUT. W.O., Battersea Rise House, Clapham Common, S.W., first owned at car live years ago. Now owns the following 2-horse tricycle, 2-horse bicycle; 61 and o-hors• Darracqs. Is one of the King's foreign messengers, and uses his 9-horse Darracq in the King's name," to carry his despatches from Charing Cross Station to the Foreign Office in Whitehall. Lieut. Windham is the first King's messenger to have carried Government despatches by motor-car. He is an all-round sportsman, and prize-winning swimmer. Strong advocate of the use of two batteries, two plugs, and two sets of wires. Member of the Automobile Club of Great Britain and Ireland.
WINTER, H. S., Nortlicote, New Ferry Park, Birkenhead, drives a 35-horse Renault.
WINTON, ALEXANDER, or "Red Bullet" Winton, as he is more generally known, owing to his magnificent racing car being called the "Bullet" is one of America's foremost racing motorists, and hails from the city of Cleveland. Mr. \Vinton will probably captain the American team which is to compete for the Gordon Bennett Cup this year. He is a young man, with wonderful nerve, and is absolutely self-possessed at all times, even when reeling off the miles at over fifty an hour on a circular track.
WOOD, REV. JOSEPH, D.D., the headmaster of Harrow School, finds the recreation of motoring a particularly suitable antidote to the exigences of his professional duties. His great classical learning has made Dr. Wood a man of mark in the educational world. He was headmaster of Leamington College 1870-90; and head of Tonbridge School t89o-98. But he easily unbends from his scholastic severity of mien to the lively pleasures of motoring.
WOOD, A. H. E., of Sudbourn Hall, Orford, Suffolk, finds that motoring saves a great amount of his time. He owns two Daimler Wagonettes, one of 24-horse-power, and the other t 2-horse-power. His subsidiary hobbies are shooting, cricket, and yachting. Clubs: Windham, Orleans, Victoria Yacht, and Automobile.
WRRAtT, R. M., of Newland, Lincoln, has a stud of cars, including 9-hors Humber, 8-horse De Dion, and 7-horse Panhard. He uses these vehicles for pleasure and the conversion of anti-motor horse owners. He believes in driving with exceeding care, and tries to prevent himself becoming a nuisance to other road-users. Has driven motors for over four years, daring which period he has covered 50,000 miles. He is a local pioneer of motoring, and is a member of the Lincolnshire and Notts Automobile Clubs.
WOOD, SIR EVELYN, became a convert to motoring last year, chiefly through seeing the performances of the motor cars at the military manoeuvres on Salisbury Plain. He now owns a car which he drives himself.
WRIGHT, PARSONS, of Woldnorton Manor, North Thoresby, Lincolnshire, owns a S1-horse Motor Manufacturing Company's car. Last season he covered 4-5000 miles without accident. No police court experiences, and never even ran over a dog. Club Lincolnshire. Autom^thile.
YOUNG, FILSON, .Briar Cottage, Epsom, chives a 54-horse Locomobile. Hobbies: Boat sailing, riding and cycling. Club: imperial Service.
ZEPPELIN, COUNT VON, the well-known aeronaut, has the distinction of having built the largest balloon ever constructed. He was military attache of the German Embassy during the Civil War, and made many balloon ascents from the battlefields of the South in 1863. He was the leader of the famous cavalry raid into France in 1870, which practically commenced the Franco-Prussian war. Count 'cul Zeppelin is sixty-eight •years of age, and has spent so much on his aeronautical experiments that he has ruined himself. Early It year he had to break up the old framework of his airships in order to sell the aluminium of which they are composed.
ZUYLEN, BARONESS DE, 7o, Avenue du Bois de Boulogne, Paris, is the wife of Baron de Zuylen, the popular president of the Automobile Club of France, is a niece of Lord Rothschild, a cousin of Lady Battersea, and an ardent motorist. She started with a 6-horse Panhard. An 8-horse, 12-horse, and a 20-horse car of the same type followed. She drove in the Paris-Berlin race, and also in the Paris to Amsterdam race, and despite her love of motorcars never has fewer than fifty horses in her stables.