Grace's Guide To British Industrial History

Registered UK Charity (No. 115342)

Grace's Guide is the leading source of historical information on industry and manufacturing in Britain. This web publication contains 147,919 pages of information and 233,587 images on early companies, their products and the people who designed and built them.

Grace's Guide is the leading source of historical information on industry and manufacturing in Britain. This web publication contains 147,919 pages of information and 233,587 images on early companies, their products and the people who designed and built them.

1902 National Cycle Show

From Graces Guide
September 1902.
November 1902.

Note: This is a sub-section of the National Cycle Show

The National Cycle and Motor Show held at Crystal Palace in November 1902

Detailed reports in Automotor Journal.[1][2]

Details reports in The Autocar.[3]


32-3. The Centaur Cycle Co., Coventry, show one specimen of their new pattern chain-driven motor-bicycle, to which a Humber engine is fitted, driving by means of two chains, and the interposition of a spring chain wheel, to absorb shocks of the engine. Another pattern with 3 h.p. engine, fitted to a frame of the well-known Centaur featherweight design, will soon be on the market. Centaur motor-bicycles all have the patent anti-vibrator head, with rubber buffers at the crown — between the crown and the fork blades, in fact. Prices, of Centaur motorcycles for 1903 are 50 guineas for the 2 h.p., and 60 the 3 h.p.

9-10. Quadrant Cycle Co., Ltd., Birmingham. The new engine which the Quadrant Company are showing exhibits many new and attractive features, irrespective of the general design of the whole machine. The bottom diagonal is made in loop form, and the engine, which is vertical, is fitted securely to both members of this looped tube. Engines of two and three h.p. are fitted. A surface carburetter, accumulator, and coil are contained in a case secured to the top tube. The make and brake contact is very efficient, being a completely new design, and the motions of advance sparking and exhaust valve lifter are operated by one lever. Great care has been taken to prevent the oil from exuding from the crank chamber, and a very neat arrangement to prevent this has been adopted. A hole is drilled through the crank axle, which permits free current of air to pass in or out, and, naturally, with a free supply of air to the inside of the crank chamber, little or no oil will be likely to rise. The exhaust valve is made to rotate on its seat, thus preventing undue wear, and by the constant turning of the valve grinding in becomes unnecessary. An entire absence of external wiring adds much to the general appearance of the whole machine, care having been taken to conceal as much as possible those wires which are usually so such in evidence. At the same time, nothing has been done to affect the general utility of the arrangements. An extra switch lever has been attached to the front brake, so that the slightest movement of the lever breaks the contact, an arrangement particularly useful for traffic riding. A back-pedalling band brake of the Quadrant Company's own design, as well as a powerful front rim brake, are supplied. Pump lubrication is adopted, and Clincher motor tyres are fitted. The 2 h.p, is listed at £50, and the 3 h.p. at £60.

68-9. Singer Cycle Co, Coventry. The new Singer chain-driven motor-bicycle makes its bow to the public. The pattern is bristling with new features. The engine is, of course, situated within the back wheel, in accordance with Singer practice. By an ingenious device one side of the wheel is dispensed with, the remaining side running on a wide triple ball bearing; this leaves the engine particularly accessible. The drive starts from a pinion on the right or exposed side of the engine, and is conveyed by a chain to a chain wheel at the bottom bracket, this being keyed to a hollow countershaft, running on roller-bearings within the bottom bracket (which is provided with an eccentric for adjusting both the chains), the drive is taken up on the other end of the countershaft by another chain wheel and chain running direct to the back road wheel, and driving same; here being interposed a special spring buffer chain wheel, the coiled springs in which absorb all driving shocks from the engine; beneath this spring buffer chain wheel a free-wheel clutch of ordinary pattern is fitted.

The bicycle and engine are started in the following way:— A crypto gear is fitted to the left-hand side of the bottom bracket; the central toothed wheel of this gear is connected through a free clutch to the hollow countershaft previously referred to, and, therefore, when pedalling is resorted to for starting purposes the reducing gear of the engine is converted into an increasing gear of normal pedalling ratio. To summarise the points gained: free engine for coasting hills; silent but positive chain transmission; and very smooth drive. All the salient points of the Singer motor wheel are retained. The spare petrol tank is now connected with the carburetter by a pipe, giving petrol capacity for a non-stop run of at least 100 miles. This pattern is made in 2 and 3 h.p. sizes. The ordinary Singer motor wheel, as previously known, is fitted to tricycles, bicycles and tri-voiturettes, of which specimens are shown fitted with basket and coach-built seats for the lay passenger; and another new type of the tri-voiturette is fitted with a small coach-built governess cart body, with accommodation for two passengers. The Singer motor tandem is also shown.

92-3. Dunlop Pneumatic Tyre Co show examples of their Bartlett tyre adapted for the motor-bicycle. It is practically of the same pattern and construction as those shown and used during the past year. The heavy covers of the Gordon-Bennett type make a good and interesting show, especially those used by S. F. Edge and C. Jarrott on their racing cars.

17. Harry Parkyn, Ltd., Wolverhampton, are the makers of the Olympic cycles, and they have adopted the latest pattern Minerva motor to their design of frame, which has been strengthened so as to take the extra strains brought to bear upon it.

4. Wearwell Cycle Co, Wolverhampton. This company fit their own engine of 2.5 h.p., and either surface or spray carburetter, as desired. The engine is held by three clamps to the frame, and there is sufficient tank capacity to carry the machine 140 miles. Crabbe front brakes are fitted, and any brake that may be desired on the back wheel. Special pump is fitted, with glass-protected reservoirs, holding sufficient oil for giving one lubrication every 20 miles. The machines have also specially strengthened front forks. Price £40.

94. The Self-Sealing Air Tube Co., Birmingham, have a very fine show of self- sealers, ordinary tubes, and general rubber goods for cycles and motorcycles. A special novelty is the new self-sealing and detachable joint for air tubes which enables a punctured tube to be quickly detached from the wheel without in any way disturbing it in the frame. A special valve attachment is fitted to all tubes, and this is guaranteed air-tight under all possible conditions.

Another speciality of the company is the vulcanising of new treads on motor tyres, making them equal to new. For motor tyres the self-sealers and ordinary tubes are shown in two qualities. A good assortment of motor-cycle and cycle accessories are shown, as well as specimens of the raw material.

55-6. The Rex Motor Mfg. Co., Ltd, Coventry, show nine of their Rex cars, including a brougham with 10 h.p. single cylinder engine, a tonneau-bodied six-seater, and a landaulette; engines varying from 8 to 18 h.p., and prices from 190 guineas to 385 guineas.

A new pattern of small car is the 8 h.p. Rex, with two seats at 190 guineas. This car has wooden wheels of equal size, three speeds, and reverse operated by levers on the driver's right-hand side and a long wheel base. All Rex cars are governed, the single cylinders on the exhaust, and the double cylinders on the inlet.

The new pattern Rex motor-bicycle has a 24 h.p. engine bolted into a cradle in front of the bracket; the engine does not form part of the frame of the bicycle; drive is by means of a long Lincona belt. Bearing on the pulley side, is two inches wide, and on the off-side 14 inches; for next year the trembler is on the coil. The greatest feature perhaps is the absenece of exhaust box silencer. The valve chamber is cast rather larger than usual, and acts, practically as an exhaust box. On the side of the valve chamber are screwed three baffle plates, perforated with holes of different sizes, which holes are not opposite each other. The result is that the exhaust gases get out into the atmosphere by the shortest possible route; no back pressure is put upon the engine, noise is entirely done away with, and the engine kept much cooler — adding to the life of the valves. Exhaust lift and sparking advance are worked by one lever. A muddied relic is staged in the shape of the original Rex motor-bicycle. This the machine on which Mr. H. W. Stones, of Lincona belt fame, has won 12 prizes out of 12 mounts during 1902.

118. General Accident Insurance Co, 13, Pall Mall, S.W. This Company undertake insurances of all kinds on motorcars and motorcycles, and rates and all details can be obtained on application at the stall.

148. Rotherham and Sons, Coventry, have an attractive display of lubricators for motorcycles and cars, and tyre pumps of various sizes. Also watches in cases for motorcars and cycles. The parts shown are excellently finished. The firm also supply small electrical fittings, such as terminals, nuts and bolts, etc.

44. The Burlington Carriage Co., London, are showing the De Dietrich 16 h.p. Turcat-Mery system, magnetic ignition, special form of clutch, enabling driver to regulate the gripping power from the dashboard while the car is running. The engine is fitted with very large valve for inlet and exhaust.

16. J. F. James show the Royal Roebuck, fitted with 2.25 motor, a vertical engine, with a loop frame, has an F.N. carburetter, long wheel base, Clincher motor tyres, two accumulators and petrol tank, fitted on top tube, with the coil inside the back diamond, near the seat pillar, New Departure hub, and a front Crabbe brake are fitted. The price, with complete outfit, is 38 guineas.

They also show another type, with a Kelecom engine, fitted behind the seat pillar, which necessarily makes the wheel base of good length, a remedy for sideslips. The engine is 1.75 and the price is 36 guineas.

14-15. Bayliss, Thomas and Co, Coventry. A very fine exhibit. No less than 35 motor-bicycles are on view here, their standard pattern fitted with a 2.75 h.p. M.M.C. engine, being very conspicuous. This stand is one of the most tastefully arranged in the show, and all the machines are beautifully finished. The motor-bicycles are fitted with triple heads, fully strengthened front forks, special A1 Clincher motor tyres, and wider bracket, giving more clearance to engine. A very neat and most effective lubricating pump is fitted with a protected glass barrel. Either spray or surface carburetters are fitted to order. These machines have a petrol capacity for travelling 150 miles. Two brakes are fitted, Bowden back, and Bayliss, Thomas and Co.'s own on the front. Three styles are being supplied for next year. The first is the 2.75 h.p. already mentioned, and this would appear, from the prominence given to the pattern, to be Messrs. Bayliss, Thomas and Co.'s standard size. The next lower power is 2.25 and the lowest is 2. Both of these are fitted with the Minerva engine of those powers, and really excellent value is given. The Excelsior motorcycle has been well thought out, and, as the makers of it have had as much experience as anybody in the design and manufacture of the handy little vehicle, it may be accepted as an axiom that the Excelsior is always well in advance of the standard motorcycle, for each one of their machines embodies many improvements introduced by Messrs. Bayliss, Thomas and Co. The prices of the various patterns are as follows:— The 2 h.p., £45 the 2.25 h.p., £47-10s.; and the 2.75 h.p., £55.

26. The Cologne Accumulator Works, Kalk, near Cologne, Germany, have a compact exhibit of motorcar ignition cells. These are fitted with non-corrosive terminals, and have vulcanite cases.

49-50. The Beaufort Motor Co., 14, Baker Street, W., have on show one 6-horse phaeton, two 8-horse tonneaus, one 12-horse tonneau, one 12-horse brougham, and one 18-horse Beaufort Alexandra six-seated car. These are all fitted with Bergmann's magneto electric ignition and compensating brakes throughout, advance spark, and throttle control. The exhaust is worked in conjunction with the retarding and advancing of the ignition. The frames are of the best steel throughout, and the brakes will hold car on any hill, and one lever regulates all change speeds.

124. Peacock and Co, 35, Clerkenwell Road, are showing electric specialities — voltmeters, test lamps, sparking plugs, Fuller batteries for charging, watch- holders. The pocket lamps, at 5s., are very neat articles and useful for looking about car at night. The firm are also agents for Van Raden's woven glass accumulators. A special line is an electric alarm for protecting motor and cycle-houses from burglars. Charging dynamos, controllers for electric cars having three speeds forwards and reverse; motorcar electric flexible leads; electric fans for ventilating motorcar-houses are all specialities well worth inspection.

36. Haynes and Son, Ltd., 17, Goswell Road, Aldersgate Street, London, have two models of the Wartburg cars on exhibition. These are two-seated cars of neat design. No. 1, at 160 guineas, has a 5 h.p. motor water-cooled, and fitted three speeds forward and one backward. Wheels are of the artillery pattern, running on ball bearings. The arrangement of the springs in both models is such that vibration is practically non-existent. The No. 3 car has standard seating accommodation for two, with removable spider seat behind. This model also has a two-cylinder 5 h.p. motor, and all parts are easily accessible, the finish is extra fine, and the colour of the body can be chosen by the customer. This model comes out at 190 guineas.

39. J. Marston and Co, Ltd., Wolverhampton show the Sunbeam Mabley car, a car of unique design, having a 2.75 h.p. De Dion water-cooled engine fitted on the front part of it. The appearance of the body of the car is much like that of the Irish jaunting car, with the exception that instead of the riders being side by side, one is in front of the other, but the passengers enter and leave their seats at the side; the back rider is the driver, and he has all the necessary levers under his direct control, including a very powerful band brake, operated by pushing the foot, instead of the usual method of pressing down. The body is mounted on a four-track frame, very much after the appearance of the old Coventry Rotary cycle frame, with front and back wheels, 26in. diameter, whilst the side ones are 28in. diameter, the 26in. being the steering wheels, are operated by the steering tiller immediately in front of the driver. The drive from the engine is by belt of a good length to the first motion shaft, and thence to the driving wheels by a chain drive.

25. J. B. Brooks and Co, Birmingham. A very large show of saddles of all descriptions suitable for motorcycles. Their B 85, size 3, are specially designed for those ladies who aspire to motor-cycling. They also make a special back rest for the riders who desire to take things easy, which can be fitted to either ladies' or gent's saddles. All the saddles before being sent out have a special dressing which softens the leather and prevents from becoming hardened. Bags of all kinds suitable for motors will be found on this stand.

119. The Jesmond Cycle Co., Ltd., Newcastle-on-Tyne, are exhibiting three motor-bicycles of 1.75, 2.25, 2.5 h.p., with water-cooled heads. The frame is a loop pattern, with vertical engine. The carburetter is a Longuemare spray with throttle. The petrol tank holds 1.25 gallons, and the oil tank holds sufficient for 20 miles. The accumulator is carried in a neat metal case between the back stays and the seat-pillar, and the induction coils fixed on the second horizontal tube. The front forks are duplex, fitted to a specially strong crown. Two brakes are fitted — a lever rim to the front wheel, and Bowden rim brake to the rear wheel. The Lincona belt is used, and a clever device provided for getting at the valves easily without having to dismantle the parts. The timing gear is also easily accessible, and two to one wheels are marked, so that timing can always be set accurately. Remarkably little wiring is used, and the finish of the machines is excellent. On the high powered machine the exhaust valve is governed, and speed can be regulated to a nicety in traffic.

5. Harry S. Roberts, Deanshanger, shows the Royal Condor frame, with latest pattern 2 h.p. Minerva, fitted in the usual manner to the down diagonal. The frame is specially designed to take the extra weight and strains, the front forks being trussed up. It is fitted with a New Departure back-pedalling hub and brake on back wheel, with ordinary rim brake on front wheel. One lever controls all the operations. The new pattern Minerva engine has all valves mechanically-operated. The drive is by a twisted hide band on to a wheel secured to the spokes of the back wheel. The tyres are 2 in. motor Dunlops. Listed at 40 guineas, this machine should command a ready sale.

40-1. Hewetsons Ltd., London. Twelve of the well-known Benz cars, including a 6 h.p. delivery van built for Messrs. William Whiteley Ltd., are shown here. A new pattern 16 h.p. touring car is shown, with extra roomy tonneau body, two-cylinder horizontal engine in front, water-cooling radiators, occupying the front panel of the bonnet. A novel method of spoking the driving wheels is adopted on all wood-wheeled cars, the spokes being fitted in the hub in such a way as to increase the width, and consequently the strength, at the point at which they enter the hub. A reduced facsimile of the large touring car is the 12 h.p. double cylindered car, with detachable tonneau; this lighter car is priced at £650: this pattern is selling well. The action of putting on either the hand or foot brake disconnects the engine: this is a feature of all the Benz cars. The Hewetson motor-bicycle is not placed on exhibition.

125. Phoenix Accumulators, London, have something distinctly novel in lightweight and high capacity accumulators. The positive electrode is contained in a cylindrical vessel of porous earthenware, and this vessel is hermetically sealed up, thus the positive element is indestructible. The negative electrode is also cylindrical in form, consisting of a core of lead surrounded with the oxide of lead. This is then placed complete in a porous vulcanite case, so that this electrode is also well protected. For traction purposes very high efficiency is claimed for this battery.

11. Encore Cycle and Motor Co, London. This company exhibit the Trexo trailer; a very neat, twin-tube frame of peculiar design, giving, with a minimum of weight, the maximum of strength. That part of the front member which is next the universal joint is composed of cross tubes, running beside each other, and then bending downwards are brazed to "T" sockets, with a bar running through the latter. At each end of this crossbar a loop frame of round tube is attached, having an angle of some 110 degrees. At the centre of these loop tubes a portion is flattened and, being drilled, carries the spindles of the two wheels; at the same time, the mudguards are fitted within the loops. A good, powerful rim brake, operated by the foot, is fitted, working on both wheels, so as to give the rider in the trailer control over the trailer. A particularly good form of universal joint is fitted, having a fairly strong spiral spring behind the joint. The wicker bodies are strong and well-made, and the comfort of the passenger is fully considered.

21a. C. R. Base, London, have on show clothing of all kinds suitable for both lady and gentleman motorists. A very nice overcoat will be seen here, double-breasted, with lapels forming a Russian collar, which can be turned down, giving the appearance of an ordinary overcoat. Zibeline coats for ladies' wear are also on show. The latest things in the way of leather vests, also all kinds of leather-lined suits, will be seen here.

24. G. T. Riches and Co, 4, Gray's Inn Road, London, E.C., have an excellent show of motor sundries, including some interesting electrical accessories. Amongst these are the brake lever interrupter and an automatic lamp connection to enable anyone to charge an accumulator from the electric light supply. The firm are bringing out a high tension dynamo igniter for motors, particulars of which can be obtained from the attendants. All types of contact-breakers are shown, also pulleys, belting, electric wire, sparking plugs, test lamps, voltmeters, accumulators, etc. The new grease remover "Plaxine" is also to be seen.

38. The Duryea Co., Coventry, show five of their cars, including a three- wheeler. These range from a small phaetonette to a waggonette to carry eight passengers. The special mechanical features of these cars are the three-cylinder balanced motor, dynamo ignition, throttle control, giving from 3 up to 32 miles per hour. Direct drive from engine to rear axle, one piece nickel steel live axle, silent self-lubricating chain drive, extra powerful brakes, large diameter wheels, and tyres, the prices for these cars range from £375 down to £250 for the three-wheeled phaeton. The control of these cars is a unique feature, and is effected by a single lever, by which also the steering is effected, so that the driver controls the car easily with one hand. The large diameter wheels and tyres ensure very smooth running, and vibration is entirely eliminated. All the cars are handsomely finished off in black. The booklet describing the details of the cars is a very instructive one, and we:1 worth perusal. The Duryea car will be further described and illustrated in our next issue.

71. Alldays and Onions, Birmingham are showing a motor-bicycle and a couple of the "Travellers" which have proved so popular. The engine of the motor bicycle is of 2 h.p., and is placed vertically just in front of the crank bracket. The petrol tank is of special design. A spray carburetter is employed, and the transmission will be by means of a flat belt. The Traveller is a three-seated car, two seats at the back and one in front, wheel steering, electric ignition. Four h.p. engine, with water-cooled head, syphon circulation. Two speeds are provided, together with a reverse, the gearing being on Panhard lines. Speed from 4 to 20 miles an hour is possible. Ample strength is provided in all working parts, the axle especially being 1.25 in. thick, running on 0.5 in. balls. The inlet valve can always be seen working, whilst it can be bodily removed without touching the induction pipe. Every part is most readily accessible. With upholstered body, the price is £150, and, with open tubular frame seat, £142 10s. The weight of the former is just over five hundredweight, and of the latter just under. Ample brake power is provided.

17. Frank H. Parkyn, Wolverhampton, show a motor-bicycle fitted with the Minerva 2 h.p. engine with mechanical valves. The frame of the machine is extra strongly- built; particularly noticeable are the large hubs, the rear hub having a New Departure back-pedalling brake fitted.

95. The Scottish Tyre Co. This company have a complete show of bicycle and motor-bicycle tyres. These are fitted with both the adjustable and the endless wires, and multiflex linings. In the Scottish tyre "de Luxe" for motor-bicycles the rubber and fabric are vulcanised together, and these are of extra strength.

149. Roman Rim, Ltd., Birmingham. Motor rims are shown here, the special feature being their lightness; they are made from an aluminium alloy, which is absolutely ruthless, always bright, and considerably lighter than the ordinary steel rim. When tested these rims were proved to be stronger than the ordinary rims. They are jointless.

116. E. Blundell, Shropshire. On this stand will be found a liquid patching tyre cement, an entirely new composition for repairing inner tubes or outer covers of bicycle or meter tyres without the aid of rubber or chalk, To repair a puncture or burst it is only necessary after sandpapering the tyre to place a small quantity over the hole, allowing it to dry, when the tyre may be inflated. The material is called "Patcho."

22. The Glencairn Motor and Cycle Co., Wandsworth, have a specially design motor-bicycle on view that is designed for the South African market. It has a 1.75 horse-power motor, and this is fitted with the F.N. spray carburetter. Other features are the Glencairn belt, valve lifter, special front wheel rim brake, New Departure back-pedalling hub brake, B.S.A. cycle fittings, and Clincher tyres. This machine sells at £35, and looks remarkably good value.

90-91. The Clincher Tyre Co., Edinburgh, have a complete exhibit of their celebrated tyre, which has attained great popularity for motor-bicycle work, in fact, the greater part of the machines on show are fitted with it. The chief features of the tyre are the ease of detachment, and extra hard wearing qualities. The motor-bicycle tyre has a thickness of 0.25 in. on the tread, and extra fabric giving great strength. In addition to the motorcycle tyre, a full line of ordinary cycle tyres and carriage and motor tyres are to be seen. Instructive booklets describing the history and method of manipulating the tyre, etc., are obtainable at this stall, and these should be in the hands of everyone interested in detachable tyres. We have had good results from the Clincher on a motorcycle.

115. Dalton and Wade, Coventry, a complete show of motors, castings, accessories and Minerva tank fittings. Some excellent aluminium radiator castings of special design are well worth inspection. Sections of cylinder castings, metal, lubricator castings are also shown. Motor for cycles of 1.75, 2.25 and 2.75 h.p., thoroughly well made and finished, will interest the trade.

42. The General Motor Car Co., Ltd., Norury and Paris, show two cars, one a tradesman's delivery car, with 4 h.p. motor belt and chain drive; this will carry 200lbs. at twelve miles an hour easily.

The other car is a fast four-seater, handsomely finished. A motor-bicycle is also shown: this is fitted with a free engine and chain drive, and magneto electric ignition. The motor is mounted vertically in the lower angle of frame, and strengthens it considerably. A special feature is the ease with which the machine can be started. All parts of the machine are finished off in nickel, giving it a brilliant appearance.

114. The Primus Motor Co., London, are showing three machines fitted with the twp stroke motor. This motor has been described in "MOTOR CYCLING," but several improvements have been introduced, notably in the carburetter. The sparking mechanism is improved considerably. The machines are fitted with spring seat pillars and are of good finish through-out. This is the lightest motor-bicycle on the market, scaling only 65 lbs., and the price remarkably reasonable, viz., £27 10s. complete, or outfit, £15 15s. For next season the company will have a belt driver on the market, in addition to the front driver; this will have the motor fixed on the main down tube in a vertical position. This type of motor has no valves or timing gear, and its construction is exceedingly simple, moreover, it can be adapted to the average roadster bicycle.

117. L. Leclercq, of Paris, is showing the Brutus motor of various powers for motorcycles, the engine being constructed on accepted lines. A couple of machines fitted up are shown, and, although neither of them exhibit novel features, it may be said that they are well designed. Thus the spray carburetter is well placed for the best effects to be obtained. The machines are light, and are claimed to be good hill-climbers.

109. The Coventry Chain Co., Dale Street, Coventry, have a very comprehensive exhibit of their specialities from an extremely small chain up to large motor chains 2.875 in. pitch. A driving chain for motor-bicycles has leather blocks and steel side plates for running over a plain belt pulley on rear wheel. A full set of all sizes of free-wheels, cycle chains, rim brakes, pedals, chain wheels, are shown, and a handy little speciality is the patent coupling for motor-bicycle belts which is unbreakable. Specialities in various types of chains for machinery driving are also shown.

53. Dorman Engineering Co, Northampton. This company are showing motor-bicycles of 2, 2.25, and 3 h.p., the engines (own make) being fitted in either the vertical or inclined position as desired by purchaser. Tanks had sufficient petrol to carry the machine 110 miles; one lever is for exhaust valve, and the other for advancing spark. Spray carburetters are fitted.

The 3 h.p. is water-cooled, and is fixed in vertical position, the water being contained in the front part of the tank with radiating ribs for efficient cooling. A special feature of these machines is that the silencer is carried underneath the bottom bracket, so as to be quite clear of the legs. All machines have triple heads, bottom brackets, and all lugs being specially strengthened. Prices: 2.h.p., £45; 2.25 h.p., £47 5s.; 3 h.p., 55 guineas. Complete sets of castings are also on view.

136. J. Marston, Ltd., Hove. Trailers are shown here, the special feature of which is that the basketwork is woven on to the framework itself, thus obviating the risk of the basket breaking away from the frame, adjustable arm and adjustable ball and socket clip, all being fitted with a lamp clip to show a rear light. Prices from £8 10s,

23. Ilford Motor Car and Cycle Co, High Road, Ilford. A Regina motor-bicycle is here shown, fitted with a 2.75 De Dion engine, in a vertical position. The machine is, driven by a Lincona belt, which has a special form of adjustment by a small jockey pulley, depending from the bottom stay, and moving vertically in a slot. Lubrication is by a positive sight-feed pump, which can be operated from the saddle whilst travelling. Two brakes are fitted, front rim and back Bowden.

27. Imperial Motor Co, Brixton Hill, are showing three motor-bicycles all fitted with 2 h.p. motors; the motor is fitted in a vertical position in a loop of the frame. A spray carburetter and extra silencer are distinctive features. There is a single band brake on the front wheel and this looks powerful enough for an emergency. The New Daimler motor bicycle tyre is fitted to this machine: this tyre has an extraordinary thickness rubber on the tread, and looks particularly strong. A sight feed lubricator is fixed on the diagonal. A special line in ignition accumulators is also shown, as well as McCurd's bicycle jack. A machine ready for the attachment of the motor set is worthy of inspection.

5. BAT Motor Manufacturing Co of Penge, S.F. The Bat motor-bicycle has only been on the market for a few months, but it has already made an excellent name for itself, for two reasons. The first is that the machine is designed from first to last with the one idea of making a thoroughly reliable, strong, and powerful motor-bicycle, and the second reason is that the machine has developed a wonderful turn of speed, and this is solely due to the complete harmony of the system.

The machine has a close, compact frame, firmly stayed for the work. In the No. 1 pattern a 2.75 h.p. De Dion air-cooled motor is employed, and in the No. 2 the power is 2.5. The motor is placed vertically in the frame, and a stay runs from the bottom of the motor casing to the rear axle. The power is transmitted through the Bat patent pulley, and a Chicago raw hide belt to the rear wheel. The belt fastener is extremely neat and effective, and the patent switch, operated from the Bowden brake lever, renders the breaking of the current instantaneous. At an extra charge the new patent spring frame can be given, whereby the rider is carried on an insulated portion, and all vibration is avoided by an excellent method. A spray carburetter is used, and a petrol tank of the capacity of 1.5 gallons is provided. The machine has neither pedals nor chain gearing, because the rider's power is dispensed with at starting and on the road, as the machine will climb any hill.

F. W. Chase has recently done some marvellous performances on the Bat, proving almost without a doubt that it is one of the fastest motor-bicycles (of a reasonable horsepower) in the world. We illustrate the spring frame, and on another page will be found a photo of a group taken on a recent historic occasion.

147 Hans Renold, of Manchester, has a complete line of motorcycle chains from 3-16 inch wide upwards, and motorcar chains up to 2.5 inches wide.

67. Mills and Fulford are showing a very varied assortment of trailers for towing purposes behind cycles and motorcycles. The newest pattern is heavier and more strongly built for use with a motorcycle, the basketwork being closely woven and most comfortably upholstered in coloured leather. The under frame is carried forward from the axle by double tubing to a bridge piece. The connecting tube, or backbone, comes down to this bridge, and the slope of the car can he made suitable to its occupant, and also to the height of the motorcycle frame. It has this other merit that the backbone may be loosened and swung backward, or removed entirely for convenience of railway travelling. The new joint marks an advance on last year's method. The lower plate is brazed to the connecting tube, the ball connecting piece is then socketted between the fixed and the loose plate, and the latter are firmly bolted together. The two halves of the connecting piece are now hinged together, and fastened by a winged nut, thus greatly facilitating attachment and detachment.

A couple of juvenile trailers and the new tradesmen's trailers are included in the exhibit. The Millford Hanson is novel. The front forks, steering stern and handlebar of a safety are removed, and the frame of the cycle is attached to the framework of a two-wheeled for carriage the steering bar being on the back of the basket.

1.2. Raleigh Cycle Co, Nottingham. The new Raleigh motor-bicycle did not make its appearance at the National Show till Monday; it is something quite fresh and different to anything at either Show. A modification of the Raleigh Cross-frame is used, a tube running from the bottom of the head to the main down tube, where it divides, and is carried in duplicate to the back hub. The 2 h.p. engine is situated in front of the bottom bracket, to which it is bolted in four places, and is also supported by two tubes running from the bottom of the head. The drive is taken from a small chain wheel on engine shaft to a larger chain wheel on bracket spindle by a chain. Fastened inside the large chain wheel and running with it, is a belt pulley, and from this the drive is carried by a V belt to a larger pulley on back wheel. The gear is thus reduced in two steps. On the left-hand side is the ordinary chain and chain wheel for starting purposes. The engine can be oiled while in motion by a tap on the top of tank, and the mixture is regulated by another tap in a similar position; all other movements — advance spark, exhaust valve lift, etc., are operated from the handlebar. As a spray carburetter is fitted the mixture requires very little alteration while riding. In the upper panel of the frame is a large but very neat tank, containing petrol, oil, coil, and accumulators. There are no odd fittings festooned about the frame. Altogether the new model is a credit to its designer, Mr. G. P. Mills, and should bring grist to the Raleigh mill.

8. Star Cycle Co, of Wolverhampton, show four motorcycles for the first time, and they embody some novel features. Three of them have engines of 1.75 h.p., surface carburetter, coil and accumulator ignition. The oil reservoir is part and parcel of the carburetter case, the feed pump being placed close outside. Another pattern has a Simms engine, with magneto ignition. The frame is well designed, having a long wheel base, and strongly constructed forks and head. A superior motor-bicycle is now being designed for next season. It will have a 3 h.p. motor, with a water-cooled head, the inlet valve being operated mechanically. Simms-Bosch ignition will be used in this machine, as the Star Company have ample faith in this method.

57. Progress Motor Co, Coventry. Five 9 h.p. single cylinder Progress cars, four with tonneau and one with double phaeton bodies; one specially finished body by Wainwright, the famous Birmingham coachbuilder, is really noticeable for its fine finish—though all Progress cars are well finished, for that matter. The drive is taken from the engine to the change speed gear, via a balanced internal clutch, the special construction of which does away with end thrust. It is not necessary to release this clutch when changing gear, except for reversing. The clutch is connected with the gear above by a knuckle joint, the continuation of which enters the gear box, and forms the top shaft of the gear; on this shaft are two steel pinions, gearing into two more gear wheels on the lower shaft, with which they are always in mesh. Two independent clutches are used, and whichever of the clutches is locked (by means of the change speed lever) that particular gear is in action. The pinions being always in mes' absolute silence in gear changing is obtained. The reverse gear is obtained sliding a third wheel on lower shaft into gear with an intermediate pinion already running in mesh with a pinion on top shaft. The drive is then transmitted through universally jointed shaft to bevel wheels on back live axle. The main frame is built of 1.5 inch steel tube, the inner frame, carrying the engine and gear box is of channel steel,

123. C. M. Berthe, Colombes, near Paris, is showing a couple of motor-bicycles, one having the engine in the Minerva position, and with no departure from accepted lines except that it has a spray carburetter. The other has the motor in a vertical position. Both patterns will be offered to the public through English agents. A brake acting on the belt pulley is shown. The Paree is one of the neatest and best designed spray carburetters we have yet seen. It is illustrated in the accompanying sketch which shows the float and the counter-weighted point-feed. Above the jet is a gauze box, the air being drawn in from underneath. Above the projecting end of the point-feed is placed a cap to prevent dust entering, a very good feature.

Various patterns of plugs are shown, chief among which is the Robuste, in which a deep recess is made on the porcelain to prevent short circuiting over any carbon deposit. Various acessories for cycles and motorcars are shown.

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