1900 Stanley Cycle Show
From Graces Guide
Note: This is a sub-section of the Stanley Show
1900 November 23rd-December 01st. The shows were held
The two cycle shows, which opened yesterday (Friday) - the National at the Crystal Palace and the Stanley at the Agricultural Hall - and which remain open until to-day week, contain so many exhibits of autocars, motor cycles, fittings, and accessories that in response to many enquiries, especially from readers living at a distance from London, as to what is likely to be exhibited of interest to automobilists, we have adhered to our custom, and have prepared a brief forecast which gives a general idea of the chief exhibits of an automobile character at the two shows.
We have refrained from detailed descriptions in most cases, and shall reserve these until we publish our show reports in our next issue. This will give a description of every exhibit, and all new cars will be dealt with as fully as possible. It will be seen that there are a number of cars and voiturettes which are staged for the first time, and, as we said last week, every automobilist should make a point of attending both shows.
We publish illustrations of a few of the new machines which will be shown, and many more will appear in our next issue. The following firms are not all that will he exhibiting cars or accessories, but they are the only ones of which we have been able to gather information, as it should he remembered that our forecast is penned prior to the opening of the shows.
Preview of the Stanley Show
D. ALBONE will show the latest form of "Ivel" car with a new landaulette body. A number of improvements have been made in this since its last public appearance, and it will be worth study. Among them we may mention that the frame is mounted upon four spiral springs, and by means of cylindrical casings, which act as horn plates, the road axles are kept in proper alignment. The engine has now been increased to eight horse-power, and the control greatly simplified.
THE AUTOMOBILE SUPPLY CO., 56, Broad Street, Birmingham, will show a two and a quarter horsepower tricycle, two and a quarter horse-power quad, "De Dion" engines, and a small voiturette, but whether their own or another make was not decided at the time we called.
C. R. BASE, lately trading as the Motor Clothing Co., will show some motor garments in which a specialty is made of extra thicknesses of cloth and leather over the chest. Also similar garments for ladies' wear, and some very smart lines in liveries for motor servants.
THE BRITISH AND COLONIAL MOTOR CAR CO. will show the latest "Canello-Durkopp" car who sixteen horse-power four-cylinder engine, and eight horse-power two-cylinder, both cars embodying the latest improvements.
They will also have a car fitted with the Compact motor, gear, etc., which we described in our issue of October 27th, a couple of "Pieper" voiturettes, a "De Dion" voiturette, and sections of the mechanism of the different machines will also be shown.
THE BRITISH AND FOREIGN ELECTRICAL VEHICLE CO., LTD., will have a fine show of electric cars. The first will be the "Powerful" touring car, which we illustrated the week before last, and built for the company by the Krieger Co of Paris, a "Victor" voiturette by the Creanche Co, and a "Stanhope" phaeton by the Columbia Co.
All these machines took part in the Automobile Club's electric trials, and their performances were recorded in our last and previous issues. In addition to these they will have samples of the "Leecoll" batteries with which all their cars are fitted, and also a large number of small batteries and other ignition requisites.
BROWN BROS., LTD., will occupy a gigantic stand in the gallery, Nos. 135, 136, and 137. They will show the "Brown" motor tricycles and quadricycles, the "Brown-Whitney" steam carriage, motorcycle frames and fittings, motors, repair parts, and an immense varied collection of motor accessories.
BURFORD, VAN TOLL, AND CO., Twickenham. This firm will have on exhibition a two-cylinder "New Orleans" car, as illustrated in our issue of the 3rd inst., one short-framed ordinary, and one long-framed "New Orleans" voiturette with single- cylinder engines.
THE CLARK BROS. CO. will show a motor tricycle.
ALFRED DUNHILL Will have an exhibit of great interest to all automobilists. Among his specialties is a new waterproof gauntlet glove lined with wool. He has brought this out in response to numerous enquiries for a glove of this description, and we, from personal use, can speak of it as most comfortable, as it gives a maximum of protection from damp and cold with a minimum of clumsiness.
He will also have a variety of leather gauntlets, leather gauntlet cuffs, and combined trousers and knee rug made of the best calf leather. This last is quite a novelty, and we shall describe it next week. It is designed with the idea of giving the driver all the comfort of a rug with the freedom of action necessary for smart manipulation of the clutch and brake pedals. He will also have special lines in leather jackets, overcoats, and many other articles for the use and comfort of the motorist. His stall is 222 in the gallery.
THE EADIE MFG. CO. will show their motor tricycles, and quads, in which several improvements are promised, but we shall say more of these in our next issue.
THE ENFIELD CYCLE CO. will have their tricycles and quadricycles with several recent improvements added, and last, but by no means least, a new car, of which we are asked to say nothing till next week, so we content ourselves for the moment by hinting that it may be of the voiturette type.
FRISWELL'S, LTD., may be expected to show all types of cars from Mr. Friswell's latest twelve horse power "Panhard" down to the smallest voiturette. Amongst the machines they will have a "Petit Duc Mors," a "De Dion" voiturette, water-cooled "Renault," and "Peugeot" phaeton. The exhibit will, as usual, be of great interest, as it includes such a variety of celebrated types.
A. W. GAMAGE, LTD. In addition to motor eye-shields, new pattern horns, a new patent induction coil, and a new carburetter for De Dion tricycles, this firm will exhibit ear-guards, foot-muffs, sparking plugs, acetylene, oil, and candle lamps, together with a large assortment of specialties in autocarist garments. A particular object of interest will be the chauffeur's "Combination" garment, which will do equal duty as a rug or overalls. The "Automobile" ulster, made from a specially-prepared waterproof cloth lined with heavy Scotch tweed, is, with many other things applicable to his protection against the weather, certain to interest the automobilist.
HEWETSONS, LTD. It is hardly necessary for us to do more than give the name of this firm, as it is equivalent to saying they will have the latest "Benz" types on view.
HOARE AND SONS will show at their stand, No. 20 in the Arcade, samples of the special "Autocoat" and "Autosuit" for those who follow automobilism. The Autocar was specially consulted when Messrs. Hoare and Sons first planned these garments, so that we can vouch for their being suitable in every way for the purpose for which they are built. The garments are absolutely wind and rain proof, no matter the force of the gale or the downpour, and are stylishly made withal in the best material. These coats and suits are held in the greatest favour by leading automobilists. Hoare and Sons will also show the "Aquatecta" (registered) waterproof cloth overcoat, which is absolutely rainproof, and serves equally well as a light overcoat and waterproof combined.
HUMBERS, LTD., will have quite a number of machines from motor tricycles and quadricycles upwards. The "Humber M.D." voiturette, which was shown last year for the first time, has been considerably improved, and is now fitted with a two and three-quarter horse-power engine with water-cooled combustion head. The speed gear is put into operation by a leather friction clutch, pedal applied, and embodies several other features of interest.
The "Humber" phaeton, which is an enlarged edition of the voiturette, has been entirely redesigned, and the transmission is particularly ingenious. The engine is a four and a half horse-power, water-cooled, and is fitted with balls to wheels and transmission gear. It is a very nice looking carriage.
A full-size machine will also be exhibited, a mail phaeton in type, with a five horsepower engine, long wheelbase, and generally up-to-date design.
C. LOHMANN will have the "Perfecta" acetylene lamps made in large sizes for motor cycles, motor cars, and carriages. They are already well known for cycle use.
C. MANNING AND SON, LTD., in addition to motor goods of all descriptions, promise us a new petrol cabinet and carbide drum, as well as a patent oil filter.
THE MEYRA ELECTRIC CO., LTD., promise us an interesting exhibit of their "Meyra" patent dry batteries which are now so largely used in the automobile world.
THE MOTOR CARRIAGE SUPPLY CO., LTD., will show the new three and a half brake horse-power "Simms" voiturette fitted with the Simms-Bosch magneto-ignition, three speeds and reverse, and pneumatic tyres. They will also have the three and a half horse-power "Simms" water-cooled engine and the new "Simms" three horse-power air-cooled, both fitted with the magneto-ignition. Both types of engine will be found worthy of study.
J. H. PICK AND CO. will show a voiturette of novel construction and a motor dogcart, both of which we shall describe in detail next week.
ROOTS AND VENABLES will have the only machine in either show burning ordinary paraffin. It will be driven by a three horse-power motor, and the firm claim that the car has fewer working parts than any other voiturette sold in this country. The carriage will show a number of detail improvements which have chiefly been made to ensure the elimination of all smell and smoke. Larger petroleum and lubricating oil tanks and an additional cooler have now been fitted to do away with the necessity for renewing water. Brampton's roller chains will be fitted instead of block, and ball bearings are applied to all four wheels.
We understand that the firm are finding a great demand for their six, horse-power car to carry five or six, especially for use in India, where petrol can scarcely be used or obtained except at prohibitive cost, though we are afraid they will not exhibit one of these interesting machines on this occasion, but content themselves with the three horse-power voiturette.
SALSBURY AND SON will have the well-tried "Dietz" and some new lamps for autocarists' use which should be examined.
SWAIN PATENTS SYNDICATE, LTD., will show a very interesting motor cycle tyre. It has neither wires nor thickened edges, and is held on the rim by the patented method in which the lining is woven. It has already met with success in the cycle world.
J. L. THOMAS, at stand 104, promises a motor tricycle with Starley combined axle bridge, stayed by a new method, as well as a spring front fork.
The two cycle shows, which opened on Friday, 23rd November 1900 were the National at the Crystal Palace and the Stanley at the Agricultural Hall.
'We publish to-day a detailed report of the exhibits which include auto-cars, motor cycles, and kindred accessories in the two cycle shows. Those who have been unable to attend the exhibitions will find it most useful as a record of the latest productions of automobile manufacture, and we do not hesitate to say that many of those who attended the exhibitions will find details in the following pages which they missed in their tours of inspection, as it is only by the most rigid system that it is possible to examine every exhibit of interest to the automobilist. This more especially applies to the Stanley Show, as, although the autocars and motor cycles are more or less unclassified in both the Palace and Agricultural Hall, this is much more noticeable in the latter building, and matters are further complicated by the fact that several firms have two stands, one on the floor and one in the gallery.
At the same time, lengthy as our report is, we do not claim it to be exhaustive, as many of the machines we deal with in half a column or so are worthy of a couple of pages to themselves, and a number of ingenious and useful accessories have been omitted altogether, or only touched upon in the briefest possible manner.'
The Stanley Show at the Agricultural Hall
DAN ALBONE, Biggleswade. The Stanley Show would not seem complete without Dan Albone's ball bearing carriage wheels. The new industry has given a fresh field for these wheels, which may now be employed for horseless, as well as horse-drawn, vehicles.
A specimen of the "Ivel" motor car with Landaulate body is also shown. It might almost be described as a tandem carriage, as behind the front seat, which will accommodate the driver and one other passenger, is a landau body, such as employed by doctors. This construction necessarily makes the vehicle long indeed, we should put the wheelbase down at about a hundred inches. An eight horse-power motor is employed, and belts are used for the transmission gear. The control levers are arranged below the sloped steering wheel, and the sight feed lubricators are mounted in front of the steering column. The belts are neatly enclosed, and so are the chains which transmit the power to the rear wheels. The main frame is mounted on spiral springs, and the body is supported from the frame by "C" springs. The motor is water-cooled, and the water reservoir is traversed by a number of air tubes, which are exposed to the full draught as the car runs along. The use of a pump is thus avoided, and the ordinary radiators are conspicuous by their absence. The gearing provides three forward speeds and one reverse. The car shown is sold, and is similar to a vehicle previously built by Mr. Albone, who has a very good connection in the Biggleswade district. We should mention that the rear part of the body may be readily detached and a platform fitted in its place for station work.
THE AUTOMOBILE SUPPLY CO., 56, Broad Street, Birmingham. This exhibit consists of a motor tricycle, a non-convertible quad, a "Locomobile" steamer, and the works of a voiturette mounted on a frame.
The motor cycles are strongly built with bridge axles, and the steamer is of the latest type. The voiturette mechanism comprises a two-cylinder water-cooled horizontal six horse-power motor with enclosed crank case. Motion is transmitted through a belt to a countershaft and by a variable speed gear, also enclosed, to a balance-geared axle carrying sprockets for the final chain drive. The apparatus is complete with water tank, radiator, silencer, and wheel-steering column. The whole is simply arranged on a channel iron frame.
C. R. BASE, 310, High Holborn, W.C. The motor clothing shown certainly bears evidence of thoughtful design and excellent workmanship. Not only leather goods, but an excellent full-length, double-breasted tweed coat, guaranteed rainproof, attracts attention; also a new line of leather goods for motor mechanicians. A gentleman's leather coat fitted with Melton collar, and embodying all the requisites of this class of article, should be found a most practical and useful garment. Ladies will also find motor costumes of interest at this stand.
BENTON AND STONE, Bracebridge Street, Birmingham. The exhibitors are actual manufacturers of inflators, reservoir tanks, and kindred articles, and they make a good show of them. The motor cycle reservoirs are constructed with steel barrels and steel bands, and the swivel fastenings are made specially strong. The oil tanks and pumps for cars are made in a great variety of shapes. A handy tool is a paraffin squirt, which picks up its supply automatically. The goods have a very high finish.
BOWDEN'S PATENTS' SYNDICATE, LTD., 151, Farringdon Road, E.C. The clever Bowden mechanism has hitherto been applied principally to cycle brakes, but the time is doubtless not far distant when the general engineer will wonder how ever he got on without it. The mechanism is already being made in various strengths for motor work, and is covered first with a waterproof material and then with a German silver wire. A simple exhaust lifter is introduced for use on motor cycles. A lever pivoted at one end engages with the cotter in the valve stem, and is operated by the Bowden cord from a small lever on the handlebar. We hope to describe the arrangement in detail on some future occasion, but meanwhile we may say that it can be readily fitted by the rider without any drilling or like operations. The idea and the way in which it is carried out are alike excellent. It is shown fitted to a tricycle, both brakes of which are also operated through Bowden mechanisms.
BRANSOM KENT AND CO., LTD., 332, Goswell Road, E.C. The firm have not so far gone very deeply into the motor business, but beside the usual small parts they are showing some handsome reservoir tanks for motor tricyclists, together with horns and oil injectors.
M. DE BREYNE, 38, Snow Hill, E.G. Two "Pieper" cars are shown, one with a four horsepower Pieper motor and the other with a De Dion motor. Both are water-cooled, the rotary pump being driven from the flywheel. The Pieper float feed carburettor is fitted, and motion is transmitted through a single belt to a countershaft, and thence at either of two speeds to the balance geared axle of the driving wheels. Electric ignition is employed, and a sloped steering post surmounted by the usual hand wheel. The petrol tank is carried behind the splashboard, and the water supply behind the main seat, which forms also a tool box and casing for the batteries. The radiator is carried in front, below the motor bonnet, which is readily detachable. The car with the De Dion motor is provided with a hood, and the other has an adjustable rear seat. Both are very attractive little vehicles, and draw a good deal of attention from the trade as well as the public.
THE BRITISH AND COLONIAL MOTOR CAR CO., LTD., 14,. Baker Street, W., and 38, Snow Hill, E.C. A "De Dion" voiturette and several "Pieper" carriages were shown at the time of our visit. A sixteen horse-power "Durkopp" car was expected later.
One of the "Piepers" was fitted with a seven horse-power double cylinder motor, and for other details of this attractive little voiturette we would refer our readers to our report of the Pieper stand (M. de Breyne), just above. We have recently described and illustrated the company's Compact motor and gear, and a specimen of this is shown to great advantage in section, thus enabling even the meanest intelligence to grasp its construction. The motor is of four horse-power, with water cooling and electric ignition. The trembler vibrates between two points, so that two sparks are 'given, one immediately after the other, thus doubling the certainty of explosion. The carburettor is of the float feed type, and the jet is adjustable. The gear consists of four wheels, two of which are on the motor-shaft, and the other two on the balance-geared axle. Either pair of wheels can be engaged at will by an expanding friction clutch, and the intermediate position leaves the motor free, so that it can be started by hand.
The company supply the motor and gearing complete, and include the carburettor and ignition apparatus in the outfit. A sample car is shown to demonstrate the simple manner in which the apparatus may he rigged up on the vehicle. The company certainly make the way of the motor car builder exceedingly easy, and they should do a big business in their specialty.
THE BRITISH AND FOREIGN ELECTRICAL VEHICLE CO., LTD., 14, Devonshire Square, E.C. Three cars are exhibited, the centre one being the "Powerful" car which took part in the recent trials and the run to Southsea, making a very good impression on those who saw it. It is an immense vehicle, and as at present constructed only carries two passengers, which seems rather a small result for two and a half tons of mechanism, but it is really only an experimental vehicle, and we believe the experiment is considered highly successful.
A "Victor" voiturette built by the Creanche Co. of Paris is much more taking in appearance, and we should imagine would acquit itself well among vehicles of its class.
The third vehicle is of American origin, being built by the Columbia Co., lately associated with Col. Pope's bicycles. This carries about forty-four E. E. Leecoll batteries, which will carry it about thirty-three miles without recharging. Leecoll batteries are fitted to all three cars. The special feature of this battery consists in dispensing with the ordinary lead grid. Instead of this a number of depending arms carry porous cells enclosing the peroxide of lead. In use these cells drop into copper wire gauze cylinders, the current having a 2.3 average working voltage.
BROWN BROS., LTD., Great Eastern Street, E.C. The "Brown-Whitney" steamer is the largest item in this exhibit, and is the identical car which took part in the thousand miles trial and the recent anniversary run to Southsea. It look little if any the worse for the use it has had. The firm also supply motor tricycles and quadricycles, either finished or in various stages of completion. Separate motors, both De Dion and M.M.C. air-cooled and water-cooled, are on hand, ready for delivery, together with exhaust boxes, carburettors, and the other essentials in the construction of motor cycles. Sets for voiturettes are not yet available but the front axles and heads with stub axles can be supplied; also hubs for building up wheels of greater weight of cycle construction.
Two patterns of trailer are exhibited, one being a very nice coach finished, two-seated affair, which looks thoroughly comfortable. Sets of parts for motor tricycles are still obtainable, together with the thousand and one other things which we cannot go into now. It must suffice to say that Messrs. Brown are in as good a position to supply anything in this line as anyone in the trade.
BENETFINK AND CO., Cheapside, E.C. This enterprising concern has now extended its motor department to the length of motor cycles, and it has made a most excellent selection in the Ariel. Specimens of the tricycle and quad are shown. The features of the machine are so well known to our readers that we need not enlarge upon them here. We can only emphasise our opinion that the "Ariel" motor cycle is second to none in the world. In the gallery the firm have another stall, where the principal items of interest to motorcarists are Dietz and other lamps, foot bells for fixing on the footboards of motor cars, foot-pumps, etc.
BURFORD, VAN TOLL, AND CO., Orleans Works, Twickenham. The "New Orleans" car has been so frequently and recently described in our columns that little need be said on this occasion. It may be stated, however, that this car was one of the first to satisfactorily fill the demand for a light voiturette at a moderate price. It is essentially a car which can be recommended to beginners in the art, as it is a very simple construction and easily attended to. By the adoption of air cooling one source of complication and difficulty is avoided. The motor is cooled not only by radiating fins, but also by a crank chamber with large air apertures. In addition to this a fan driven off the fly-wheel ensures a constant supply of cold air being drawn on to the hottest parts. The driving gear is as simple as the motor — a single belt running direct to three pulleys mounted in line on the rear shaft. The middle pulley is idle, but each of the outer ones carries a spur wheel, and is constantly in gear with a spur wheel on the balance geared axle, and the two speeds are obtained by shifting the belt to either right or left, as may be required.
The car in its simpler form is built in two lengths, one being nine inches longer in the wheelbase than the other, and the latter is found to be a better hill-climber, while the steering and steadiness are of course, improved. The third and last car in the exhibit is constructed to carry three passengers, and is provided with two motors in the one bonnet. The motors are a similar construction to that already referred to, but the cooling arrangements do not appear to be equally effective for both cylinders, though they are found sufficient in practice. The cars are fitted with a number of convenient little devices, which all contribute to the enjoyment of the sport and pastime. The firm are obtaining a very excellent position in the motor car world, which we have no doubt they will long continue to enjoy.
THE CANADA CYCLE AND MOTOR, LTD, 57. Holborn Viaduct, E.C. This concern is an amalgamation of the principal Canadian cycle manufacturers. For their British introduction they rely to some extent on the fact that they are not foreigners, but "under the flag." They show only one automobile — a convertible motor quad - and in this they draw attention to only one point — the silencer. This is made of aluminium, with a much more direct connection to the motor than usual; moreover, the box end of the connection is rapidly tapered, thus reducing both back pressure and noise. The company are engaged on a voiturette, and we shall watch their further movements with interest.
W. CANNING AND Co., Great Hampton Street, Birmingham. The principal item of interest to motorists is a combined motor and dynamo arranged on one shaft and forming a generator for charging accumulators. It is a compact apparatus of handsome appearance, and requires no special fixing. It can be made entirely automatic, so that when the accumulators are charged the current is cut off. The starter is provided with a "no load" release, so that there is no danger of injuring the motor when switching on the current.
LE CARBONE, 36, Lime Street, E.C. The ‘Sanspareil’ dry cells for ignition purposes are displayed. As Messrs. De Dion and Bouton have adopted these as their standard article, it may be safely assumed that they will prove satisfactory. It is claimed that they give a maximum output for a minimum weight. Screw terminals are fitted throughout.
CASSWELL, LTD., 29, Great Eastern Street, E.C. This firm have a large assortment of parts for motor tricycles and heavier vehicles, such as De Dion air and water-cooled motors, bridge axles, Meyra electric batteries, foot bells, tanks, etc. A motor tricycle, complete except for tyres, is shown on the stand. This is fitted with an enclosed axle.
THE CENTRAL RUBBER AND CYCLE ACCESSORIES Co., 35, Norton Folgate, E.C. This firm show covers for motor tyres and Dunlop motor tyres complete; also an assortment of horns and lamps.
THE CHURCHBANK CYCLE CO., Bolton, Lancs. Some wooden wheels are shown fitted with Gare's tyre. This consists of an iron tube with an eccentric hole laid in a bed of rubber. The hole is filled with rope. The tyre is said to be both silent and wear resisting.
CLARK BROS. CYCLE CO., LTD., Forest Gate, E. A motor tricycle is exhibited with Starley enclosed axle and M.M.C. air-cooled motor. Band brakes are fitted to the main axle and front wheel. The machine does not possess any points of novelty.
THE COLLIER TWIN TYRE CO., LTD., St. Albans. The "Collier" tyre has been somewhat modified since last year. The thick rubber tread which protects the air-chamber is now outside the canvas envelope instead of inside. The method of attachment now consists of a number of bolts which are arranged at about six inches apart along each edge of the cover. The bolts are strung upon wires which are free in the edges of the cover, and are enclosed in spirals of fine brass wire to facilitate their setting themselves when the tyre is embedded down in the rim. The bolts pass through the rim, and are secured by nuts on the back thereof. This seems an essentially practical arrangement. In future the Collier tyres will be vulcanised complete.
THE CONTINENTAL CAOUTCHOUC AND GUTTA-PERCHA CO., 64 and 65, Holborn Viaduct, E.C. The "Continental" tyre enjoys a wide reputation across the Channel for motor car purposes. It has not been materially altered since last year, and those interested have an opportunity of inspecting it on this stand.
THE COVENTRY COMPONENTS, LTD., Parkside, Coventry. The parts of interest to motor manufacturers are rims and guards. The rim has large beaded edges and two channels for the spoke heads. The mudguards have also beaded edges, and are made of 3.5in., 4in., and 5in. width.
THE CRYPTO WORKS CO., LTD., 29, Clerkenwell Road, E.C. A sample of the "Lawson" motor bicycle is exhibited. The general construction of this machine is well known to our readers. The motor proper is mounted on one side of the front wheel, being balanced by the flywheel, which is arranged on the other side of the wheel. A strutted fork is employed, and the ring post of the strut carries a tank which holds a gallon of petrol, and also a supply of lubricating oil. The motor is of one horse-power, and has incandescent ignition. The handle-bar is carried on a strong loop spring. The work is very neatly carried out, as might be expected remembering who did it. Samples of large Crypto gearing, somewhat similar to that fitted by the company to Benz cars for hill-climbing purposes, are shown, and here, too, the workmanship is everything that could he desired. The company have had considerable and varied experience in motor work, which should stand them in good stead.
THE CYCLE REST AND APPLIANCES CO., LTD., 59, Holborn Viaduct, E.C. This firm are agents for the S. S. Motor Co., of the same address, who undertake the supply of cars of any make selected on easy terms as advertised in our pages.
A. DUNHILL AND CO., 145, Euston Road, N.W. We cannot notice all the items in the large assortment of useful goods displayed, but the new leather gauntlet cuffs with gathered draught excluders must not go without mention. The fur mits to be worn over ordinary gloves will maintain the natural temperature of the hands, which may also be promoted by the use of the well-known ‘Instra’ warmers sold by the firm. The combined apron and trousers in leather should be useful to owners of pedal-controlled cars. One of the most interesting novelties consists in some new puncture-repairing patches. These are made simply of two layers of pure rubber in such a way as to prevent curling. Petrol is the only thing required in using them, and when applied they not only stick to the air tube, but fill up the punctures as well. They should do much to dispel tyre troubles.
THE EAST RIDING CYCLE AND MOTOR Co., Grosvenor Street, Hull. The "Liberia" car is shown. It is of French manufacture, and is propelled by a five horse-power water-jacketed Aster motor. The car is of Panhard outline, and provides three speeds,, with final chain drive. One brake is fitted to the countershaft, and another operates on the driving wheels. It is stated to weigh only 8 cwt., and is very nicely finished with a Tonneau body; the rear seats are detachable by simply undoing four bolts. The steering is arranged for the right-hand rider, with sloping post.
THE ENFIELD CYCLE CO., LTD., Redditch. Three motor cycles are exhibited.
First, the "Royal Enfield" tricycle, already well known to our readers, and but slightly differing from last year's. One important alteration, however, has been effected, the surface carburettor having given place to one of the Longuemare type, and we have no doubt that the alteration will be found a considerable improvement.
The motor quadricycle has not been very much altered, except in improving the springing of the front seat. The back of the seat is now carried on leaf springs, and the back rest is supported by independent springs. The experimental model of a new type of quadricycle is staged. An upholstered seat replaces the rear saddle, and the driver is mounted higher than in the ordinary quad. The motor is of two and three-quarter horse-power, and is provided with a water-cooled head. The water circulation is on the syphon system, no pump being employed. The water is carried in two copper tanks, one on each side of the rear seat, and the tanks are provided with cooling flanges. A two-speed gear is fitted,, comprising four wheels, which are always in mesh, either pair being thrown into operation by a friction cone clutch, which is actuated through a chain and worm gearing by a handle convenient to the driver's right hand. The petrol tank and coil are carried under the rear seat, and all the three band brakes are applied to the rear wheels — the middle one indirectly through the main axle, and the others to drums on the hubs of the wheels.
THE EADIE MFG. CO., LTD., Redditch. The "Eadie" tricycle and quadricycle parts are well known, and have not been materially altered since last season, but we may mention that the crank axle is provided with a ball hearing instead of a plain bearing, which is so frequently fitted at this point. In addition to the parts, two complete machines are shown, one a tricycle and the other a convertible quad. The latter is fitted with a water-cooled head, the water-tank being placed above the motor and traversed by an air pipe to assist in the reduction of the temperature. The firm are making a specialty of "Bown" ball bearings for voiturette axles.
THE EAST LONDON RUBBER CO., 211, Shoreditch, E.C. Pneumatic tyres for automobiles of the Dunlop, Grappler, and other makes are dealt with, together with solid rubber tyres for the same purpose. The company are also showing the "Chieftain" motor cycle lamp, which is fitted with a red back light.
THE ELEPHANT CHEMICAL Co., Neate Street, Camberwell, S.E. A selection of oils for lighting and lubricating is exhibited, and in addition to these articles there is a specially prepared grease, which is warranted not to run thin at high temperature. Lastly, we may mention some specially prepared rubber cloth, in which pure rubber is laid on to a fabric. The material may be used either for patching air tubes or strengthening damaged covers. It looks a very useful article, and will not curl up when the solution is applied.
The Ferrubron Manufacturing Co., 143, Queen Victoria Street, E.C., exhibit their well-known "Gartor" chain lubricator at the same stand.
ALBERT FRANK, 48, Redcross Street, E.C. Acetylene lamps in various sizes suitable for use on motors are shown. The pattern known as the "Majestic" has a very powerful screw and yoke attachment for the carbide chamber, which should get over any risk of leakage. A larger lamp on the acetylene principle follows the lines of the ordinary carriage lamp, and is suitable for larger cars. Some of the special motor bells which are so popular in Paris are shown here. They are fitted with at domes, and are rung by a lever handle. A very neat candle lamp for voiturettes is also to be seen.
FRISWELL'S AUTOMOBILE PALACE, LTD., 48, Holborn Viaduct, E.C. At the time of our visit this exhibit comprised five carriages. The first was one of the latest model De Dion voiturettes, with horizontal driving axle, and the more comfortable seating which is now fitted. A wooden lathwork luggage carrier is fitted to the rear. This car, as our readers are aware, is now fitted with a more powerful motor, and other details have been overhauled since last season.
The next car is a Peugeot phaeton, with live horse-power motor and four seats, all facing forward, the driver and his companion occupying the front seat. This vehicle is similar to the seven horse-rower car which Mr. Friswell drove in the thousand miles trial, but the motion is transmitted through a single chain instead of through two chains, as in the larger car.
Next to this is the fine twelve horsepower "Panhard" that took part in the trip to Southsea. It is finished in crimson and brass, and has a Tonneau body. The rear seats are the most comfortable that we have seen of this kind, as the leg room allows one to face right forward 'if desirous of doing so. The "Petit duc Mors" is practically unaltered since last year, and is an excellent little carriage. The last exhibit is a water-cooled Renault, with tiger seat at the back. It has three speeds, and lubrication may be effected while running from a tank fitted behind the splashboard. The powerful brakes are applied to the driving wheels by a lever at the right-hand side of the body. An "Enfield" motor tricycle was expected later in the day, and the firm are putting this on the market at an exceedingly moderate price for cash.
A. W. GAMAGE, LTD., Holborn, E.C. One approaches this exhibit with some misgivings, as one knows that it is equivalent to tackling a complete show on a small scale.
The first article submitted to us is a fur foot warmer, which looks exceedingly comfortable, and, like all the goods displayed, capital value for the price asked.
Next comes a powerful foot pump, which is fitted with a detachable handle, so that it can be packed away in a neat case of small dimensions. The new ear protectors would be comforting at high speeds and low temperatures. There is an immense range of horns at prices from pence to pounds; they include two kinds with foot bellows and a hand blower, in which the bulb is connected with the trumpet by a length of flexible tubing.
Some large bells are well calculated to effect the purpose of the horns in a more pleasant way. In the electric department we notice Peto and Radford's batteries, and the "Reclus" incandescent sparking plug; also a clever little instrument for sorting out the poles when one gets the wiring mixed up.
There is an immense assortment of lamps and small parts. An oval funnel with strainer and air passage looks very useful, and the " Road Log," previously described in these columns, is shown at work.
In the clothing section there are some excellent jackets and overcoats, with skin inside, outside, or in between, with and without the fur in situ. A good show, truly.
GRIMES BROS., LTD., 22, Long Lane, E.C. Air-tubes and covers for motor tyres are shown, together with motor cycle lamps having either right, left, or central supports.
GIANOLI AND LACOSTE, 26, Boulevard Magenta, Paris. This is an interesting exhibit of motor accessories, more particularly electrical apparatus. Two or three different patterns of switch handles for motor tricycles are shown, and some of these show distinct improvement on those with which most of our readers are doubtless acquainted. The tricycle coils have caps to cover the terminals, thus thoroughly protecting these important points. Some new contact breakers for one or two-cylinder motors have been specially designed by the firm. A neat water-cooled head for two and three-quarter horse-power motors, some small rotary pumps, and gravity sight feed lubricators are important points in an exhibit which comprises many items of interest.
GIBBS' AUXILIARY POWER (CYCLE) SYNDICATE, 102, Tollington Park, N. This is hardly a motor exhibit in the ordinary sense of the word, but the safety bicycle shown is intended at some period of its progress to be propelled by compressed air. The front wheel axle is provided with two cranks connected to pistons in oscillating cylinders with suitable connecting rods. On going downhill the cranks are set to work and air is compressed into the main tubes of the frame, which act as a reservoir. On coming to a rise the valves are reversed, causing the compressed air to drive the cranks and front wheel. A device is fitted for regulating the power at which the compressed air shall be utilised. Under ordinary circumstances a charge of air will last about half a mile.
HATTERSLEY AND DAVIDSON, Norfolk Street, Sheffield. A powerful double-barrelled pump is shown. The piston of the larger barrel compresses the air through the smaller on the down stroke, and the air is driven direct from the smaller barrel on the up stroke, while the larger barrel is filled. A very handy valve connection which dispenses with all screwing is also shown.
HOARE AND SONS, 251-4, High Holborn, W.C. This firm enter fully into the requirements of wheel-men, whether they turn the wheels personally or by motor. In tackling the matter of motorists' clothing, they have set their faces dead against leather, though they are quite open to supply fur overcoats, and show some very attractive garments of this description. Their "Autocoat," however, is an exclusively cloth article. They also show some lighter garments of a waterproof nature.
HEWETSON'S, LTD., 67, Dean Street, Oxford Street, W. This stand holds an attractive exhibit, though in a not very well lighted position.
At one end is a fine sample of the new "Emperor" car. This is fitted with a six horse-power motor. The gearing comprises only one belt, which takes the first motion from the motor. The power is transmitted thence through spur gearing somewhat similar to the Panhard, and provides four speeds forward and one reverse. The belt is well protected from the mud, and the spur wheels are enclosed in an oil-bath case. The petrol and water tanks are arranged in the front of the vehicle, which is fitted with a very deep hood, so that not only the passengers on the back seat, but even those on the front seat, are well protected. One of the front seats lifts up to give admission to the back seats. The car is fitted with wooden wheels and Connolly tyres — in fact, these tyres with flat-bottomed rims are now the standard pattern on the Benz cars.
The "Victoria" cars are driven by gear arranged very similarly to that on the "Emperor" just described, while the "Ideals" remain much as before.
A feature of interest on the stand is the original "Benz" motor car, or, more appropriately speaking, motor tricycle, of which particulars have already appeared in this journal. The "Benz" enjoys one of the largest sales in this country, and while present progress is continued doubtless a large business will he done in it.
E. H. HILL, Broomhall Street, Sheffield, has quite an old-established business in inflators, and shows an excellent foot pump with a gauge. The flexible tube is not only long, but is provided with a swivel connection, which is always air-tight. The whole thing will lie flat in the bottom of the car.
HUMBER AND CO., LTD., Coventry. This important exhibit comprises two motor quadricycles and four voiturettes.
The quadricycles have not been greatly altered since last year. They are fitted with enclosed axles and band brakes acting direct upon the driving wheels, and are not convertible, but are certainly none the worse on that account. The front seats are nicely upholstered and well sprung, and the saddles are fitted with back rests.
Taking the cars in order, we have first the "M.D." This is one of the nattiest little motor vehicles made, and though rather short in the wheelbase and fitted with rear steering, it is an essentially practical vehicle, as has been shown by the correspondence in our columns. The motor is now provided with a water-cooled head, and, as before, a choice of two speeds is offered. The steering wheel is arranged at the right hand, and is provided with a device whereby the motor may be started without leaving the seat. The control levers are all neatly arranged on the steering column.
Next to this machine is a sample of the phaeton which stands as proof of what may he done with an air-cooled motor. The motor is arranged horizontally with the head directed forward, where it gets the full benefit of the rush of air encountered in driving. The crankshaft carries two wide pulleys, from which belts transmit the motion to other pulleys on the countershaft, which is in gear with the live axle by spur wheels, three forward motions and a reverse being available.
A similar machine, also with three and a half horse-power motor, is provided with two speeds and no reverse. Sloped wheel steering with the wheel well in front of the driver is fitted to all these larger voiturettes, the fourth one of which is also a phaeton, but has a five horse-power motor, is water-cooled, and has four speeds forward and a reverse. This car is fitted with a hood, and carries a second seat at the rear.
The company have not made much fuss during the past year; they have been steadily standardising their machines, and with those now displayed should be able to do a large and profitable business during the coming season. They certainly embody originality and practicability to very high degrees.
ILIFFE, SONS AND STURMEY LTD., 3, St. Bride Street, E.C. This firm have the latest issues of The Autocar and other publications of interest to the automobilist, such as "Motor Cycles," "On an Autocar through the Length and Breadth of the Land," "Horseless Vehicles," "Petroleum Motor Cars" by Louis Lockert, and Lacy Hillier's cycle and motor novel, "The Potterers' Club."
JONES BROS. AND CO. (WOLVERHAMPTON), LTD. This firm are principally engaged in the manufacture of gear cases for cycles, and they are quite willing to undertake the manufacture of similar articles for motor cars. At present they are showing carburettors of the surface type and battery cases for use on tricycles. We are glad to see the manufacture of these articles being taken up by a home firm.
G. LOHMANN, 36, Aldersgate Street, E.C. The "Perfecta" acetylene lamp is shown in two sizes for motor cars. The larger size measures some eighteen inches in height, and should dispel darkness of the deepest dye. The smaller size would serve for ordinary purposes, and also be suitable for motor quads. Our smaller trade readers will be glad to hear that the firm are stocking Dore's parts for the manufacture not only of tricycles, but also of voiturettes.
JOSEPH LUCAS, LTD., Great King Street, Birmingham. This noted lamp firm have not yet produced a special motor lamp, though they are by no means neglecting the matter.
Meanwhile, they recommend their "Holophote" cycle lamp for use on motor cycles, as it is well calculated to stand the vibration. A special feature is made of the Wells-Lucas lubricating oils and greases. These are used by the Hon. C. S. Rolls, Messrs. Hewetson, and others. The Phoenix oil is suitable for water-cooled motors, and the "Superb" for air-cooled.
Motor horns are made in two shapes, and five sizes in each shape, so there is plenty of variety. The swivelling band clip allows the horn to be set to any convenient position.
Among inflators we would call attention to one with a pressure gauge, and another with a folding foot-piece. The latter is very suitable for motor cycles. The Lucas repair outfit is a very practical article, containing, among other things, patches of good substance and area, and a quantity of rubber-backed prepared canvas. The quality of the Lucas goods in the motor line is well up to the firm's usual high standard.
C. H. LUCAS AND CO., 75, Red Lion Street, Holborn, W.C., show a solid tyre manufactured by the Prague Rubber Co. The special feature is that it is vulcanised directly on to the rim, and as this has an overhung groove security is doubly ensured. The rim is adapted to be bolted on to wooden felloes.
H. LYGOE AND SON, 27, Compton Street, Brunswick Square, W.C. This exhibit consists of one motor tricycle, which is used to show Farlow's patent compression tap. This really consists of two taps, one above the other, and between them is a branch leading into the exhaust. The result is that when the compression is released no hissing noise arises as is generally the case at present, and, further, a full charge is drawn into the cylinder even when the compression is released. The second tap allows direct communication with the compression chamber to be established when it is desired to introduce paraffin for the purpose of unsticking the piston rings. The absence of the hissing is convenient, and the device also allows of a slow speed being maintained in traffic. The tap is nicely finished, and can be fitted up at a very small expense.
C. MANNING AND CO., LTD., 8, Bevis Marks, E.C. This firm make a large exhibit of "Eadie" motor tricycles and quads fitted with Grappler tyres and two and three-quarter horse-power motors, as advertised recently in our pages. They are also showing two and a quarter horse-power motors separately, and inform us that they can still supply these, but that customers must take delivery from France. They have also a full range of accessories, and show tricycle frames, etc., partly finished. Their new list is in course of preparation.
MARKT AND CO., 25 and 26, Shoe Lane, E.C. This firm are showing the well-known Veeder cyclometer, as adapted for use on motor cars. They also have an assortment of foot bells, some of which give a double stroke, and others a rapid series of rings more like an electric bell.
MCKENZIE AND CO., Commerce House. Hatton Garden, E.C.-This firm intended to exhibit some stampings, engines, and boilers, but they had not arrived at the time of our visit.
MOEBIUS AND SON, Lion Works, Homerton, N.E. A specialty is made of lubricating oils and greases for automobiles. A light oil is made for air-cooled motors and a heavier one for those having water jackets, A smokeless illuminating oil that hill light quickly is another feature of the exhibit.
THE MEYRA ELECTRIC CO., LTD., 78, York Road, King's Cross, W.C. The "Meyra" batteries are becoming very popular, and deservedly so. They are supplied in sets for motor tricycles and for larger vehicles. Those for tricycles and, quads are calculated to work for some three or four hundred hours-practically a whole season. They are made throughout of British materials, and the company make a fair allowance for discharged cells in Dart payment for new ones.
THE MIDLAND RUBBER Co., LTD., Ryland Street, Birmingham. The "Mirco" motor tyre has a wired-on cover. The ends of each wire overlap, and are turned through holes in the rim, while nuts on the projecting points make all secure. A light pattern is made for automobiles up to three hundredweight; for cars above this the cover is made with a second layer of rubber and a canvas insertion. The Woods valve is employed. The company's solid rubber tyres are made in several sections, some being suitable for replacing pneumatic tyres without altering the rims. These tyres are wired on, the ends of the wires being united by sleeve nuts. An extensive business is done in this class of goods.
We must not omit to mention a novelty consisting of an endless rubber tyre, in which the wires are embedded in-the course of manufacture. The rim is divided at one place; the ends are sprung into an overlapped position to get the tyre on, and then fixed in their normal position by one of the metal spoke sockets. This should be a very secure arrangement.
F. J. NEWMAN, 45, Tabernacle Street, E.C. Machined parts for the construction of motor tricycles and quads are exhibited here. The tubes can be supplied, and the axle and bridge are sent out fitted up complete. The goods are all of British manufacture, and have a good appearance.
GEO. NORRIS, 55 and 56, Bishopsgate Street Within, E.C. The motor boot shown is something like a button boot without the buttons and holes; instead of these the outer flap merges into two straps, which are held by special quick-fastening buckles. These buckles require no holes in the straps, and allow of indefinite adjustment. The appearance is very neat.
PERRY AND CO., LTD., Lancaster Street, Birmingham. A tricycle made up from the firm's fittings is on-view. The front fork has tour blades, and the rear pair is taken up to the top of the head. The front guard is carried up to the top of the wheel. The motor is of about two and three-quarter horsepower, air-cooled; the ignition is electric, and the carburettor of the surface type. The driving axle is carried in two long ball bearings suspended from a bridge and the clutch is in the smaller chain-wheel. The machine is of good length, and the rider carried well forward. In the sets of parts the bridge and gearing are sent out in position, thus considerably facilitating the construction of the complete article.
PICK AND CO., Stamford. Two very interesting cars are shown. First, we have the dogcart, which is driven by a four and a quarter horse-power water-cooled De Dion motor, arranged at the back of the vehicle. Natural circulation is employed for the water, and power is transmitted to the balance geared axle by either of two sets of gearing, which are thrown into action by a Champion clutch. The driving wheels are mounted on the ends of the balance gear axle, and the front wheels are carried in spring forks of the cycle pattern. The steering is effected by a central tiller, and both this tiller and the connections between the front forks and main frame are of laminated springs. The chain speed lever and other controlling devices are arranged between the two front seats, which are provided with pneumatic cushions and back rests.
Accommodation for one or two more passengers may be provided behind the front seat. There are two brakes, one connecting on the gearing and the other on the tyres, both applied by foot levers. The other car is provided with a two and three-quarter horse-power air-cooled motor, and a large mouthed funnel is arranged under the car to gather air as the machine proceeds, which air is issued as a cool jet on the motor at the back. In this case the chain speed lever is arranged behind the back rest, but otherwise the car is similar to the dogcart. The weights are arranged at one hundredweight per horse-power in each car. The vehicles display a considerable amount of ingenuity, and we see no reason why the results should not be satisfactory. Last week, we gave a side view of the air-cooled sociable.
JOHN PIGGOTT, 117, Cheapside, E.C. This firm's motor exhibit consists of a comfortable "J. P." Components quadricycle. The machine is supplied complete with an additional wheel at a decidedly moderate price for so good an article, and the motor now fitted is two and a half horse-power. The firm are laying themselves out for the supply of motor parts and accessories, and we are sure these will be sold at prices which will ensure the purchaser obtaining very good value for his money. The same firm also have an exhibit in the gallery, where a full range of the usual accessories used by motor tricyclists is found, and in addition to sparking plugs, tremblers, batteries, and the like, we also noticed some horns adapted to be blown by foot-power.
PILCHER'S, LTD., Morgan's Lane, Tooley Street, S.E. This is another oil stand, and though the firm are new to the motor world generally, they are very old-established and already supply a large quantity of lubricant to one of the most experienced motor firms. Their cylinder oil is of .913 specific gravity, and is considered suitable for both water-jacketed and air-cooled motors. We shall be testing some samples shortly.
POWELL AND HANMER, Chester Street, Birmingham. In addition to carriage lamps of the ordinary pattern some motor cycle lamps are exhibited, one pattern having the spring handle at the side and another at the back. In the latter case the red light is fitted in the back of the lamp in accordance with the legal regulations.
PRESTO WORKS, Chemnitz. A three and a half horse-power voiturette is shown by Mr. L. Bernstein of 78, Milton Street, E.C., who holds the sole agency for the United Kingdom. The motor is water-cooled, and similar in appearance to the De Dion. It is situated just in front of the balance-geared axle, to which the motion is transmitted through a two- speed gear enclosed in a dustproof casing. The car has seating for three people a single seat being placed over the false bonnet which holds the batteries for the electric ignition. The car is handsomely finished, and is provided with a hood.
THE RADAX PNEUMATIC TYRE CO., LTD., 51, Fountain Street, Manchester. The "Radax" tyre is made up with a fabric woven on the straight, but curved lengthwise and crosswise to the form of the tyre when inflated. By these means the use of retaining wires and beads are dispensed with. The tyres are made both for motor cycles and larger vehicles.
"REX" PATENTS. LTD., 3, The Exchange, High Street, Clapham, S.W. Two forms of eye protectors are shown. The first consists of the original French goggles with large smoked glasses; the other has smaller glasses, the dust being further excluded by gauze guides; and to prevent cold draughts passing in around the edge of the eyepiece, the frame is fitted with a projecting flange, which acts as a draught excluder. The metal parts of these glasses are made of nickel throughout, and the whole is packed in a single piece leather case.
ROOTS AND VENABLES, 100, Westminster Bridge Road, S.E. A single sample of their well-known oil car is exhibited. It is fitted with a motor of three indicated horse-power, and the bodywork is by Messrs. Laurie and Marner. Excepting for the substitution of roller chains for block chains, the car is but little altered since last year. The solid tyres strike some as being rather small, but otherwise the appearance leaves little to he desired.
ROSS, COURTNEY, AND CO., LTD., Ashbrook Road, Upper Holloway, N. This firm's pumps and valves are very well known in the cycle trade. Some of the foot pumps are well adapted for the inflation of motor tyres. Larger editions of the cycle tyre valve are made for motor tyres, these already being supplied by the Grappler and other tyre-making concerns.
SALSBURY AND SON, Long Acre, W.C. These old-established lamp makers, who started with carriage lamps and branched out into cycle lamps, are now selling lamps for the new class of vehicle, which partake of the nature of both those just referred to. A considerable assortment is offered from the small lamp on cycle lines to the large "Flaro" and a handsome electric lamp of the ordinary carriage pattern. The "Flaro" is an acetylene lamp on the lines of the "Bleriot," which enjoys so much popularity on the Continent. The "Dietz" paraffin lamp is now offered in eleven different patterns. The firm seem to have every kind and size of lamp that automobilists can possibly wish for. A number of them are fitted with bails, which allow of their being used by hand as well as on the car.
OTTO SCHARLACH, Nuremberg. A collection of lamps, mostly of the acetylene variety, is on view. The exhibitor is manufacturer of these goods, and we recognise one or two patterns shown by factors elsewhere in the exhibition. One of these is of the carriage pattern, and is so made that the gas works may be readily detached and a candle substituted. Some other acetylene lamps more of the cycle pattern, but larger, are made with very strong connections and an adjustable grip for the carbide chamber, the importance of these points evidently having been fully realised.
THE SIMMS MANUFACTURING CO., LTD., 55, Southwark Park Road, Bermondsey, S.E. One car is shown, fitted with a three and a half horse-power Simms motor in front, and, of course, the Simms-Bosch magneto ignition. The Clarkson-Capel radiators are used for cooling the water. The axis of the motor is lengthwise with the car, and power is transmitted from it through gear, giving three speeds forward and a reverse to a countershaft, whence a single central chain transmits the motion to an enclosed live axle. The starting handle is fitted behind the splashboard. The contact breaker is on the steering wheel, and the mixture and throttle levers are just below it. One brake acts on the balance gear and the other on the transmission gear. The body is nicely sprung, and is built up with aluminium. The Simms motors and ignition devices are, of course, present in force.
STANLEY FEAST AND CO., LTD., 9, Farringdon Road, E.C. The firm concern themselves largely with tyre repair outfits and similar goods. A useful, novelty consists in a strip of rubber and fabric vulcanised together, and intended to fortify damaged parts of covers. The edges of the strip tuck under the edges of the cover, and the strip is held without any other means of attachment.
STEINER AND Co., Houndsditch, E.C. The principal item of interest to autocarists is a range of horns — in fact, the firm claim to do the largest business in the country in this particular line. They also show a number of acetylene motor lamps.
STERN BROS., 57, Gracechurch Street, E.C. This firm's specialties in the way of lubricants for motors and gearing enjoy a high reputation in the automobile world. The elastic paste for gears and chains is one of their latest introductions. We know of nothing better than the "Stern" belt brick for preventing belt slip. The firm are large makers of grease manufactures, and show an assortment of these articles.
THE SWAIN PATENTS SYNDICATE, LTD., Horwich. The "Swain" motor tyre is held on by reason of the peculiar construction of the fabric, no wires, headed edges, or the like being employed. Hitherto it has been constructed for ordinary cycles only, but this year the syndicate are introducing tyres for motor tricycles and quads. The tyre is constructed on precisely the same principles as hitherto, and we shall be interested to see how it fulfils its purpose.
TAYLOR, GUE, LTD., Peel Street, Birmingham. This firm show a four horse-power motor of the horizontal or Benz type. The crank is cased in, and runs in oil. The water jacket is taken round the valve box, as well as the cylinder. The forgings and castings can be purchased in the rough by those who prefer to do the machining themselves.
D. F. TAYLOR AND CO., LTD., New Hall Street, Birmingham. Messrs. Taylor have enjoyed a reputation for many years among cycle manufacturers for their spokes, and the firm are now catering for motor car manufacturers with these articles, and also with nipples for holding them. We have no doubt that they will be found as satisfactory in this branch as in their older one.
J. L. THOMAS, High Street, Barnet. The "Celerimotor" tricycle has the front fork stayed by a pair of tubes running from the axle to the top of the head. The tubes are stayed to each other, and the fork crown above the wheel. An enclosed main axle is used, and ties from the gear case to the saddle-pillar pin relieve the axle of part of the weight. The motor is a two and a quarter horse-power air-cooled, and the wheels are shod with Clipper tyres. A spring front fork is fitted to order.
H. W. VAN RADEN, 7, Ellys Road, Coventry. Mr. Van Raden's woven glass accumulators are attaining a very high reputation, and have been recognised by such large users as the P.O. authorities, who are adopting them extensively.
In the accumulator lead is only used in a comparatively small quantity. Into a warp of lead wires spun glass is woven as a weft, and this forms a grid which holds the paste. The whole plate thus constructed is wrapped in an envelope of spun glass, the positive and negative plates being of identical construction, so that the current can be reversed from time to time — indeed, so long as the instructions are carefully followed there is no reason why the accumulators should not last many years. These accumulators can be had in suitable form for enclosure in the battery cases of De Dion tricycles, and they are, of course, also made in various sizes for larger automobiles.
An exceedingly neat little dynamo is shown which may be run off a fly-wheel to keep the accumulators charged. Another battery is combined in one case with a coil, and forms practically a rotary magneto, so that with a very small expenditure of power the rider is saved from the trouble so frequently attending batteries. This device deserves very close attention, and seems one of the bes' solutions of the sparking difficulty.
In addition to ammeters, contact breakers, and other electrical fittings, Mr. Van Raden has complete apparatus for the driving of electrical cars, including motors and a very compact form of controller. This is an exceedingly interesting and practical exhibit in the electrical line.